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*  Valine
1985). Amino Acids, Peptides and Proteins. Specialist Periodical Reports. 16. London: Royal Society of Chemistry. p. 389. ISBN ... "Protein and Amino Acids". Dietary Reference Intakes for Energy, Carbohydrates, Fiber, Fat, Fatty Acids, Cholesterol, Protein, ... Valine (abbreviated as Val or V) is an α-amino acid that is used in the biosynthesis of proteins. It contains an α-amino group ... like other branched-chain amino acids, is synthesized by plants, but not by animals. It is therefore an essential amino acid in ...
*  Streptomyces catenulae
ISBN 0-08-045382-1. CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link) Sheppard, [Ed.] R.C. (1982). Amino-acids, peptides, and proteins ... ISBN 0-412-46620-1. Barrett, edited by G.C. (1985). Chemistry and biochemistry of the amino acids. London: Chapman and Hall. ... 2-amini-3-butynoic acid and pepsinostreptin. Rousseau, Brigitte; Dostal, Larry; Rosazza, John P. N. (January 1997). " ...
*  Streptomyces filamentosus
Sheppard, [Ed.] R.C. (1982). Amino-acids, peptides, and proteins. London: Royal Society of Chemistry. ISBN 0-85186-114-8. CS1 ...
*  Streptomyces purpeofuscus
Amino-acids, peptides, and proteins. London: Chemical Society. ISBN 0-85186-034-6. Chan, Guo-Qiang Lin, Yue-Ming Li, Albert S.C ... Soloshonok, edited by Eusebio Juaristi, Vadim A. (2005). Enantioselective Synthesis of Beta-Amino Acids (2. ed.). Hoboken: John ... Lubell, edited by Susan Del Valle, Emanuel Escher, William D. (2009). Peptides for Youth. New York, NY: Springer New York. ISBN ...
*  Buserelin
208-. ISBN 978-3-642-37250-6. E Farkas; M Ryadnov (31 August 2013). Amino Acids, Peptide and Proteins. Royal Society of ... Buserelin is a peptide and an analogue of GnRH. Buserelin was first described in 1976 and was introduced for medical use in ... The plasma protein binding of buserelin is approximately 15%. The metabolism of buserelin occurs in the liver, kidneys, and ... K. Höffken (6 December 2012). Peptides in Oncology I: LH-RH Agonists and Antagonists. Springer Science & Business Media. pp. 77 ...
*  Xanthobacter agilis
doi:10.1016/1381-1177(96)00011-2. Davies, senior reporter, J.S. (1998). Amino acids, peptides and proteins. Vol. 29. Cambridge ...
*  Streptomyces cremeus
ISBN 0-412-46620-1. Sheppard, [Ed.] R.C. (1982). Amino-acids, peptides, and proteins. London: Royal Society of Chemistry. ISBN ...
*  Nepadutant
489-. ISBN 978-3-642-30726-3. Royal Society of Chemistry (Great Britain) (January 2003). Amino Acids, Peptides and Proteins. ...
*  Metkefamide
Met]Enkephalin Frakefamide J S Davies; Royal Soc of Chem (8 November 2000). Amino Acids, Peptides and Proteins. Royal Society ... Vincent H. L. Lee (1991). Peptide and Protein Drug Delivery. CRC Press. p. 90. ISBN 978-0-8247-7896-5. Retrieved 27 April 2012 ... enkephalin with the amino acid sequence Tyr-D-Ala-Gly-Phe-(N-Me)-Met-NH2. It behaves as a potent agonist of the δ- and μ-opioid ... As an example, while its parent peptide, [Met]enkephalin, has an in vivo half-life of merely seconds, metkefamide has a half- ...
*  Streptomyces avidinii
... peptides, and amino acids sourcebook. Totowa, N.J.: Humana Press. ISBN 1-59259-170-1. Q. Ashton, Acton (2013). Advances in ... ISBN 3-540-37885-5. CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link) White, John Stephen White, Dorothy Chong (2002). Proteins, ...
*  Pseudin
2004). Amino acids, peptides and proteins. Cambridge, Eng: Royal Society of Chemistry. p. 72. ISBN 0-85404-242-3. Rinaldi AC ( ... Pseudin is a peptide derived from Pseudis paradoxa. Pseudins have some antimicrobial function. There are several different ... Abdel-Wahab YH, Power GJ, Ng MT, Flatt PR, Conlon JM (2008). "Insulin-releasing properties of the frog skin peptide pseudin-2 ... pseudin-4 Exenatide "InterPro: IPR013156 Pseudin antimicrobial peptide". Retrieved 2008-03-02. senior reporters; G.C. Barrett; ...
*  Fine chemical
Peptides and proteins are oligomers or polycondensates of amino acids linked together by a carboxamide group. The threshold ... namely amino acids (=starting materials), protected amino acids, peptide fragments and peptides themselves. Along the way, the ... Check date values in: ,date= (help) Hughes, Andrew B. (2011). Amino Acids, Peptides and Proteins in Organic Chemistry. Volumes ... About 50 peptide drugs are commercialized. The number of amino acids that make up a specific peptide varies widely. At the low ...
*  Tripeptide
A tripeptide is a peptide consisting of three amino acids joined by peptide bonds. The exact nature and function of proteins is ... Dipeptide Tetrapeptide "Amino Acids, Peptides, and Proteins" (PDF). Pennsylvania State University. Retrieved 28 July 2014. ... determined by the amino acids present and the order they occur. Simple examples are the tripeptides made by combining either ... Examples of tripeptides are:[citation needed] Eisenin (pGlu-Gln-Ala-OH) is a peptide with immunological activity that is ...
*  Tert-Butyloxycarbonyl protecting group
Amino Acids, Peptides and Proteins in Organic Chemistry. 4. Wiley-VCH. pp. XVIII - LXXXIV. doi:10.1002/9783527631827.ch1. ISBN ... Removal of the BOC in amino acids can be accomplished with strong acids such as trifluoroacetic acid neat or in dichloromethane ... D. M. Shendage; R. Fröhlich; G. Haufe (2004). "Highly Efficient Stereoconservative Amidation and Deamidation of α-Amino Acids ... "Removal of t-Butyl and t-Butoxycarbonyl Protecting Groups with Trifluoroacetic acid". Int. J. Pept. Protein Res. 12 (5): 258- ...
*  Space-filling model
"Molecular models of amino acids, peptides, and proteins" (PDF). Review of Scientific Instruments. 8 (24): 621-627. Bibcode: ...
*  Ion exchange
... carboxylic acid) functional groups. Biomolecules that can be ionized: amino acids, peptides, proteins, etc. Along with ... An important area of the application is extraction and purification of biologically produced substances such as proteins (amino ... For example, in biochemistry it is widely used to separate charged molecules such as proteins. ... Deionizing resin regeneration with sulfuric acid and sodium hydroxide is approximately 20-40% efficient. Neutralized deionizer ...
*  Phenylalanine ammonia-lyase
Hughes, Andrew (2009). Amino Acids, Peptides and Proteins in Organic Chemistry Volume 1. Weinheim Germany: Wiley VCH. p. 94. ... PAL is also used to synthesize unnatural amino acids from various substituted cinnamic acids for research purposes. Steric ... PAL is inhibited by trans-cinnamic acid, and, in some species, may be inhibited trans-cinnamic acid derivatives. D-Phe and D- ... The reverse reaction catalyzed by PAL has been used to convert trans-cinnamic acid to L-phenylalanine, which is a precursor of ...
*  ERAP2
Aminopeptidases hydrolyze N-terminal amino acids of proteins or peptide substrates. Major histocompatibility complex (MHC) ... Endoplasmic reticulum aminopeptidase 2 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the ERAP2 gene. ... Stratikos E, Stern LJ (Oct 2013). "Antigenic peptide trimming by ER aminopeptidases--insights from structural studies". ... Endoplasmic reticulum amino peptidase 2". Tanioka T, Hattori A, Masuda S, Nomura Y, Nakayama H, Mizutani S, Tsujimoto M (Aug ...
*  Usha Ranjan Ghatak
216-. ISBN 978-0-08-086542-3. G. T. Young (January 1971). Amino-acids, Peptides, and Proteins: A Review of the literarure ... 495-. Vincent Lee (19 November 1990). Peptide and Protein Drug Delivery. CRC Press. pp. 123-. ISBN 978-0-8247-7896-5. The ... His work on the four possible racemates of deoxypodocarpic acid, deisopropyl dehydroabietic acid and the corresponding 5- ... Usha Ranjan Ghatak, Nithar Ranjan Chatterjee (1971). "A total synthesis of (±)-O-methyl-14-methylpodocarpic acid". J. Chem. Soc ...
*  Arthropod adhesion
Amino acids, peptides, and proteins are nearly always found in insects' adhesive secretions. They are employed for adhesion ... Class 1 cells that are used for more permanent body or egg anchorage and of retreat building make use of protein-based ... Adhesives of this type contain only limited amounts or no polar components such as fatty acids, esters, alcohols. Often these ... Natural adhesives used by both plants and animals are composed of only a few basic components, such as proteins, ...
*  Di-tert-butyl dicarbonate
Amino Acids, Peptides and Proteins in Organic Chemistry: Protection Reactions, Medicinal Chemistry, Combinatorial Synthesis. 4 ... Removal of the Boc in amino acids can be accomplished with strong acids such as trifluoroacetic acid neat or in dichloromethane ... deprotection of t-butyl ester and t-butoxycarbonyl sites in protected amino-acids and peptides in the presence of other acid- ... Williams RM, Sinclair PJ, DeMong DE, Chen D, Zhai D (2003). "ASYMMETRIC SYNTHESIS OF N-tert-BUTOXYCARBONYL a-AMINO ACIDS. ...
*  Enterocyte
Peptide and amino acid uptake. Peptidases in the glycocalyx cleave proteins to amino acids or small peptides. Enteropeptidase ( ...
*  Edwin Joseph Cohn
1943) Proteins, Amino Acids and Peptides as Ions and Dipolar Ions, Reinhold Publishing, New York. Starr D. (1998) Blood: An ... In 1943, Cohn and John Edsall published Proteins, Amino Acids and Peptides, a book that summarized the known physical chemistry ... ISBN 0-688-17649-6 Surgenor DM (2002) Edwin Cohn and the Development of Protein Chemistry, Center for Blood Research and ... Edwin Joseph Cohn (December 17, 1892 - October 1, 1953) was an early protein scientist. A graduate of Phillips Academy, Andover ...
*  Chemotaxonomy
The compounds studied most are proteins, amino acids, nucleic acids, peptides etc. Physiology is the study of working of organs ... carbohydrates and fats are amino acids, simple sugars, and fatty acids respectively. It can thus be comfortably concluded that ... Nucleic Acids: DNA and RNA are the two types of nucleic acids present in all living organisms. They are present in the ... Proteins are always digested by a particular type of enzymes like pepsin, trypsin, etc., in all animals from a single celled ...
*  Salt (chemistry)
Examples of zwitterions include amino acids, many metabolites, peptides, and proteins. Usually, non-dissolved salts at standard ... nitric acid) Nitrite NO− 2 (nitrous acid) Oxide O2− Phosphate PO3− 4 (phosphoric acid) Sulfate SO2− 4 (sulfuric acid) Salts are ... carbonic acid) Chloride Cl− (hydrochloric acid) Citrate HOC(COO− )(CH 2COO− ) 2 (citric acid) Cyanide C≡N− (hydrocyanic acid) ... For example, sodium acetate, NaCH3COO, smells similar to acetic acid CH3COOH. Acid salt also known as Hydrogen salt Alkali ...
*  Phage display
Peptides are usually fused to the N-terminus of pVIII. Usually peptides that can be fused to pVIII are 6-8 amino acids long. ... Phage display is a laboratory technique for the study of protein-protein, protein-peptide, and protein-DNA interactions that ... PelB (an amino acid signal sequence that targets the protein to the periplasm where a signal peptidase then cleaves off PelB) ... Moreover, pIII allows for the insertion of larger protein sequences (>100 amino acids) and is more tolerant to it than pVIII. ...