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*  Autoimmune hemolytic anemia
2011). "Severe refractory autoimmune hemolytic anemia with both warm and cold autoantibodies that responded completely to a ... May 2003). "Rituximab for the treatment of refractory autoimmune hemolytic anemia in children". Blood. 101 (10): 3857-61. doi: ... Hemolytic anemia is the hemolytic state in which anemia is present, and bone marrow function is inferentially unable to ... Autoimmune hemolytic anemia (or autoimmune haemolytic anaemia; AIHA) occurs when antibodies directed against the person's own ...
*  Hypochromic anemia
It also occurs in patients with hereditary iron refractory iron-deficiency anemia (IRIDA). Patients with IRIDA have very low ... Hypochromic anemia is also caused by thalassemia and congenital disorders like Benjamin anemia. Microcytic anemia Iron ... Hypochromic anemia is a generic term for any type of anemia in which the red blood cells (erythrocytes) are paler than normal ... Hershko, Chaim; Camaschella, Clara (2014-01-16). "How I treat unexplained refractory iron deficiency anemia". Blood. 123 (3): ...
*  Warm antibody autoimmune hemolytic anemia
If refractory to both these therapies, other options include rituximab, danazol, cyclosphosphamide, azathioprine, or ... Warm antibody autoimmune hemolytic anemia (WAIHA) is the most common form of autoimmune hemolytic anemia. About half of the ... ISBN 0-7216-0187-1. AUTOIMMUNE HEMOLYTIC ANEMIA (AIHA) By J.L. Jenkins. The Regional Cancer Center. 2001 Nowak-Wegrzyn A, King ... Laboratory findings include severe anemia, increased mean corpuscular volume (MCV, due to the presence of a large number of ...
*  Refractory anemia with ring sideroblasts
... (RARS) is a type of myelodysplastic syndrome. RARS is characterized by 5% or less ... RARS is distinguished from refractory anemia by having 15% or more ringed sideroblasts among the erythroid precursors in the ... "Pathology of Refractory Anemia With Ring Sideroblasts". Retrieved 28 August 2013. ...
*  Refractory anemia with excess of blasts
... refractory anemia with excess blasts, refractory anemia with excess blasts in transformation, or acute myeloid leukemia [AML]) ... Refractory anemia with excess of blasts (RAEB) is a type of myelodysplastic syndrome with a marrow blast percentage of 5% to 19 ... July 2006). "An antecedent diagnosis of refractory anemia with excess blasts has no prognostic relevance in acute myeloid ...
*  List of OMIM disorder codes
GLRX5 Anemia, sideroblastic, pyridoxine-refractory, autosomal recessive; 205950; SLC25A38 Anemia, sideroblastic, with ataxia; ... RHAG Anemia, hypochromic microcytic; 206100; NRAMP2 Anemia, sideroblastic, pyridoxine-refractory, autosomal recessive; 205950; ... SCN5A Heinz body anemia; 140700; HBA2 Heinz body anemias, alpha-; 140700; HBA1 Heinz body anemias, beta-; 140700; HBB HELLP ... RPL5 Diamond-Blackfan anemia 7; 612562; RPL11 Diamond-Blackfan anemia 8; 612563; RPS7 Diamond-Blackfan anemia 9; 613308; RPS10 ...
*  Ghosal hematodiaphyseal dysplasia
It is associated with diaphyseal dysplasia and refractory anemia. It is associated with a deficiency of Thromboxane-A synthase ... Ghosal SP, Mukherjee AK, Mukherjee D, Ghosh AK (July 1988). "Diaphyseal dysplasia associated with anemia". J. Pediatr. 113 (1 ...
*  SF3B1
... mutations are found in 60%-80% of patients with refractory anemia with ring sideroblasts (RARS; which is a ...
*  HAMP
2003). "Inappropriate expression of hepcidin is associated with iron refractory anemia: implications for the anemia of chronic ... 2003). "Hepcidin, a putative mediator of anemia of inflammation, is a type II acute-phase protein". Blood. 101 (7): 2461-3. doi ... Roy CN, Andrews NC (2005). "Anemia of inflammation: the hepcidin link". Curr. Opin. Hematol. 12 (2): 107-11. doi:10.1097/ ... a key regulator of iron metabolism and mediator of anemia of inflammation". Blood. 102 (3): 783-8. doi:10.1182/blood-2003-03- ...
*  Orotic aciduria
Huguley CM, Bain JA, Rivers SL, Scoggins RB (Jun 1959). "Refractory megaloblastic anemia associated with excretion of orotic ... It causes a characteristic form of anemia and may be associated with mental and physical retardation. Orotic acid is an ... In addition to the characteristic excessive orotic acid in the urine, patients typically have megaloblastic anemia (UMP ... Orotic aciduria is associated with megaloblastic anemia due to decreased pyrimidine synthesis, which leads to decreased ...
*  CD7
... can be aberrantly expressed in refractory anaemia with excess blasts (RAEB) and may confer a worse prognosis. Also, a lack ...
*  Myelodysplastic syndrome
These conditions were lumped together with other diseases under the term "refractory anemia". The first description of " ... The term refractory neutropenia and refractory thrombocytopenia have sometimes been used to describe these cases. A diagnosis ... Other pre-existing bone marrow disorders like acquired aplastic anemia following immunosuppressive treatment and Fanconi anemia ... ringed sideroblasts when counted among red cell precursors for refractory anemia with ring sideroblasts) Megakaryocytic series ...
*  Zosuquidar
... inTreating Older Patients With Newly Diagnosed Acute Myeloid Leukemia or Refractory Anemia - Full Text View - ...
*  Management of thalassemia
"Effect of subcutaneous deferoxamine and oral vitamin C on iron excretion in congenital hypoplastic anemia and refractory anemia ... with β-thalassemia trait should be warned that their condition can be misdiagnosed for the common Iron deficiency anemia. They ...
*  GLRX5
Mutations in this gene are associated with autosomal recessive pyridoxine-refractory sideroblastic anemia. The GLRX5 gene ... as well as pyridoxine-refractory, autosomal recessive anemia (PRARSA). Cells with mutations in GLRX5 activity show deficiency ... Mutations in the GLRX5 gene have been associated with sideroblastic anemia, variant glycine encephalopathy (also known as non- ... Camaschella C (Oct 2008). "Recent advances in the understanding of inherited sideroblastic anaemia". British Journal of ...
*  Erythroid dysplasia
... may be caused by vitamin deficiency or chemotherapy, or it may be a sign of refractory anemia, which is a ...
*  Pearson syndrome
"A new syndrome of refractory sideroblastic anemia with vacuolization of marrow precursors and exocrine pancreatic dysfunction ... The syndrome also leads to anemia, low platelet count, and aplastic anemia It may be confused with transient erythroblastopenia ... Pearson Syndrome is a very rare mitochondrial disorder that is characterized by health conditions such as sideroblastic anemia ... The symptoms of Pearson Syndrome are mitochondrial cytopathy with anemia, neutropenia, and thrombocytopenia. Pearson, Howard A ...
*  Auer rod
They are also used to distinguish the pre-leukemia myelodysplastic syndromes: refractory anemia with excess blasts 2 (which has ...
*  Evans syndrome
15 May 2003). "Rituximab for the treatment of refractory autoimmune hemolytic anemia in children". Blood. 101 (10): 3857-61. ... Autoimmune hemolytic anemia is a condition in which the red blood cells that normally carry oxygen and carbon dioxide are ... Liu H, Shao Z, Jing L (2001). "[The effectiveness of cyclosporin A in the treatment of autoimmune hemolytic anemia and Evans ... The diagnosis is made upon blood tests to confirm not only hemolytic anemia and immune thrombocytopenic purpura, but also a ...
*  Sideroblastic anemia
Three forms exist and include refractory anemia with ringed sideroblasts (RARS), refractory anemia with ringed sideroblasts and ... Sideroblastic anemia or sideroachrestic anemia is a form of anemia in which the bone marrow produces ringed sideroblasts rather ... Congenital sideroblastic anemia X-linked sideroblastic anemia: This is the most common congenital cause of sideroblastic anemia ... congenital sideroblastic anemia, acquired clonal sideroblastic anemia, and acquired reversible sideroblastic anemia. All cases ...
*  Ra (disambiguation)
... systemic inflammatory disorder that attacks synovial joints Refractory anemia, an expression of myelodysplasia .ra, the file ...
*  ETV6
... cancers as well as non-malignant diseases such as refractory anemia myopathies, and gastroesophageal reflux disease. Two ... have shown significant promise in treating relapsed and refractory acute myelogenous leukemia related to the FLT3-TKI fusion ...
*  List of diseases (R)
... papillomatosis Reductional transverse limb defects Reflex sympathetic dystrophy syndrome Reflux esophagitis Refractory anemia ... deafness Retinoblastoma Retinohepatoendocrinologic syndrome Retinopathy anemia CNS anomalies Retinopathy aplastic anemia ...
*  MN1 (gene)
... positive cells from bone marrow of patients with myelodysplastic syndromes with the highest expression in refractory anemia ...
*  Cepharanthine
... refractory anemia and various cancer-related conditions. No safety issues have been observed with CEP, and side effects are ...
*  Rituximab
Other autoimmune diseases that have been treated with rituximab include autoimmune hemolytic anemia, pure red cell aplasia, ... April 2005). "Rituximab chimeric anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody treatment for adult refractory idiopathic thrombocytopenic ... Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia, and Evans Syndrome" (PDF). Mayo Clinic Proceedings. 78: 1340-1346. doi:10.4065/78.11.1340. PMID ... chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy and autoimmune anemias. The most dangerous, although among the most rare, ...
*  International Classification of Diseases for Oncology
... leukemia or Refractory anemia M9982/3 Refractory anemia with ringed sideroblasts with sideroblasts M9983/3 Refractory anemia ... with excess blasts RAEB RAEB I RAEB II M9985/3 Refractory cytopenia with multilineage dysplasia M9986/3 Myelodysplastic ...