###### Quantitative trait locus

**Analysis**of

**variance**[edit]. The simplest method for QTL mapping is

**analysis**of

**variance**(ANOVA, sometimes called "marker ... The method makes use of a genetic map of the typed markers, and, like

**analysis**of

**variance**, assumes the presence of a single ... Lander and Botstein developed interval mapping, which overcomes the three disadvantages of

**analysis**of

**variance**at marker loci. ... INTERSNP - a software for genome-wide interaction

**analysis**(GWIA) of case-control SNP data and

**analysis**of quantitative traits ...

**Analysis** of **variance**

His first application of the

**analysis**of**variance**was published in 1921.[10]**Analysis**of**variance**became widely known after ... Textbook**analysis**using a normal distribution[edit]. The**analysis**of**variance**can be presented in terms of a linear model, ...**variance**within treatments. {\displaystyle F={\frac {\text{**variance**between treatments}}{\text{**variance**within treatments}}}}. ... Associated**analysis**[edit]. Some**analysis**is required in support of the design of the experiment while other**analysis**is ...###### Talk:Race and intelligence/Archive 19

14 Example of 0% genetic

**variance**argument. *15 Comparative genetic**analysis**from Volkmar Weiss ... Comparative genetic**analysis**from Volkmar Weiss. "Race and the two most important IQ genes NQO2 and DCDC2" (Dec 21, 2005). ( ... Example of 0% genetic**variance**argument. Regarding our earlier discussion of culture only vs predominantly environmental, I ... historical**analysis**of the race is biologically meaningless concept is correct. --Rikurzhen 23:02, 22 January 2006 (UTC). The ...###### Новый Палгрейв: словарь по экономике - Википедия

**variance**,

**analysis**of. *

**variance**decomposition. *varying coefficient models. *Veblen goods. *Веблен, Торстейн Бунде ...

###### Student's t-test

One-way

**analysis**of**variance**(ANOVA) generalizes the two-sample t-test when the data belong to more than two groups. ... where sx2 is the sample**variance**. Independent two-sample t-test[edit]. Equal sample sizes, equal**variance**[edit]. Given two ... Unequal**variances**[edit]. If the approach for unequal**variances**(discussed above) is followed, the results are ... Equal**variances**[edit]. If the approach for equal**variances**(discussed above) is followed, the results are ...###### Gauss-Markov theorem

Decomposition of

**variance**. ***Analysis**of**variance**. ***Analysis**of covariance. *Multivariate AOV. Model exploration. *Stepwise ... They are homoscedastic, that is all have the same finite**variance**: Var. . (. ε. i. ). =. σ. 2. ,. ∞. {\displaystyle \ ... best in the sense that it has minimum**variance**). To see this, let ℓ. t. β. ~. {\displaystyle \ell ^{t}{\tilde {\beta }}}. ... Minimum-**variance**unbiased estimator (MVUE). References[edit]. *^ See chapter 7 of Johnson, R.A.; Wichern, D.W. (2002). Applied ...###### List of acronyms: A

ANOVA - (p)

**ANalysis**Of**VAriance**. *ANS - (i) Applied and Natural Sciences. *ANSI - (a) American National Standards Institute ... AFS&A or AFSA - (i) U.S. Air Force Studies and**Analysis**... AMSAA - (i/a) U.S. Army Materiel Systems**Analysis**Activity. * ...###### Every Open Eye

Jones, Alan (2 October 2015). "Official Charts

**Analysis**: Disclosure's Caracal takes No.1 album slot with 26,789 sales". Music ... "The 50 Best Albums of 2015".**Variance**. 4 December 2015. Retrieved 8 December 2015. ...###### Nothing's Real

Jones, Alan (15 July 2016). "Official Charts

**Analysis**: Biffy Clyro in at No. 1 with Ellipsis". Music Week. Retrieved 29 ... "50 Best Albums of 2016".**Variance**. 7 December 2016. Retrieved 1 February 2018. ...###### John Tukey

Hoaglin, David C; Frederick Mosteller & John W Tukey (eds) (1991). Fundamentals of exploratory

**analysis**of**variance**. Wiley. ... Jones, Lyle V (ed) (1985). Volume III: Philosophy and principles of data**analysis**, 1949-1964. Wadsworth & Brooks/Cole. ISBN 0- ... Jones, Lyle V (ed) (1986). Volume IV: Philosophy and principles of data**analysis**, 1965-1986. Wadsworth & Brooks/Cole. ISBN 0- ... Mosteller, Frederick; John W Tukey (1977). Data**analysis**and regression : a second course in statistics. Addison-Wesley. ISBN 0 ...###### Propagation of uncertainty

so that an alternative expression for the

**variance**of f is σ. f. 2. =. ∑. i. n. a. i. 2. σ. i. 2. +. ∑. i. n. ∑. j. (. j. ≠. i ... "Data**Analysis**Toolkit #5: Uncertainty**Analysis**and Error Propagation" (PDF). Berkeley Seismology Laboratory. University of ...**Variance**. Standard Deviation f. =. a. A. {\displaystyle f=aA\,}. σ. f. 2. =. a. 2. σ. A. 2. {\displaystyle \sigma _{f}^{2}=a^{2 ... In both cases, the**variance**is a simple function of the mean.[9] Therefore, the**variance**has to be considered in a principal ...###### Standard cost accounting

**Variance**analysisEdit. An important part of standard cost accounting is a

**variance**

**analysis**, which breaks down the variation ...

###### Degrees of freedom (statistics)

In

**analysis**of**variance**(ANOVA)Edit. In statistical testing problems, one usually isn't interested in the component vectors ... The term is most often used in the context of linear models (linear regression,**analysis**of**variance**), where certain random ... The three-population example above is an example of one-way**Analysis**of**Variance**. The model, or treatment, sum-of-squares is ... including linear regression and**analysis**of**variance**. An explicit example based on comparison of three means is presented here ...###### 方差分析 - 维基百科，自由的百科全书

... fixed-effect

**analysis**of**variance**）、隨機效應變異數分析（random-effect**analysis**of**variance**）與混合效應變異數分析（Mixed-effect analaysis of**variance**）， ... 變異數分析或變方分析（**Analysis**of**variance**，簡稱ANOVA）為資料分析中常見的統計模型，主要為探討連續型（Continuous）資料型態之因变量（Dependent variable）與類別型資料型態之自变量（Independent ... Some Theorems on Quadratic Forms Applied in the Study of**Analysis**of**Variance**Problems, II###### Covariance and contravariance (computer science)

First, the

**analysis**is nonlocal since the**variance**of an interface I. depends on the**variance**of all interfaces that I. ... Declaration-site**variance**annotations[edit]. The most popular languages with declaration-site**variance**annotations are C# and ... Use-site**variance**means the desired**variance**is indicated with an annotation at the specific site in the code where the type ... While use-site**variance**means that API designers need not consider**variance**of type parameters to interfaces, they must often ...###### Scheffé's method

It is particularly useful in

**analysis**of**variance**(a special case of regression**analysis**), and in constructing simultaneous ... Scheffé, H. (1999) [1959]. The**Analysis**of**Variance**. New York: Wiley. ISBN 0-471-34505-9. Scheffé's method This article ... Draper and Smith, in their 'Applied Regression**Analysis**' (see references), indicate that 'r' should be in the equation in place ... ISBN 0-8058-3718-3. Milliken, George A.; Johnson, Dallas E. (1993).**Analysis**of Messy Data. CRC Press. pp. 35-36. ISBN 0-412- ...###### Statistics education

**Analysis**of

**Variance**(Anova); Statistical Process Control; Acceptance Sampling. The Centre for Innovation in Mathematics ... Such courses require a good course in real

**analysis**, covering the proofs of the theory of calculus and topics like the uniform ... This involves thinking about the nature and quality of the data and, where the data came from, choosing appropriate

**analyses**... At the same time, statistics is concerned with evidence-based reasoning, particularly with the

**analysis**of data. Therefore, ...

###### Linear least squares

Decomposition of

**variance**. ***Analysis**of**variance**. ***Analysis**of covariance. *Multivariate AOV. Model exploration. *Stepwise ... parameter, so we can still perform the same**analysis**, constructing a system of equations from the data points: 6. =. β. 1. (. 1 ... It is also efficient under the assumption that the errors have finite**variance**and are homoscedastic, meaning that E[εi2,xi] ... are uncorrelated, have a mean of zero and a constant**variance**, σ. {\displaystyle \sigma }. , the Gauss-Markov theorem states ...###### Binary prefix

Real, P. (September 1959). "A generalized

**analysis**of**variance**program utilizing binary logic". ACM '59: Preprints of papers ... IBM antitrust litigation (Jan 1969) Archived May 7, 2008, at the Wayback Machine., especially IBM**analyses**of Memorex and other ... "A Third Survey of Domestic Electronic Digital Computing Systems: Chapter III**Analysis**and Trends". Ballistic Research ...###### S (programming language)

Wilkinsons, G.N.; Rogers, C.E. (1973). "Symbolic description of factorial models for

**analysis**of**variance**". Applied Statistics ... Becker, R.A.; Chambers, J.M.; Wilks, A.R. (1988). The New S Language: A Programming Environment for Data**Analysis**and Graphics ... Becker, R.A.; Chambers, J.M. (1984). S: An Interactive Environment for Data**Analysis**and Graphics. Pacific Grove, CA, USA: ... An Interactive Environment for Data**Analysis**and Graphics[3] (1984 Brown Book) and Extending the S System.[4] Also, in 1984 the ...###### Generalized randomized block design

"12 Multivariate

**analysis**of**variance**". Multivariate**analysis**. Academic Press. ISBN 0-12-471250-9. CS1 maint: discouraged ... With replicates, interaction can be tested with the multivariate**analysis**of**variance**and coefficients in the linear model can ... test for the block-treatment interaction in the**analysis**of**variance**(anova) of the RCBD. The distinction between RCBDs and ... "6.6 Two-way multivariate**analysis**of**variance**", p. 307-317) Mardia, Kent & Bibby (1979, p. 352, "Tests for interactions", in ...###### Resampling (statistics)

The

**analysis**of**variance**test". Biometrika. 29 (3-4): 322-335. doi:10.1093/biomet/29.3-4.322. Modern references: Collingridge, ... However, the bootstrap**variance**estimator is not as good as the jackknife or the balanced repeated replication (BRR)**variance**... In the case of a unimodal variate the ratio of the jackknife**variance**to the sample**variance**tends to be distributed as one ... Instead of using the jackknife to estimate the**variance**, it may instead be applied to the log of the**variance**. This ...###### Explained variation

Explained

**variance**' explains nothing."[page needed]**Analysis**of**variance****Variance**reduction**Variance**-based sensitivity**analysis**... Explained**variance**is routinely used in principal component**analysis**. The relation to the Fraser-Kent information gain remains ... ISBN 0-8039-1915-8. Achen, C. H. (1990). "'What Does "Explained**Variance**" Explain?: Reply". Political**Analysis**. 2 (1): 173-184 ... Often, variation is quantified as**variance**; then, the more specific term explained**variance**can be used. The complementary part ...###### Balanced repeated replication

Estimate the

**variance**of the statistic on the basis of differences between the full-sample and half-sample values. Consider ... Rao, J. N. K. and C. F. J. Wu (1985). Inference from stratified samples: Second-order**analysis**of three methods for nonlinear ... BRR is the case k = 0.) The**variance**estimate is then V/(1 − k)2, where V is the estimate given by the BRR formula above. ... n is the number of half-samples.) Then our estimate for the sampling**variance**of the statistic is the average of (ai − a)2. ...###### E. J. G. Pitman

The

**analysis**of**variance**test. Biometrika 29, (1938), 322-335. The estimation of the location and scale parameters of a ...###### Linear least squares

It is also useful in situations where the dependent variable has a wide range without constant

**variance**, as here the larger ... Acton, F. S. (1959).**Analysis**of Straight-Line Data. New York: Wiley. Guest, P. G. (1961). Numerical Methods of Curve Fitting. ... When unit weights are used, the numbers should be divided by the**variance**of an observation. For WLS, the ordinary objective ... If the experimental errors, ϵ {\displaystyle \epsilon \,} , are uncorrelated, have a mean of zero and a constant**variance**, σ {\ ...###### James H. Bray

1985). Multivariate

**Analysis**of**Variance**. SAGE Publications. ISBN 9780803923102. "James H Bray, Ph.D." Baylor College of ...###### Epistasis

Regression

**analysis**[edit]. Quantitative genetics focuses on genetic**variance**due to genetic interactions. Any two locus ... INTERSNP - a software for genome-wide interaction**analysis**(GWIA) of case-control and case-only SNP data, including**analysis**of ... Statistical coupling**analysis**[edit]. This section is empty. You can help by adding to it. (May 2014) ... Szendro IG, Martijn F S, Franke J, Krug J, de Visser J, Arjan GM (16 January 2013). "Quantitative**analyses**of empirical fitness ...###### Hakan Hedenmalm

Journal of Functional

**Analysis**267 (2014), 4667-4731. Bloch functions and asymptotic tail**variance**. Advances in Mathematics 313 ... Bloch functions, asymptotic**variance**, and geometric zero packing. American Journal of Mathematics, to appear. "Håkan Hedenmalm ...###### Hindu nationalism

Stone, Linda (1988), Illness Beliefs and Feeding the Dead in Hindu Nepal: An Ethnographic

**Analysis**, E. Mellen, ISBN ... In the same speech, he also gave a comprehensive perspective of Hinduism, which is at**variance**with the geocentric view ...###### Neurometrics

Robert Thatcher filed a 510(k) with the FDA on his Neuroguide

**Analysis**System[7] in 2004. The Thatcher filing was then followed ... the software also allows clinicians to measure the subject's**variance**from normal. This technique promises to allow clinicians ... This computer**analysis**makes it possible to detect and quantify abnormal brain organization, to give a quantitative definition ... Neurometric**analysis**is able to detect consistent patterns of abnormalities in patients with subtle cognitive dysfunctions and ...###### Medicaid

Beyond the

**variance**in eligibility and coverage between states, there is a large**variance**in the reimbursements Medicaid offers ... "State Medicaid Expansions and Mortality, Revisited: A Cost-Benefit**Analysis**" (PDF). American Journal of Health Economics. 3 (3 ...###### Level of measurement

Partition of

**variance**. ***Analysis**of**variance**(ANOVA, anova). ***Analysis**of covariance. *Multivariate ANOVA ... This ensures that subsequent user errors cannot inadvertently perform meaningless**analyses**(for example correlation**analysis**... Mosteller, Frederick (1977). Data**analysis**and regression : a second course in statistics. Reading, Mass: Addison-Wesley Pub. ... Cliff, N. (1996). Ordinal Methods for Behavioral Data**Analysis**. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum. ISBN 0-8058-1333-0 ...###### Collins-class submarine replacement project

a b c Kerr,

**Analysis**: European yards face Soryu-shaped hurdle to replacing Collins class ... requiring the submarines to handle significant**variances**in temperature, salinity, density, and climate. Australian submarines ... "**Analysis**: European yards face Soryu-shaped hurdle to replacing Collins class". IHS Jane's Navy International. Retrieved 3 ...###### Mann-Whitney U test

Kruskal-Wallis one-way

**analysis**of**variance**. Notes[edit]. *^ a b Mann, Henry B.; Whitney, Donald R. (1947). "On a Test of ... Rank transformations do not preserve**variances**, but**variances**are recomputed from samples after rank transformations. ... The Brown-Forsythe test has been suggested as an appropriate non-parametric equivalent to the F-test for equal**variances**.[ ... If the two distributions are normal with the same mean but different**variances**, then Pr[ X,Y]=Pr[Y,X] but the size of the Mann- ...###### Holocene extinction

Scientists that are employing a

**variance**of archaeological and paleoecological data argue that the processes contributing to ... "Landmark**analysis**documents the alarming global decline of nature". Science. AAAS. Retrieved 26 August 2020. Driving these ...###### Species distribution

Banerjee, B. (1976).

**Variance**to mean ratio and the spatial distribution of animals. Birkhäuser Basel. pp. 993-994.. ... In this**analysis**, it is imperative that data from at least 50 sample plots is considered. The number of individuals present in ... If the**variance**/mean ratio is equal to 1, the population is found to be randomly distributed. If it is significantly greater ... The**Variance**/Mean ratio method focuses mainly on determining whether a species fits a randomly spaced distribution, but can ...###### Inbreeding

Griffiths AJ, Miller JH, Suzuki DT, Lewontin RC, Gelbart WM (1999). An introduction to genetic

**analysis**. New York: W. H. ... Researchers found far greater genetic heterozygosity than expected.[36] In fact, predators are known for low genetic**variance**, ... Historical**analysis**indicated that a population expansion from just two matrilineal lines was responsible for most of the ... Freeman S, Herran JC (2007). "Aging and other life history characters". Evolutionary**Analysis**(4th ed.). Pearson Education, Inc ...###### Brown-cheeked fulvetta

A principal component

**analysis**of the nest site variables showed nest height, concealment, plant height and canopy cover as the ... major parameters in nest site selection, explaining 73% cumulative**variance**. Of these the crucial deciding factors were plant ... height and canopy cover when the nest sites were compared with the random sites (discriminant function**analysis**). ...###### History of the periodic table

It provided for

**variance**from atomic weight order.. Lothar Meyer[edit]. Unknown to Mendeleev, a German chemist, Lothar Meyer, ... The importance of Newlands'**analysis**was eventually recognised by the Chemistry Society with a Gold Medal five years after they ... to express our idea of the last point which**analysis**is capable of reaching, we must admit, as elements, all substances into ...###### Invasive species

... the individuals begin to show additive

**variance**as opposed to epistatic**variance**. This conversion can actually lead to ... For example, L. leucozonium, shown by population genetic**analysis**to be an invasive species in North America,[77] has become an ... increased**variance**in the founding populations which then allows for rapid adaptive evolution.[35] Following invasion events, ...###### 方差分析 - 维基百科，自由的百科全书

... fixed-effect

**analysis**of**variance**）、隨機效應變異數分析（random-effect**analysis**of**variance**）與混合效應變異數分析（Mixed-effect analaysis of**variance**）， ... 變異數分析或變方分析（**Analysis**of**variance**，簡稱ANOVA）為資料分析中常見的統計模型，主要為探討連續型（Continuous）資料型態之因变量（Dependent variable）與類別型資料型態之自变量（Independent ... Some Theorems on Quadratic Forms Applied in the Study of**Analysis**of**Variance**Problems, I###### Negentropy

Ruye Wang, Independent Component

**Analysis**, node4: Measures of Non-Gaussianity *^ P. Comon, Independent Component**Analysis**- a ... is the differential entropy of the Gaussian density with the same mean and**variance**as p. x. {\displaystyle p_{x}}. and S. (. p ... It is related to network entropy, which is used in independent component**analysis**.[9][10] ... Aapo Hyvärinen and Erkki Oja, Independent Component**Analysis**: A Tutorial, node14: Negentropy, Helsinki University of Technology ...###### Climatology

Climate

**Analysis**Section. Archived 2006-06-22 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved on June 7, 2007. ... It explains 23% of the average winter (December-March)**variance**, and it is dominated by the NAO structure in the Atlantic. ... fostered the use of statistical**analysis**in climatology, which led to its evolution into a physical science. ...###### Single particle **analysis**

"Dynamics in cryo EM reconstructions visualized with maximum-likelihood derived

**variance**maps". Journal of Structural Biology. ... Single particle**analysis**can be done on both negatively stained and vitreous ice-embedded cryo-EM samples. Single particle ... Single particle**analysis**is a group of related computerized image processing techniques used to analyze images from ... This is normally carried out using one of several data**analysis**and image classification algorithms, such as multi-variate ...###### White-tailed eagle

Ladygin, A. (1991). Morpho-ecological adaptations in Stellers sea and White-tailed sea eagles, a comparative

**analysis**. Current ... however because of political**variances**, despite widespread monitoring, not at all areas are strictly protected.[240][241] ... Phylogenetic**analyses**suggested that the Hawaiian eagle represents a distinct (,3% divergent) mtDNA lineage that is most ... an**analysis**of breeding distribution, ringing data and DNA microsatellites. European Journal of Wildlife Research, 53(3), 195- ...###### Pekali Gini Bahasa Melayu, ensiklopedia bebas

Deaton, Angus (1997).

**Analysis**of Household Surveys. Baltimore MD: Johns Hopkins University Press. ISBN 0585237875.. ... Yitzhaki, S. (1991). "Calculating Jackknife**Variance**Estimators for Parameters of the Gini Method". Journal of Business and ... Users of the R data**analysis**software can install the "ineq" package which allows for computation of a variety of inequality ... Karagiannis, E. and Kovacevic, M. (2000). "A Method to Calculate the Jackknife**Variance**Estimator for the Gini Coefficient". ...###### Isotonic regression

Partition of

**variance**. ***Analysis**of**variance**(ANOVA, anova). ***Analysis**of covariance. *Multivariate ANOVA ... In terms of numerical**analysis**, isotonic regression involves finding a weighted least-squares fit x. ∈. R. n. {\displaystyle x\ ...###### 隱馬爾可夫模型 - 維基百科，自由的百

Constant elasticity of

**variance**(CEV)（英語：Constant elasticity of**variance**model） ... Biological Sequence**Analysis**: Probabilistic Models of Proteins and Nucleic Acids. Cambridge University Press, 1999. ISBN ...###### Lesbian

... community flag introduced in social media in 2018, with the dark orange stripe representing gender

**variance**.[24][25] ... Esterberg, Kristen (September, 1994). "From Accommodation to Liberation: A Social Movement**Analysis**of Lesbians in the ...###### Authentic leadership

There is empirical support for this position, as studies have shown that authentic leadership can explain

**variance**in ... The mediating role of trust at the group level of**analysis**. Journal of Leadership and Organizational Studies, 15, 227-240. ... including**variances**of either dimension) in order to understand unusual or unique responses of followers.[40] A short time ...###### Biodiesel

Their

**analysis**of the used grounds showed a 10% to 15% oil content (by weight). Once the oil was extracted, it underwent ... Their conclusions also showed great**variance**in carbon emissions of biodiesel based on the feedstock used. Of soy, tallow, ... McCarthy, P. P.; Rasul, M. G.; Moazzem, S. S. (2011). "**Analysis**and comparison of performance and emissions of an internal ... According to the EPA's Renewable Fuel Standards Program Regulatory Impact**Analysis**, released in February 2010, biodiesel from ...###### Anxiety

"Existential

**Analysis**. 22 (2): 356-67. ISSN 1752-5616. Archived from the original on August 19, 2014.. ... of**variance**in panic disorder and 28% in generalized anxiety disorder.[55] Although single genes are neither necessary nor ... 2016). "The prevalence of neuropsychiatric symptoms in Alzheimer's disease: Systematic review and meta-**analysis**". J Affect ... A meta-**analysis**showed that a high level of neuroticism is a risk factor for development of anxiety symptoms and disorders.[40] ...###### Phineas Gage: Difference between revisions

**Analysis**of sources. Macmillan compares differing accounts of Gage's life to draw his conclusions.[8]:C[1]:esp.116-19,ch13-14 ... 339 is somewhat at

**variance**with Gage's stagecoach work in Chile, which demanded that drivers "be reliable, resourceful, and ... Macmillan carries out a comprehensive

**analysis**[citation needed] of accounts of Gage (scientific and popular), finding that they ...

###### Food chemistry

**Analysis**of

**variance**(ANOVA). *Regression

**analysis**. *ROC curve. *Student's t-test. *Z-test ... It is mainly for sensory

**analysis**purposes. It can be used to simulate the natural colour of a product as perceived by the ... Flavour in food is important in how food smells and tastes to the consumer, especially in sensory

**analysis**. Some of these ...

###### Probability distribution

Partition of

**variance**. ***Analysis**of**variance**(ANOVA, anova). ***Analysis**of covariance. *Multivariate ANOVA ...**Variance**: the second moment of the pmf or pdf about the mean; an important measure of the dispersion of the distribution. ... For generalized functions in mathematical**analysis**, see Distribution (mathematics). For continuous variation in biology, see ... Standard deviation: the square root of the**variance**, and hence another measure of dispersion. ...###### Sara Josephine Baker

**Analysis**of

**variance**(ANOVA). *Regression

**analysis**. *ROC curve. *Student's t-test. *Z-test ...