*  Auditory cortex
The right auditory cortex has long been shown to be more sensitive to tonality, while the left auditory cortex has been shown ... The auditory cortex plays an important yet ambiguous role in hearing. When the auditory information passes into the cortex, the ... The auditory cortex is divided into three separate parts: the primary, secondary, and tertiary auditory cortex. These ... with the primary cortex in the middle and the tertiary cortex on the outside. The primary auditory cortex is tonotopically ...
*  Spatial hearing loss
It is then the responsibility of the auditory cortex (AC) of the right hemisphere (on its own) to map the whole auditory scene ... The stream arrives at both the right and left auditory cortices for eventual speech processing by the left hemisphere. In a ... Its caudal and splenium portions contain fibres that originate from the primary and second auditory cortices, and from other ... Aging 33(7), 2012 Tervaniemi M, Hugdahl K; Lateralization of auditory-cortex functions; Brain Research Reviews 43, 2003 Van den ...
*  Brodmann area 41 & 42
Auditory cortex Brodmann area 22. ... of the cytoarchitectonically-defined region of cerebral cortex ...
*  Gemma Calvert
... on how silent lip-reading activates the auditory cortex [8], in Science, while she was a doctoral student. This finding and her ... Cerebral Cortex, Vol. 11, No. 12, 1110-1123. Osterbauer, R.A., Matthews, P.M., Jenkinson, M., Beckmann, C.F., Hansen, P.C. & ... Calvert, G.A., Campbell, R., Brammer, M.J. (2000) FMRI evidence of crossmodal binding in the human heteromodal cortex. Current ... multisensory representation of limb position in human premotor cortex. Nature Neuroscience. (1):17-8 Calvert, G.A., Bullmore, E ...
*  Octave illusion
Lamminmäki, Satu; Hari, Riitta (2000). "Auditory cortex activation associated with octave illusion". NeuroReport. 11 (7): 1469- ... The octave illusion is an auditory illusion discovered by Diana Deutsch in 1973. It is produced when two tones that are an ... Deutsch, D. (1974). "An auditory illusion". The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America. 55 (S1): S18-S19. doi:10.1121/ ... Deutsch, D. (1981). "The Octave Illusion and Auditory Perceptual Integration. In Tobias, J.V., and Schubert, E.D". Hearing ...
*  Stimulus modality
Silent lip reading activates the auditory cortex. When sounds are matched or mismatched with the movements of the lips, ... The ABR, also known as the brainstem auditory evoked response (BAER) test or auditory brainstem evoked potential (ABEP) test ... The human ear is able to detect differences in pitch through the movement of auditory hair cells found on the basilar membrane ... Specific inhibitory responses that take place in the visual cortex help create a visual focus on a specific point rather than ...
*  Music psychology
Penhune, V. B.; Zatorre, R. J.; Feindel, W. H. (1999). "The role of auditory cortex in retention of rhythmic patterns in ... Zatorre, R. J.; Halpern, A. R. (2005). "Mental concerts: musical imagery and auditory cortex". Neuron. 47: 9-12. doi:10.1016/j. ... Johnsrude, I. S.; Penhune, V. B.; Zatorre, R. J. (2000). "Functional specificity in the right human auditory cortex for ... Bendor, D.; Wang, X. (2005). "The neuronal representation of pitch in primate auditory cortex". Nature. 436: 1161-1165. doi: ...
*  Speech repetition
Part of the auditory cortex also can represent aspects of speech such as its consonantal features. Mirror neurons have been ... At least some cortical areas neurobiologically active during both sign and vocal speech, such as the auditory cortex, are ... Okada, K.; Hickok, G. (2006). "Left posterior auditory-related cortices participate both in speech perception and speech ... in the auditory cortex". Nature. 397 (6715): 116. Bibcode:1999Natur.397..116N. doi:10.1038/16376. PMID 9923672. Goodale, E.; ...
*  Superior temporal sulcus
Belin, P.; Zatorre, R. J.; Lafaille, P.; Ahad, P.; Pike, B. (2000-01-20). "Voice-selective areas in human auditory cortex". ... after the spectrotemporal analysis conducted by the auditory cortex, the STS is responsible for interpretation of vocal input ... Pure auditory agnosia (agnosia without aphasia) is found in a patients who can't identify non-speech sounds such as coughing, ... Phonagnosia is characterized as an inability to recognize familiar voices, while having other auditory abilities. Patients ...
*  Tonotopy
... six tonotopic maps have been identified in the primary auditory cortex. their anatomical locations along the auditory cortex. ... Mar 2004). "Tonotopic organization in human auditory cortex revealed by progressions of frequency sensitivity" (PDF). J ... projects through the vestibulocochlear nerve and associated midbrain structures to the primary auditory cortex via the auditory ... Tonotopy in the auditory system begins at the cochlea, the small snail-like structure in the inner ear that sends information ...
*  Lip reading
1997). "Activation of auditory cortex during silent lipreading". Science. 276 (5312): 593-6. doi:10.1126/science.276.5312.593. ... 1991 Seeing Speech: visual information from lip movements modifies activity in the human auditory cortex". Neuroscience Letters ... These studies and many more point to a role for vision in the development of sensitivity to (auditory) speech in the first half ... Havy, M., Foroud, A., Fais, L., & Werker, J.F. (in press; online January 26, 2017). The role of auditory and visual speech in ...
*  Sign language in the brain
Overall, the auditory cortices of deaf humans have an increased gray-white matter ratio as a result of the lack of auditory ... Likewise, Wernicke's area was near the auditory cortex. These motor and auditory areas are important in spoken language ... Deaf humans are thought to have a larger ratio of gray matter to white matter in certain auditory cortices, such as left and ... Structural brain imaging has commonly shown white matter volume of the auditory cortices differs between deaf and hearing ...
*  Amusia
Some report that the primary auditory cortex, secondary auditory cortex, and limbic system are responsible for this faculty, ... "Spectral and temporal processing in human auditory cortex". Cerebral Cortex. 11: 946-953. doi:10.1093/cercor/11.10.946. Ayotte ... CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link) Tramo M., Shah G.D., Braida L.D. (2002). "Functional role of auditory cortex in ... The right secondary auditory cortex processes pitch change and manipulation of fine tunes; specifically, this region ...
*  Cognitive neuroscience of music
... in the secondary auditory cortex, and the primary auditory cortex in the medial section of Heschl's gyrus (HG). Many ... The right auditory cortex is primarily involved in perceiving pitch, and parts of harmony, melody and rhythm. One study by Petr ... This tonotopy is in general maintained up to primary auditory cortex in mammals, however it is often found that cells in ... As well as finding superior pitch resolution in the right secondary auditory cortex, specific areas found to be involved were ...
*  Kenneth Hugdahl
"Auditory cortex characteristics in schizophrenia: associations with auditory hallucinations". Schizophr Bull. 43 (1): 75-83. ... Thomsen T, Rimol LM, Ersland L, Hugdahl K (2004). "Dichotic listening reveals functional specificity in prefrontal cortex: an ... and neurobiology of auditory hallucinations. He has published over 300 articles in international peer reviewed journals, ...
*  Biological neuron model
"Sustained firing in auditory cortex evoked by preferred stimuli". Nature. 435 (7040): 341-346. doi:10.1038/nature03565. PMID ... Holstein, S. B.; Buchwald, J. S.; Schwafel, J. A. (1969-11-01). "Progressive changes in auditory response patterns to repeated ... 16 (27). doi:10.1186/s12868-015-0162-6. Siebert, W. M. (1970-05-01). "Frequency discrimination in the auditory system: Place or ... Taberner, Annette M.; Liberman, M. Charles (2005-01-01). "Response Properties of Single Auditory Nerve Fibers in the Mouse". ...
*  Neurolinguistics
Phillips, Colin; T. Pellathy; A. Marantz; E. Yellin; K. Wexler; M. McGinnis; D. Poeppel; T. Roberts (2001). "Auditory cortex ... A.R. Wyler; A.A. Ward, Jr (1981). "Neurons in human epileptic cortex. Response to direct cortical stimulation". Journal of ... Neuroplasticity as a function of second language learning: Anatomical changes in the human brain Cortex: A Journal Devoted to ... See, for example, Friederici, Angela D. (2002). "Towards a neural basis of auditory sentence processing". Trends in Cognitive ...
*  Superior temporal gyrus
Specific sound frequencies map precisely onto the primary auditory cortex. This auditory (or tonotopic) map is similar to the ... Primary auditory cortex Erin D. Bigler, Sherstin Mortensen, E. Shannon Neeley, Sally Ozonoff, Lori Krasny, Michael Johnson, ... The superior temporal gyrus contains the primary auditory cortex, which is responsible for processing sounds. ... marking the location of the primary auditory cortex, the cortical region responsible for the sensation of sound; Wernicke's ...
*  N100
The auditory N100 is generated by a network of neural populations in the primary and association auditory cortices in the ... "Tonotopic organization of the human auditory cortex revealed by transient auditory evoked magnetic fields". ... The origin of the wave for a long time was unknown and only linked to the auditory cortex in 1970. Due to ... The two T-complex N100 evoked potentials are created by auditory association cortices in the superior temporal gyri. The N100 ...
*  Synaptic gating
Evidence of a bistable network has been shown with the interneurons of the auditory cortex. The stable states of this auditory ... Merriam, Elliot; Netoff, T. I.; Banks, M. I. (2005). "Bistable Network Behavior of Layer I Interneurons in Auditory Cortex". ... In studies with rodents, the prefrontal cortex, specifically the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) has been implicated in the ... Valenti, O; Grace, AA (2009). "Entorhinal cortex inhibits medial prefrontal cortex and modulates the activity states of ...
*  Hearing Voices Network
"Modified activity of the human auditory cortex during auditory hallucinations". American Journal of Psychiatry. American ... Falloon, Ian R.H.; Talbot, Ralph E. (May 1981). "Persistent auditory hallucinations: coping mechanisms and implications for ... Posey, Thomas B.; Losch, Mary E. (October 1983). "Auditory hallucinations of hearing voices in 375 normal subjects". ... Rector, Neil A.; Seeman, Mary V. (September 1992). "Auditory hallucinations in women and men". Schizophrenia Research. Elsevier ...
*  Antonio Damasio
"Predicting visual stimuli based on activity in auditory cortices". Nature Neuroscience. 13 (6): 667-668. doi:10.1038/nn.2533. ... in ventromedial prefrontal cortex and amygdala. He also demonstrated that while the insular cortex plays a major role in ... "Seeing touch is correlated with content-specific activity in primary somatosensory cortex". Cerebral Cortex. 21 (9): 2113-2121 ... He has continued to investigate the neural basis of feelings and demonstrated that although the insular cortex is a major ...
*  David Poeppel
Luo, H. and Poeppel, D. (2007). "Phase Patterns of Neuronal Responses Reliably Discriminate Speech in Human Auditory Cortex", ... "Hierarchical and asymmetric temporal sensitivity in human auditory cortices". Nature Neuroscience 8: 389-395. ... research on lateralization in auditory processing; and experimental work on the role of neuronal oscillations in audition and ... a researcher who employs behavioral and cognitive neuroscience approaches to study the brain basis of auditory processing, ...
*  Accent perception
Belin, P.; Zatorre, R. J. (2000). "'What', 'where' and 'how' in auditory cortex [letter to the editor]". Nature Neuroscience. 3 ... Cortex. 49 (5): 1394-1403. doi:10.1016/j.cortex.2012.08.003. PMID 22938844. Sander, D.; Grafman, J.; Zalla, T. (2003). "The ... "Implicitly perceived vocal attractiveness modulates prefrontal cortex activity". Cerebral Cortex. 22 (6): 1263-1270. doi: ... Cerebral Cortex. 22 (1): 191-200. doi:10.1093/cercor/bhr113. PMID 21625012. Pell, M. D.; Leonard, C. L. (2003). "Processing ...
*  Reelin
Sweet RA, Henteleff RA, Zhang W, Sampson AR, Lewis DA (Jan 2009). "Reduced dendritic spine density in auditory cortex of ... prefrontal cortex is twice as high as in the cortices of non-affected people. SAM, being a methyl group donor necessary for ... In the cortex of the patients, reelin levels were 40% higher compared with controls, but the cerebellar levels of the protein ... As the cortex becomes more complex and convoluted, migration along the radial glia fibers becomes more important for the proper ...
*  Hemoencephalography
The prefrontal cortex is thought essential for all goal-directed and socially-mediated behavior. The PFC is an ideal target for ... red/infrared light refraction is displayed as a visual signal on a computer monitor and may also be translated into an auditory ... When a region of the cortex is used in a specific cognitive task, neuronal activity in that region increases, consequently ... must increase the amount of oxygen they deliver to the activated region of the cortex, resulting in a greater local blood ...