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*  List of local anesthetics
... local anesthetics Dental anesthesia Dibucaine number Epidural Intravenous regional anesthesia Local anesthesia Local anesthetic ... Local anesthetic toxicity Methemoglobin Sodium channel blocker Spinal anesthesia Topical anesthesia Veterinary anesthesia Büchi ... This is a list of local anesthetic agents. Not all of these drugs are still used in clinical practice and in research. Some are ... 4-Aminobenzoic acid Amino amide Amino esters Anesthesia Anesthetic Brachial plexus block Cocaine analogues: ...
*  Spinal anaesthesia
Epidural anesthesia is a technique whereby a local anesthetic drug is injected through a catheter placed into the epidural ... The degree of neuronal blockade depends on the amount and concentration of local anaesthetic used and the properties of the ... An epidural often does not cause as significant a neuromuscular block as a spinal, unless specific local anesthetics are also ... This technique has some similarity to spinal anesthesia, both are neuraxial, and the two techniques may be easily confused with ...
*  Levobupivacaine
... (rINN) /liːvoʊbjuːˈpɪvəkeɪn/ is a local anaesthetic drug belonging to the amino amide group. It is the S- ... Most ADRs relate to administration technique (resulting in systemic exposure) or pharmacological effects of anesthesia, however ... Burlacu CL, Buggy DJ (April 2008). "Update on local anesthetics: focus on levobupivacaine". Ther Clin Risk Manag. 4 (2): 381-92 ... Levobupivacaine is indicated for local anaesthesia including infiltration, nerve block, ophthalmic, epidural and intrathecal ...
*  Local anesthetic
Local anesthesia of body cavities includes intrapleural anesthesia and intra-articular anesthesia. Transincision (or transwound ... epidural anesthesia combined with general anesthesia) Abdominal surgery (epidural anesthesia/spinal anesthesia, often combined ... They are used in various techniques of local anesthesia such as: Topical anesthesia (surface) Topical administration of cream, ... Typical operations performed under conduction anesthesia include: Dentistry (surface anesthesia, infiltration anesthesia or ...
*  Dental anesthesia
... page 216 Local Anesthesia for the Dental Hygienist, Logothetis, Elsevier, 2012 Local Anesthesia for the Dental Hygienist, ... Dental anesthesia (or dental anaesthesia) is a field of anesthesia that includes not only local anesthetics but sedation and ... Nerve block - a common form of local dental anesthesia; blocks the reception of pain in one region of the mouth at a time. ... Pressure anesthesia - pressure with a cotton swab in the area to distract the nerve sensation of pain when the needle enters ...
*  Ropivacaine
Basic of Anesthesia, Robert Stoelting, page 289) Rossi S, editor. Australian Medicines Handbook 2006. Adelaide: Australian ... Picard, J; Meek, T (2006). "Lipid emulsion to treat overdose of local anaesthetic: the gift of the glob". Anaesthesia. 61 (2): ... Ropivacaine (rINN) /roʊˈpɪvəkeɪn/ is a local anaesthetic drug belonging to the amino amide group. The name ropivacaine refers ... Most ADRs relate to administration technique (resulting in systemic exposure) or pharmacological effects of anesthesia, however ...
*  Local anesthesia
A local anesthetic is a drug that causes reversible local anesthesia and a loss of nociception. When it is used on specific ... Local anesthetics vary in their pharmacological properties and they are used in various techniques of local anesthesia such as ... The following terms are often used interchangeably: Local anesthesia, in a strict sense, is anesthesia of a small part of the ... Clinical local anesthetics belong to one of two classes: aminoamide and aminoester local anesthetics. Synthetic local ...
*  August Bier
On a new technique to induce local anesthesia in extremities)". Langenbeck's Archiv für Klinische Chirurgie (in German). 86: ... He was the first to perform spinal anesthesia and intravenous regional anesthesia. After professorships in Greifswald and Bonn ... The profound anesthesia of his legs was demonstrated with repeated kicks to his shins. Later that evening, they celebrated ... A tribute to a great surgeon who contributed much to the development of modern anesthesia on the 50th anniversary of his death ...
*  Tumescent anesthesia
... is a technique for delivery of local anesthesia. It is designed to maximize safety by using ... and permits procedures to be performed on patients without subjecting them to the inherent risks of local anesthesia and blood ... Klein, J(2000). "About the Author". Tumescent Technique: Tumescent Anesthesia & Microcannular Liposuction. St. Louis, Missouri ... pharmacokinetic principles to achieve extensive regional anesthesia of skin and subcutaneous tissue with a high dose but low ...
*  Baricity
... is used in anesthesia to determine the manner in which a particular drug will spread in the intrathecal space. ... Solutions with a baricity less than 0.999 are termed hypobaric, and are usually created by mixing the local anesthetic with ... These properties allow the anesthesia provider to preferentially control the spread of the block by choice of mixture and ... Hyperbaric solutions are created by mixing dextrose 5-8% with the desired local anesthetic. Hyperbaric solutions will flow in ...
*  Diphenhydramine
Smith DW, Peterson MR, DeBerard SC (August 1999). "Local anesthesia. Topical application, local infiltration, and field block ... Diphenhydramine also has local anesthetic properties, and has been used as such in people allergic to common local anesthetics ... Diphenhydramine also acts as an intracellular sodium channel blocker, which is responsible for its actions as a local ...
*  Buccal nerve
2005). ISBN 0-443-07168-3 Specific Malamed, Stanley (2012). Handbook of Local Anesthesia. Elsevier. p. 234. ISBN 9780323074131 ...
*  Gruvis Malt
2][dead link] "Local Anesthesia". Providencephoenix.com. Retrieved 2014-08-12. [3][dead link] [4][dead link] [5][dead link] " ...
*  Carl Ludwig Schleich
Local anesthesia with indifferent liquids.) - 1894 Von der Seele. Essays. (From the soul, essays) - 1910 See Von der Seele. ... Carl Ludwig Schleich and the Development of Local Anesthesia. Buch- und Zeitschriften-Verlag "Die Quintessenz," (1973). ... He is best known for his contribution to clinical anesthesia. In addition, he was also a philosopher, poet and painter. ... Glial cells: The other cells of the nervous system NCBI History of anesthesia in Germany Schleich, Carl Ludwig (1936). Those ...
*  Hysteroscopy
Local anesthesia can be used. Simple operative hysteroscopy can also be done in an office or clinic setting. Analgesics are not ... Hysteroscopic intervention can also be done under general anesthesia (endotracheal or laryngeal mask) or Monitored Anesthesia ...
*  Vasoconstriction
Vasoconstrictors mixed with local anesthetics are used to increase the duration of local anesthesia by constricting the blood ... Yagiela JA (1995). "Vasoconstrictor agents for local anesthesia". Anesth Prog. 42 (3-4): 116-20. PMC 2148913 . PMID 8934977. ... Vasoconstrictors are also used clinically to increase blood pressure or to reduce local blood flow. ...
*  Karl Koller (ophthalmologist)
Honegger, H; Hessler H (October 1970). "[The discovery of local anesthesia. II. The friendship between Karl Koller and Sigmund ... Honegger, H; Hessler H (September 1970). "[Discovery of local anesthesia by Karl Koller. I]". Klinische Monatsblätter für ... Wyklicky, H (May 1985). "[100 years of local anesthesia]". Wien. Klin. Wochenschr. Austria. 97 (10): 449-50. ISSN 0043-5325. ... Later, cocaine was also used as a local anaesthetic in other medical fields such as dentistry. In the 20th century, other ...
*  Procaine
Vasoconstrictors in local anesthesia for dentistry. Anesth Prog. 1992;39:187-93. http://www.ecstasydata.org/search.php? ... Procaine is a local anesthetic drug of the amino ester group. It is used primarily to reduce the pain of intramuscular ... Like other local anesthetics (such as mepivacaine, and prilocaine), procaine is a vasodilator, thus is often coadministered ... Prior to the discovery of amylocaine and procaine, cocaine was the most commonly used local anesthetic.[citation needed] ...
*  Hyfrecator
These are done under local anesthesia. An example of such a combination procedure is the standard method of electrodesiccation ... without local anaesthesia. In many other uses to destroy larger lesions, a local anesthetic injection or regional nerve block ...
*  Stainless steel
Malamed, Stanley (2004). Handbook of Local Anesthesia, 5th Edition. Mosby. ISBN 0323024491. p. 99 Anusavice, Kenneth J. (2003) ...
*  Eye surgery
Local anesthesia is most commonly used. Topical anesthesia using lidocaine topical gel are often used for quick procedures. ... The physician administering anesthesia, or a nurse anesthetist or anesthetist assistant with expertise in anesthesia of the eye ... Since topical anesthesia requires cooperation from the patient, general anesthesia is often used for children, traumatic eye ... Since the eye is heavily supplied by nerves, anesthesia is essential. ...
*  Diabetic retinopathy
Vitrectomy is often done under local anesthesia. The doctor makes a tiny incision in the sclera, or white of the eye. Next, a ...
*  Thiamylal
Seizure after local anesthesia for nasopharyngeal angiofibroma. Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences. 2007 Feb;23(2):97-100.. ...
*  1884 in science
Honegger, H.; Hessler, H. (September 1970). "[Discovery of local anesthesia by Karl Koller. I]". Klinische Monatsblätter für ... Ophthalmologist Karl Koller announces his use of a local anesthetic (cocaine) in surgery; Jellinek also demonstrates cocaine's ...
*  Neosaxitoxin
On the other hand, NSTX local infiltration produces long lasting anesthesia, well over all the current available local ... NSTX local safety: All available local anesthetic are associated with local damage in different models. This undesired effect ... Epstein-Barash H, Shichor I, Kwon AH, Hall S, Lawlor MW, Langer R, Kohane DS (April 2009). "Prolonged duration local anesthesia ... Zink W, Graf B (July-August 2004). "Review Articles: Local Anesthetic Myotoxicity". Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine. 29 ( ...
*  Cervical cancer
Alternatives include local surgical procedures such as a loop electrical excision procedure or cone biopsy. If a cone biopsy ... the surgeon is not able to microscopically confirm clear margins of cervical tissue once the woman is under general anesthesia ...
*  Channel blocker
Butterworth JF, Strichartz GR (April 1990). "Molecular mechanisms of local anesthesia: a review". Anesthesiology. 72 (4): 711- ... Local anesthetics work by inducing a phasic block state in the targeted neurons. Initially, open channel blockers do not ... Mert T, Gunes Y, Guven M, Gunay I, Ozcengiz D (March 2002). "Comparison of nerve conduction blocks by an opioid and a local ...