Loading...
*  Uvulopalatopharyngoplasty
The Role of UPPP in the "Stanford Protocol" operation UPPP is also offered to sleep apnea patients who opt for a more ... The goal is to improve the airway and thereby treat (or possibly cure) sleep apnea. It has been found that obstructive sleep ... As explained above, sleep apnea is often caused by multiple co-existing obstructions at various locations of the airway such as ... In the US, UPPP is the most commonly performed procedure for obstructive sleep apnea, with approximately 33,000 procedures per ...
*  Stanford Protocol
Allan I. Pack (21 May 2002). Sleep Apnea: Pathogenesis, Diagnosis and Treatment. CRC Press. pp. 597-. ISBN 978-0-8247-4481-6. ... The Stanford Protocol is a combination of surgeries that are undertaken to treat obstructive sleep apnea. The Protocol involves ...
*  Hypersomnia
... which resolves their apneas but not their EDS, it is necessary to seek other causes for the EDS. Obstructive sleep apnea " ... Sleep apnea can occur 10 times as often in uremic patients than in the general population and can affect up to 30-80% of ... Sleep apnea is the most frequent cause of secondary hypersomnia, affecting up to 4% of middle-aged adults, mostly men. Upper ... Hypersomnia can also be a symptom of other sleep disorders, like sleep apnea. It may occur as an adverse effect of taking ...
*  Cheyne-Stokes respiration
The distinction lies in what is observed at the trough of ventilation: Cheyne-Stokes respiration involves apnea (since apnea is ... The end of the linear decrease in ventilation in response to falls in CO2 is not, however, at apnea. It occurs when ventilation ... Thus Cheyne-Stokes respiration can be maintained over periods of many minutes or hours with a repetitive pattern of apneas and ... It is an oscillation of ventilation between apnea and hyperpnea with a crescendo-diminuendo pattern, and is associated with ...
*  Adenoidectomy
The relationship between enuresis and obstructive apnea, and the benefit of adenoidectomy by implication, is complex and ... Widest agreement surrounds the removal of the adenoid for obstructive sleep apnea, usually combined with tonsillectomy. Even ... and relationship with obstructive sleep apnea". J. Pediatr. 159 (2): 238-42.e1. doi:10.1016/j.jpeds.2011.01.036. PMID 21397910 ... "The effectiveness of tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy in the treatment of pediatric obstructive sleep apnea/hypopnea syndrome: a ...
*  Somnolence
... disorders are a common cause of drowsiness as are a number of other conditions such as sleep apnea, insomnia, and narcolepsy. ... medications narcolepsy sickness behavior sleep apnea sleep deprivation starvation stroke traumatic brain injury African ...
*  Positive airway pressure
Given that sleep apnea is a chronic health issue which commonly doesn't go away, ongoing care is usually needed to maintain ... Obstructive sleep apnea occurs when the upper airway becomes narrow as the muscles relax naturally during sleep. This reduces ... The titrated pressure is the pressure of air at which most (if not all) apneas and hypopneas have been prevented, and it is ... Wu, H; Yuan, X; Zhan, X; Li, L; Wei, Y (September 2015). "A review of EPAP nasal device therapy for obstructive sleep apnea ...
*  Obstructive sleep apnea
... (OSA) is the most common type of sleep apnea and is caused by complete or partial obstructions of the ... To grade the severity of sleep apnea, the number of events per hour is reported as the apnea-hypopnea index (AHI). An AHI of ... Some use the terms obstructive sleep apnea syndrome or obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome to refer to OSA which is ... As in central apnea, pauses are followed by a relative decrease in blood oxygen and an increase in the blood carbon dioxide. ...
*  Infant respiratory distress syndrome
... "apnea"). Whether treated or not, the clinical course for the acute disease lasts about 2 to 3 days. During the first day the ...
*  Sleep and breathing
Sleep apnea (or sleep apnoea in British English; /æpˈniːə/) is a sleep disorder characterized by pauses in breathing or ... Obstructive sleep apnea is apnea either as the result of obstruction of the air passages or inadequate respiratory muscle ... Each pause in breathing, called an apnea, can last for several seconds to several minutes, and may occur 5 to 30 times or more ... Usually, any medical condition where the airway is blocked during sleeping, like obstructive sleep apnea, may give rise to ...
*  Continuous positive airway pressure
CPAP typically is used for people who have breathing problems, such as sleep apnea. CPAP also may be used to treat preterm ... HFT is useful in the treatment of sleep apnea. Nasal HFT has shown to be useful in neonatal intensive care settings for ... CPAP is the most effective treatment for obstructive sleep apnea, in which the mild pressure from the CPAP prevents the airway ... "Effect of a High-Flow Open Nasal Cannula System on Obstructive Sleep Apnea in Children". Pediatrics. 124 (1): 179-188. doi: ...
*  Palatine uvula
Typically apnea subsides for the short term, but returns over the medium to long term, and sometimes is worse than it was ... In some cases this can lead to sleep apnea, which may be treated by removal of the uvula or part of it if necessary, an ... The success of UPPP as a treatment for sleep apnea is unknown, but some research has shown 40-60% effectiveness in reducing ... Lehnert, Paul (3 August 2005). "Uvulopalatopharyngoplasty for obstructive sleep apnea". Retrieved 26 October 2006. Biblo LA, ...
*  Nasal EPAP
In OSA it appears to be effective to reduce but not eliminate apnea for people with mild to moderate OSA (Apnea-hypopnea index ... Wu, H; Yuan, X; Zhan, X; Li, L; Wei, Y (September 2015). "A review of EPAP nasal device therapy for obstructive sleep apnea ... Nasal expiratory positive airway pressure (Nasal EPAP) is a treatment for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and snoring. ... Treatments for Obstructive Sleep Apnea. J Clin Outcomes Manag. 2016 Apr;23(4):181-192. PMID 27134515. ...
*  Apnea
... or apnoea is suspension of breathing. During apnea, there is no movement of the muscles of inhalation, and the volume of ... The apnea test follows a delineated protocol. The word apnea uses combining forms of a- + -pnea, from Greek Greek: ἄπνοια, from ... Medicine portal Apnea of prematurity Deep water blackout Expiratory apnea Free-diving Hypopnea Mechanical ventilation ... much longer periods of apnea may be tolerated without severe consequences. Untrained humans cannot sustain voluntary apnea for ...
*  Expiratory apnea
... is a voluntary condition performed by a patient during a doctor's examination. By breathing out and then ...
*  Sleep apnea
People with sleep apnea may not be aware they have it. In many cases it is first observed by a family member. Sleep apnea is ... Central sleep apnea affects less than 1% of people. A type of central sleep apnea was described in the German myth of Ondine's ... Smokers have sleep apnea at three times the rate of people who have never smoked. Central sleep apnea is more often associated ... "Sleep apnea". Archived from the original on 2014-04-30. "What Is Sleep Apnea?". Nhlbi health. Archived from the original on ...
*  Infantile apnea
There are three major categories of apnea known as central, obstructive, and mixed apnea. Central apnea is characterized by ... Infantile apnea occurs in children under the age of one and it is more common in premature infants. Symptoms of infantile apnea ... Cases of obstructive apnea are rarely found in infants that are healthy. Mixed apnea is a combination of both central and ... As children grow and develop, infantile apnea usually does not persist. Infantile apnea may be related to some cases of sudden ...
*  Apnea (song)
"Apnea" ("Apnoea") is a song recorded and written by Guatemalan recording artist Ricardo Arjona, released on March 4 2014. The ... "Apnea" was the best word to fulfill his journey (Viaje). The music video was nominated for Video of the Year at the Lo Nuestro ... http://www.peopleenespanol.com/article/ricardo-arjona-estrena-apnea-primer-sencillo-de-viaje-su-nuevo-disco "Premio Lo Nuestro ...
*  Static apnea
... is a discipline in which a person holds their breath (apnea) underwater for as long as possible, and need not swim ... Static apnea is defined by the International Association for Development of Apnea (AIDA International) and is distinguished ... There is a variation of the static apnea discipline where its possible to pre-breathe 100% oxygen for up to 30 minutes prior to ... Beta blockers (doping in sport of freediving; prolong every type of apnea by reducing heart rate, blood pressure and cardiac ...
*  Dynamic apnea
... covers two of the eight competitive freediving categories recognised by the AIDA International (International ... The other categories recognized are: static apnea, no limit, variable weight, free immersion, constant weight, constant weight ... Association for Development of Apnea): dynamic without fins and dynamic with fins. Both disciplines require breath held dives ...
*  No-limits apnea
... is an AIDA International freediving discipline in which the freediver descends and ascends with the method of ... No-limits apnea has claimed the lives of several divers.[citation needed] The three main differences between free diving ... See Free Diving Competitive Apnea Freediving has been featured in several films. The Pearl by John Steinbeck (1947) is a novel ... Schagatay E (December 2011). "Predicting performance in competitive apnea diving. Part III: deep diving". Diving and Hyperbaric ...
*  Apnea of prematurity
... can be readily identified from other forms of infant apnea such as obstructive apnea, hypoventilation ... Central apnea can be detected quickly since it results in absence of respiratory movements. Obstructive apnea can be detected ... Apnea is traditionally classified as either obstructive, central, or mixed. Obstructive apnea may occur when the infant's neck ... Information about apnea of prematurity - The Hospital for Sick Children Information about Infant Apnea or near-miss SIDS ...
*  Central sleep apnea
The Apnea-Hypopnea Index (AHI) is expressed as the number of apneas or hypopneas per hour of sleep. As noted above, in central ... Central sleep apnea (CSA) or central sleep apnea syndrome (CSAS) is a sleep-related disorder in which the effort to breathe is ... Central sleep apnea can also be an indicator of Arnold-Chiari malformation. Individuals without sleep apnea are sleeping while ... If the majority of a sleep-apnea sufferer's apneas/hypopneas are central, his condition is classified as central; likewise, if ...
*  Constant weight apnea
Constant weight is one of the three disciplines considered for international competition, with static apnea and dynamic with ... International Association for Development of Apnea) in which the freediver descends and ascends using his fins/monofin and/or ...
*  Apnea-hypopnea index
The Apnea-Hypopnea Index or Apnoea-Hypopnoea Index (AHI) is an index used to indicate the severity of sleep apnea. It is ... The apneas (pauses in breathing) must last for at least 10 seconds and be associated with a decrease in blood oxygenation. ... Combining AHI and oxygen desaturation gives an overall sleep apnea severity score that evaluates both the number of sleep ... The AHI is calculated by dividing the number of apnea events by the number of hours of sleep. The AHI values for adults are ...