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*  Inferior colliculus
... midbrain nucleus of the auditory pathway and receives input from several peripheral brainstem nuclei in the auditory pathway, ... The majority of the ascending fibers from the lateral lemniscus project to IC, which means major ascending auditory pathways ... Auditory system List of regions in the human brain Shore, S. E.: Auditory/Somatosensory Interactions. In: Squire (Ed.): ... IC are large auditory nuclei on the right and left sides of the midbrain. It is divided into three parts, the Central Nucleus ...
*  Prelingual deafness
... stages earlier because the visual pathways are fully myelinated at an earlier age than the comparable auditory pathways. Deaf ... In normal language acquisition, auditory comprehension precedes the development of language. Without auditory input, a person ... It is also directly tied to their inability to pick up auditory social cues. This can result in a deaf person becoming ... Cochlear implants can stimulate the auditory nerve directly to restore some hearing, but the sound quality isn't that of a ...
*  Channelrhodopsin
"Optogenetic stimulation of the auditory pathway". J Clin Invest. 124 (3): 1114-29. doi:10.1172/JCI69050. PMC 3934189 . PMID ...
*  Spiral ganglion
1992). The Mammalian Auditory Pathway: Neuroanatomy. Springer-Verlag. ISBN 0-387-97800-3. H Spoendlin (1972). "Innervation ... Their dendrites make synaptic contact with the base of hair cells, and their axons are bundled together to form the auditory ... These bipolar neurons are the first neurons in the auditory system to fire an action potential, and supply all of the brain's ... nerve appears about the end of the third week as a group of ganglion cells closely applied to the cephalic edge of the auditory ...
*  Stria vascularis of cochlear duct
Cummings (2001). "Chapter 140: Cochlear Anatomy and Central Auditory Pathways". Stria vascularis (PDF). Textbook of ...
*  Optogenetics
"Optogenetic stimulation of the auditory pathway for research and future prosthetics". Current Opinion in Neurobiology. 34: 29- ... 2014). "Optogenetic stimulation of the auditory pathway". J Clin Invest. 124 (3): 1114-1129. doi:10.1172/JCI69050. PMC 3934189 ... Adaptive signaling pathways, for instance, adjust in accordance to the current level of the projected stimulus and display ... These accumbal MSNs are known to be involved in the neural pathway through which cocaine exerts its effects, because decreasing ...
*  Feature detection (nervous system)
Tracing the responses of these combination-sensitive neurons to higher order regions of the auditory pathway reveals that there ... Oertel D, Fay RR, Popper AN (2002). Integrative functions in the mammalian auditory pathway. New York: Springer-Verlag. pp. 385 ... In the auditory system of bats, like in auditory systems of other vertebrates, primary sensory afferent neurons, which receive ... These pathways converge in the medial geniculate body-giving rise to more complex feature detectors that respond to specific ...
*  Cat intelligence
"The auditory pathway in cat corpus callosum". Experimental Brain Research. 104 (3): 534-40. doi:10.1007/BF00231988. PMID ...
*  Northern saw-whet owl
Gutiérrez-Ibáñez, Cristián; Andrew N. Iwaniuk; Douglas R. Wylie (2011). "Relative Size of Auditory Pathways in Symmetrically ... ISBN 0-679-42852-6. Frost, B.J.; P. J. Baldwin; M. Csizy (1989). "Auditory localization in the northern saw-whet owl, Aegolius ...
*  Mriganka Sur
Visual behaviour mediated by retinal projections directed to the auditory pathway. Nature 404: 871-876, 2000. Dragoi, V., C. ... Acceleration of visually cued conditioned fear through the auditory pathway. Nature Neuroscience 7: 968-973, 2004. Oray S, A. ... A map of visual space induced in primary auditory cortex. Science 250: 818-820, 1990. Hahm, J.-O., R.B. Langdon and M. Sur. ... Induction of visual orientation modules in auditory cortex. Nature 404: 841-847, 2000. Von Melchner, L., S.L. Pallas and M. Sur ...
*  Cartilage conduction
Therefore, cartilage conduction it referred to as the third auditory pathway. Since approximately 450 years ago, two pathways ... Cartilage conduction is a pathway in which sound signals are transmitted to the inner ear. This pathway is distinct from ... the new pathway is referred to as cartilage conduction. This unique pathway has attracted the attention of several researchers ... Such sonic wave energy passes through the eardrum and the middle ear before finally activating the auditory nerve. These ...
*  KCNQ4
Chambard JM, Ashmore JF (2005). "Regulation of the voltage-gated potassium channel KCNQ4 in the auditory pathway". Pflugers ...
*  Prestin
Chambard JM, Ashmore JF (2005). "Regulation of the voltage-gated potassium channel KCNQ4 in the auditory pathway". Pflugers ... A targeted gene disruption strategy of prestin showed a >100-fold (or 40 dB) loss of auditory sensitivity. Prestin is a ... Prestin is essential in auditory processing. It is specifically expressed in the lateral membrane of outer hair cells (OHCs) of ...
*  Inhibitory postsynaptic potential
This is important because spiking timing is needed for proper sound localization in the ascending auditory pathways. Songbirds ... Visually guided behaviors may be regulated through the inhibitory striato-tegmental pathway found in amphibians in a study ... The basal ganglia in amphibians is very important in receiving visual, auditory, olfactory, and mechansensory inputs; the ... calcium ion-independent pathway. Inhibitory postsynaptic potentials have also been studied in the Purkinje cell through ...
*  Binaural fusion
Once a sound source has been identified, the cells of lower auditory pathways are specialized to analyze physical sound ... Cant, Nell B; Benson, Christina G (2003). "Parallel auditory pathways: projection patterns of the different neuronal ... The auditory nerve, also called the cochlear nerve, then transmits action potentials to the central auditory nervous system. In ... The auditory nuclei collect, integrate, and analyze afferent supply, the outcome is a representation of auditory space. The ...
*  Reproduction and vocalization in midshipman fish
This model organisms' simple system could lead to a deeper understanding of human speech and auditory pathways,. This ... Vocal pathways modulate efferent neurons to the inner ear and lateral line. The Journal of Neuroscience 25(25): 5967-5974. Bass ... The neuronal pathway for midshipman vocalization starts at the ventral medullary nucleus and continues to a hindbrain vocal ... Steroid-dependent auditory plasticity leads to adaptive coupling of sender and receiver. Science 305: 404-407. Skoglund CB. ...
*  Spatial hearing loss
This is the interaural time difference (ITD) cue and is measured by signal processing in the two central auditory pathways that ... In this case the single speech stream enters both ears and its representation ascends the two auditory pathways. The stream ... By the time sound stream representations reach the end of the auditory pathways brainstem inhibition processing ensures that ... Both peripheral hearing and central auditory pathway problems can interfere with early development. With some individuals, for ...
*  Medial geniculate nucleus
... the DMGB and MMGB also receive information from non-auditory pathways. There are two main cell types in the ventral subnucleus ... It shows a wide range of responses to auditory stimuli. Binaural interactions found in the MMGB include EE, EI, and IE types. ... The MGB has three major divisions; ventral (VMGB), dorsal (DMGB) and medial (MMGB). Whilst the VMGB is specific to auditory ... Other cells are multi modal, often responding to somatosensory as well as auditory stimuli. Cells in the medial subnucleus of ...
*  Audiology and hearing health professionals in developed and developing countries
ABR is an electrophysiologic measure of the function of cranial nerve eight and the auditory pathway in the brainstem. Three ... Roeser, R. J., & Clark, J. L. (2004). Screening for auditory disorders. Auditory Disorders in School Children, 105. McPherson, ... However, 500 Hz has been found to identify the auditory impact of otitis media with effusion in children and should be included ... and auditory brainstem response (ABR). An OAE is an electrophysiologic measure of the integrity of the outer hair cells in the ...
*  Mark Lathrop
... a newly identified protein of the afferent auditory pathway, cause DFNB59 auditory neuropathy". Nat. Genet. United States. 38 ( ...
*  Two-streams hypothesis
The subcortical auditory pathway then relays the information to the auditory cortex in the dorsal superior temporal gyrus (dSTG ... The function of the dorsal pathway is to map auditory sensory representations onto articulatory motor representations. Hickok ... The Spt is responsible for connecting the motor and auditory systems by making auditory code accessible to the motor cortex. It ... This shows that conduction aphasia must reflect not an impairment of the ventral pathway but instead of the dorsal pathway. ...
*  Ventral cochlear nucleus
... preserving the tonotopic organization of the ascending auditory pathway. Stellate/multipolar cells form the projection to both ... In the ventral cochlear nucleus (VCN), auditory nerve fibers enter the brain via the nerve root in the VCN. The ventral ... Bushy cells receive input from auditory nerve fibers through particularly large endings called end bulbs of Held. They contact ... The orderly innervation by auditory nerve fibers gives the AVCN a tonotopic organization along the dorsoventral axis. Fibers ...
*  Speech science
This organ again helps the sound to be transferred into a neural impulse that stimulates the auditory pathway and reaches the ... The auditory system receives sound signals starting at the outer ear. They enter the pinna and continue into the external ... The auditory theory puts greater emphasis on the sensory and filtering mechanisms of the listener and suggests that speech ... As for theories of speech perception, there are a motor and an auditory theory. The motor theory is based upon the premise that ...
*  Tinnitus
... body of evidence suggesting that some tinnitus is a consequence of neuroplastic alterations in the central auditory pathway. ... When the tinnitus is caused by disorders of the inner ear or auditory nerve it is called otic (from the Greek word for ear). ... When there does not seem to be a connection with a disorder of the inner ear or auditory nerve, the tinnitus is called nonotic ... It is the description of a noise inside a person's head in the absence of auditory stimulation. The noise can be described in ...
*  Auditory brainstem response
One way to measure the developmental status and limits of plasticity of the auditory cortical pathways is to study the latency ... P1 latency represents the synaptic delays throughout the peripheral and central auditory pathways (Eggermont, Ponton, Don, ... The auditory structures that generate the auditory brainstem response are believed to be as follows: Wave I through III - ... Auditory steady state response is an auditory evoked potential, elicited with modulated tones that can be used to predict ...
*  CLINT1
"Multiple endocytic pathways of G protein-coupled receptors delineated by GIT1 sensitivity". Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 97 (3 ... auditory hallucinations and many of the other symptoms of schizophrenia. CLINT1 has been shown to interact with GGA2. GRCh38: ...
*  Electric acoustic stimulation
The hearing aid is integrated in the ear hook and the amplified signals are forwarded to the auditory pathway via an ear mould ... Electric stimulation of the auditory system via cochlear implant is a commonly used technique for individuals with a severe to ... Electric-acoustic stimulation of the auditory system. ORL 61:334-340. Skarzynski H, Lorens A, Piotrowska A, Anderson I (2006). ... Ipsilateral Electric Acoustic Stimulation of the Auditory System: Results of Long-Term Hearing Preservation. Audiology & ...