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*  Kikkoman
Salt is added, which acts as an anti-bacterial agent and preservative. Next, a genus of the Aspergillus fungus is added to the ...
*  Linezolid
November 1987). "Oxazolidinones, a new class of synthetic antibacterial agents: in vitro and in vivo activities of DuP 105 and ... As of 2014 bacterial resistance to linezolid has remained low. Linezolid was discovered in the mid 1990s and was approved for ... Ford CW, Zurenko GE, Barbachyn MR (August 2001). "The discovery of linezolid, the first oxazolidinone antibacterial agent". ... Brickner SJ (1996). "Oxazolidinone antibacterial agents". Current Pharmaceutical Design. 2 (2): 175-94. Detailed review of the ...
*  Endospore
Common anti-bacterial agents that work by destroying vegetative cell walls do not affect endospores. Endospores are commonly ... Bacterial endospores are resistant to antibiotics, most disinfectants, and physical agents such as radiation, boiling, and ... However, sterilant alkylating agents (e.g. ethylene oxide), and 10% bleach are effective against endospores. To kill most ... While the rest of a bacterial cell may stain, the endospore is left colourless. To combat this, a special stain technique ...
*  Phage therapy
"Targeting antibacterial agents by using drug-carrying filamentous bacteriophages". Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. 50 (6): 2087- ... The high bacterial strain specificity of phage therapy may make it necessary for clinics to make different cocktails for ... Purified recombinant phage enzymes can be used as separate antibacterial agents in their own right. The simplest method of ... Shasha SM, Sharon N, Inbar M (2004). "[Bacteriophages as antibacterial agents]". Harefuah (in Hebrew). 143 (2): 121-5, 166. ...
*  Lactic acid
It is a good descaler, soap-scum remover, and a registered anti-bacterial agent. It is also economically beneficial as well as ... Lactic acid is used as a food preservative, curing agent, and flavoring agent. It is an ingredient in processed foods and is ... In winemaking, a bacterial process, natural or controlled, is often used to convert the naturally present malic acid to lactic ... Nascimento, M. M.; Gordan, V. V.; Garvan, C. W.; Browngardt, C. M.; Burne, R. A. (2009). "Correlations of oral bacterial ...
*  Carbapenem
Agents with anti-pseudomonal activity, including doripenem, imipenem, and meropenem are not recommended in this population. ... Antimicrobial resistance NDM-1 is an enzyme that introduces bacterial resistance to carbapenem antibiotics via hydrolysis of ... Structure Activity Relationships "Antibacterial Agents; Structure Activity Relationships," André Bryskier MD; beginning at ... Agents Chemother. 55 (11): 4943-60. doi:10.1128/AAC.00296-11. PMC 3195018 . PMID 21859938. Livermore DM, Woodford N (October ...
*  Macrolide
ISBN 0-12-526451-8. Structure Activity Relationships "Antibacterial Agents; Structure Activity Relationships", André Bryskier ... The primary means of bacterial resistance to macrolides occurs by post-transcriptional methylation of the 23S bacterial ... Macrolide antibiotics do so by binding reversibly to the P site on the 50S subunit of the bacterial ribosome. This action is ... Classification of agents[permanent dead link] Pharmamotion. Author: Gary Kaiser. The Community College of Baltimore County. ...
*  Layered clothing
... such as anti-bacterial agents which reduce odors, and insect repellent. However, in the absence of such anti-odour treatment ...
*  Pharmaceutical drug
In the inter-war period, the first anti-bacterial agents such as the sulpha antibiotics were developed. The Second World War ... polyenes Anti-inflammatory: NSAIDs, corticosteroids Anti-allergy: mast cell inhibitors Anti-glaucoma: adrenergic agonists, beta ... These were drugs that worked chiefly as anti-anxiety agents and muscle relaxants. The first benzodiazepine was Librium. Three ... of new data on the development of novel antibiotics and antibacterials and on the use of biological agents for antibacterial ...
*  Streptomyces ederensis
Mechanism of Action of Antibacterial Agents. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer Berlin Heidelberg. ISBN 3-642-46403-3. CS1 maint: ... the Bacterial Diversity Metadatabase. ...
*  Actinobacteria
Gardnerella at the US National Library of Medicine Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) Mahajan, GB (2012). "Antibacterial agents ... Actinobacteria is one of the dominant bacterial phyla and contains one of the largest of bacterial genera, Streptomyces. ... Although some of the largest and most complex bacterial cells belong to the Actinobacteria, the group of marine Actinomarinales ... Pandey, B.; Ghimire, P.; Agrawal, V.P. (January 12-15, 2004). Studies on the antibacterial activity of the Actinomycetes ...
*  Dihydrofolate reductase inhibitor
host DHFR have found application as antibacterial agents. Classes of small-molecules employed as inhibitors of dihydrofolate ... Bacteria also need DHFR to grow and multiply and hence inhibitors selective for bacterial vs. ... Hawser S, Lociuro S, Islam K (March 2006). "Dihydrofolate reductase inhibitors as antibacterial agents". Biochemical ... A variety of drugs act as inhibitors of dihydrofolate reductase: the experimental antimalarial and anti-toxoplasmosis compound ...
*  Hydramacin-1
"New Family Of Antibacterial Agents Uncovered". Science News. ScienceDaily. 2009-01-17. Retrieved 2009-01-17. Jung S, Dingley AJ ... Functionally, the protein causes bacterial cells to clump together and aggregate, changing the morphology of the bacterial ... This potent antibacterial activity extended to known multi-resistant strains of pathogenic bacteria, such as those of ... This results in a disruption of the structure of the bacterial membrane. Hydramacin-1 was first isolated from epithelial cells ...
*  Quinolone antibiotic
Quinolones exert their antibacterial effect by preventing bacterial DNA from unwinding and duplicating. The majority of ... Quinolones can be classified into generations based on their antibacterial spectrum. The earlier-generation agents are, in ... Risks of antibacterial agents in pregnancy]". Le Infezioni in Medicina. 10 (1): 8-15. PMID 12700435. Bar-Oz B, Moretti ME, ... Anti-Infective Agents in Medicinal Chemistry. Bentham Science Publishers. 6 (1): 49-56. doi:10.2174/187152107779314179. Chang Y ...
*  Ofloxacin
"Risks of antibacterial agents in pregnancy". Le infezioni in medicina : rivista periodica di eziologia, epidemiologia, ... In the U.S. ofloxacin is approved for the treatment of bacterial infections such as: Acute bacterial exacerbations of chronic ... An eye drop may be used for a superficial bacterial infection of the eye and an ear drop may be used for otitis media when ... Agents Chemother. 22 (4): 548-53. doi:10.1128/aac.22.4.548. PMC 183791 . PMID 6960805. Retrieved 2014-09-28. Owens RC, Ambrose ...
*  Dihydrofolate reductase
... need DHFR to grow and multiply and hence inhibitors selective for bacterial DHFR have found application as antibacterial agents ... Regardless, trimethoprim and sulfamethoxazole in combination has been used as an antibacterial agent for decades. Folic acid is ... Trimethoprim, an antibiotic, inhibits bacterial DHFR while methotrexate, a chemotherapy agent, inhibits mammalian DHFR. However ... Hawser S, Lociuro S, Islam K (March 2006). "Dihydrofolate reductase inhibitors as antibacterial agents". Biochemical ...
*  Streptomyces rishiriensis
Mechanism of Action of Antibacterial Agents. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer Berlin Heidelberg. ISBN 3-642-46403-3. CS1 maint: ... ISBN 0-412-25790-4. Type strain of Streptomyces rishiriensis at BacDive - the Bacterial Diversity Metadatabase. ... Cragg, edited by Gordon M.; Kingston,, David G.I.; Newman, David J. (2012). Anticancer agents from natural products (2nd ed.). ... Cragg, edited by Gordon M.; Kingston,, David G.I.; Newman, David J. (2012). Anticancer agents from natural products (2nd ed.). ...
*  Sankar Adhya
"Long-circulating bacteriophage as antibacterial agents". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 93 (8): 3188-3192. ... He is best known for his work on bacterial transcription and the biology of bacteriophage lambda. He has made important ... the organization of the bacterial nucleoid, and phage therapy. Dr. Adhya was born in Kolkata, India and studied chemistry at ...
*  Bacteriophage experimental evolution
Long-circulating bacteriophage as antibacterial agents. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 93:3188-3192. Gupta, K., Y. Lee and J. Yin. ... Phage ecology and bacterial pathogenesis, p. 66-91. In M. K. Waldor, D. I. Friedman, and S. L. Adhya (eds.), Phages: Their Role ... More than one phage can coinfect the same bacterial cell. When this happens, the phage can exchange genes, which is equivalent ... Phage-bacterial coevolution is typically studied within the context of phage community ecology. This article incorporates ...
*  Gray baby syndrome
Antibacterial therapeutic agents". Feigin & Cherry's textbook of pediatric infectious diseases (6th ed.). Philadelphia, PA: ... Need for the determination of chloramphenicol levels in the treatment of bacterial-purulent meningitis with chloramphenicol ... Protein Synthesis Inhibitors and Miscellaneous Antibacterial Agents". Goodman & Gilman's The Pharmacological Basis of ... Two pathophysiologic mechanisms are thought to play a role in the development of gray baby syndrome after exposure to the anti- ...
*  2-Oxazolidone
"Mechanism of action of the oxazolidinone antibacterial agents". Expert Opinion on Investigational Drugs. 8 (8): 1195-1202. doi: ... Developed during the nineties when several bacterial strains were becoming resistant against such antibiotics as vancomycin. ... The antibacterial effect of oxazolidinones is by working as protein synthesis inhibitors, targeting an early step involving the ... Linezolid (Zyvox) is the first approved agent in the class (FDA approval April 2000). The first commercially available 1,3- ...
*  Tongue cleaner
Its antibacterial agents may enhance the cleaning effects. Tongue cleaning can be performed in the morning or on an empty ... "Impact of different tongue cleaning methods on the bacterial load of the tongue dorsum". Archives of Oral Biology. 53 Suppl 1: ...
*  Topoisomerase inhibitor
These drugs are anti-cancer therapies. bacterial type II topoisomerase inhibitors (gyrase and topo IV): fluoroquinolones. These ... Topoisomerase inhibitors can also function as antibacterial agents. Quinolones (including nalidixic acid and ciprofloxacin) ... more effective as anti-tumor agents in animal models. The preclinical and IND package filed with the US Food and Drug ... Quinolone and Pyridone Antibacterial Agents". Chemical Reviews. 105 (2): 559-92. doi:10.1021/cr030101q. PMID 15700957. Fisher, ...
*  Asilomar Conference on Recombinant DNA
He then cleaved the double helix of another virus; an antibacterial agent known as bacteriophage lambda. In the third step, he ... Such biological barriers included fastidious bacterial hosts that were unable to survive in natural environments. Other ... In experiments designed to introduce or propagate DNA from non-viral or other low risk agents in animal cells, only low risk ... The moderate risk level of containment was intended for experiments in which there was a probability of generating an agent ...
*  Sulfamethoxazole
Antibacterial Agents: Merck Veterinary Manual". www.merckvetmanual.com. Retrieved 2015-11-05. "Sulfonamides - Infectious ... Since it inhibits bacterial growth, sulfamethoxazole is considered a bacteriostatic antibiotic. Sulfonamides are selective ... It is used for bacterial infections such as urinary tract infections, bronchitis, and prostatitis and is effective against both ... Inhibiting the production of dihydrofolate intermediate interferes with the normal bacterial synthesis of folic acid (folate). ...