*  Bridget Ogilvie
Ogilvie, B. M. (1964). "Reagin-like Antibodies in Animals Immune to Helminth Parasites". Nature. 204 (4953): 91. Bibcode: ...
*  Antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity
... such as eosinophils killing certain parasitic worms known as helminths via IgE antibodies. ADCC is part of the adaptive immune ... Antibodies can then bind to these viral proteins. Next, the NK cells which have Fc Receptors will bind to that antibody, ... The antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity (ADCC), also referred to as antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity, is a ... Afucosylated monoclonal antibodies Hashimoto, G.; Wright, P. F.; Karzon, D. T. (1983-11-01). "Antibody-dependent cell-mediated ...
*  Isotype (immunology)
Responses to specific helminths are also characterised with elevated levels of IgE antibodies. Idiotype Stavnezer, Janet (1996 ... IgE antibodies are present at lowest concentrations in peripheral blood but constitute the main antibody class in allergic ... IgA antibodies are divided into two subclasses that differ in the size of their hinge region. IgA1 has a longer hinge region ... As IgM antibodies are expressed early in a B cell response, they are rarely highly mutated and have broad antigen reactivity ...
*  Helminth protein
Schistosome proteins also contain abundant proteases which and cleave IgE antibodies. Alpha-1, a protein released by ... The Helminth Secretome Database (HSD) is a repository for helminth proteins predicted using expressed sequence tags (ESTs). ... Garg G, Ranganathan S (2012-01-01). "Helminth secretome database (HSD): a collection of helminth excretory/secretory proteins ... Helminth proteins modulate the immune response of their hosts, but do not suppress it entirely. A number of proteins are able ...
*  Antibody
... helminths, allergens). Antibodies that bind to surface antigens (for example, on bacteria) will attract the first component of ... Magnetic immunoassay Microantibody Monoclonal antibody Neutralizing antibody Secondary antibodies Single-domain antibody Slope ... Affimer Antibody mimetic Anti-mitochondrial antibodies Anti-nuclear antibodies Aptamer Colostrum ELISA Humoral immunity ... Nucleic acids and small molecules are sometimes considered antibody mimetics, but not artificial antibodies, antibody fragments ...
*  Antigen-antibody interaction
It is also used as a molecular technique for infection with different pathogens, such as HIV, microbes, and helminth parasites ... Antigen-antibody interaction, or antigen-antibody reaction, is a specific chemical interaction between antibodies produced by B ... Since antibodies are bivalent or polyvalent, this is the sum of the strengths of individual antibody-antigen interactions. The ... In the blood, the antigens are specifically and with high affinity bound by antibodies to form an antigen-antibody complex. The ...
*  List of MeSH codes (D12.776.124)
... antibodies, fungal MeSH D12.776.124.486.485.114.185 -- antibodies, helminth MeSH D12.776.124.486.485.114.191 -- antibodies, ... antibodies, fungal MeSH D12.776.124.790.651.114.185 -- antibodies, helminth MeSH D12.776.124.790.651.114.191 -- antibodies, ... antibodies MeSH D12.776.124.486.485.114.071 -- antibodies, anti-idiotypic MeSH D12.776.124.486.485.114.089 -- antibodies, ... antibodies, bispecific MeSH D12.776.124.486.485.114.143 -- antibodies, blocking MeSH D12.776.124.486.485.114.167 -- antibodies ...
*  Basophil
It is the bound IgE antibody that confers a selective response of these cells to environmental substances, for example, pollen ... Voehringer D (December 2009). "The role of basophils in helminth infection". Trends Parasitol. 25 (12): 551-6. doi:10.1016/j.pt ... Interleukin-4 is considered one of the critical cytokines in the development of allergies and the production of IgE antibody by ... proteins or helminth antigens. Recent studies in mice suggest that basophils may also regulate the behavior of T cells and ...
*  Schistosomiasis
The presence of antibody is indicative only of schistosome infection at some time and cannot be correlated with clinical status ... It belongs to the group of helminth infections. Diagnosis is by finding eggs of the parasite in a person's urine or stool. It ... Antibody detection can be useful to indicate schistosome infection in people who have traveled to areas where schistosomiasis ... At CDC, a combination of tests with purified adult worm antigens is used for antibody detection. All serum specimens are tested ...
*  Immunoglobulin E
"Antibody structure". Archived from the original on September 6, 2008. Erb KJ (2007). "Helminths, allergic disorders and IgE- ... In the second approach, antibodies specific for a domain of 52 amino acid residues, referred to as CεmX or M1' (M1 prime), ... Immunoglobulin E (IgE) is a type of antibody (or immunoglobulin (Ig) "isotype") that has only been found in mammals. IgE is ... In the first approach, the anti-IgE antibody drug omalizumab (trade name Xolair) recognises IgE not bound to its receptors and ...
*  List of MeSH codes (D12.776)
... antibodies, fungal MeSH D12.776.377.715.548.114.185 - antibodies, helminth MeSH D12.776.377.715.548.114.191 - antibodies, ... antibodies MeSH D12.776.377.715.548.114.071 - antibodies, anti-idiotypic MeSH D12.776.377.715.548.114.107 - antibodies, ... antibodies, bispecific MeSH D12.776.377.715.548.114.143 - antibodies, blocking MeSH D12.776.377.715.548.114.167 - antibodies, ... hiv antibodies MeSH D12.776.377.715.548.114.254.150.500 - htlv-i antibodies MeSH D12.776.377.715.548.114.254.150.510 - htlv-ii ...
*  Loa loa filariasis
While this was once true, and many of recently developed methods of Antibody detection are of limited value-because substantial ... antigenic cross reactivity exists between filaria and other parasitic worms (helminths), and a positive serologic test does not ... Seropositivity for antifilarial IgG antibody was also much higher in the placebo group. The recommended prophylactic dose is ...
*  Tropical eosinophilia
Muck, A.; Pires, M.; Lammie, P. (2003). "Influence of infection with non-filarial helminths on the specificity of serological ... increased titers of antifilarial antibodies; peripheral blood negative for microfilariae; and a clinical response to ... High antifilarial IgG titers to microfilariae often result in cross reactivity with other nonfilarial helminth antigens, such ...
*  T helper cell
... gastric fluid acidification to expel helminths. IL-5 from CD4 T cells will activate eosinophils to attack helminths. IL-10 ... Antibodies do not play a direct role in this allergy type. T cells play an important role in this hypersensitivity, as they ... Antibody class switching declines significantly once helper T cell function fails. The immune system loses its ability to ... A well-known example is rheumatoid arthritis, where both antibodies and immune cells are known to play a role in the pathology ...
*  Ostertagia ostertagi
Higher levels of antibodies measured by ELISA methods, referred to as optical density ratios (ODRs), are associated with ... Diagnosis of helminth infections in cattle : World Buiatrics Congress. Areskog, M., Ljungström, B., and Höglund, J. 2013. ... The failure to respond quickly to Ostertagia may be a result of the suggested immunosuppression or impairment of antibody and ... These include the determination of specific anti-parasite antibodies in milk. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs) have ...
*  Fc receptor
Many low affinity interactions are formed between receptor and antibody that work together to tightly bind the antibody-coated ... against which helminths are not resistant. The interaction of the FcεRI receptor with the Fc portion of helminth bound IgE ... or infected cells by antibody-mediated phagocytosis or antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity. Some viruses such as ... IgE antibodies bind to antigens of allergens. These allergen-bound IgE molecules interact with Fcε receptors on the surface of ...
*  Lymphatic filariasis
It is a type of helminth infection. Three types of worm cause the disease and damage the lymphatic system: The disease itself ... Testing the blood for antibodies against the disease may also permit diagnosis. Other roundworms from the same family are ... Testing the blood serum for antibodies against the disease may also be used. The World Health Organization recommends mass ...
*  Heligmosomoides polygyrus
17 October 2017). "HpARI Protein Secreted by a Helminth Parasite Suppresses Interleukin-33". Immunity. 47 (4): 739-751. doi: ... "Heligmosomoides polygyrus Elicits a Dominant Nonprotective Antibody Response Directed against Restricted Glycan and Peptide ... as it is used as a model of human helminth infection to which there is a spectrum of natural resistance to parasite infection. ... "Innate and adaptive type 2 immune cell responses in genetically controlled resistance to intestinal helminth infection". ...
*  Adaptive immune system
Coating antigen with antibody enhances phagocytosis Antibody-dependent cell-mediate cytotoxicity: Antibodies attached to target ... In general, Th2 responses are more effective against extracellular bacteria, parasites including helminths and toxins. Like ... The antibodies crosses the woman's placenta to the fetus. Antibodies can also be transferred through breast milk with the ... An antigen (short for antibody generator), is defined as any substance that binds to a specific antibody and elicits an ...
*  Dickson Despommier
"Ferritin-Conjugated Antibody Studies on the Larvae of Trichinella spiralis". The Journal of Parasitology. 53 (3): 618. doi: ... and a variety of helminths (ascaris, hookworm, trichuris) in agricultural areas. Despommier has studied the ecology of West ...
*  Innate lymphoid cell
They do not require the missing "self" signal of MHC Class I and can recognize stressed cells in the absence of antibodies, ... play the crucial role of secreting type 2 cytokines in response to helminth infection. They have also been implicated in the ... mediate ADCC after binding of tumor specific antibody on tumor antigen). ILC1 influence tumor microenvironment by production of ...
*  Immunotherapy
The helminths down regulate the pro-inflammatory Th1 cytokines, Interleukin-12 (IL-12), Interferon-Gamma (IFN-γ) and Tumour ... Immunosuppressive antibodies target steps in the immune response. Other drugs modulate immune responses. The body naturally ... Co-evolution with helminths has shaped some of the genes associated with Interleukin expression and immunological disorders, ... Helminth's relationship to humans as hosts should be classified as mutualistic or symbiotic.[citation needed] Biological ...
*  Hugo Sigman
Reichert, JM (2015). "Antibodies to watch in 2015". MAbs. 7 (1): 1-8. doi:10.4161/19420862.2015.988944. PMC 4622967 . PMID ... dengue and soil-transmitted helminths. In 2015, Hugo Sigman received the Entrepreneur of the Year Award, from EY consulting ... Gajdosik, Z (Apr 2014). "Racotumomab - a novel anti-idiotype monoclonal antibody vaccine for the treatment of cancer". Drugs ... the first monoclonal antibody plant in Latin America -pharmADN- and the first vaccine and biotech production plant in Argentina ...
*  Interleukin 25
... and altered antibody production". Blood. 100 (7): 2330-40. doi:10.1182/blood-2002-01-0012. PMID 12239140. Zhang Z, Henzel WJ ( ... and IL-13 at the onset of helminth expulsion". Journal of Experimental Medicine. 203 (4): 1105-16. doi:10.1084/jem.20051615. ...
*  Transverse myelitis
The causes of LETM are also heterogeneous and the presence of MOG auto-antibodies has been proposed as a biomarker for ... Other associated causes are the helminth infection schistosomiasis, spinal cord injuries, vascular disorders that impede the ... abnormalities detected on MRI and presence of oligoclonal antibodies in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)) Individuals who develop ...
*  Pattern recognition receptor
... including monoclonal antibodies, non-specific immunotherapies, oncolytic virus therapy, T-cell therapy and cancer vaccines. ... similarly fucose presents the same for certain bacteria and helminths; and glucans are present on mycobacteria and fungi. In ...