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*  Cerebral infarction
... large artery. Cerebral artery gas embolism (e.g. during ascent from a SCUBA dive) is also a possible cause of infarction ( ... Based on the extent of the symptoms, the stroke episode is classified as total anterior circulation infarct (TACI), partial ... A cerebral infarction is an area of necrotic tissue in the brain resulting from a blockage or narrowing in the arteries ... If cerebral infarction is caused by a thrombus occluding blood flow to an artery supplying the brain, definitive therapy is ...
*  Internal carotid artery
... artery the anterior choroidal artery The internal carotid then divides to form the anterior cerebral artery and middle cerebral ... Branches from the communicating portion Posterior communicating artery Anterior choroidal artery Anterior cerebral artery (a ... The named branches of the petrous segment of the internal carotid artery are: the vidian artery or artery of the pterygoid ... C2: Branches from the petrous portion Caroticotympanic arteries Artery of pterygoid canal (vidian artery) C3: Branches from the ...
*  Intracranial aneurysm
Anterior communicating artery Posterior communicating artery Middle cerebral artery Internal carotid artery Tip of basilar ... Aneurysms in the posterior circulation (basilar artery, vertebral arteries and posterior communicating artery) have a higher ... A catheter is inserted into a blood vessel, typically the femoral artery, and passed through blood vessels into the cerebral ... Meanwhile, aneurysms less than 7 mm arises from anterior and posterior communicating artery are more easily ruptured when ...
*  Anterior cerebral artery
The left and right anterior cerebral arteries are connected by the anterior communicating artery. Anterior cerebral artery ... Anterior cerebral artery Cerebral arteries seen from beneath. Anterior cerebral artery visible at centre. The arterial circle ... also forms the middle cerebral artery and the anterior choroidal artery. The anterior cerebral arteries grow toward each other ... The anterior cerebral artery develops from a primitive anterior division of the internal carotid artery that initially supplies ...
*  Anterior cerebral artery syndrome
... is a condition whereby the blood supply from the anterior cerebral artery (ACA) is restricted ... anterior fornix and anterior corpus callosum. Depending upon the area and severity of the occlusion, signs and symptoms may ... produce only minor deficits due to the collateral blood flow from the opposite hemisphere via the anterior communicating artery ...
*  Posterior cerebral artery
Circle of Willis Anterior cerebral artery Osborn, Anne G.; Jacobs, John M. (1999), Diagnostic Cerebral Angiography, Lippincott ... Not to be confused with the Anterior choroidal artery The posterior choroidal branches of the posterior cerebral artery are ... small arteries which arise from the posterior cerebral artery after it has turned around the cerebral peduncle; they supply a ... of the posterior communicating artery and the basilar artery and connects with the ipsilateral middle cerebral artery (MCA) and ...
*  Paracentral lobule
Damage of paracentral lobule occurs from occlusion of anterior cerebral artery. Characteristic manifestations include: ... of physiological function such as defecation and micturition It is supplied by branches of the anterior cerebral artery. ... It defines the anterior boundary of the paracentral lobule. Central sulcus on the medial surface. It divides the paracentral ... Medial view of a human right cerebral hemisphere. Paracentral lobule is labeled at top center, in green. Medial view of a human ...
*  Cistern of lamina terminalis
The anterior cerebral artery and the anterior communicating artery travel within this cistern. J. Randy Jinkins (2000). "The ... It lies in front of (rostral to) the lamina terminalis and anterior commissure between the two frontal lobes of the cerebrum. ...
*  Precentral gyrus
The medial aspect (leg areas) is supplied by branches of the anterior cerebral artery. Lesions of the precentral gyrus result ... Branches of the middle cerebral artery provide most of the arterial blood supply for the primary motor cortex. ... side of the cerebral hemispheres - from which it is separated by the central sulcus. Its anterior border is represented by the ... As they travel down through the cerebral white matter, the motor axons move closer together and form part of the posterior limb ...
*  Akinetic mutism
It can also occur in a stroke that affects both anterior cerebral artery territories. Another cause is neurotoxicity due to ... It occurs in patients with bilateral circulatory disturbances in the supply area of the anterior cerebral artery. Akinetic ... When the anterior cingulate cortex is damaged, it can result in akinetic mutism. Akinetic mutism is a symptom during the final ... The anterior cingulate cortex is thought to supply a "global energizing factor" that stimulates decision making. ...
*  Primary motor cortex
The medial aspect (leg areas) is supplied by branches of the anterior cerebral artery. There is a broadly somatotopic ... Branches of the middle cerebral artery provide most of the arterial blood supply for the primary motor cortex. ... Each cerebral hemisphere of the primary motor cortex only contains a motor representation of the opposite (contralateral) side ... This overlap increases in more anterior regions of the primary motor cortex. One of the main goals in the history of work on ...
*  Corpus callosum
The anterior cerebral arteries are in contact with the under surface of the rostrum; they then arch over the front of the genu ... The anterior end near to the frontal lobes is called the genu ("knee"). The genu of the corpus callosum is bent downward and ... Anterior corpus callosum lesions may result in akinetic mutism or anomic aphasia. See also: Alien hand syndrome Alexia without ... On either side of the corpus callosum, the fibers radiate in the white matter and pass to the various parts of the cerebral ...
*  Subarachnoid cisterns
It contains: The anterior cerebral arteries (A1 and proximal A2). The anterior communicating artery. Heubner's artery. The ... It contains: The anterior choroidal artery. The medial posterior choroidal artery. The basal vein. Carotid cistern. It is ... The posterior cerebral artery. Its infratentorial portion contains: The superior cerebellar artery. The fourth (IV) nerve. ... The origin of the anterior choroidal artery. The origin of the posterior communicating artery. Insular/Sylvian cistern. It is ...
*  Palmar grasp reflex
... may be a sign of anterior cerebral artery syndrome in adults.[citation needed] Sherer, DM (June 1993). " ...
*  Cold-stimulus headache
When the anterior cerebral artery constricts, reining in the response to this increased blood volume, the pain disappears. The ... the cause of cold-stimulus headaches is explained by increased blood flow to the brain through the anterior cerebral artery, ... This increase in blood volume and resulting increase in size in this artery is thought to bring on the pain associated with a ...
*  Azygos
... may refer to: Azygos anterior cerebral artery Azygos artery of vagina Azygos lobe Azygos vein Ganglion impar. ...
*  Orbitofrontal artery
... is one of the branches of the anterior cerebral artery, that supplies blood to the cerebrum. The ... orbitofrontal artery is usually the first cortical branch of the A2 segment, arising from the subcallosal segment to supply the ...
*  Anterior communicating artery
The anterior communicating artery connects the two anterior cerebral arteries across the commencement of the longitudinal ... the anterior communicating artery is a blood vessel of the brain that connects the left and right anterior cerebral arteries. ... but these are principally derived from the anterior cerebral artery. It is part of the cerebral arterial circle, also known as ... Aneurysms of the anterior communicating artery are the most common circle of Willis aneurysm and can cause visual field defects ...
*  Transcranial Doppler
Bleton, H; Perera, S; Sejdic, E (2016). "Cognitive tasks and cerebral blood flow through anterior cerebral arteries: a study ... related cognitive styles determined using Fourier analysis of mean cerebral blood flow velocity in the middle cerebral arteries ... Each basal cerebral artery of the circle of Willis gives origin to two different systems of secondary vessels. The shorter of ... Moreover, most established neuroanatomical substrates for brain function are perfused by the major cerebral arteries that could ...
*  Etamsylate
"The effect of patent ductus arteriosus on flow velocity in the anterior cerebral arteries: Ductal steal in the premature ... Whereas prostaglandins themselves may have a role in regulating cerebral blood flow, etamsylate appears to have no effect on ... etamsylate may exert an effect by closing the patent ductus and thereby increasing cerebral blood flow. Schulte J, J; Osborne, ... cerebral blood flow. Etamsylate was also thought to stabilise capillaries, reinforcing capillary membranes by polymerising ...
*  Alien hand syndrome
Oxygenated blood is supplied by the anterior cerebral artery to most medial portions of the frontal lobes and to the anterior ... The patient suffered from a ruptured aneurysm near the anterior cerebral artery, which resulted in the right hand being ... large cerebral infarction of the medial surface of the left frontal lobe in the territory of the left anterior cerebral artery ... unilateral or bilateral infarction of cortex in the territory supplied by the anterior cerebral artery or associated arteries. ...
*  Aneurysm
Cerebral aneurysms, also known as intracranial or brain aneurysms, occur most commonly in the anterior cerebral artery, which ... Once the dye is injected into a vein, it travels to the cerebral arteries, and images are created using a CT scan. These images ... The next most common sites of cerebral aneurysm occurrence are in the internal carotid artery. Aneurysm presentation may range ... Examples include: Berry aneurysms of the anterior communicating artery of the circle of Willis, associated with autosomal ...
*  Transcortical motor aphasia
Brain injury can result from a stroke caused by left anterior cerebral artery (ACA) occlusion, brain tumors, traumatic brain ... The anterior superior frontal lobe is known as the prefrontal cortex which is responsible for the initiation and ideation of ... The anterior frontal lobes of the language-dominant hemisphere are essential for initiating and maintaining speech. Because of ... Neurological imaging has shown that TMoA is typically caused by an infarct of the anterior superior frontal lobe in the ...
*  Vascular dementia
... including the anterior cerebral artery territory, the parietal lobes, or the cingulate gyrus. On rare occasion, infarcts in the ... Although atheroma of the major cerebral arteries is typical in vascular dementia, smaller vessels and arterioles are mainly ... which involves accumulation of beta amyloid plaques in the walls of the cerebral arteries, leading to breakdown and rupture of ... Cerebral amyloid angiopathy can, however, appear in people with no prior dementia condition. Some beta amyloid plaques are ...
*  Internal capsule
... lenticulostriate branches of middle cerebral artery (superior half) and recurrent artery of Heubner of the anterior cerebral ... which is a branch of the anterior cerebral artery. The inferior half of the posterior limb is supplied by the anterior ... lenticulostriate branches of middle cerebral artery (superior half) and anterior choroidal artery branch of the internal ... which are branches of the M1 segment of the middle cerebral artery. The inferior half of the anterior limb is supplied via the ...
*  List of ICD-9 codes 390-459: diseases of the circulatory system
Occlusion of cerebral arteries (434.0) Cerebral thrombosis (434.00) Cerebral thrombosis without cerebral infarction (434.01) ... anterior, NOS (410.2) MI, acute, inferolateral (410.3) MI, acute, inferoposterior (410.4) MI, acute, other inferior wall, NOS ( ... Cerebral thrombosis with cerebral infarction (434.1) Cerebral embolism (434.10) Cerebral embolism without cerebral infarction ( ... 434.11) Cerebral embolism with cerebral infarction (435) Transient cerebral ischemia (435.0) Basilar artery syndrome (435.1) ...
*  Posterior communicating artery
... prior to the terminal bifurcation of the ICA into the anterior cerebral artery and middle cerebral artery. Posteriorly, it ... Each posterior communicating artery connects the three cerebral arteries of the same side. Anteriorly, it connects to the ... The brain is supplied with blood by the internal carotid arteries and also by the posterior cerebral arteries; the posterior ... The development of the posterior cerebral artery (PCA) in the fetal brain occurs relatively late and arises from the fusion of ...