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*  MASS syndrome
MASS stands for: Mitral valve prolapse, Aortic root diameter at upper limits of normal for body size, Stretch marks of the skin ... In MASS Phenotype: Mitral valve prolapse may be present. This is when the flaps of one of the heart's valves (the mitral valve ... mitral valve prolapse, loose or hypextensible joints, highly arched roof of the mouth, and mild dilatation of the aortic root. ... Aortic root diameter may be at the upper limits of normal for body size, but unlike Marfan syndrome there is not progression to ...
*  Mitral valve prolapse
All had severe eccentric mitral regurgitation (MR). (One had severe aortic regurgitation (AR) also.) One had flail posterior ... Living With the Mitral Valve Prolapse Syndrome by Kristine A. Scordo, 2006, ISBN 1-42431-576-X Mitral Valve Prolapse: A ... 2 mm indicates classic mitral valve prolapse. Prolapsed mitral valves are classified into several subtypes, based on leaflet ... Mitral valve prolapse (MVP; a.k.a. floppy mitral valve syndrome, systolic click murmur syndrome or billowing mitral leaflet) is ...
*  Systolic heart murmur
Causes include mitral valve prolapse, tricuspid valve prolapse and papillary muscle dysfunction. Holosystolic (pansystolic) ... dilation of aortic root or pulmonary trunk, or structural changes in the semilunar valves without obstruction. Late systolic ... Many involve stenosis of the semilunar valves or regurgitation of the atrioventricular valves. Mid-systolic ejection murmurs ... Causes of midsystolic ejection murmurs include outflow obstruction, increased flow through normal semilunar valves, ...
*  Amaurosis fugax
... mitral valve prolapse, and a bicuspid aortic valve, and (3) atrial myxomas. Temporary vasospasm leading to decreased blood flow ...
*  Second-degree atrioventricular block
... mitral valve prolapse, aortic valve disease, and atrial septal defect. In symptomatic cases, intravenous atropine or ...
*  Spondylo-ocular syndrome
... facial dysmorphism facial hypotonia low posterior hairline short webbed neck low set ears mitral valve prolapse aortic valve ...
*  Larsen syndrome
Elongation of aorta Bicuspid aortic valve Subaortic stenosis Mitral valve prolapse with mitral regurgitation Atrial septal ... defect Patent ductus arteriosus Tricuspid valve prolapse Aortic dissection and aneurysm Aneurysm of ductus arteriosus These ...
*  Marfan syndrome
The signs of regurgitation from prolapse of the mitral or aortic valves (which control the flow of blood through the heart) ... or leads to failure of the aortic or other valve, then surgery (possibly a composite aortic valve graft or valve-sparing aortic ... The most serious complications involve the heart and aorta with an increased risk of mitral valve prolapse and aortic aneurysm ... Elective aortic valve/graft surgery is usually considered when aortic root diameter reaches 50 millimeters (2.0 inches), but ...
*  Noonan syndrome with multiple lentigines
Other cardiac abnormalities may be present, including aortic stenosis, or mitral valve prolapse. Abnormal genitalia: usually ...
*  Fibrillin 1
This provides the explanation for the aortic aneurysms and prolapsed valves that are commonly associated with Marfan Syndrome. ... The formation of the elastic fibers in the heart valves and the aorta require the involvement of both FBN-1 and FBN-2. It has ... These molecules interact to form the elastic fibers in the ventricularis layer of the semilunar valves. Fibrillin-1 and ... The weakened elastic fibers will result in an impaired durability and distensibility in the heart valves and aorta. ...
*  Aortic dissection
A bicuspid aortic valve (a type of congenital heart disease involving the aortic valve) is found in 7-14% of individuals who ... The third mechanism is that if there was an extensive intimal tear, the intimal flap may prolapse into the LV outflow tract, ... Individuals who have undergone aortic valve replacement for aortic insufficiency are at particularly high risk because aortic ... The dissection may dilate the annulus of the aortic valve, so that the leaflets of the valve cannot coapt. Another mechanism is ...
*  Chest pain in children
Cocaine/marijuana toxicity and induced vasospasm Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy Valvular stenosis Mitral valve prolapse Aortic ...
*  Tetrasomy 18p
... mitral valve prolapse, bicuspid pulmonary valve, hypoplastic transverse aortic arch, tricuspid valve regurgitation, right ... Other cardiac anomalies include mitral valve regurgitation, ...
*  Transforming growth factor beta
... ectopia lentis and heart complications such as mitral valve prolapse and aortic enlargement increasing the likelihood of aortic ... April 2006). "Losartan, an AT1 antagonist, prevents aortic aneurysm in a mouse model of Marfan syndrome". Science. 312 (5770): ...
*  List of MeSH codes (C14)
... heart valve prolapse MeSH C14.280.484.400.100 --- aortic valve prolapse MeSH C14.280.484.400.500 --- mitral valve prolapse MeSH ... aortic valve insufficiency MeSH C14.280.484.150 --- aortic valve stenosis MeSH C14.280.484.150.060 --- aortic stenosis, ... tricuspid valve prolapse MeSH C14.280.484.461 --- mitral valve insufficiency MeSH C14.280.484.517 --- mitral valve stenosis ... aortic rupture MeSH C14.907.055.239 --- aortic aneurysm MeSH C14.907.055.239.075 --- aortic aneurysm, abdominal MeSH C14.907. ...
*  Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease
... aortic root dilatation and aneurysms, mitral valve prolapse, and abdominal wall hernias. Over 50% of patients with ADPKD ...
*  Heart murmur
Stenosis of Bicuspid aortic valve is similar to the aortic valve stenosis heart murmur, but a systolic ejection click may be ... A systolic click may be heard if there is associated mitral valve prolapse. Valsalva maneuver in mitral regurgitation ... Diastolic Aortic valve regurgitation will present as a diastolic decrescendo murmur heard at the left lower sternal border or ... Systolic Aortic valve stenosis typically is a crescendo/decrescendo systolic murmur best heard at the right upper sternal ...
*  Handgrip maneuver
Mitral valve prolapse: The click and the murmur of mitral valve prolapse are delayed because of the increased left ventricular ... The reason for this is that there is a larger pressure gradient across the aortic valve. A complementary maneuver for ... Tanser, Paul H. (reviewed Mar 2007). "Mitral Valve Prolapse", The Merck Manuals Online Medical Library, Retrieved 2011-01-08. ... The effect of reducing the intensity in forward flowing murmurs is much more evident in aortic stenosis rather than mitral ...
*  Heart valve
... valves, the aortic valve and the pulmonary valve, which are in the arteries leaving the heart. The mitral valve and the aortic ... This is commonly found on previously undamaged valves. A major valvular heart disease is mitral valve prolapse, which is a ... as in mitral valve stenosis, tricuspid valve stenosis, pulmonary valve stenosis and aortic valve stenosis. Stenosis of the ... For example, valvular disease of the aortic valve, such as aortic stenosis or aortic regurgitation, may cause breathlessness, ...
*  Regurgitation (circulation)
... of the heart valves); for example, aortic valve insufficiency causes regurgitation through that valve, called aortic ... owing to insufficiency of the mitral valve; it may be acute or chronic, and is usually due to mitral valve prolapse, rheumatic ... of the tricuspid valve. Regurgitant fraction is the percentage of blood that regurgitates back through the aortic valve to the ... The various types of heart valve regurgitation via insufficiency are as follows: Aortic regurgitation: the backflow of blood ...
*  Mitral valve repair
Aortic valve repair Cardiac surgery Mitral valve insufficiency Lewis, sharon (8/4/2015). Medical-Surgical Nursing: Assessment ... Mitral Valve Prolapse, Functional MR, Cardiac Surgery, Degenerative MR, and Cardiomyopathy - Evalve, Inc Archived June 8, 2007 ... of the mitral valve. The mitral valve is the "inflow valve" for the left side of the heart. Blood flows from the lungs, where ... Not all damaged valves are suitable for repair; in some, the state of valve disease is too advanced and replacement is ...
*  Daoud Hanania
"Results of the First 158 Cases of Isolated Replacement of the Mitral and Aortic Valves in Jordan", Cardio-Pulmonary Medicine: ... "Clinical Non-Invasive and Invasive Findings in 50 Patients with Mitral Valve Prolapse". Non-Invasive Cardiovascular Diagnosis- ... "Gaucher's disease with valve calcification: Possible role of Gaucher cells, bone matrix proteins and integrins." Canadian ... Daoud Hanania performed the first open-heart surgery procedure in Jordan in 1970, the first heart-valve replacement in the ...
*  Heart click
Patients with mitral valve prolapse may have a mid-systolic click along with a murmur, referred to as Apical Late Systolic ... Aortic and pulmonary stenosis may cause an ejection click immediately after S1. MOUNSEY P (April 1953). "The opening snap of ... The atrioventricular valves of patients with mitral stenosis may open with an opening snap on the beginning of diastole. ...
*  Valvular heart disease
Aortic and mitral valve disease are termed left heart diseases. Diseases of these valves are more prevalent than disease of the ... Major types of valvular heart disease not included in the table include mitral valve prolapse, rheumatic heart disease and ... The Bicuspid Aortic Valve and Associated Aortic Disease. In: Valvular Heart Disase, 4th, Otto CM, Bonow RO. (Eds), Saunders/ ... Processes that lead to aortic insufficiency usually involve dilation of the valve annulus, thus displacing the valve leaflets, ...
*  Mitral valve
... the valve may also prolapse with age, and be affected by infective endocarditis. The mitral valve is named after the mitre of a ... where the mitral valve leaflet is contiguous with the posterior aortic root. During left ventricular diastole, after the ... The mitral valve, also known as the bicuspid valve or left atrioventricular valve, is a valve with two flaps in the heart, that ... The mitral valve along with the tricuspid valve are known collectively as the atrioventricular valves because they lie between ...
*  Gilles Dreyfus
He also focused his research on a new technique to replace the aortic valve, using autologous pericardium. Results of this ... new repair techniques such as the papillary muscle repositioning for anterior leaflet and posterior commissural prolapse. He ... one underwent isolated mitral valve repair, the other mitral valve repair associated to tricuspid valve repair. In this ... He also continued his research on mitral valve surgery and on tricuspid valve. In 2003, he presented a research paper at the ...