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*  Ars operon
It is required for the detoxification of arsenate, arsenite, and antimonite. This system transports arsenite and antimonite out ... thus increasing its ATPase activity at lower concentrations of arsenite and enhancing the rate of arsenite extrusion. Carlin A ... This two-subunit enzyme produces resistance to arsenite and antimonite. Arsenate, however, must first be reduced to arsenite ... ArsA and ArsB form an anion-translocating ATPase. The ArsB protein is distinguished by its overall hydrophobic character, in ...
*  Arsenite-transporting ATPase
In enzymology, an arsenite-transporting ATPase (EC 3.6.3.16) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction ATP + H2O + ... and arsenite, whereas its 3 products are ADP, phosphate, and arsenite. This enzyme belongs to the family of hydrolases, ... Arsenite-Antimonite efflux Silver S, Misra TK, Laddaga RA (1989). "DNA sequence analysis of bacterial toxic heavy metal ... The systematic name of this enzyme class is ATP phosphohydrolase (arsenite-exporting). As of late 2007, 3 structures have been ...
*  Arsenite-antimonite transporter
Arsenic toxicity Arsenite-transporting ATPase Solute carrier family Active transport ATP-binding cassette transporter Hasgekar ... Arsenite-antimonite transporters are membrane transporters that pump arsenite or antimonite out of a cell. Antimonite is the ... an ATPase, must be superimposed onto ArsB. Arsenite and antimonite can also be pumped out of the cell by members of the ARC3 ... which can participate in both secondary transport or primary active transport. Based on operon analyses, Arc3 homologues may ...
*  ArsB and ArsAB transporters
... superfamily ARC3 family Arsenite-Antimonite efflux Arsenite-transporting ATPase Solute carrier family Active transport ATP- ... Arsenite or Antimonite (out). The overall reaction catalyzed by ArsB-ArsA is: Arsenite or Antimonite (in) + ATP ⇌ Arsenite or ... Rensing, C.; Ghosh, M.; Rosen, B. P. (1999-10-01). "Families of soft-metal-ion-transporting ATPases". Journal of Bacteriology. ... Arsenite resistance (Ars) efflux pumps of bacteria may consist of two proteins, ArsB (TC# 2.A.45.1.1; the integral membrane ...
*  List of EC numbers (EC 3)
H+-transporting two-sector ATPase EC 3.6.3.15: Na+-transporting two-sector ATPase EC 3.6.3.16: arsenite-transporting ATPase EC ... teichoic-acid-transporting ATPase EC 3.6.3.41: heme-transporting ATPase EC 3.6.3.42: beta-glucan-transporting ATPase EC 3.6. ... steroid-transporting ATPase EC 3.6.3.46: cadmium-transporting ATPase EC 3.6.3.47: fatty-acyl-CoA-transporting ATPase EC 3.6. ... vitamin B12-transporting ATPase EC 3.6.3.34: iron-chelate-transporting ATPase EC 3.6.3.35: manganese-transporting ATPase EC 3.6 ...
*  Transporter Classification Database
V-type ATPase and A-type ATPase superfamily 3.A.3 The P-type ATPase Superfamily 3.A.4 The Arsenite-Antimonite efflux family 3.A ... Family 3.B.1 The Na+-transporting Carboxylic Acid Decarboxylase (NaT-DC) Family 3.C.1 The Na+ Transporting ... Family 1.D.58 The Anion Transporting Prodigiosene (Prodigiosene) Family 1.D.59 The Anion Transporting Perenosin (Perenosin) ... See electron transport chain. 3.D.1 The H+ or Na+-translocating NADH Dehydrogenase ("complex I") family 3.D.2 The Proton- ...
*  ARC3 family
The Bacillus protein exports both arsenite and antimonite. The exact transport mechanism has not established. The generalized ... Homologous ATPases are found in families TC# 3.A.4, TC# 3.A.19 and TC# 3.A.21 as well as TC# 2.A.59. A region of the ABC ATPase ... In the latter case ATP hydrolysis again energizes transport. ARC3 homologues transport the same anions as ArsA/AB homologues, ... reaction catalyzed by members of the ACR3 family is: arsenite or antimonite (in) → arsenite or antimonite (out). Arsenite- ...
*  Neurotoxin
An underlying mechanism by which lead is able to cause harm is its ability to be transported by calcium ATPase pumps across the ... As a metabolite of arsenic, arsenite is formed after ingestion of arsenic and has shown significant toxicity to neurons within ... This is important as neurotransmitter transport can be impaired through vesicular transport inhibition, resulting in diminished ... This barrier creates a tight hydrophobic layer around the capillaries in the brain, inhibiting the transport of large or ...
*  Microbial metabolism
Protons are transported across the membrane by the initial NADH reductase, quinones, and nitrous oxide reductase to produce the ... In all cases, however, a proton motive force is generated and used to drive ATP production via an ATPase. Most photosynthetic ... reduction to arsenite (AsO3− 3) Uranyl ion ion (UO2+ 2) reduction to uranium dioxide (UO 2) A number of organisms, instead of ... This means that these organisms do not use an electron transport chain to oxidize NADH to NAD+ and therefore must have an ...
*  Stress granule
It has also been proposed that microtubules play a role in the formation of stress granules, maybe by transporting granule ... Jain S, Wheeler JR, Walters RW, Agrawal A, Barsic A, Parker R (January 2016). "ATPase-Modulated Stress Granules Contain a ... Chang YW, Huang YS (2014). "Arsenite-activated JNK signaling enhances CPEB4-Vinexin interaction to facilitate stress granule ... In vitro, these stressors can include heat, cold, oxidative stress (sodium arsenite), endoplasmic reticulum stress ( ...
*  Variovorax paradoxus
... metal transporting P1-type ATPases and a chemiosmotic antiporter efflux system similar to CzcCBA of Cupriavidus metallidurans. ... MM-1 isolated from a soil and identification of arsenite oxidase gene". Journal of Hazardous Materials. 262: 997-1003. doi: ... Bahar, Md Mezbaul; Megharaj, Mallavarapu; Naidu, Ravi (2013-11-15). "Kinetics of arsenite oxidation by Variovorax sp. ...