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*  Brachypelma
Habitat destruction and collection for the pet trade have led to these spiders being among the few arthropods protected under ... relying on their venom and their size and strength. Larger species of Brachypelma, such as B. smithi, have body lengths in the ...
*  Myrmecia nigriceps
Bettini, Sergio (1978). Arthropod Venoms. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag. p. 477. doi:10.1007/978-3-642-45501-8. ISBN 978- ... With a median lethal dose (LD50) of 7.3mg/kg, the venom is relatively weak in comparison to other Myrmecia ants, whose LD50 is ... However, in a 2011 study, at least one patient had an allergic reaction to M. nigriceps venom. This study also concluded that ... Like other Myrmecia species, M. nigriceps ants possess a powerful and painful sting, and the venom is capable of inducing ...
*  BotIT6
Schwartz, EF; Mourão, CB; Moreira, KG; Camargos, TS; Mortari, MR (2012). "Arthropod venoms: a vast arsenal of insecticidal ... These neuropeptide toxins may cooperate to make venom more effective. Another possibility is the presence of other more potent ... a potent depressant insect toxin from Buthus occitanus tunetanus venom". Toxicon. 41 (2): 163-71. doi:10.1016/S0041-0101(02) ... "Biochemical and pharmacological characterization of a depressant insect toxin from the venom of the scorpion Buthacus arenicola ...
*  Synoeca surinama
"5-Hydroxytryptamine content of some arthropod venoms and venom-containing parts". Toxicon. 1: 165-170. doi:10.1016/0041-0101(63 ... in addition to continuing to inject venom, the sting apparatus also releases alarm pheromones and thereby marks the target as a ... slow contracting substance in wasp venom". Brit. J. Pharmacol. Menezes, Rodolpho; Andena, Sergio; Carvalho, Antonio; Costa, ...
*  Stinger
"5-Hydroxytryptamine Content of Some Arthropod Venoms and Venom-containing Parts." Toxic on 1.4 (1963): 165-70. Web. "sting: ... Among arthropods, a sting or stinger is a sharp organ, often connected with a venom gland and adapted to inflict a wound by ... A stinger, or sting, is a sharp organ found in various animals (typically arthropods) capable of injecting venom, usually by ... in its venoms. The 5-HT in these venoms has been found to play at least two roles: one as a pain-producing agent and the other ...
*  NMDA receptor
"Neuroactive compounds obtained from arthropod venoms as new therapeutic platforms for the treatment of neurological disorders ... naturally occurring dizocilpine or related site antagonist found in Argiope venom AP5 - glutamate site antagonist AP7 - ... ". J Venom Anim Toxins Incl Trop Dis. 21: 31. doi:10.1186/s40409-015-0031-x. PMC 4529710 . PMID 26257776. Shohami, Esther; ...
*  Delucemine
"Neuroactive compounds obtained from arthropod venoms as new therapeutic platforms for the treatment of neurological disorders ... The basic structure of Delucemine was based on argiotoxin 636, a NMDA antagonist isolated from the venom of the Araneid Argiope ... Vera Oldrati; Estelle Bianchi; Reto Stöcklin (February 2013). "Spider Venom Components as Drug Candidates". Spider ...
*  List of MeSH codes (D20)
... arthropod venoms MeSH D20.888.065.055 --- ant venoms MeSH D20.888.065.115 --- bee venoms MeSH D20.888.065.115.060 --- apamin ... wasp venoms MeSH D20.888.230 --- cnidarian venoms MeSH D20.888.370 --- fish venoms MeSH D20.888.590 --- mollusk venoms MeSH ... viper venoms MeSH D20.888.850.960.200 --- crotalid venoms MeSH D20.888.850.960.200.050 --- ancrod MeSH D20.888.850.960.200.105 ... elapid venoms MeSH D20.888.850.325.139 --- bungarotoxins MeSH D20.888.850.325.220 --- cobra venoms MeSH D20.888.850.325.220.190 ...
*  Caenocoris nerii
Bettini Arthropod Venoms Euw, J. von. Reichstein, T. Rothschild, M. Heart poisons (cardiac glycosides) in the lygaeid bugs ...
*  Halictus sexcinctus
Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) are commonly found in the venom of arthropods, and these proteins function by breaking up ... leading to a study of the venom of H. sexcinctus. Two newly isolated peptides from the venom were found to be significantly ... AMPs that damaged red blood cells at low rates were found in the venom of several species of bees, ... sexcinctus venom show good antimicrobial properties, they also show found to damage red blood cells (hemolysis), reducing their ...
*  Sphingomyelin phosphodiesterase D
Sphingomyelinases D are produced by some spiders in their venoms, by arthropods such as ticks, or pathogenic bacteria and fungi ...
*  Scolopendra heros
Baerg, W. J.; Centipedes (1924-09-01). "The Effect of the Venom of Some Supposedly Poisonous Arthropods". Annals of the ... The centipede uses its venom to subdue prey. The venom of S. heros is similar to the venom of other Scolopendra species, ... S. heros venom also contains toxins targeted to its prey: one toxin numbs the nervous system of insects, rendering them unable ... The exact effects and makeup of the venom have not been thoroughly evaluated, in part because it is difficult to extract in ...
*  Plexippus paykulli
Large arthropods are injected with venom but are usually overpowered by brute strength before the venom has immobilized them. ... In one study, these spiders hunted and consumed individuals of sixteen species of arthropods from fourteen families and six ...
*  Neuromuscular junction disease
... s in this category include snake venom poisoning, botulism, arthropod poisoning, organophosphates ... Most commonly animal venom or poison, or other toxic substances are the origin of the problem. ...
*  Arachnid
Scorpion venoms are optimised for action on other arthropods and therefore most scorpions are relatively harmless to humans; ... It has been found that scorpions have two types of venom: a translucent, weaker venom designed to stun only, and an opaque, ... which holds a pair of venom glands and the hypodermic aculeus, the venom-injecting barb. The abdomen's front half, the mesosoma ... Scorpions use their venom to kill or paralyze their prey so that it can be eaten; in general, it is fast acting, allowing for ...
*  Parasitic disease
Jones D, Wache S, Chhokar V (1996). "Toxins produced by arthropod parasites: salivary gland proteins of human body lice and ... venom proteins of chelonine wasps". Toxicon. 34 (11-12): 1421-9. doi:10.1016/s0041-0101(96)00091-8. PMID 9027999. "About ...
*  Spider behavior
Spiders are air-breathing arthropods that have eight legs and chelicerae with fangs that inject venom. They are the largest ... Although all arthropods use muscles attached to the inside of the exoskeleton to flex their limbs, spiders and a few other ... Under experimental conditions, when spiders were injected in the leg with bee or wasp venom, they shed this appendage. But if ... Prey is captured when insects, other arthropods, or small vertebrates disturb the 'trip' lines the spider lays out around its ...
*  Scutigera coleoptrata
They administer venom through modified legs (forcipules). These are not part of their mandibles, so strictly speaking they ... It is an insectivore; it kills and eats other arthropods, such as insects and arachnids. The body of an adult Scutigera ... For wasps, they retreat after applying the venom to give it time to take effect. When the centipede is in danger of becoming ... As with many other arthropods, the larvae look like miniature versions of the adult, albeit with fewer legs. Young centipedes ...
*  Arthropods in culture
Spider venoms may be a less polluting alternative to conventional pesticides, as they are deadly to insects but the great ... Arthropods play many roles in human culture, including as food, in art, in stories, and in mythology and religion. Many of ... Arthropods appear in folklore, in mythology, and in religion. Since Insects in mythology and in religion are covered elsewhere ... "Spider Venom Could Yield Eco-Friendly Insecticides". National Science Foundation (USA). Retrieved 2008-10-11. Hinman, M. B.; ...
*  Antidote
Some animal venoms, especially those produced by arthropods (e.g., certain spiders, scorpions, bees, etc.) are only potentially ... A number of venoms lack a viable antivenom, and a bite or sting from an animal producing such a toxin often results in death.[ ... for these venoms because it is not a form of poisoning and anaphylactic shock can be treated (e.g., by the use of epinephrine ...
*  Xibalbanus tulumensis
Venom is common in all the arthropod subphyla, but was believed to be completely absent from the approximately 70,000 known ... Venom-filled reservoirs have since been found attached to the needles, packed in muscles that can force out the venom. Glands ... The feeding technique of X. tulumensis is unique among crustaceans, and its venom is a useful adaptation that to some extent ... This blind remipede liquefies the body contents of other crustaceans with a venom similar to that of rattlesnakes, and which ...
*  List of spiders of Sri Lanka
Spiders (order Araneae) are air-breathing arthropods that have eight legs and chelicerae with fangs that inject venom. ... Unlike most arthropods, spiders have no extensor muscles in their limbs and instead extend them by hydraulic pressure. As of ... There are about 2 million species of arthropods found in the world, and still it is counting. So many new species are discover ... In all except the most primitive group, the Mesothelae, spiders have the most centralized nervous systems of all arthropods, as ...
*  Spider
... s (order Araneae) are air-breathing arthropods that have eight legs and chelicerae with fangs that inject venom. They are ... While the venom of a few species is dangerous to humans, scientists are now researching the use of spider venom in medicine and ... Spiders of the genus Heptathela have no venom glands although they do have venom gland outlets on the fang tip. The extinct ... Spiders are chelicerates and therefore arthropods. As arthropods they have: segmented bodies with jointed limbs, all covered in ...
*  Arthropod mouthparts
... venom glands and are used to inject venom to disable prey prior to feeding. In some spiders, the chelicerae have teeth, which ... The mouthparts of arthropods have evolved into a number of forms, each adapted to a different style or mode of feeding. Most ... The tip is a pointed fang, which has an opening from a venom gland. The forcipules are used to capture and envenomate prey. ... In general, arthropods have mouthparts for cutting and chewing, piercing and sucking, shredding and chewing, siphoning, and ...
*  Stinger (disambiguation)
A stinger is an organ or body part found in various animals, typically arthropods, that usually delivers some kind of venom ...
*  Wasp
Many wasp species are parasitoids; the females deposit eggs on or in a host arthropod on which the larvae then feed. Some ... In females there is usually a rigid ovipositor which may be modified for injecting venom, piercing or sawing. It either extends ... Piek, Tom (2013). Venoms of the Hymenoptera: Biochemical, Pharmacological and Behavioural Aspects. Elsevier. p. 173. ISBN 978-1 ... Backshall, Steve (2007). Steve Backshall's venom: poisonous animals in the natural world. New Holland Publishers. p. 147. ISBN ...
*  Arthropod
... but those of spiders have developed as fangs that inject venom. Myriapods comprise millipedes, centipedes, and their relatives ... Almost all arthropods lay eggs, but scorpions give birth to live young after the eggs have hatched inside the mother. Arthropod ... The arthropod body plan consists of segments, each with a pair of appendages. The rigid cuticle inhibits growth, so arthropods ... Although arthropods are the most numerous phylum on Earth, and thousands of arthropod species are venomous, they inflict ...