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*  Arabinogalactan
Both the arabinose and galactose exist solely in the furanose configuration. The galactan portion of microbial arabinogalactan ... Arabinogalactan is a biopolymer consisting of arabinose and galactose monosaccharides. Two classes of arabinogalactans are ...
*  Arabinose
However, L-arabinose is in fact more common than D-arabinose in nature and is found in nature as a component of biopolymers ... Arabinose gets its name from gum arabic, from which it was first isolated. In synthetic biology, arabinose is often used as a ... The operon directs the catabolism of arabinose in E. coli, and it is dynamically activated in the presence of arabinose and the ... These foods are especially popular in Japan and China, where arabinose is legally used as a food additive. Arabinose is a ...
*  Arabinose isomerase
Other names in common use include D-arabinose(L-fucose) isomerase, D-arabinose isomerase, L-fucose isomerase, and D-arabinose ... In enzymology, an arabinose isomerase (EC 5.3.1.3) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction D-arabinose ⇌ {\ ... Cohen SS (1953). "Studies on D-ribulose and its enzymatic conversion to D-arabinose". J. Biol. Chem. 201 (1): 71-84. PMID ... The systematic name of this enzyme class is D-arabinose aldose-ketose-isomerase. ...
*  L-arabinose isomerase
This enzyme catalyses the conversion of L-arabinose to L-ribulose as the first step in the pathway of L-arabinose utilization ... In enzymology, a L-arabinose isomerase (EC 5.3.1.4) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction L-arabinose ⇌ {\ ... L-arabinose isomerase". J. Biol. Chem. 231 (2): 1031-7. PMID 13539034. Nakamatu T, Yamanaka K (1969). "Crystallization and ... Sa-Nogueira I, Nogueira TV, Soares S, de Lencastre H (March 1997). "The Bacillus subtilis L-arabinose (ara) operon: nucleotide ...
*  L-arabinose operon
When arabinose is present, AraC acts as an activator. If arabinose is present, it builds a complex: AraC + arabinose This ... When arabinose is present, arabinose binds AraC and prevents AraC from interacting. This breaks the DNA loop. The two AraC- ... araA encodes L-arabinose isomerase, which catalyzes isomerization between L-arabinose and L-ribulose. araB encodes ribulokinase ... If arabinose is absent, the dimer AraC protein represses the structural gene by binding to araI1 and araO2 and the DNA forms a ...
*  D-arabinose 1-dehydrogenase
In enzymology, a D-arabinose 1-dehydrogenase (EC 1.1.1.116) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction D-arabinose + ... The systematic name of this enzyme class is D-arabinose:NAD+ 1-oxidoreductase. Other names in common use include NAD+-pentose- ... III Oxidation of D-arabinose". J. Bacteriol. 74 (2): 180-185. PMC 289912 . PMID 13475218. Schiwara HW, Domschke W, Domagk GF ( ... the two substrates of this enzyme are D-arabinose and NAD+, whereas its 3 products are D-arabinono-1,4-lactone, NADH, and H+. ...
*  L-arabinose 1-dehydrogenase
In enzymology, a L-arabinose 1-dehydrogenase (EC 1.1.1.46) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction L-arabinose + NAD+ ... The systematic name of this enzyme class is L-arabinose:NAD+ 1-oxidoreductase. This enzyme participates in ascorbate and ... Weimberg R; Doudoroff M (1955). "The oxidation of L-arabinose by Pseudomonas saccharophila". J. Biol. Chem. 217 (2): 607-624. ... the two substrates of this enzyme are L-arabinose and NAD+, whereas its 3 products are L-arabinono-1,4-lactone, NADH, and H+. ...
*  UDP-arabinose 4-epimerase
In enzymology, an UDP-arabinose 4-epimerase (EC 5.1.3.5) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction UDP-L-arabinose ⇌ {\ ... The systematic name of this enzyme class is UDP-L-arabinose 4-epimerase. Other names in common use include uridine ... displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } UDP-D-xylose Hence, this enzyme has one substrate, UDP-L-arabinose, and one product, UDP-D- ... diphosphoarabinose epimerase, UDP arabinose epimerase, uridine 5'-diphosphate-D-xylose 4-epimerase, and UDP-D-xylose 4- ...
*  Arabinose-5-phosphate isomerase
In enzymology, an arabinose-5-phosphate isomerase (EC 5.3.1.13) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction D-arabinose 5 ... Other names in common use include arabinose phosphate isomerase, phosphoarabinoisomerase, and D-arabinose-5-phosphate ketol- ... The systematic name of this enzyme class is D-arabinose-5-phosphate aldose-ketose-isomerase. ... displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } D-ribulose 5-phosphate Hence, this enzyme has one substrate, D-arabinose 5-phosphate, and one ...
*  D-arabinose 1-dehydrogenase (NAD(P)+)
The systematic name of this enzyme class is D-arabinose:NAD(P)+ 1-oxidoreductase. This enzyme is also called D-arabinose 1- ... In enzymology, a D-arabinose 1-dehydrogenase [NAD(P)+] (EC 1.1.1.117) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction D- ... arabinose + NAD(P)+ ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } D-arabinono-1,4-lactone + NAD(P)H + H+ The 3 substrates of this ... enzyme are D-arabinose, NAD+, and NADP+, whereas its 4 products are D-arabinono-1,4-lactone, NADH, NADPH, and H+. This enzyme ...
*  UDP-4-amino-4-deoxy-L-arabinose aminotransferase
Breazeale, S.D.; Ribeiro, A.A.; Raetz, C.R. (2003). "Origin of lipid A species modified with 4-amino-4-deoxy-L-arabinose in ... UDP-4-amino-4-deoxy-L-arabinose aminotransferase at the US National Library of Medicine Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) ... UDP-4-amino-4-deoxy-L-arabinose aminotransferase (EC 2.6.1.87, UDP-(beta-L-threo-pentapyranosyl-4-ulose diphosphate) ... An aminotransferase (ArnB) that generates UDP-4-deoxyl-L-arabinose". J. Biol. Chem. 278 (27): 24731-24739. doi:10.1074/jbc. ...
*  UDP-4-amino-4-deoxy-L-arabinose formyltransferase
... (EC 2.1.2.13, UDP-L-Ara4N formyltransferase, ArnAFT) is an enzyme with ... UDP-4-amino-4-deoxy-L-arabinose formyltransferase at the US National Library of Medicine Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) ... Identification and function of UDP-4-deoxy-4-formamido-L-arabinose". J. Biol. Chem. 280: 14154-14167. doi:10.1074/jbc. ... An enzyme for lipid A modification with 4-amino-4-deoxy-L-arabinose and polymyxin resistance". Biochemistry. 44 (14): 5328-5338 ...
*  Undecaprenyl-phosphate 4-deoxy-4-formamido-L-arabinose transferase
Origin of lipid a species modified with 4-amino-4-deoxy-L-arabinose". J. Biol. Chem. 277 (4): 2886-2896. doi:10.1074/jbc. ... Identification and function of UDP-4-deoxy-4-formamido-L-arabinose". J. Biol. Chem. 280: 14154-14167. doi:10.1074/jbc. ... Undecaprenyl-phosphate 4-deoxy-4-formamido-L-arabinose transferase at the US National Library of Medicine Medical Subject ... Undecaprenyl-phosphate 4-deoxy-4-formamido-L-arabinose transferase (EC 2.7.8.30, undecaprenyl-phosphate Ara4FN transferase, ...
*  Wohl degradation
The classic example is the conversion of glucose to arabinose as shown below. The reaction is named after the German chemist ... Ber., 26 (1): 730-744, doi:10.1002/cber.189302601150 . Braun, Géza (1940). "D-Arabinose". Organic Syntheses. 20: 14. ; ...
*  D-arabinonolactonase
III Oxidation of D-arabinose". J. Bacteriol. 74 (2): 180-185. PMC 289912 . PMID 13475218. Molecular and Cellular Biology portal ...
*  Homopolysaccharide
A polysaccharide of arabinose 5. Xylan - A polysaccharide of xylose Champe, Harvey, Ferrier. Biochemistry 4th Edition. 2008. 90 ...
*  Ribulokinase
Simpson FJ, Wolin MJ, Wood WA (1958). "Degradation of L-arabinose by Aerobacter aerogenes. I. A pathway involving ...
*  L-ribulose-5-phosphate 4-epimerase
The arabinose system enables the take up the pentose L-arabinose, and then the conversion of intracellular arabinose in three ... Ribulose 5-phosphate 4-epimerase is found on the well studied L-arabinose operon. This operon consists of eight genes araA-araH ... WOLIN MJ, SIMPSON FJ, WOOD WA (1958). "Degradation of L-arabinose by Aerobacter aerogenes. III Identification and properties of ... Schlelf, Robert (December 2000). "Regulation of the L-arabinose operon of Escherichia coli". Trends in Genetics. 16 (12): 559- ...
*  Vidarabine
... is an analog of adenosine with the D-ribose replaced with D-arabinose. As you can see from figure 1.1 that it is a ... which contained D-arabinose rather than D-ribose. These compounds led to the synthesis of a new generation, sugar modified ...
*  Inducer
In the ara operon, arabinose is the inducer. Baraniak, P. R.; Nelson, D. M.; Leeson, C. E.; Katakam, A. K.; Friz, J. L.; Cress ...
*  L-arabinonolactonase
Weimberg R; Doudoroff M (1955). "The oxidation of L-arabinose by Pseudomonas saccharophila". J. Biol. Chem. 217 (2): 607-624. ...
*  Arabinosyltransferase
An arabinosyltransferase is a transferase enzyme acting upon arabinose. This enzyme is involved in polymerisation of ... since the arabinose residues occur only in a furanose form. This enzyme has important clinical applications as it is believed ...
*  Opine
For example, agrocinopine A is a phosphodiester of sucrose and L-arabinose. The name opine comes from octopine, the first opine ... Agrocinopine A is phosphodiester of sucrose and L-Arabinose. Agrocinopine B is the corresponding phosphodiester, in which the ...
*  Fétizon oxidation
Formation of Tetroses from D-Xylose and L-Arabinose". Acta Chem. Scand. 26: 1709-1710. doi:10.3891/acta.chem.scand.26-1709. ... oxidation of D-xylose and L-arabinose to D-threose and L-erythrose respectively, and oxidation of L-sorbose to afford L-threose ...
*  Burkholderia thailandensis
It is usually distinguished from B. pseudomallei by its ability to assimilate arabinose. Other differences between these ... Smith MD, Angus BJ, Wuthiekanun V, White NJ (1997). "Arabinose assimilation defines a nonvirulent biotype of Burkholderia ... Smith MD, Angus BJ, Wuthiekanun V, White NJ (1997). "Arabinose assimilation defines a nonvirulent biotype of Burkholderia ... Lertpatanasuwan N, Sermsri K, Petkaseam A, Trakulsomboon S, Thamlikitkul V, Suputtamongkol Y (1999). "Arabinose-positive ...