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*  Protein metabolism
Positively charged side chains....... Arginine Histidine Lysine Negatively charged side chains Aspartic acid Glutamic acid ...
*  Protein primary structure
methylation Several protein residues can be methylated, most notably the positive groups of lysine and arginine. Arginine ...
*  PADI4
... plays a role in the epigenetics, the deimination of arginines on histones 3 and 4 can act antagonistically to arginine ... Peptidyl arginine deiminase, type IV, also known as PADI4, is a human protein which in humans is encoded by the PADI4 gene. The ... This gene is a member of a gene family which encodes enzymes responsible for the conversion of arginine to citrulline residues ... It catalyses the reaction: Protein L-arginine + H2O = protein L-citrulline + NH3 It is normally found in the cytoplasm, nucleus ...
*  Arginine
Synthesis of arginine from citrulline also occurs at a low level in many other cells, and cellular capacity for arginine ... Arginine is synthesized from citrulline in arginine and proline metabolism by the sequential action of the cytosolic enzymes ... Arginine glutamate AAKG Canavanine and canaline are toxic analogs of arginine and ornithine. IUPAC-IUBMB Joint Commission on ... However, a more recent trial reported that although oral arginine increased plasma levels of L-arginine it did not cause an ...
*  Arginine alphaketoglutarate
Arginine alpha-ketoglutarate (AAKG) is a salt of the amino acid arginine and alpha-ketoglutaric acid. It is marketed as a ... plasma L-arginine, nitric oxide metabolites, and asymmetric dimethyl arginine after resistance exercise". International Journal ... There is also no evidence that the arginine alpha-ketoglutarate in nitric oxide supplements have any effect on nitric oxide ... Campbell, Bill I.; La Bounty, Paul M.; Roberts, Mike (2004-01-01). "The Ergogenic Potential of Arginine". Journal of the ...
*  Arginine decarboxylase
In enzymology, an arginine decarboxylase (EC 4.1.1.19) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction L-arginine ⇌ {\ ... The systematic name of this enzyme class is L-arginine carboxy-lyase (agmatine-forming). Other names in common use include SpeA ... Ramakrishna S, Adiga PR (1975). "Arginine decarboxylase from Lathyrus sativus seedlings. Purification and properties". Eur. J. ... and L-arginine carboxy-lyase. This enzyme participates in urea cycle and metabolism of amino groups and glutamate metabolism. ...
*  Arginine deiminase
In enzymology, an arginine deiminase (EC 3.5.3.6) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction L-arginine + H2O ⇌ {\ ... The systematic name of this enzyme class is L-arginine iminohydrolase. Other names in common use include arginine dihydrolase, ... OGINSKY EL, GEHRIG RF (1952). "The arginine dihydrolase system of Streptococcus faecalis. II Properties of arginine desimidase ... citrulline iminase, and L-arginine deiminase. This enzyme participates in arginine and proline metabolism. This enzyme is ...
*  Arginine kinase
L-arginine N-phosphotransferasel ATP:L-arginine, and ω-N-phosphotransferase. This enzyme participates in arginine and proline ... In enzymology, an arginine kinase (EC 2.7.3.3) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction ATP + L-arginine ⇌ {\ ... The systematic name of this enzyme class is ATP:L-arginine Nω-phosphotransferase. Other names in common use include arginine ... the two substrates of this enzyme are ATP and L-arginine, whereas its two products are ADP and Nω-phospho-L-arginine. This ...
*  Arginine glutamate
... (also called glutargin) is a mixture of two amino acids, 50% arginine and 50% glutamic acid, used in liver ...
*  Arginine racemase
D-arginine Hence, this enzyme has one substrate, L-arginine, and one product, D-arginine. This enzyme belongs to the family of ... In enzymology, an arginine racemase (EC 5.1.1.9) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction L-arginine ⇌ {\displaystyle ... The systematic name of this enzyme class is arginine racemase. This enzyme participates in 3 metabolic pathways: lysine ... Yorifuji T, Ogata K, Soda K (1969). "Crystalline arginine racemase". Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 34 (6): 760-4. doi:10.1016/ ...
*  Arginine:glycine amidinotransferase
L-Arginine:glycine amidinotransferase (AGAT; EC 2.1.4.1) is the enzyme that catalyses the transfer of an amidino group from L- ... L-Arginine:glycine amidinotransferase catalyses the first, which is also the committed step in the formation of creatine. The ... L-Arginine and guanidinoacetate have only "apparent" repressor activity. They exert no effect on AGAT expression by themselves ... Arginine:glycine amidinotransferase (AGAT) catalyzes the first step of creatine synthesis, resulting in the formation of ...
*  Arginine-tRNA ligase
... arginine-tRNA synthetase, and arginine translase. This enzyme participates in arginine and proline metabolism and aminoacyl- ... In enzymology, an arginine-tRNA ligase (EC 6.1.1.19) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction ATP + L-arginine + ... The systematic name of this enzyme class is L-arginine:tRNAArg ligase (AMP-forming). Other names in common use include arginyl- ... Cavarelli J, Delagoutte B, Eriani G, Gangloff J, Moras D (September 1998). "L-arginine recognition by yeast arginyl-tRNA ...
*  Protein-arginine deiminase
... at the US National Library of Medicine Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) Molecular and Cellular ... In enzymology, a protein-arginine deiminase (EC 3.5.3.15) is an enzyme that catalyzes a form of post translational modification ... The systematic name of this enzyme class is protein-L-arginine iminohydrolase. This enzyme is also called peptidylarginine ... called arginine de-imination or citrullination: protein L-arginine + H2O ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } protein L- ...
*  Arginine-pyruvate transaminase
In enzymology, an arginine-pyruvate transaminase (EC 2.6.1.84) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction L-arginine + ... The systematic name of this enzyme class is L-arginine:pyruvate aminotransferase. Other names in common use include arginine: ... Yang Z, Lu CD (2007). "Characterization of an arginine:pyruvate transaminase in arginine catabolism of Pseudomonas aeruginosa ... Yang Z, Lu CD (2007). "Functional genomics enables identification of genes of the arginine transaminase pathway in Pseudomonas ...
*  Arginine repressor ArgR
In molecular biology, the arginine repressor (ArgR) is a repressor of prokaryotic arginine deiminase pathways. The arginine ... This is a negative regulator, and will only release the arginine deiminase operon for expression in the presence of arginine. ... This hexameric protein binds DNA at its N terminus to repress arginine biosyntheis or activate arginine catabolism. Some ... Most prokaryotic arginine deiminase pathways are under the control of a repressor gene, termed ArgR. ...
*  Arginine N-succinyltransferase
Other names in common use include arginine succinyltransferase, AstA, arginine and ornithine N2-succinyltransferase, AOST, AST ... Schneider BL, Kiupakis AK, Reitzer LJ (1998). "Arginine catabolism and the arginine succinyltransferase pathway in Escherichia ... N2-succinyl-L-arginine Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are succinyl-CoA and L-arginine, whereas its two products are ... and succinyl-CoA:L-arginine 2-N-succinyltransferase. This enzyme participates in arginine and proline metabolism. As of late ...
*  Arginine 2-monooxygenase
... arginine decarboxylase, arginine oxygenase (decarboxylating), and arginine decarboxy-oxidase. This enzyme participates in urea ... Arginine 2-monooxygenase (EC 1.13.12.1) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction L-arginine + O2 ⇌ {\displaystyle \ ... doi:10.1016/0006-3002(62)90631-5. Thoai NV & Olomucki A (1962). "Arginine decarboxy-oxydase. II. Oxydation de la canavanine et ... Olomucki A, Pho DB, Lebar R, Delcambe L, Thoai NV (1968). "[Arginine oxygenase (decarboxylating). V. Purification and flavin ...
*  Arginine (data page)
... for L-arginine) ^a CID 71070 from PubChem (D-arginine) ^a CID 6322 from PubChem (L-arginine). ... a EINECS number 205-866-5 ((−)-D-arginine hydrate) ^a EINECS number 200-811-1 ( ...
*  Tyrosine-arginine ligase
L-tyrosyl-L-arginine The 3 substrates of this enzyme are ATP, L-tyrosine, and L-arginine, whereas its 3 products are AMP, ... L-arginine ligase (AMP-forming). Other names in common use include tyrosyl-arginine synthase, kyotorphin synthase, kyotorphin- ... In enzymology, a tyrosine-arginine ligase (EC 6.3.2.24) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction ATP + L-tyrosine + L- ... Ueda, H.; Yoshihara, Y.; Fukushima, N.; Shiomi, H.; Nakamura, A.; Takagi, H. (Jun 1987). "Kyotorphin (tyrosine-arginine) ...
*  Protein arginine methyltransferase 5
Protein arginine N-methyltransferase 5 is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the PRMT5 gene. PRMT5 symmetrically ... "Entrez Gene: PRMT5 protein arginine methyltransferase 5". Kim S, Gunesdogan, U, Zylicz JJ, Hackett, JA, Cougot, D, Bao, S, Lee ... Brahms H, Meheus L, de Brabandere V, Fischer U, Lührmann R (2001). "Symmetrical dimethylation of arginine residues in ... 2015) 72:2041-2059 DOI 10.1007/s00018-015-1847-9) PRMT5 is a highly conserved arginine methyltransferase that translocated from ...
*  Arginine and proline metabolism
... is one of the central pathways for the biosynthesis of the amino acids arginine and proline ... Arginine is then synthesized from citrulline in the urea cycle by the sequential action of the cytosolic enzymes ... The pathways linking arginine, glutamate, and proline are bidirectional. Thus, the net utilization or production of these amino ...
*  L-Arginine ethyl ester
... or ethyl arginate is an alternative supplement form of the conditionally-essential amino acid arginine ... L-Arginine ethyl ester is a white powder quickly soluble in hot water. It has a characteristically bad and bitter taste, thus ... L-Arginine ethyl ester is biochemical reagent which can be used as a pharmaceutical intermediate.. ...
*  Arginine catabolic mobile element
The arginine catabolic mobile element (ACME) is a mobile genetic element of Staphylococcus bacterial species. This genetic ... Joshi, Gauri S.; Spontak, Jeffrey S.; Klapper, David G.; Richardson, Anthony R. (October 2011). "Arginine catabolic mobile ... "Genetic Diversity of Arginine Catabolic Mobile Element in Staphylococcus epidermidis". PLoS ONE. 4 (11): e7722. doi:10.1371/ ... "The Arginine Catabolic Mobile Element and Staphylococcal Chromosomal Cassette Linkage: Convergence of Virulence and Resistance ...
*  Histone-arginine N-methyltransferase
... histone-arginine omega-N-methyltransferase) is an enzyme with systematic name S-adenosyl-L-methionine:histone-arginine Nomega- ... Histone-arginine N-methyltransferase (EC 2.1.1.125, histone protein methylase I, nuclear protein (histone) N-methyltransferase ... CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link) Histone-arginine N-methyltransferase at the US National Library of Medicine ... Dual substrate specificity for S-adenosylmethionine: histone-arginine-N-methyltransferase". J. Biol. Chem. 269 (2): 1075-1082. ...
*  L-Arginine L-pyroglutamate
... is the L-arginine salt of pyroglutamic acid. Arginine pyroglutamate is a delivery form of arginine. L-Arginine L-pyroglutamate ... L-Arginine L-pyroglutamate, also known as pirglutargine and arginine pidolate, ...