Richardson M, Bloch Jr C (1991). "A new family of small (5 kDa) protein inhibitors of insect alpha-amylases from seeds or ... Inhibitors of insect alpha-amylases from sorghum. Probable protease inhibitor P322 from Solanum tuberosum (Potato). A ... This structure differs from that of the plant alpha- and beta-thionins, but is analogous to scorpion toxins and insect ... Three disulfide bridges are located in the hydrophobic core between the helix and sheet, forming a cysteine-stabilised alpha- ...
Fischer worked on alpha-amylase. After his PhD, Fischer went to the United States in 1950 for postdoctoral research. He was ...
Alpha-amylases are found in plants and in animals. Human saliva is rich in amylase, and the pancreas also secretes the enzyme. ... This process is important in the digestion of starch and is also used in brewing, where amylase from the skin of seed grains is ... Glucose molecules are bound in starch by the easily hydrolyzed alpha bonds. The same type of bond is found in the animal ... The enzyme starch synthase then adds the ADP-glucose via a 1,4-alpha glycosidic bond to a growing chain of glucose residues, ...
MURAO, Sawao; OOUCHI, Naoki; GOTO, Akira; ARAI, MOTOO (1983). "New proteinaceous .ALPHA.-amylase inhibitor (Paim) from ...
The human AMY1C gene encodes the protein Amylase, alpha 1C (salivary). Amylases are secreted proteins that hydrolyze 1,4-alpha- ... The human genome has a cluster of several amylase genes that are expressed at high levels in either the salivary gland or ... This gene encodes an amylase isoenzyme produced by the salivary gland. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]. ##RefSeq-Attributes- ...
Alpha-amylase 2B is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the AMY2B gene. Amylases are secreted proteins that hydrolyze 1,4- ... "Entrez Gene: AMY2B amylase, alpha 2B (pancreatic)". Human AMY2B genome location and AMY2B gene details page in the UCSC Genome ... 2001). "alpha-Amylase expressed in human liver is encoded by the AMY-2B gene identified in tumorous tissues". Clin. Chim. Acta ... 1989). "The human alpha-amylase multigene family consists of haplotypes with variable numbers of genes". Genomics. 5 (1): 29-42 ...
They can be digested by breaking the alpha-linkages (glycosidic bonds). Both humans and animals have amylases, so they can ... Starch is a glucose polymer in which glucopyranose units are bonded by alpha-linkages. It is made up of a mixture of amylose ( ...
Their catalyses are similar to that of alpha-amylase and glucoamylase, respectively. Their active sites are selective towards ... In E. coli, Glucose transfer is performed by 4-alpha-glucanotransferase, a 78.5 kDa protein coded for by the gene malQ. A ... "4-alpha-glucanotransferase - Escherichia coli (strain K12)". "Glycogen debranching enzyme - Escherichia coli O139:H28 (strain ... Yamamoto E, Makino Y, Omichi K (May 2007). "Active site mapping of amylo-alpha-1,6-glucosidase in porcine liver glycogen ...
This gene is found in many organisms, see Alpha-Amylase. Amylases are secreted proteins that hydrolyze 1,4-alpha-glucoside ... 1988). "Primary structure of human pancreatic alpha-amylase gene: its comparison with human salivary alpha-amylase gene". Gene ... 1989). "The human alpha-amylase multigene family consists of haplotypes with variable numbers of genes". Genomics. 5 (1): 29-42 ... Alpha-amylase 1 is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the AMY1A gene. ...
1994). "The active center of a mammalian alpha-amylase. Structure of the complex of a pancreatic alpha-amylase with a ... 1988). "Primary structure of human pancreatic alpha-amylase gene: its comparison with human salivary alpha-amylase gene". Gene ... Pancreatic alpha-amylase is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the AMY2A gene. Amylases are secreted proteins that ... "Entrez Gene: AMY2A amylase, alpha 2A; pancreatic". Human AMY2A genome location and AMY2A gene details page in the UCSC Genome ...
Fungal alpha-amylase Food technologists, laboratory workers Papain Pharmacists Gentian powder, flaviastase ...
Also, alpha-amylase contains a significant level of sialic acid. When alpha-amylase combines with saliva, the enzymes hydrolyze ... Amines and glycoproteins have been found in the reed matrix: salivary mucosins, Proline-rich Glycoproteins, alpha-amylases, ...
... amylase (amylo). Alpha amylase from B. amyloliquefaciens is often used in starch hydrolysis. It is also a source of subtilisin ... J. Fukumoto (1943). "Studies on the production of bacterial amylase. I. Isolation of bacteria secreting potent amylases and ...
Additionally, the alpha amylase has been suggested to prevent bacterial attachment to oral surfaces and to enable bacterial ... The parotid gland also secretes salivary alpha-amylase (sAA), which is the first step in the decomposition of starches during ... With the inflammation of mumps or obstruction of the ducts, increased levels of the salivary alpha amylase secreted by the ... "Salivary alpha-amylase activity and salivary flow rate in young adults". The Open Dentistry Journal. 7: 7-15. doi:10.2174/ ...
... its alpha 1-4 linkages having already been broken down by amylase). The product of the enzymatic digestion of alpha-limit ... Isomaltase helps amylase to digest alpha-limit dextrin to produce maltose. Sucrase-isomaltase Isomaltase at the US National ... It digests polysaccharides at the alpha 1-6 linkages. Its substrate, alpha-limit dextrin, is a product of amylopectin digestion ... Isomaltase is an enzyme that breaks the bonds linking saccharides, which cannot be broken by amylase or maltase. ...
There it is broken down into oligosaccharides by the enzyme alpha-amylase. In patients with intact kidney function, both ...
A renewed interest in salivary alpha amylase as a marker for stress has surfaced. Yamaguchi M, Yoshida H (2005) have analyzed a ... Shankar, A.A.; Dandekar, R.C. "Assessment of stress in patients with Recurrent Aphthous Stomatitis, by salivary alpha amylase ... The levels of amylase obtained have been calibrated according to standard population, and can be categorized into four levels ... They state that this can be reliably used to analyze the amylase levels and is definitely a cheaper alternative as compared to ...
Subsequent findings reveal a relationship between α-amylase and competition. Results showed that alpha amylase levels changed ... Alpha amylase, on the other hand, spikes quickly when confronted with a stressor and returns to baseline soon after the stress ... Alpha amylase levels in saliva provide a non-invasive way to examine sympathoadrenal medullary (SAM) activity, which can ... Salivary alpha amylase levels have been found to correlate with heightened autonomic nervous system activity levels, reacting ...
"Tyrosine 39 of GH13 alpha-amylase from Thermococcus hydrothermalis contributes to its thermostability". Biologia (Bratislava). ...
In other words, the more sprouted the grain was the higher the alpha-amylase activity will be. The higher the alpha-amylase ... An additional effect of the high temperature is that the alpha-amylase enzyme contained in the grain begins to break the starch ... The amount of starch break-down is directly proportionate to the alpha-amylase activity, meaning that the higher the activity ... The germination causes an accelerated production of the starch degrading enzyme alpha-amylase. Severely sprouted grain kernels ...
In testing, the alpha-amylase breaks down starches present and creates a color change. A starch iodine gel contains agarose and ... When saliva is present, the alpha-amylase breaks down the starches, creating a clear circle around the sample well. RSID Karl ... Common saliva detection techniques are based on the activity of the enzyme alpha-amylase which breaks down starches from food ...
The hexane extract was found to inhibit the enzymes alpha-glucosidase and alpha-amylase. Theoretically, this could decrease the ...
If it has occurred, there is a dramatic increase of the enzyme alpha-amylase. The Falling Number test is a measure of the ... In bread, too much alpha-amylase activity will cause wet sticky bread crumb with large voids in the loaf and too little causes ...
1] MacGregor, E. A.; Jespersen, H. M.; Svensson, B (1996). "A circularly permuted alpha-amylase-type alpha/beta-barrel ... have a different arrangement than those in α-amylase. The folding characteristics of α-amylase and glucansucrase are still very ... However, glucansucrase is very similar to α-amylase, another sugar-cutting enzyme. Glucansucrase thus has many of the same ... Glucansucrase proteins likely evolved from an amylase enzyme precursor. The two enzymes have similar folding patterns and ...
There are also conformations that consist of a mix of alpha helices and beta sheets as well as a beta helixes with an alpha ... Starches, particularly amylase, are important in many industries, including the paper, cosmetic, and food. Chitin is a ... Starch is also a polysaccharide made up of glucose monomers; however, they are connected via an alpha 1-4 linkage instead of ... then the protein is referred to as globular and mostly consists of alpha helices. ...
Screening of traditional antidiabetic medicinal plants of Mauritius for possible alpha-amylase inhibitory effects in vitro». ...