*Clindamycin

Other antibiotics may be recommended instead due to this reason. It appears to be generally safe in pregnancy. It is of the ... more than just effective prophylaxis for endocarditis? Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 2005 ;100:550-8 " ... Clindamycin is an antibiotic useful for the treatment of a number of bacterial infections. This includes middle ear infections ... Lamont RF (2005). "Can antibiotics prevent preterm birth-the pro and con debate". BJOG. 112 (Suppl 1): 67-73. doi:10.1111/j. ...

*Group A streptococcal infection

Antibiotic therapy (using injected penicillin) has been shown to reduce the risk of acute rheumatic fever. In individuals with ... HOUSER HB, WANNAMAKER LW, RAMMELKAMP CH, DENNY FW, BRINK WR, HAHN EO, DINGLE JH (1950). "Prophylaxis of acute rheumatic fever ... Despite the emergence of antibiotics as a treatment for group A β-hemolytic streptococcus, infection of GAS is an increasing ... These may be effectively treated with antibiotics. Scarlet fever is also a non-invasive infection caused by GAS, although much ...

*Historical mortality rates of puerperal fever

Concept and Prophylaxis of Childbed Fever. Translated by Carter, K. Codell. University of Wisconsin Press. ISBN 0-299-09364-6 ... and the few infections that do occur are usually treatable with antibiotics. Dr. Ignaz Semmelweis worked at the Vienna General ...

*Vesicoureteral reflux

Medical treatment entails low dose antibiotic prophylaxis until resolution of VUR occurs. Antibiotics are administered nightly ... The specific antibiotics used differ with the age of the patient and include: Amoxicillin or ampicillin - infants younger than ... A surgical approach is necessary in cases where a breakthrough infection results despite prophylaxis, or there is non- ... Minimizing infections is primarily done by prophylactic antibiotics in newborns and infants who are not potty trained. However ...

*Streptococcus agalactiae

The only reliable way to prevent EOD currently is intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis (IAP), that is to say administration of ... There are two ways to identifying female candidates to receive intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis: a risk-based approach or a ... In 2008, after widespread use of antenatal screening and intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis (IAP), the CDC reported an ... GBS Intrapartum Antibiotic Investigator Group. (2017). "Intrapartum Antibiotic Chemoprophylaxis Policies for the Prevention of ...

*Antibiotic prophylaxis

Parenteral systemic antibiotics seem to be more appropriate than oral or topical antibiotics because the chosen antibiotics ... most commonly antibiotics). Antibiotic prophylaxis is most commonly used prior to surgery, however, may be used in other cases ... For prophylaxis in surgery, only antibiotics with good tolerability should be used. Cephalosporins remain the preferred drugs ... The American Heart Association (AHA) now recommends antibiotic prophylaxis for very few patients since only a small number of ...

*Dental antibiotic prophylaxis

... is the administration of antibiotics to a dental patient for prevention of harmful consequences ... Although there is little evidence to support antibiotic prophylaxis for dental treatment, the current AHA guidelines are highly ... Currently, there are official guidelines for dental antibiotic prophylaxis for the prevention of infective endocarditis and of ... In addition, there are various medical conditions for which clinicians recommended antibiotic prophylaxis, although there is no ...

*Index of oral health and dental articles

Dental antibiotic prophylaxis • Dental anesthesia • Dental arches • Dental assistant • Dental avulsion • Dental auxiliary • ...

*Leptospirosis

... and use of antibiotics increases antibiotics resistance. Pre-exposure prophylaxis may be beneficial for individuals traveling ... Brett-Major DM, Lipnick RJ (2009). "Antibiotic prophylaxis for leptospirosis". Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (3): ... The antibiotic doxycycline, when used in an effort to prevent infection among travellers, is of unclear benefit. Vaccines for ... Effective antibiotics include penicillin G, ampicillin, amoxicillin and doxycycline. In more severe cases cefotaxime or ...

*Endophthalmitis

A Cochrane Review sought to evaluate the effects of perioperative antibiotic prophylaxis for endophthalmitis following cataract ... CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link) Christy NE, Sommer A (1979). "Antibiotic prophylaxis of postoperative ... Also, the review showed moderate evidence that antibiotic eye drops (levofloxacin or chloramphenicol) with antibiotic ... Even though antibiotics can have negative impacts on the retina in high concentrations, the facts that visual acuity worsens in ...

*Animal bite

"Antibiotic prophylaxis for mammalian bites". Cochrane Database Syst Rev (2): CD001738. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD001738. PMID ... Debridement and drainage bite wounds was practiced in the pre-antibiotic era, but still had a high infection rate. Antibiotics ... Evidence for antibiotics to prevent infection in bites in other areas is not clear. The first choice is amoxicillin with ... "BestBets: Antibiotics in cat bites". Oehler RL, Velez AP, Mizrachi M, Lamarche J, Gompf S (2009). "Bite-related and septic ...

*Colostrum

Oct 2003). "Antibiotic prophylaxis: problems in paradise". Dent Clin North Am. 47 (4): 665-79. doi:10.1016/S0011-8532(03)00037- ... When antibiotics began to appear, interest in colostrum waned, but, now that antibiotic-resistant strains of pathogens have ... Before the development of antibiotics, colostrum was the main source of immunoglobulins used to fight bacteria. In fact, when ... developed, interest is once again returning to natural alternatives to antibiotics, namely, colostrum. Some athletes have used ...

*Fine-needle aspiration

Antibiotic prophylaxis may be instituted. Before the procedure is started, vital signs (pulse, blood pressure, temperature, etc ... But should an infection occur, it will be treated with antibiotics. Bleeding is the most common complication of this procedure ...

*Phalloplasty

Gomelsky, A.; Dmochowski, RR (2003). "Antibiotic prophylaxis in urologic prosthetic surgery". Current Pharmaceutical Design. 9 ... antibiotic irrigation and antibiotic-coated implants. The "No-Touch" technique is unique in that it aims at preventing ... Paired with the antibiotic-coated implant, the "No Touch" Technique decreases infection to a rate of 0.46%, opposing the ... Carson, CC (2004). "Efficacy of antibiotic impregnation of inflatable penile prostheses in decreasing infection in original ...

*Dietmar Wittmann

Antibiotic concentration in tissue fluid during the vulnerable period as rational basis for prophylaxis of post-operative ... 1995: Dynamic Antibiotic Switching Therapy (DAST), a new form of antibiotic treatment: changing the antibiotic regimen every 24 ... Prophylaxis of postoperative infections. Infection, 19;S337-343, 1991. Condon RE, Wittmann DH: The Use of Antibiotics in ... Wittmann, DH, Schein, M: Let us shorten antibiotic prophylaxis and therapy in surgery. American Journal of Surgery. 172(6A):26S ...

*Caesarean section

Smaill, Fiona M.; Grivell, Rosalie M. (2014-10-28). "Antibiotic prophylaxis versus no prophylaxis for preventing infection ... Antibiotic prophylaxis is used before an incision. The uterus is incised, and this incision is extended with blunt pressure ... and routine use of antibiotic prophylaxis to prevent infections is recommended. Infection can occur in around 8% of women who ... Taking antibiotics before skin incision rather than after cord clamping reduces the risk for the mother, without increasing ...

*Bacteremia

Antibiotic prophylaxis Dental antibiotic prophylaxis Fungemia Viremia Ochei; et al. "Pus Abscess and Wound Drain". Medical ... Treatment for bacteremia is with antibiotics, and prevention with antibiotic prophylaxis can be given in high risk situations. ... and any allergies to antibiotics. Empiric antibiotics should be narrowed, preferably to a single antibiotic, once the blood ... The choice of antibiotic is determined by the most likely source of infection and by the characteristic organisms that ...

*Norfloxacin

"Antibiotic prophylaxis for cirrhotic patients with upper gastrointestinal bleeding". The Cochrane Database of Systematic ... 1998). "Norfloxacin primary prophylaxis of bacterial infections in cirrhotic patients with ascites: a double-blind randomized ... Norfloxacin is a synthetic antibacterial agent that belongs to the class of fluoroquinolone antibiotics. It is used to treat ... Norfloxacin is a broad-spectrum antibiotic that is active against both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. It functions ...

*Orthognathic surgery

"Bacteremia After Oral Surgery and Antibiotic Prophylaxis for Endocarditis". Clinical Infectious Diseases. 29 (1): 1-8. doi: ... Doctors will prescribe pain medication and prophylactic antibiotics to the patient. There is often a large amount of swelling ... and the consumption of antibiotics. Cleaning of the mouth should always be done regardless of surgery to ensure healthy, strong ... and effective way of minimizing threat of a bacterial infection is to prevent it at all costs with pre and post antibiotic ...

*Group B streptococcal infection

Currently, the only reliable way to prevent GBS-EOD is intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis (IAP) - administration of antibiotics ... antibiotics for prevention and treatment" states: "Intrapartum Antibiotic Prophylaxis should be offered if group B ... Sutkin G, Krohn MA, Heine RP, Sweet RL (2005). "Antibiotic prophylaxis and non-group B streptococcal neonatal sepsis". Obstet. ... In 2008, after widespread use of antenatal screening and intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis, the Centers for Disease Control ...

*Erysipelas

See eMedicine link Koster JB, Kullberg BJ, van der Meer JW (March 2007). "Recurrent erysipelas despite antibiotic prophylaxis: ... Recurrence of infection: Erysipelas can recur in 18-30% of cases even after antibiotic treatment. A chronic state of recurrent ... Because of the risk of reinfection, prophylactic antibiotics are sometimes used after resolution of the initial condition. ... Depending on the severity, treatment involves either oral or intravenous antibiotics, using penicillins, clindamycin, or ...

*Chemotherapy

"Antibiotic prophylaxis for bacterial infections in afebrile neutropenic patients following chemotherapy". The Cochrane Database ... The cytotoxic antibiotics are a varied group of drugs that have various mechanisms of action. The common theme that they share ... Although prophylaxis is available and is often initiated in patients with large tumors, this is a dangerous side-effect that ... The risk of illness and death can be reduced by taking common antibiotics such as quinolones or trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole ...

*Endocarditis

"Antibiotic prophylaxis for infective endocarditis: a systematic review and meta-analysis". Heart (British Cardiac Society). 103 ... Treatment is generally with intravenous antibiotics. The choice of antibiotics is based on the blood cultures. Occasionally ... The usefulness of antibiotics following dental procedures for prevention is unclear. Some recommend them in those at high risk ...

*Meningitis

Short-term antibiotic prophylaxis is another method of prevention, particularly of meningococcal meningitis. In cases of ... Ratilal, BO; Costa, J; Pappamikail, L; Sampaio, C (28 April 2015). "Antibiotic prophylaxis for preventing meningitis in ... some antibiotics have inadequate penetrance and therefore have little use in meningitis. Most of the antibiotics used in ... For an antibiotic to be effective in meningitis it must not only be active against the pathogenic bacterium but also reach the ...

*Basilar skull fracture

Ratilal, Bernardo O; Costa, João; Pappamikail, Lia; Sampaio, Cristina; Ratilal, Bernardo O (2015). "Antibiotic prophylaxis for ... Preventative antibiotics are of unclear use. It occurs in about 12% of people with a severe head injury. Battle's sign -- ... "Antibiotics in base of skull fractures". BestBets. Retrieved 2014-03-22. Resnick, Daniel K.; Subach, Brian R.; Marion, Donald W ... Evidence does not support the use of preventative antibiotics regardless of the presence of a cerebral spinal fluid leak. Non- ...

*Childbirth

Buppasiri, P; Lumbiganon, P; Thinkhamrop, J; Thinkhamrop, B (Oct 7, 2014). "Antibiotic prophylaxis for third- and fourth-degree ... There is tentative evidence that antibiotics may help prevent wound infections in women with third or fourth degree tears. ...

*Cefoxitin

Buppasiri, Pranom; Lumbiganon, Pisake; Thinkhamrop, Jadsada; Thinkhamrop, Bandit (2014-10-07). "Antibiotic prophylaxis for ... As with any antibiotic, it should not be given to patients who are allergic to it. Cefoxitin is used to treat: Skin infections ... It was synthesized in order to create an antibiotic with a broader spectrum. It is often grouped with the second-generation ... This PBP has a lower binding affinity for penicillin-based antibiotics such as cefoxitin and will continue to cross-link the ...