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*  Avian influenza
Currently no vaccine exists, but the use of influenza antiviral drugs known as neuraminidase inhibitors in cases of early ... Prevention and control methods have been more effective when also considering the social, political, and ecological agents in ...
*  Taribavirin
Antiviral Research. 68 (1): 8-13. doi:10.1016/j.antiviral.2005.06.003. PMID 16087250. Witkowski, J. T.; Robins, R. K.; Khare, G ... so it may also eventually replace ribavirin as an anti-influenza agent. Taribavirin was first reported in 1973 by J.T.Witkowski ... "Synthesis and antiviral activity of 1,2,4-triazole-3-thiocarboxamide and 1,2,4-triazole-3-carboxamidine ribonucleosides". J. ... Taribavirin (rINN; also known as viramidine, codenamed ICN 3142) is an antiviral drug in Phase III human trials, but not yet ...
*  Ganciclovir
458: 121-7. Couchoud, C (2000). "Cytomegalovirus prophylaxis with antiviral agents for solid organ transplantation". Cochrane ... Ganciclovir is an antiviral medication used to treat cytomegalovirus (CMV) infections. A prodrug form with improved oral ... "Antiviral treatment and other therapeutic interventions for herpes simplex virus epithelial keratitis". The Cochrane Database ...
*  Prodrug
Type IA prodrugs include many antimicrobial and chemotherapy agents (e.g., 5-flurouracil). Type IB agents rely on metabolic ... Examples of these are anti-viral nucleoside analogs that must be phosphorylated and the lipid-lowering statins. Type II ... Many herbal extracts historically used in medicine contain glycosides (sugar derivatives) of the active agent, which are ... HMG Co-A reductase inhibitors and some chemotherapy agents; note the symbol " / " applied here). When a prodrug is bioactivated ...
*  Bropirimine
Interferon-inducing antiviral agents". Journal of Medicinal Chemistry. 28 (12): 1864-9. doi:10.1021/jm00150a018. PMID 2999405. ... Bropirimine is an experimental drug with anti-cancer and antiviral properties. It is an orally effective immunomodulator and is ...
*  Infectious disease (medical specialty)
Antibiotics are used to treat bacterial infections; antiviral agents treat viral infections; and antifungal agents treat fungal ... ID specialists employ a variety of antimicrobial agents to help treat infections. The type of agent used depends on the ...
*  Pibrentasvir
... is an antiviral agent. In the United States and Europe, it is approved for use with glecaprevir as the combination ... "In Vitro Antiviral Activity and Resistance Profile of the Next-Generation Hepatitis C Virus NS5A Inhibitor Pibrentasvir". ... Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy. 61 (5): e02558-16. doi:10.1128/AAC.02558-16. PMID 28193664. Linda A. Johnson (August 3, ...
*  Infectious mononucleosis
De Paor, M; O'Brien, K; Fahey, T; Smith, SM (8 December 2016). "Antiviral agents for infectious mononucleosis (glandular fever ... Although antivirals are not recommended for people with simple infectious mononucleosis, they may be useful (in conjunction ... There is little evidence to support the use of antivirals such as aciclovir and valacyclovir although they may reduce initial ... Although antibiotics exert no antiviral action they may be indicated to treat bacterial secondary infections of the throat, ...
*  Influenza pandemic
Use of Antiviral Agents". Center for Infectious Disease Research and Policy (CIDRAP). Wartime tactic doubles power of scarce ... Other anti-viral drugs are less likely to be effective against pandemic influenza. Both Tamiflu and Relenza are in short supply ... Due to the high rate of side effects and risk of antiviral resistance, use of adamantanes to fight influenza is limited. Many ... Antiviral drugs can be used to treat influenza, with neuraminidase inhibitors being particularly effective. Variants of ...
*  Thymidine kinase
Shannon WM, Schabel FM (1980). "Antiviral agents as adjuncts in cancer chemotherapy". Pharmacology & Therapeutics. 11 (2): 263- ... implications for mitochondrial toxicity of antiviral nucleoside analogs". Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy. 58 (11): 6758- ... Some antiviral drugs, such as acyclovir (ATC: J05AB01) and ganciclovir (ATC: J05AB06) as well as other nucleoside analogs make ... Thymidine kinase is required for the action of many antiviral drugs. It is used to select hybridoma cell lines in production of ...
*  Hand, foot, and mouth disease
Novel antiviral agents to prevent and treat infection with the viruses responsible for HFMD are currently under development. ... Pourianfar HR, Grollo L (February 2014). "Development of antiviral agents toward enterovirus 71 infection". J Microbiol Immunol ... No antiviral medication or vaccine is available, but development efforts are underway. Most cases require no specific treatment ... Preliminary studies have shown inhibitors of the EV-71 viral capsid to have potent antiviral activity. Kaminska, K; Martinetti ...
*  Edoxudine
There is thus obtained the antiviral agent edoxudine 4. "Topical antiviral agents for herpes simplex virus infections". Drugs ... Edoxudine (or edoxudin) is an antiviral drug. It is an analog of thymidine, a nucleoside. It has shown effectiveness against ...
*  Seliciclib
... is also a possible antiviral agent. It causes the death of cells infected with HIV and preventing the replication of ... Antiviral Research. 61 (1): 1-18. doi:10.1016/j.antiviral.2003.09.004. PMID 14670589. Pumfery A, de la Fuente C, Berro R, ... Agbottah E, de La Fuente C, Nekhai S, Barnett A, Gianella-Borradori A, Pumfery A, Kashanchi F (28 January 2005). "Antiviral ...
*  Acute retinal necrosis
Currently treatment of ARN consists of antiviral therapy administered orally. Typical antiviral agents used include famciclovir ... Taking antiviral agents after the issue is resolved seems to lessen the chance of it spreading to the other eye. In a study ... The patients were not so responsive to the antiviral agents given to them through an IV, acyclovir specifically. The cases ... Some physician's also may administer the antiviral agents via intravitreal delivery. Though controversial, some physicians ...
*  Defective interfering particle
Marriott AC, Dimmock NJ (2010). "Defective interfering viruses and their potential as antiviral agents". Rev. Med. Virol. 20 (1 ... to learn more about the interference in infection of host cells and how DI genomes could potentially work as antiviral agents. ... Time to reevaluate their clinical potential as broad-spectrum antivirals?". Journal of Virology. 88 (10): 5217-27. doi:10.1128/ ...
*  Enterovirus 71
Other experimental vaccines and antiviral agents are being researched. For example, "both bovine and human lactoferrins were ... There is no antiviral agent known to be effective in treating EV71 infection. However, Sinovac Biotech Ltd., a leading ... New anti-viral drugs should be developed and vaccination of children under five years old should be considered in areas the ... with genotype B4 forming the predominant causative agent of a large outbreak in 2000 (5). In Korea, an EV71 epidemic in 2000 ...
*  Chronic fatigue syndrome treatment
De Clercq E, Neyts J (2009). "Antiviral agents acting as DNA or RNA chain terminators". Handb Exp Pharmacol. Handbook of ... In subsets of patients, various viruses have been reported as the causative agents of CFS, see Pathophysiology of chronic ... Others consider that treatment studies of subtypes may reduce the inconsistencies A number of antiviral treatment studies have ... it is an inducer of interferon and is considered to be antiviral and immunomodulatory. One RCT evaluated rintatolimod and found ...
*  Herpes labialis
Rahimi H, Mara T, Costella J, Speechley M, Bohay R (May 2012). "Effectiveness of antiviral agents for the prevention of ... It is comparable in effectiveness to prescription topical antiviral agents. Due to its mechanism of action, there is little ... A zinc oxide, anesthetic, or antiviral cream appears to decrease the duration of symptoms by a small amount. Antiviral ... Effective antiviral medications include acyclovir and penciclovir, which can speed healing by as much as 10%. Famciclovir or ...
*  Ribavirin
Snell NJ (August 2001). "Ribavirin--current status of a broad spectrum antiviral agent". Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy. 2 ( ... A Broad Spectrum Antiviral Agent. New York: Academic Press. pp. 1-21. CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link) Witkowski JT, ... Antiviral Research. 77 (2): 108-13. doi:10.1016/j.antiviral.2007.09.004. PMID 17949825. Bierman SM, Kirkpatrick W, Fernandez H ... Antiviral Research. 98 (3): 373-9. doi:10.1016/j.antiviral.2013.04.009. PMID 23603497. Steckbriefe seltener und importierter ...
*  Milan Panić
Snell, N. J. (2001-08-01). "Ribavirin--current status of a broad spectrum antiviral agent". Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy. ... In 1972, ICN discovered the ribavirin compound, the earliest recorded broad spectrum antiviral agent. Chemists Joseph T. ... "Broad-Spectrum Antiviral Activity of Virazole: 1-f8- D-Ribofuranosyl- 1,2,4-triazole- 3-carboxamide". Science. 177 (4050): 705- ...
*  Nitazoxanide
... a first-in-class broad-spectrum antiviral agent". Antiviral Res. 110: 94-103. doi:10.1016/j.antiviral.2014.07.014. PMID ... Antiviral Res. 77 (1): 56-63. doi:10.1016/j.antiviral.2007.08.005. PMID 17888524. "Blastocystis: Resources for Health ... Agents Chemother. 46 (7): 2116-23. doi:10.1128/aac.46.7.2116-2123.2002. PMC 127316 . PMID 12069963. Nitazoxanide (NTZ) is a ... Nitazoxanide is a broad-spectrum antiparasitic and broad-spectrum antiviral drug that is used in medicine for the treatment of ...
*  Gracilaria
seem to be promising candidates for further development as antiviral agents. Gracilaria commonly appears as a macroalgae for ... polysaccharides have been shown to be an effective prophylactic agent during in vitro and in vivo experiments against Japanese ...
*  Adamantane
Polymers of adamantane have been patented as antiviral agents against HIV. Influenza virus strains have developed drug ... The first adamantane derivative used as a drug was amantadine - first (1967) as an antiviral drug against various strains of ... Carboxylation of adamantane was first reported in 1960, using formic acid as a carboxylating agent and carbon tetrachloride as ... Adamantane readily reacts with various brominating agents, including molecular bromine. The composition and the ratio of the ...
*  Camostat
Strategies of development of antiviral agents directed against influenza virus replication. Curr Pharm Des. 2007;13(34):3531-42 ... Antiviral Res. 2015 Apr;116:76-84. doi: 10.1016/j.antiviral.2015.01.011 PMID 25666761 Ueda M, Uchimura K, Narita Y, Miyasato Y ...
*  Anna Suk-Fong Lok
Lok, Anna S. (January 2012). "Preliminary Study of Two Antiviral Agents for Hepatitis C Genotype 1". New England Journal of ... She has also been at the forefront of research on the effects of chemotherapy and antiviral therapy for hepatitis B, utilizing ...
*  Camelpox
When the Camelpox virus is identified as the causative agent, the disease can be treated with anti-viral medications. The most ... In cases where TEM technology is not available, serological tests are available to identify Camelpox as the causative agent for ... common medication used to treat Camelpox is Cidofovir, a broad spectrum anti-viral that acts by inhibiting the viral DNA ...
*  Cytarabine
Nov 1974). "Assessment of cytosine arabinoside as an antiviral agent in humans". Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 6 (5): 598-602. ... Therefore, ara-C is not a useful antiviral agent in humans because of its toxic profile and actually it is used mainly for the ... Cytarabine also possesses antiviral activity, and it has been used for the treatment of generalised herpesvirus infection. ... It is an antimetabolic agent with the chemical name of 1β-arabinofuranosylcytosine. Certain sponges, where it was originally ...