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*  Fetal aortic stenosis
... resulting in systemic circulation failure in babies born with aortic valve stenosis. Fetal aortic valve stenosis can be ... Fetal aortic stenosis is a disorder that occurs when the fetus' aortic valve does not fully open during development. The aortic ... Aortic Valve Stenosis. Retrieved from: http://www.childrenshospital.org/health-topics/conditions/aortic-valve-stenosis Barron, ... Then a 0.014 inch guide wire is passed across the stenosis aortic valve, where a balloon is inflated to stretch the aortic ...
*  Percutaneous aortic valve replacement
Until recently, surgical aortic valve replacement was the standard of care in adults with severe symptomatic aortic stenosis. ... The valve delivery system is inserted in the body, the valve is positioned and then implanted inside the diseased aortic valve ... 2016). "Transcatheter versus surgical aortic valve replacement in patients with severe aortic stenosis at low and intermediate ... Percutaneous aortic valve replacement (PAVR), also known as transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) or transcatheter ...
*  Artificial heart valve
The human heart contains four valves: tricuspid valve, pulmonic valve, mitral valve and aortic valve. Their main purpose is to ... any one of the four heart valves may malfunction and result in either stenosis (impeded forward flow) and/or backward flow ( ... It is directly proportional to valve size and is also dependent on valve type. Typically, caged-ball valves have a low amount ... When one of the four heart valves malfunctions, the medical choice may be to replace the natural valve with an artificial valve ...
*  Cardiac fibrosis
Surgical tricuspid valve replacement for severe stenosis (blockage of blood flow) has been necessary in some patients. A ... Shulgin underwent surgery to replace a defective aortic heart valve. It is unknown whether or not Shulgin's lifelong use of ... with white tissue building up primarily on the tricuspid valve, but also occurring on the pulmonary valve. The thickening and ... One study of human users of MDMA ("ecstasy") found that they did have heart valve changes suggestive of early cardiac fibrosis ...
*  E/A ratio
IVRT is measured as the time between the closure of the aortic valve and the opening of the mitral valve. The normal ... Presence of mitral valve abormalities e.g. mitral stenosis will alter the pressure gradients and change loading conditions of ... Presence of AI - aortic incompetence will result in a rapid rise in LV diastolic pressure, limiting the gradient across the ... The E/A ratio is measured by placing a pulse wave doppler across the mitral valve, and measuring the velocities across the ...
*  Valve replacement
... is a minimally invasive option for those suffering from aortic valve stenosis. TAVR is commonly performed by guiding a catheter ... Aortic valve replacement Mitral valve replacement Tricuspid valve replacement Pulmonary valve replacement Current aortic valve ... Scapulae-based aortic valve replacement. Catheter replacement of the aortic valve (called trans-aortic valve replacement or ... Valve replacement surgery is the replacement of one or more of the heart valves with either an artificial heart valve or a ...
*  Mitral valve repair
Aortic valve repair Cardiac surgery Mitral valve insufficiency Lewis, sharon (8/4/2015). Medical-Surgical Nursing: Assessment ... Mitral valve repair is a cardiac surgery procedure performed by cardiac surgeons to treat stenosis (narrowing) or regurgitation ... leakage) of the mitral valve. The mitral valve is the "inflow valve" for the left side of the heart. Blood flows from the lungs ... Not all damaged valves are suitable for repair; in some, the state of valve disease is too advanced and replacement is ...
*  MYL4
... in patients with aortic stenosis or aortic insufficiency, ALC-1 expression in left ventricles was elevated, and following valve ... and myosin light chain-1 expression of the hypertrophied left ventricle in aortic valve disease before and after valve ... Double outlet right ventricle and infundibular pulmonary stenosis. Moreover, ...
*  Intra-aortic balloon pump
Severe aortic valve insufficiency Aortic dissection Severe aortoiliac occlusive disease and bilateral carotid stenosis The ... The intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) is a mechanical device that increases myocardial oxygen perfusion while at the same time ... Preoperative use is suggested for high-risk patients such as those with unstable angina with stenosis greater than 70% of main ... Placing the balloon too distal from the aortic arch may induce occlusion of the renal artery and subsequent kidney failure. ...
*  Heart valve dysplasia
In dogs, tricuspid valve dysplasia can be similar to Ebstein's anomaly in humans. Mitral valve stenosis is one of the most ... Heart valve dysplasia is a congenital heart defect which affects the aortic, pulmonary, mitral, and tricuspid heart valves. ... Dysplasia of the mitral and tricuspid valves can cause leakage of blood or stenosis. Dysplasia of the mitral and tricuspid ... Valve leakage leads to heart enlargement, arrhythmias, and congestive heart failure. Heart valve dysplasia can be tolerated for ...
*  Coarctation of the aorta
... whereas aortic stenosis occurs in the aortic root, at or near the aortic valve. This naturally could present the question of ... Aortic coarctation and aortic stenosis are both forms of aortic narrowing. In terms of word root meanings, the names are not ... such as aortic stenosis, ventricular septal defect, patent ductus arteriosus or mitral valve abnormalities. Coarctation is ... Bicuspid aortic valve disease is a big contributor to cardiac failure, which in turn makes up roughly 20% of late deaths to ...
*  Shone's syndrome
... including mitral and aortic valvular lesions and supravalvular aortic stenosis. The term parachute mitral valve stems from the ... In either case, a variable degree of obstruction may be observed at the ventricular surface of the aortic valve. This presents ... "Parachute Mitral Valve," Supravalvular Ring of Left Atrium, Subaortic Stenosis and Coarctation of Aorta". Am J Cardiol. 11: 714 ... Parachute mitral valve Subaortic stenosis (membranous or muscular) Coarctation of the aorta Of these four defects, ...
*  Aortic valvuloplasty
... is not indicated for most patients with aortic stenosis. The preferred alternative, if available, is aortic valve replacement. ... Aortic valvuloplasty also known as balloon aortic valvotomy is the widening of a stenotic aortic valve using a balloon catheter ... The balloon is placed into the aortic valve that has become stiff from calcium buildup. The balloon is then inflated in an ... The first two percutaneous ultrasound-guided fetal balloon valvuloplasties, a type of in utero surgery for severe aortic valve ...
*  Annapoorna Kini
... to use transcutaneous aortic valve implantation procedure in the treatment of unoperable patients with critical aortic stenosis ... She researches on the field of percutaneous coronary intervention and heart valve therapy. Kini co-established, with Samin K. ... Vascular Cases at The Mount Sinai Medical Centerl She has experience with the techniques of mitral and aortic balloon ...
*  Rheumatic fever
RHD-induced mitral valve stenosis has been associated with MBL2 alleles encoding for high production of MBL. Aortic valve ... Fibrosis and scarring of valve leaflets, commissures and cusps leads to abnormalities that can result in valve stenosis or ... The damaged valves may result in heart failure and also increase the risk of atrial fibrillation and infection of the valves. ... The damaged valves may result in heart failure, atrial fibrillation and infection of the valves. Rheumatic fever may occur ...
*  Handgrip maneuver
This includes aortic regurgitation (AR), mitral regurgitation (MR), and a ventricular septal defect (VSD). Mitral valve ... The effect of reducing the intensity in forward flowing murmurs is much more evident in aortic stenosis rather than mitral ... stenosis. The reason for this is that there is a larger pressure gradient across the aortic valve. A complementary maneuver for ... Murmurs that are due to forward flowing of blood such as aortic stenosis, and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy decrease in intensity ...
*  Heart click
Aortic and pulmonary stenosis may cause an ejection click immediately after S1. MOUNSEY P (April 1953). "The opening snap of ... The atrioventricular valves of patients with mitral stenosis may open with an opening snap on the beginning of diastole. ... Patients with mitral valve prolapse may have a mid-systolic click along with a murmur, referred to as Apical Late Systolic ... "The Auscultation Assistant - Mitral Stenosis". Retrieved 2009-03-17. Rizzon P, Biasco G, Brindicci G, Mauro F (March 1973). " ...
*  Austin Flint murmur
The blood jets from the aortic regurgitation strike the anterior leaflet of the mitral valve, which often results in premature ... This can be mistaken for mitral stenosis. Turbulence of the two columns of blood: Blood from left atrium to left ventricle and ... It can be a mid-diastolic or presystolic murmur It is associated with severe aortic regurgitation, although the role of this ... as being the result of mitral valve leaftlet displacement and turbulent mixing of antegrade mitral flow and retrograde aortic ...
*  Diastolic heart murmur
Many involve stenosis of the atrioventricular valves or regurgitation of the semilunar valves. Early diastolic murmurs start at ... Common causes include aortic or pulmonary regurgitation and left anterior descending artery stenosis. Mid-diastolic murmurs ... They can be associated with AV valve narrowing. They include mitral stenosis, tricuspid stenosis, myxoma, and complete heart ... valves during the rapid filling phase from mitral or tricuspid stenosis. Late diastolic (presystolic) murmurs start after S2 ...
*  Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
... and the aortic valve is open. In individuals with aortic stenosis or with HCM with an outflow tract gradient, there will be a ... This sign can be used to differentiate HCM from aortic stenosis. In individuals with aortic stenosis, after a premature ... Because of the fixed obstruction that the stenotic aortic valve represents, the post-PVC ascending aortic pressure will ... Since 2013, mitral clips have been implanted via catheter as a new strategy to correct the motion of the mitral valve in people ...
*  List of dog diseases
The major clinical sign is fainting (syncope). Heart defects Subvalvular aortic stenosis (Subaortic stenosis; SAS) is a ... Heart valve dysplasia (including mitral and tricuspid valve dysplasia) is a congenital heart abnormality in dogs. Dysplasia of ... Most commonly the narrowing occurs at the pulmonary valve but it can also occur below the valve (subvalvular) or above the ... The leaflets of the valve become thickened and nodular, leading to mitral valve regurgitation and volume overload of the left ...
*  Mitral valve stenosis
... after closure of the aortic valve), when the pressure in the ventricle precipitously drops. In individuals with mitral stenosis ... Echocardiography in Mitral stenosis at Wikiecho Echocardiographic features of Mitral Stenosis Mitral Valve Repair at The Mount ... Mitral stenosis is a valvular heart disease characterized by the narrowing of the orifice of the mitral valve of the heart. ... However, there are primary causes of mitral stenosis that emanate from a cleft mitral valve.[citation needed] It is the most ...
*  Right-to-left shunt
Pulmonary stenosis (narrowing of the pulmonary valve and outflow tract, obstructing blood flow from the right ventricle to the ... Because most reptiles have a single ventricle and all reptiles have both a right aortic arch and a left aortic arch, all ... aortic valve is enlarged and appears to arise from both the left and right ventricles instead of the left ventricle, as occurs ...
*  DMOZ - Health: Conditions and Diseases: Cardiovascular Disorders: Heart Disease: Valvular
Disorder of cardiac valves caused by stenosis and obstructive blood flow or degeneration and blood regurgitation. ... Looks at stenosis and regurgitation for aortic, mitral and tricuspid valves, their symptoms and signs, diagnosis and treatment ... Heart Valve Answers - St. Jude Medical Details on mechanical heart valves and tissue valves. Highlights patient stories and ... Disorder of cardiac valves caused by stenosis and obstructive blood flow or degeneration and blood regurgitation. ...
*  Afterload
For instance, if the blood pressure is 120/80, and the aortic valve stenosis creates a trans-valvular gradient of 30 mmHg, the ... The remaining blood loaded into the LV is then optimally ejected out through the aortic valve. With an extra pathway for blood ... This is because the aortic valve won't open until the pressure generated in the left ventricle is higher than the elevated ... In the natural aging process, aortic stenosis often increases afterload because the left ventricle must overcome the pressure ...
*  Cardiac neural crest cells
In humans, mutations in Notch most often result in bicuspid aortic valve disease and calcification of the aortic valve. Bone ... disruption of Notch signaling results in aortic arch branching defects and pulmonary stenosis, as well as a defect in the ... Garg V. et al "Mutations in NOTCH1 cause aortic valve disease." Nature September 2005 437(7056) p 270 - 274. doi:10.1038/ ... precursors to heart valves and septa) and for differentiation of neural crest cells to smooth muscle cells of the aortic arch ...
*  DMOZ - Health: Conditions and Diseases: Cardiovascular Disorders: Heart Disease: Valvular: Aortic Valve
Valve between the left ventricle and the aorta that prevents blood from flowing from the aorta back into the heart. ... About.com: Explains what aortic stenosis is and looks at when it should be treated and what options there are. ... NHS Choices: Aortic Valve Replacement Provides information on this surgical procedure. Includes details of why it is used, ... Health Conditions and Diseases Cardiovascular Disorders Heart Disease Valvular Aortic Valve 6 ...