*Edouard Drouhet

"Fungal Antigens - Isolation, Purification and Detection" which was conceived after a symposium on fungal antigens. The book ... He extensively studied the serum of fungal antigens such as fluconazole, ketoconazole, amphotericin-B, fluorocytosin, and ... Fungal Antigens: Isolation, Purification, and Detection. Springer Science & Business Media. Drouhet, E., & Dupont, B. (1990). ... Towards the end of his career, he was able to publish and share his identification of a new thermally dimorphic fungal species ...

*Coccidioidomycosis

An indirect demonstration of fungal infection can be achieved also by serologic analysis detecting fungal antigen or host IgM ... The fungal infection can be demonstrated by microscopic detection of diagnostic cells in body fluids, exudates, sputum and ... "CDC". Fungal diseases: valley fever. CDC. July 20, 2015. Retrieved September 30, 2015. Hector, Richard F.; Rutherford, George W ... Those with severe symptoms may benefit from anti-fungal therapy, which usually requires 3-6 months of treatment. There is a ...

*Occupational hazards of human nail dust

It has been suggested that absorption of trichophyton fungal antigens can give rise to immunoglobulin E (IgE) antibody ... of the population has allergic antibodies to fungal antigens, and half of them, that is 5% of the population, would be ... Trichophyton rubrum is the most common fungal cause of nail dystrophy. Studies conducted in England found that the prevalence ... There have been numerous accounts of patients with trichophyton fungal infections and associated asthma, which further ...

*Hypersensitivity pneumonitis

Precipitating IgG antibodies against fungal or avian antigens can be detected in the laboratory using the traditional ... In the acute form of HP, symptoms may develop 4-6 hours following heavy exposure to the provoking antigen. Symptoms include ... Hypersensitivity pneumonitis may also be called many different names, based on the provoking antigen. These include: Of these ... Hypersensitivity pneumonitis involves inhalation of an antigen. This leads to an exaggerated immune response (hypersensitivity ...

*Clonal anergy

... is used with seven antigens of bacterial or fungal origin (tetanus toxoid, tuberculin, diphtheria, streptococcus, candida, ... Thus when an antigen is properly presented to the T lymphocytes by an antigen presenting cell (APC), which displays the antigen ... However, when T cells interacts with an antigen not presented by the APCs, that is very probably not the antigen that an immune ... usually a self-antigen. Lymphocytes are said to be anergic when they fail to respond to their specific antigen. Anergy is one ...

*IL17A

"Calnexin induces expansion of antigen-specific CD4(+) T cells that confer immunity to fungal ascomycetes via conserved epitopes ... Antigen specific Th17 cells were also shown to recognize conserved protein antigens among different K. pneumoniae strains and ... In fungal infection, it has been shown an IL-17 producing clone with a TCR specific for calnexin from Blastomyces dermatitidis ... Antigen specific CD4 T cells also limit nasopharyngeal colonization of S. pneumoniae in mouse models. Furthermore, immunization ...

*Fungal pneumonia

Supplementing these classical methods is the detection of antigens. This technique is significantly faster but can be less ... though immunocompetent patients generally respond well to anti-fungal therapy. Specific instances of fungal infections that can ... Fungal pneumonia is an infection of the lungs by fungi. It can be caused by either endemic or opportunistic fungi or a ... Fungal pneumonia can be diagnosed in a number of ways. The simplest and cheapest method is to culture the fungus from a ...

*Cord blood bank

... known as their human leukocyte antigen (HLA) types. Bone marrow transplants require a complete match on six key antigens, which ... and bacterial and fungal growth. After the collection, the cord blood unit is shipped to the lab and processed, and then ... It will also be examined for nucleated cell count, cell viability, blood group antigen ABO & Rh blood group system, molecule ... and tissue typing to determine Human Leukocyte Antigen type. ...

*Glossary of phytopathology

Fungi Imperfecti) diagnostic antigen diploid Diploid (2x) cells have two copies (homologs) of each chromosome, usually one from ... It is distinguished from a stroma in not having a peridium or covering of fungal tissue of any kind. acid precipitation acid ... anastomoses) anthracnoes antibiotic antibody antigen antiseptic apothecium The apothecium is an open, cuplike, or saucer-shaped ... sexual fungal fruiting body (ascocarp) containing asci. antiseptic appressorium (pl. appressoria) arbuscular mycorrhiza (abbr. ...

*Allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis

2007). Immunology of fungal infections (Online-Ausg. ed.). Dordrecht: Springer. pp. 5-148. ISBN 978-1-4020-5492-1. Moss, RB ( ... The first stage involves exposing the skin to Aspergillus fumigatus antigens; an immediate reaction is hallmark of ABPA. The ... Left untreated, the immune system and fungal spores can damage sensitive lung tissues and lead to scarring. The exact criteria ... The antifungal aspect aims to reduce fungal causes of bronchial inflammation, whilst also minimising the dose of corticosteroid ...

*Sporothrix schenckii

A skin test uses an antigen generated from laboratory grown S. schenckii to challenge the patient's immune system. The antigen ... 6] Fungal Molecular Diagnostics Hu S, Chung WH, Hung SI, et al. (April 2003). "Detection of Sporothrix schenckii in clinical ... The specific antigen used in skin testing is not standardized with multiple studies being conducted with widely varying ... In addition, the term "sporotrichin" does not indicate a specific molecule but only any antigen derived from S. schenckii. ...

*WHO Disease Staging System for HIV Infection and Disease in Children

... virological or p24 antigen positive test if aged under 18 months. Asymptomatic Persistent generalized lymphadenopathy ... pruritic eruptions Seborrhoeic dermatitis Extensive human papilloma virus infection Extensive molluscum contagiosum Fungal nail ...

*Haemonchus contortus

These fungal lectins are Corprinopsis cinerea lectins - CCL2, CGL2; Aleuria aurantia lectin - AAL; and Marasmius oreades ... Some of these glycan structures might represent antigens which are not exposed to host immune system, and thus have potential ... "Inhibition of Haemonchus contortus larval development by fungal lectins." Parasites & Vectors, BioMed Central, 19 Aug. 2015, ...

*Index of biochemistry articles

CD4 antigen - CD45 antigen - CD95 antigen - CDC28 protein kinase - cell - cell adhesion molecule - Cell biology - cell cycle ... fungal protein - fungi - fusion oncogene protein - G protein - G protein-coupled receptor - G3P - GABA - GABA receptor - GABA-A ... T-cell antigen receptors - tachykinin - tachykinin receptor - talin protein - tandem repeat sequence - taste bud - TATA box - ... carcinoembryonic antigen - carrier - carrier protein - CAS registry number - casein - catabolism - catalyst - catalytic domain ...

*Neutropenia

Observations of pediatric patients have noted that fungal infections are more likely to develop in patients with neutropenia. ... the sensitization to self-antigens The pathophysiology of neutropenia can be divided into congenital and acquired. In ... These are:[citation needed] Bacterial or fungal sepsis Necrotizing enterocolitis, circulating neutrophil population depleted ... is due to anti-neutrophil antibodies that target neutrophil-specific antigens, ultimately altering neutrophil function.. ...

*Cryptococcus gattii

Cryptococcal antigen testing from serum or CSF is a useful preliminary test for Cryptococcal infection, and has high ... Medical treatment consists of prolonged intravenous therapy (for 6-8 weeks or longer) with the anti-fungal drug Amphotericin B ... sent his daughter Elan to obtain and culture fungal samples in the greater Los Angeles area; one of these turned out to be C. ... Fungal genetics and biology: FG & B. 78: 16-48. doi:10.1016/j.fgb.2015.02.009. ISSN 1096-0937. PMID 25721988. Deborah J. ...

*CD25 deficiency

One case also reported the absence of CD1, a MHC-like glycoprotein involved in the presentation of lipid antigens to T cells, ... In addition to IPEX-like symptoms, CD25 deficiency increases susceptibility to viral infections and possibly fungal and ...

*Berylliosis

The HLA-DPB1 gene is important for MHC class II molecule function on antigen presenting cells. According to the International ... The differential diagnosis for berylliosis includes: Sarcoidosis Granulomatous lung diseases Tuberculosis Fungal infections ...

*Cladophialophora carrionii

... because the ability to produce antibodies against fungal proteins is critical in minimizing fungal pathogenicity and C. ... Even if an individual is immunocompetent, they may be at risk if they carry the HLA-A29 antigen, since its presence may ... Liu, Dongyou (2011). Molecular Detection of Human Fungal Pathogens. CRC Press. ISBN 9781439812402. Reiss, Errol; Shadomy, H. ... carrionii contributes to pathogenicity because it strengthens the fungal cell wall and can neutralize the enzymes produced in ...

*Computational Resource for Drug Discovery

of an antigen with additional information such as B and T-cell epitopes, MHC binding, function, gene-expression and post ... bacterial and fungal), antibodies against them, proposed epitopes, structural detail, proposed functions, assay system, cross- ... These antigens come from 44 important pathogenic species. In AntigenDB, a database entry contains information regarding the ... Ansari, H. R.; Flower, D. R.; Raghava, G. P. S. (2009). "AntigenDB: an immunoinformatics database of pathogen antigens". ...

*Granuloma

The antigen causing the formation of a granuloma is most often an infectious pathogen or a substance foreign to the body, but ... For example, granulomas with numerous eosinophils may be a clue to coccidioidomycosis or allergic bronchopulmonary fungal ... These changes are thought to be a consequence of "activation" of the macrophage by the offending antigen. The other key term in ... the difference between granulomas and other types of inflammation is that granulomas form in response to antigens that are ...

*White dot syndromes

Usually, the dendritic cells disappear after removing the antigen. If removal did not occur, the formation of a granuloma would ... Suspected causes for AZOOR include autoimmune, viral, and fungal. Multifocal Choroiditis (MPC) occurs mainly in myopic females ... The formation of a granuloma occurs when activated antigen presenting cells, specifically dendritic cells, "bind to T cells and ... Theories regarding the cause include an exogenous pathogen sensitizing an individual to antigens within photoreceptors, RPE, or ...

*Efalizumab

... binds to the CD11a subunit of lymphocyte function-associated antigen 1 and acts as an immunosuppressant by ... Known side effects include bacterial sepsis, viral meningitis, invasive fungal disease and progressive multifocal ...

*Tomatine

Other fungal species hydrolyze tomatine to the less toxic aglycon tomatidine by removing all the sugar residues. Tomatidine can ... Also, tomatine is known to be an immune adjuvant in connection with certain protein antigens. Studies showed that the molecule ... Fungal tomatinase enzymes can transform tomatine to deactivate it. Detoxification can take place by removing one glucose ... Although, tomatine inhibits also the fungal types Ph. infestans and Py. aphanidermatum which do not have any sterols in their ...

*Chaetomium globosum

Hyphal growth increases the diameter of the fungal colony which is often a parameter for fungal growth. According to Domsch et ... Both the C. globosum hyphae and the spores contain antigens such as Chg45, to induce IgE and IgG antibody production in ... Chlorate, toxic to many fungal strains, disrupts nitrate reduction in fungi by using fungal nitrate reductase to produce the ... Like many fungal species, C. globosum obtains their energy from carbon sources such as glucose, mannitol and fructose. Fructose ...

*Histoplasma capsulatum

Global fungal diseases > Preventing Deaths from Histoplasmosis. Untereiner, W.A.; Scott, J.A.; Naveau, F.A.; Bachewich, J. ( ... In some areas, such as Kansas City, skin testing with the histoplasmin antigen preparation shows that 80-90 % of the resident ... Erythematous skin conditions arising from antigen reactions may complicate the disease, as may myalgias, arthralgias, and ... "Phylogeography of the fungal pathogen Histoplasma capsulatum". Molecular Ecology. 12 (12): 3383-401. doi:10.1046/j.1365-294x. ...