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*  Cerebellar peduncle
A relatively small afferent contribution is present. The efferent pathways include the cerebellorubral, dentatothalamic, and ... Afferent pathways include the anterior spinocerebellar and tectocerebellar tracts. The fibers of the anterior spinocerebellar ...
*  Vomiting
Wang, S. C.; Borison, Herbert L. (1951). "Copper Sulphate Emesis: A Study of Afferent Pathways from the Gastrointestinal Tract ... Stimulation of different receptors are involved in different pathways leading to emesis, in the final common pathway substance ...
*  Golgi tendon organ
The ascending or afferent pathways to the cerebellum are the dorsal and ventral spinocerebellar tracts. They are involved in ... The Ib afferent axon is a large diameter, myelinated axon. Each neurotendinous spindle is enclosed in a fibrous capsule which ... Ib afferents synapse with interneurons that are within the spinal cord that also project to the brain cerebellum and cerebral ... Each tendon organ is innervated by a single afferent type Ib sensory nerve fiber (Aɑ fiber) that branches and terminates as ...
*  Lateral reticular nucleus
The afferent pathways to the LRN come from the spinal cord and higher brain structures. Most of the afferents come from the ... The subtrigeminal nucleus sends its projections to the flocculonodular lobe.[citation needed] All of these efferent pathways ...
*  Itch
Neuropathic itch can originate at any point along the afferent pathway as a result of damage of the nervous system. They could ... The primary afferent neurons responsible for histamine-induced itch are unmyelinated C-fibres. Two major classes of human C- ... Andrew D, Craig AD (2001). "Spinothalamic lamina I neurons selectively sensitive to histamine: a central neural pathway for ... Touch-evoked hyperalgesia requires continuous firing of primary afferent nociceptors, and punctuate hyperalgesia does not ...
*  Pain and pleasure
A neuroanatomical review of the pain pathway, "Afferent pain pathways" by Almeida, describes various specific nociceptive ... "Afferent pain pathways: a neuroanatomical review." Brain Research, 1000(1-2), 40-56. Apkarian, A. V.; Bushnell, M. C.; Treede, ... Norman Doidge, the brain is limited in the sense that it tends to focus on the most used pathways. Therefore, having a common ... Then, there are also the descending pathways for the modulation of pain sensation. One of the brainstem regions responsible for ...
*  Cough reflex
This is the afferent neural pathway. Unlike other areas responsible for involuntary actions like swallowing, there is no ... The efferent neural pathway then follows, with relevant signals transmitted back from the cerebral cortex and medulla via the ... The cough reflex has both sensory (afferent) mainly via the vagus nerve and motor (efferent) components. Pulmonary irritant ... This reflex may also be impaired by damage to the internal branch of the superior laryngeal nerve which relays the afferent ...
*  Nuclear chain fiber
The secondary nerve association involves an efferent and afferent pathway that measure the stress and strain placed on the ... The afferent pathway resembles a spring wrapping around the nuclear chain fiber and connecting to one of its ends away from the ... The afferent innervation is via type Ia sensory fibers and type II sensory fibers. These project to the nucleus proprius in the ... Again, depending on the stress and strain the muscles sustains, this afferent and efferent coordination will measure the " ...
*  Regulation of gastric function
1.) Vagovagal Reflex Distention activates an afferent pathway which in turn stimulates efferent response from the dorsal ... 2.) Local ENS Pathway Activated ENS releases ACh stimulating parietal cells to secrete acid. As dietary protein is digested, it ... ACh is secreted by parasympathetic nerve fibers of both the short and long reflex ,.ml; pathways. Histamine is a paracrine ...
*  Spastic hemiplegia
The spasticity occurs when the afferent pathways in the brain are compromised and the communication between the brain to the ... Cerebral Palsy~clinical at eMedicine el-Abd MA, Ibrahim IK (March 1994). "Impaired afferent control in patients with spastic ... The theory behind constraint-induced movement therapy is that new neural pathways are created. Alternative forms of physical ...
*  Dejerine-Roussy syndrome
Therefore, the damage in the thalamus causes miscommunication between the afferent pathway and the cortex of the brain, ...
*  Gamma motor neuron
The intrafusal muscle fibers control the resting level of the Ia afferent pathway, which in turn creates a steady level of ... Lesions controlling descending pathways in lower motor neurons to the upper limbs, can cause a loss in patient's ability to ... With low rates of activity of the descending pathway, fewer and smaller motor neurons are activated, leading to a small amount ... Hypotonia can be due to damage to alpha neurons or Ia afferents carrying sensory information to the alpha neurons. This creates ...
*  Hunger (motivational state)
... receptors work to inhibit appetite upon distention of the GI tract by sending signals along the vagus nerve afferent pathway ...
*  Eye examination
... afferent pathway), but can still receive neural signals from the brain (efferent pathway) to constrict. If there is a ... If there is an afferent defect in the left eye, both pupils will dilate when the light is shining on the left eye, but both ... This test detects the afferent pupil defect, also referred to as the Marcus Gunn pupil. It is conducted in a semidarkened room ...
*  Gate control theory
Descending pathways also activate opioid receptor-containing parts of the spinal cord. Afferent pathways interfere with each ... Afferent pain-receptive nerves, those that bring signals to the brain, comprise at least two kinds of fibers - a fast, ... Stimulation of this area produces analgesia (but not total numbing) by activating descending pathways that directly and ... "Gephyrin Clusters Are Absent from Small Diameter Primary Afferent Terminals Despite the Presence of GABAA Receptors". J. ...
*  Topographic map (neuroanatomy)
... refers to the maintenance of the particular order of afferent connections from the retina along the afferent pathway via sub- ... via different afferent pathways (dorsal column-medial lemniscus tract and spinothalamic tract), to the ventral posterior ... Afferents from taste receptors and mechanoreceptors of the tongue access different ascending systems in the brainstem. However ... Most sensory systems spatially segregate afferent input from primary sensory neurons to construct a topographic map that ...
*  Motor program
182 Signals transmitted through efferent and afferent pathways allow the central nervous system to anticipate, plan or guide ... Evidence for the concept of motor programs include the following:p. 182 Processing of afferent information (feedback) is too ... In contrast to the open-loop response-chaining hypothesis, Adams' closed-loop theory suggested that processing of afferent ... each subsequent movement was thought to be automatically triggered by response-produced afferent information from the muscles. ...
*  Said Awad
... dependence of sustained bladder contractions provoked by filling or by subcutaneous bethanechol upon sacral afferent pathways" ...
*  Solitary nucleus
... via the vagus nerve Chemically and mechanically sensitive neurons of the general visceral afferent pathway (GVA) with endings ... Chemoreceptors and mechanoreceptors of the general visceral afferent pathway (GVA) in the carotid body via glossopharyngeal ... The pathways for gastric and gustatory (taste) processes are believed to terminate in different subdivisions of the ... Primary terminal nuclei of the afferent (sensory) cranial nerves schematically represented; lateral view. Solitary tract Duane ...
*  Barrel cortex
... either by lesioning elements of the afferent pathway (e.g. the trigeminal nerve) or by ablating, plucking, or trimming some of ... In the lemniscal pathway, axons from the principal trigeminal nucleus cross over the midline and project to "barreloids" in the ... These different pathways are thought to transmit different modalities of sensory information from the whisker. The whisker ... The anatomical structure of the barrels is only affected by lesioning elements of the pathway, but innocuous forms of ...
*  Bainbridge reflex
B-fibers send signals to the brain (the afferent pathway of the neural portion of the Bainbridge reflex), which then modulates ... both sympathetic and parasympathetic pathways to the SA node of the heart (the efferent pathway of the neural portion of the ...
*  Brain-derived neurotrophic factor
... stimuli are initially processed by the cortex before being transmitted to the hippocampus along an afferent pathway, suggesting ... BDNF can promote protective pathways and inhibit damaging pathways in the NSCs and NPCS that contribute to the brain's ... Both of these pathways probably involve calcium-mediated phosphorylation of CREB at Ser133, thus allowing it to interact with ... BDNF mediates more pathways involved in these enrichment-induced processes than any other molecule and is strongly regulated by ...
*  Axon reflex
In the spinal cord reflex pathway the afferent neuron transmits information to spinal cord interneurons. These interneurons act ... The axon reflex pathway does not include an integration center or synapse that relays communication between neurons in the ... Langley defined this pathway as "axon reflex." In the early 20th century, British cardiologist Sir Thomas Lewis researched ... Acetylcholine also activates sudomotor fibers and primary afferent nociceptors, triggering axon reflexes in both. However, with ...
*  Mark Lathrop
... a newly identified protein of the afferent auditory pathway, cause DFNB59 auditory neuropathy". Nat. Genet. United States. 38 ( ...
*  Predictions made by Ray Kurzweil
Afferent nerve pathways could be blocked, totally cancelling out the "real" world and leaving the user with only the desired ...
*  Reduced muscle mass, strength and performance in space
However, if there is an imbalance such that the protein synthetic pathway is decreased relative to that of the rate of ... Shenkman, BS; Litvinova, KS; Nemirovskaya, TL; Podlubnaya, ZA; Vikhlyantsev, IM; Kozlovskaya, IB (July 2004). "Afferent and ... Additionally, use of the metabolic pathway for glucose uptake is increased in muscles undergoing HS. Thus, while the enzyme ... constituting the PI3kinase/akt/mTOR pathway), which regulates the protein synthetic apparatus controlling protein translation. ...