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*  Signal peptide peptidase
A nine amino acid-long cleavage fragment is then presented on HLA-E receptors and modulates the activity of natural killer ... Another family of signal aspartic endopeptidases was found in bacteria. Bacteria produce a number of protein precursors that ... Martoglio B, Golde TE (October 2003). "Intramembrane-cleaving aspartic proteases and disease: presenilins, signal peptide ... which differ from mature pilin by virtue of containing a 6-8 residue leader peptide consisting of charged amino acids. Mature ...
*  Protein metabolism
Positively charged side chains....... Arginine Histidine Lysine Negatively charged side chains Aspartic acid Glutamic acid ... and production of glucose or fat or other amino acids. This break-down of amino acids to α-keto acids occurs in the liver by a ... These amino acids are further broken down to α-keto acids which can be recycled in the body for generation of energy, ... Dietary proteins are first broken down to individual amino acids by various enzymes and hydrochloric acid present in the gastro ...
*  Aspartic acid
The name "aspartic acid" can refer to either enantiomer or a mixture of two. Of these two forms, only one, "L-aspartic acid", ... Aspartic acid". The Merck Index (11th ed.). 1989. p. 132. ISBN 0-911910-28-X. "ICSC 1439 - L-ASPARTIC ACID". inchem.org. G.,, ... Nearly all aspartic acid is manufactured in China. One area of aspartic acid market growth is biodegradable superabsorbent ... either as aspartic acid itself or salts (such as magnesium aspartate) The sweetener aspartame, an aspartic acid, ...
*  Carbamoyl aspartic acid
... (or ureidosuccinic acid) is a carbamate derivative which serves as an intermediate in pyrimidine ... "ureidosuccinic acid - Compound Summary". PubChem Compound. USA: National Center for Biotechnology Information. 26 March 2005. ...
*  Aspartic acid (data page)
a CID 424 from PubChem - racemic ^a CID 83887 from PubChem - (D-aspartic acid) ^a CID 5960 from PubChem - (L-aspartic acid) ^a ...
*  N-Methyl-D-aspartic acid
... or N-Methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) is an amino acid derivative that acts as a specific agonist at the NMDA ... and kynurenic acid; the latter is the only known endogenous antagonist. They are commonly referred to as NMDA receptor ...
*  Aspartame
... aspartic acid, and methanol. At 180 °C, aspartame undergoes decomposition to form a diketopiperazine derivative. Aspartic acid ... Aspartame is a methyl ester of the dipeptide of the natural amino acids L-aspartic acid and L-phenylalanine. Under strongly ... of the daily intake of aspartic acid. There has been some speculation that aspartame, in conjunction with other amino acids ... Aspartame is a methyl ester of the aspartic acid/phenylalanine dipeptide. A panel of experts set up by the European Food Safety ...
*  Sodium polyaspartate
Polyaspartic acid Bennett GD (2005). "A Green Polymerization of Aspartic Acid for the Undergraduate Organic Laboratory" ( ... It is biodegradable condensation polymer based on the amino acid aspartic acid. The polymerization reaction is an example of a ... Low, K. C.; Wheeler, A. P.; Koskan, L. P. (1996). Commercial poly(aspartic acid) and Its Uses. Advances in Chemistry Series. ... step-growth polymerization to a polyamide and in one practical procedure aspartic acid is simply heated to 180 °C resulting in ...
*  Aspartate N-acetyltransferase
Knizley H Jr (1967). "The enzymatic synthesis of N-acetyl-L-aspartic acid by a water-insoluble preparation of a cat brain ... Goldstein FB (1959). "Biosynthesis of N-acetyl-L-aspartic acid". J. Biol. Chem. 234: 2702-2706. ...
*  Transferrin
... and one aspartic acid. For the iron ion to bind, an anion is required, preferably carbonate (CO2− 3). Transferrin also has a ... The amino acids which bind the iron ion to the transferrin are identical for both lobes; two tyrosines, one histidine, ... In humans, each monomer consists of 760 amino acids. It enables ligand bonding to the transferrin, as each monomer can bind to ... Hsu SL, Lin YF, Chou CK (Apr 1992). "Transcriptional regulation of transferrin and albumin genes by retinoic acid in human ...
*  Formylaspartate deformylase
Ohmura E; Hayaishi O (1957). "Enzymatic conversion of formylaspartic acid to aspartic acid". J. Biol. Chem. 227: 181-190. ...
*  DNA methyltransferase
"TRDMT1 tRNA aspartic acid methyltransferase 1 (Homo sapiens)". Entrez Gene. NCBI. 2010-11-01. Retrieved 2010-11-07. Mack GS ( ... The name for this methyltransferase has been changed from DNMT2 to TRDMT1 (tRNA aspartic acid methyltransferase 1) to better ... The enzyme is about 1,620 amino acids long. The first 1,100 amino acids constitute the regulatory domain of the enzyme, and the ... the enzyme was shown to methylate position 38 in aspartic acid transfer RNA and does not methylate DNA. ...
*  Macroptilium atropurpureum
Primary Amino Acids include Aspartic acid and Proline. Macroptilium atropurpureum also is a good source of Calcium, Potassium, ...
*  TRDMT1
"Entrez Gene: TRDMT1 tRNA aspartic acid methyltransferase 1". Goll MG, Kirpekar F, Maggert KA, et al. (2006). "Methylation of ... been shown that human DNMT2 does not methylate DNA but instead methylates cytosine 38 in the anticodon loop of aspartic acid ... Nucleic Acids Res. 29 (2): 439-48. doi:10.1093/nar/29.2.439. PMC 29660 . PMID 11139614. Franchina M, Hooper J, Kay PH (2001). " ... Nucleic Acids Res. 26 (11): 2536-40. doi:10.1093/nar/26.11.2536. PMC 147598 . PMID 9592134. Van den Wyngaert I, Sprengel J, ...
*  Dithiothreitol
Lukesh, III, J. C.; Palte, M. J.; Raines, R. T. (2012). "A potent, versatile reducing agent from aspartic acid". J. Am. Chem. ... The presence of EDTA (ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid) to chelate divalent metal ions (Fe2+, Cu2+ and others) considerably ...
*  Ligand-gated ion channel
... aminocyclopropanecarboxylic acid; D-cycloserine; L-aspartate; quinolinate, etc. Partial agonists : N-methyl-D-aspartic acid ( ... Ligands: Agonists: Glutamate, AMPA, 5-Fluorowillardiine, Domoic acid, Quisqualic acid, etc. Antagonists: CNQX, Kynurenic acid, ... GABA (gamma-aminobutyric acid), the endogenous ligand for these receptors, is the major inhibitory neurotransmitter in the ... Honore T, Lauridsen J, Krogsgaard-Larsen P (1982). "The binding of [3H]AMPA, a structural analogue of glutamic acid, to rat ...
*  Alitame
... is an aspartic acid-containing dipeptide sweetener. It was developed by Pfizer in the early 1980s and currently ...
*  RGD motif
Arginyl-glycyl-aspartic acid (RGD): a cell adhesion motif. Trends Biochem. Sci. 1991 Jul;16(7):246-50. PMID 1926332. ...
*  Karl Heinrich Ritthausen
Working with gliadin, he identified α-aminoglutaric acid or glutamic acid in 1866. Then he identified aspartic acid in an ... Karl Heinrich Ritthausen (13 January 1826 - 16 October 1912) was a German biochemist who identified two amino acids and made ...
*  D-aspartate ligase
... and D-aspartic acid-activating enzyme. Staudenbauer W, Strominger JL (1972). "Activation of D-aspartic acid for incorporation ... Staudenbauer W, Willoughby E, Strominger JL (1972). "Further studies of the D-aspartic acid-activating enzyme of Streptococcus ... the D-aspartate ligase responsible for the addition of D-aspartic acid onto the peptidoglycan precursor of Enterococcus faecium ... This enzyme belongs to the family of ligases, specifically those forming carbon-nitrogen bonds as acid-D-ammonia (or amine) ...
*  Aspartate dehydrogenase
Kazakova OW; Kariakina, T. I.; Weinova, M. K.; Sidelnikova, L. I.; Kazakova, O. W. (1981). "The synthesis of aspartic acid in ...
*  Alkaloid
... aspartic acid, and anthranilic acid. Nicotinic acid can be synthesized from tryptophan or aspartic acid. Ways of alkaloid ... Compounds like amino acid peptides, proteins, nucleotides, nucleic acid, amines, and antibiotics are usually not called ... Those originate from the amino acid phenylalanine, but acquire their nitrogen atom not from the amino acid but through ... they would therefore find their place before plant acids [since "Alkaloid" would precede "Säure" (acid)].) Andreas Luch (2009 ...
*  Lithium aspartate
Aspartic acid Lithium (medication) Müller-Oerlinghausen B, Imiela M (June 1986). "Is lithium aspartate at low serum levels more ... Lithium aspartate, is a salt of aspartic acid and lithium. It is sometimes marketed as a dietary supplement used in small doses ...
*  Homoserine dehydrogenase
Azevedo RA (2002). "Analysis of the aspartic acid metabolic pathway using mutant genes". Amino Acids. 22 (3): 217-230. doi: ... Once the C4 carboxylic acid is reduced to an aldehyde and the C1 aldehyde is oxidized to a carboxylic acid, experiments suggest ... Likewise, (S) 2-amino-4-oxo-5-hydroxypentanoic acid (RI-331), another amino acid analog, has also been shown to inhibit HSD. ... The overall reaction reduces the C4 carboxylic acid functional group of ASA to a primary alcohol and oxidizes the C1 aldehyde ...
*  LGMN
1998). "Autocatalytic activation of human legumain at aspartic acid residues". FEBS Lett. 438 (1-2): 114-8. doi:10.1016/S0014- ...
*  Brain ischemia
"Spreading depression and focal brain ischemia induce cyclooxygenase-2 in cortical neurons through N-methyl-D-aspartic acid- ...
*  Deamidation
... asparagine is converted to aspartic acid or isoaspartic acid. Glutamine is converted to glutamic acid or pyroglutamic acid (5- ... either aspartic acid (in black at left) or isoaspartic acid, which is a beta amino acid (in green at bottom right). The ... As a free amino acid, or as the N-terminal residue of a peptide or protein, glutamine deamidates readily to form pyroglutamic ... Deamidation is a chemical reaction in which an amide functional group in the side chain of the amino acids asparagine or ...