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*  Major intrinsic proteins
These proteins may allow the diffusion of water, amino acids and/or peptides from the tonoplast interior to the cytoplasm. ... a glycerol uptake/efflux facilitator protein. Drosophila neurogenic protein 'big brain' (bib). This protein may mediate ... Aquaporins Integral membrane protein Transporter Classification Database Protein Superfamily Protein family Fu D, Libson A, ... The third subfamily, with little conserved amino acid sequences around the NPA boxes, include 'superaquaporins' (S-aquaporins ...
*  Small intestine
Proteins are degraded into small peptides and amino acids before absorption. Chemical breakdown begins in the stomach and ... splits one amino acid at a time. Aminopeptidase and dipeptidase free the end amino acid products. Lipids (fats) are degraded ... The corresponding specific proteins are expressed in glandular cells of the mucosa, such as fatty acid binding protein FABP6. ... Products of digestion (sugars, amino acids, and fatty acids) are absorbed into the bloodstream here. The suspensory muscle of ...
*  Endoplasm
... and is responsible for translating genetic codes from mRNA into proteins by creating strings of amino acids called peptides. ... The endoplasm, along with its granules, contains water, nucleic acids amino acids, carbohydrates, inorganic ions, lipids, ... Protein synthesis begins at the ribosome, both free ones and those bound to the rough endoplasmic reticulum. Each ribosome is ... Proteins are usually not ready for their final target after leaving the ribosome. Ribosomes attached to endoplasmic reticulum ...
*  Protein structure
By convention, a chain under 30 amino acids is often identified as a peptide, rather than a protein. To be able to perform ... For example, insulin is composed of 51 amino acids in 2 chains. One chain has 31 amino acids, and the other has 20 amino acids ... A single amino acid monomer may also be called a residue indicating a repeating unit of a polymer. Proteins form by amino acids ... The sequence of amino acids in insulin was discovered by Frederick Sanger, establishing that proteins have defining amino acid ...
*  Oligopeptidase
... usually from 8-13 amino acid residues), and do not hydrolyze proteins or large peptides (>30 amino acid residues), they were ... The resulting protein fragments of various sizes are either readily degraded into free amino acids, or captured by ... They are continuously being degraded into their constituent amino acids which can be reused in the synthesis of new proteins. ... converting them into bioactive peptides, such as the MHC-Class I peptides. Since the discovery of the neuropeptides and peptide ...
*  Pseudo K-tuple nucleotide composition
To avoid completely losing the sequence-order information for protein and peptide sequences, the pseudo amino acid composition ... Chou, Kuo-Chen (2001). "Prediction of protein cellular attributes using pseudo-amino acid composition". Proteins: Structure, ... The Pseudo K-tuple nucleotide composition or PseKNC, was extended from Chou's Pseudo amino acid composition or PseAAC . Both ... but the former represents protein or peptide sequences while the latter represents DNA or RNA sequences. ...
*  FDC-SP
... is an 68-amino acid protein containing a signal peptide at its N terminus, which is used for directing the transport of ... Adjacent to the signal peptide, the protein contains a highly charged N-terminal sequence. The C-terminal half of FDC-SP is ... FDC-SP or follicular dendritic cell-secreted protein, is a small, secreted protein, located on chromosome 4 in humans. It is ... including molecular mass and amino acid composition. The FDC-SP gene is also located next to a group of proline-rich salivary ...
*  Non-proteinogenic amino acids
Koyack, M. J.; Cheng, R. P. (2006). "Design and Synthesis of β-Peptides With Biological Activity". Protein Design. 340. pp. 95- ... There are various groups of amino acids: 20 standard amino acids 22 proteinogenic amino acids over 80 amino acids created ... ic acid.) Most natural amino acids are α-amino acids in the L conformation, but some exceptions exist. Some non-α amino acids ... a β-amino acid. Taurine is an amino sulfonic acid and not an amino acid, however it is occasionally considered as such as the ...
*  Heart-type fatty acid binding protein
... amino acids 574-592) of HIV-1 gp41 downregulates the expression of fatty acid binding protein 3 (FABP3) in peptide-treated ... HADHB encodes a 51.2 kDa protein that is composed of 133 amino acids; 124 peptides have been observed through mass spectrometry ... "Characterization and amino acid sequence of a fatty acid-binding protein from human heart". The Biochemical Journal. 252 (1): ... "Revision of the amino acid sequence of human heart fatty acid-binding protein". Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry. 98 (1-2): ...
*  Aminopeptidase
... s are enzymes that catalyze the cleavage of amino acids from the amino terminus (N-terminus) of proteins or ... peptides. They are widely distributed throughout the animal and plant kingdoms and are found in many subcellular organelles, in ... Amino acid sequences determined directly or deduced from cDNAs indicate some amino acid sequence homologies in organisms as ... It helps the enzymatic digestion of proteins. Additional digestive enzymes produced by these glands include dipeptidases, ...
*  List of MeSH codes (D12)
... amino acids List of MeSH codes (D12.644) - peptides List of MeSH codes (D12.776) - proteins. ...
*  Miso
... while proteolytic enzymes such as protease catalyze the breakdown of proteins into smaller peptides or amino acids. These both ... High in protein and rich in vitamins and minerals, miso played an important nutritional role in feudal Japan. Miso is still ... savory, high-protein seasoning ([Second edition]. ed.). Berkeley: Ten speed press. pp. 232-237. ISBN 1580083366. Shurtleff, ... William; Aoyagi, Akiko (2001). The book of miso: savory, high-protein seasoning. Soyinfo Center. p. 48. ISBN 1-58008-336-6. " ...
*  Force field (chemistry)
ECEPP was developed specifically for modeling of peptides and proteins. It uses fixed geometries of amino acid residues to ... Ab Initio Charge Parameters to Aid in the Discovery and Design of Therapeutic Proteins and Peptides with Unnatural Amino Acids ... Forcefield_NCAA - An AMBER-based forcefield and webtool for modeling common non-natural amino acids in proteins in condensed- ... An AMBER-based forcefield and webtool for modeling common post-translational modifications of amino acids in proteins developed ...
*  Circular permutation in proteins
... permutation is a relationship between proteins whereby the proteins have a changed order of amino acids in their peptide ... After determining the peptide sequence of the lectin protein favin, they noticed its similarity to a known protein - ... Regardless of which protein comes first, this fusion protein may show similar function. Thus, if a fusion between two proteins ... Find insertion sites for other proteins. Inserting one protein as a domain into another protein can be useful. For instance, ...
*  Kininogen 1
... protein (644 amino acids) HMWK protein → bradykinin peptide (9 amino acids) HMWK is essential for blood coagulation and ... KNG1 gene → low-molecular-weight kininogen (LMWK) protein (contains 427 amino acids) or high-molecular-weight kininogen (HMWK) ... The amino acid sequence of the entire heavy chain and evidence for its evolution by gene triplication". European Journal of ... Lottspeich F, Kellermann J, Henschen A, Foertsch B, Müller-Esterl W (Oct 1985). "The amino acid sequence of the light chain of ...
*  Lipoxin
... proteins), a 42-amino acid peptide form Amyloid beta termed Aβ42, Humanin, and a cleaved soluble fragment (amino acids 274-388 ... Lipoxins are derived enzymatically from arachidonic acid, an ω-6 fatty acid. Structurally, they are defined as arachidonic acid ... which are metabolites of the omega 3 fatty acids, eicosapentaenoic acid or docosahexaenoic acid, as well as a range of ... CysLT1 and ATX/FPR2 have an amino acid sequence identity of 47%.) The ability of these LXs to block the actions of the three ...
*  Helicoverpa zea
The pheromonostatic peptide (PSP), a protein 57 amino acids long found in the male accessory gland, is what causes depletion of ... Pheromone biosynthesis-activating neuropeptide (PBAN) is a peptide that regulates pheromone production in moths. It acts on the ... "A Bacillus thuringiensis insecticidal crystal protein with a high activity against members of the family Noctuidae." Applied ... "Identification of a G protein-coupled receptor for pheromone biosynthesis activating neuropeptide from pheromone glands of the ...
*  ACAA2
The ACAA2 gene encodes a 41.9 kDa protein that is composed of 397 amino acids and contains 88 observed peptides. The encoded ... Unlike most mitochondrial matrix proteins, it contains a non-cleavable amino-terminal targeting signal. ACAA2 has been shown to ... protein catalyzes the last step of the mitochondrial fatty acid beta oxidation spiral. ... "3-ketoacyl-CoA thiolase, mitochondrial". Cardiac Organellar Protein Atlas Knowledgebase (COPaKB). Cao W, Liu N, Tang S, Bao L, ...
*  Affinity chromatography
Amino Acid - Used with a variety of serum proteins, proteins, peptides, and enzymes, as well as rRNA and dsDNA. Avidin Biotin ... Nucleic Acid - Functions to trap mRNA, DNA, rRNA, and other nucleic acids/oligonucleotides. Protein A/G - This method is used ... Proteins with a known affinity are protein tagged in order to aid their purification. The protein may have been genetically ... zinc or gallium for the purification of phosphorylated proteins or peptides. Many naturally occurring proteins do not have an ...
*  Brigitte Askonas
... researching the biosynthesis of polypeptides in milk proteins discovering that the peptides were synthesised from amino acids ... Askonasi, Brigitte A. (1 April 1990). "From Protein Synthesis to Antibody formation and Cellular Immunity: A Personal View". ... Askonas, B.A.; Rhodes, J.M. (1965). "Immunogenicity of Antigen-Containing Ribonucleic Acid Preparations from Macrophages". ...
*  C6orf58
Analysis of the mutated protein sequence for a signal peptide shows cleavability at the regular amino acid 20 is lost. DUF781's ... DUF781 is the singular domain of the protein and spans 318 of the protein's 330 amino acids. DUF781 has been linked to liver ... Observed post-translational modifications include N-linked glycosylation at amino acid 69. A signal peptide, which is predicted ... to direct the protein to the endoplasmic reticulum for secretion, is cleaved from the first 20 amino acids of the peptide ...
*  Reactive nitrogen species
Peroxynitrite may also be able to change protein structure through the reaction with various amino acids in the peptide chain. ... The most common reaction with amino acids is cysteine oxidation. Another reaction is tyrosine nitration; however peroxynitrite ... amino acid residues, DNA bases, and low-molecular weight antioxidants. However, these reactions happen at a relatively slow ... Peroxynitrite can react directly with proteins that contain transition metal centers. Therefore, it can modify proteins such as ...
*  Isopeptag
... is a 16 amino acid peptide tag (TDKDMTITFTNKKDAE) that can be genetically linked to proteins without interfering with ... What makes the isopeptag different from other peptide tags is that it can bind its binding protein through a permanent and ... to target proteins of interest for cellular imaging, and to develop new protein structures. Zakeri, Bijan; Howarth, Mark (7 ... Other peptide tags generally bind their targets through weak non-covalent interactions, thus limiting their use in applications ...
*  MIPEP
It contains a mitonchondria targeting peptide (Amino acid 1-35 of the peptide sequence). The mature protein has a theoretical ... The human protein Mitochondrial intermediate peptidase is 80.6 kDa in size and composed of 713 amino acids. ... The gene MIPEP encodes one metalloprotease that hydrolyzes peptide fragment of eight amino acids in lengths to process ... leader peptides cleaved by two matrix proteases share a three-amino acid motif". Proceedings of the National Academy of ...
*  Silk amino acid
... silk proteins into smaller peptide chains, typically 18 to 19 amino acids in length. Silk amino acids have a lower molecular ... Silk is made up of two primary proteins; a fibrous protein known as fibroin, and a sticky protein known as sericin, with the ... Silk amino acid (SAAs) also known as Sericin is a natural water-soluble glycoprotein extracted from raw silk. It is used as an ... weight than silk protein powders and are moisturizing to skin and hair. Silk amino acids are used in formulating shampoos, ...
*  ImKTx88
... which misses the signal peptide of 22 amino acids, has a mass of 4,33 kDa and is constituted by 38 amino acids residues. The ... Although, its amino acid sequence is not very similar, the predicted folded protein was reasonably similar to most Kv channel ... Amino acid sequence: MSNFSVFLIA LLFCSVFILS EAQIYTSKEC NGSSECYSHC EGITGKRSGK CINKKCYCYR ImKTx88 binds at the pore of the ... ImKTx88 complete sequence has a mass of 6,763 kDa and is constituted by 60 amino acids. The mature toxin, ...