Loading...
*  Eccrine sweat gland
... but by adrenergic fibers as well. The glands on palms and soles do not respond to temperature but secrete at times of emotional ... Eccrine glands are innervated by the sympathetic nervous system, primarily by cholinergic fibers whose discharge is altered ...
*  List of MeSH codes (A08)
... adrenergic fibers MeSH A08.663.542.075.800 --- sympathetic fibers, postganglionic MeSH A08.663.542.100 --- autonomic fibers, ... mossy fibers, hippocampal MeSH A08.663.542.234 --- cholinergic fibers MeSH A08.663.542.234.060 --- autonomic fibers, ... sympathetic fibers, postganglionic MeSH A08.663.542.122 --- autonomic fibers, preganglionic MeSH A08.663.542.145 --- axons MeSH ... autonomic fibers, postganglionic MeSH A08.800.050.050.050.700 --- parasympathetic fibers, postganglionic MeSH A08.800.050.050. ...
*  Muscarinic acetylcholine receptor
... then further generalized as either adrenergic fibers, releasing noradrenaline, or cholinergic fibers, both releasing ... Most postganglionic sympathetic fibers are adrenergic: their neurotransmitter is norepinephrine; postganglionic sympathetic ... Both preganglionic sympathetic fibers and preganglionic parasympathetic fibers are cholinergic. ... Peripheral autonomic fibers (sympathetic and parasympathetic fibers) are categorized anatomically as either preganglionic or ...
*  Myocardial infarction diagnosis
ISBN 0-7817-4733-3. Eichbaum FW (1975). "'Wavy' myocardial fibers in spontaneous and experimental adrenergic cardiopathies". ... one of the earliest changes under a normal microscope are so-called wavy fibers. Subsequently, the myocyte cytoplasm becomes ...
*  Celiac ganglia
... yet the celiac ganglion-mesenteric complex also contain α and β adrenergic receptors and is innervated by fibers of adrenergic ... Modifications in the adrenergic activity of the celiac ganglion results in an altered capacity of the ovary of pregnant rats to ... Most of the fibers of the superior ovarian nerve come from the postganglionic sympathetic neurons of the celiac ganglion. ... and nitric oxide and constitutes a modulation center in the pathway of the afferent and efferent fibers between the central ...
*  Dale's principle
... cholinergic and adrenergic transmission were known to arise from different groups of nerve fibers. Dale was interested in the ... whether cholinergic or adrenergic, is characteristic for each particular neurone, and unchangeable. And near the end of the ...
*  Postganglionic nerve fibers
... neurons are mostly adrenergic (that is, epinephrine and norepinephrine function as the primary neurotransmitters). Notable ... fibers from the ganglion to the effector organ are called postganglionic fibers. The neurotransmitters of postganglionic fibers ... Preganglionic fibers Nerve fiber Noback C, Ruggiero DA, Demarest RJ, Strominger NL (2005). The Human Nervous System: Structure ... all of these exceptions are still stimulated by cholinergic pre ganglionic fibers. In both divisions of the autonomic nervous ...
*  Use of beta-adrenergic agonists livestock
Zilpateral enhances the growth of "fast-twitch" fibers, a type of muscle fiber that fatigues more easily. On August 16, 2013 ... Beta-adrenergic agonists, or β-agonists, are non-hormonal growth promotants that help animals put on muscle instead of fat. ...
*  Arousal
... giving rise to fibers innervating extensive areas throughout the neuraxis. Also referred as the Neuroaxis, is the axis in the ... a more intense and prolonged discharge of the locus ceruleus which is the major nor adrenergic nucleus of the brain, ...
*  Alpha-2 adrenergic receptor
The α2-adrenergic receptor binds both norepinephrine released by sympathetic postganglionic fibers and epinephrine (adrenaline ... "Inhibition of the lipolytic action of beta-adrenergic agonists in human adipocytes by alpha-adrenergic agonists". J. Lipid Res ... Adrenergic receptor Ruuskanen JO, Xhaard H, Marjamäki A, Salaneck E, Salminen T, Yan YL, Postlethwait JH, Johnson MS, Larhammar ... The α2A adrenergic receptor is localised in the following central nervous system (CNS) structures: Brainstem (especially the ...
*  Discovery and development of beta-blockers
... on myocardial muscle fibers. β-blockers can be selective for either β1, β2 adrenergic receptor, or to be non-selective. By ... partial adrenergic agonist activity (pindolol), concomitant α-adrenergic blocking activity (for example labetalol and ... β adrenergic receptor antagonists (also called beta-blockers or β-blockers) were initially developed in the 1960s, for the ... A few of the non-selective β-blockers A few of the selective β1-blockers The β-adrenergic receptor antagonists all have similar ...
*  Muscle contraction
A single motor neuron is able to innervate multiple muscle fibers, thereby causing the fibers to contract at the same time. ... which bind to adrenergic receptors that are also metabotropic. The exact effects on the smooth muscle depend on the specific ... contraction of all fibers is sufficient to damage the body. In multiple fiber summation, if the central nervous system sends a ... A neuromuscular junction is a chemical synapse formed by the contact between a motor neuron and a muscle fiber. It is the site ...
*  Ractopamine
It is also an agonist at beta-adrenergic receptors. A cascade of events will then be initiated to increase protein synthesis, ... which results in increased muscle fiber size. Ractopamine is known to increase the rate of weight gain, improve feed efficiency ... Pharmacologically, it is a TAAR1 agonist and β adrenoreceptor agonist that stimulates β1 and β2 adrenergic receptors. It is the ... Taiwan banned ractopamine along with other beta-adrenergic agonists in October 2006, but in 2012, its legislature passed ...
*  Tamsulosin
... , and other medications in the class called alpha blockers, work by relaxing bladder neck muscles and muscle fibers ... It is an α1a adrenergic receptor antagonist. Tamsulosin was developed by Yamanouchi Pharmaceuticals (now part of Astellas ...
*  List of regions in the human brain
... or Cerebrospinal fibers Lateral corticospinal tract Anterior corticospinal tract Corticopontine fibers Frontopontine fibers ... Raphe Nuclei Norepinephrine Pathways Locus coeruleus and other noradrenergic cell groups Epinephrine pathways from adrenergic ... Temporopontine fibers Corticobulbar tract Corticomesencephalic tract Tectospinal tract Interstitiospinal tract Rubrospinal ...
*  Vasomotor
Activation of α-adrenergic receptors promotes vasoconstriction, while the activation of β-adrenergic receptors mediates the ... Sympathetic nerve fibers travel around the tunica media of the artery, secrete neurotransmitters such as norepinephrine into ... Normally, α-adrenergic receptors predominates in smooth muscle of resistance vessels. Endothelin, and angiotensin are the ... The smooth muscle cell membranes have α and β-adrenergic receptors for these neurotransmitters. ...
*  Basal electrical rhythm
Longitudinal muscle fibers depend on calcium influx into the cell for excitation-contraction coupling, while circular muscle ... These efferent motor neuronns of the enteric nervous system are cholinergic and adrenergic neurons. The inner circular layer is ... fibers rely on intracellular calcium release. Contraction of the smooth muscle can occur when the BER reaches its plateau (an ...
*  Alinidine
Snyders DJ, Van Bogaert P-P: Alinidine modifies the pacemaker current in sheep Purkinje fibers. Pflugers Arch 1987, 410:83-91 ... 1993). "Short-term effects of early intravenous treatment with a beta-adrenergic blocking agent or a specific bradycardiac ...
*  Acrocyanosis
A sympathectomy would alleviate the cyanosis by disrupting the fibers of the sympathetic nervous system to the area. However, ... However, there is little, if any, empirical evidence that vasoactive drugs (α-adrenergic blocking agents or calcium channel ...
*  Sympathoadrenal system
Since both the sympathetic nerve fibers and adrenal medulla are part of the central nervous system (CNS), electrical impulses ... In such cases, curative agents such as adrenergic agonists and antagonists are used to modify epinephrine and norepinephrine ... When the body receives sensory information, the sympathetic nervous system sends a signal to preganglionic nerve fibers, which ... These stimuli travel through the sympathetic nervous system by means of preganglionic nerve fibers that emerge from the ...
*  Mydriasis
... composed of circularly arranged muscle fibers, and the iris dilator, composed of radially arranged muscle fibers. The sphincter ... Sympathetic stimulation of the adrenergic receptors causes the contraction of the radial muscle and subsequent dilation of the ... The released norepinephrine then proceeds to bind to adrenergic receptors, and the biological effects of norepinephrine finally ... Parasympathetic fibers travel with cranial nerve III, the oculomotor nerve, to innervate the circular layer of muscle of the ...
*  Urinary bladder
GVA fibers on the superior surface follow the course of the sympathetic efferent nerves back to the CNS, while GVA fibers on ... The main relaxant pathway is via the adenylyl cyclase cAMP pathway, activated by β2 adrenergic receptors. The detrusor muscle ... The detrusor muscle is a layer of the urinary bladder wall made of smooth muscle fibers arranged in spiral, longitudinal, and ... The bladder receives motor innervation from both sympathetic fibers, most of which arise from the superior and inferior ...
*  Neurotransmitter
Descending NE fibers modulate afferent pain signals. ... The locus ceruleus (LC), which is located on the floor of the fourth ... LC firing may also increase anxiety ...Stimulation of β-adrenergic receptors in the amygdala results in enhanced memory for ...
*  N,N-Dimethyldopamine
J. M. Kitzen, M. Ilhan, J. G. Cannon and J. P. Long (1976). "α-Adrenergic activity of N,N-dimethyldopamine (DMDA)." Eur. J. ... produced by electrical stimulation of the post-ganglionic fibers of cat cardioaccelerator nerve, an i.v. dose of ~ 15 μg/kg ... From these and other related observations, the researchers concluded that DMDA was a potent inhibitor of the adrenergic system ... M. Ilhan, J. P. Long and J. G. Cannon (1975). "Bulbocapnine's ability to antagonize the adrenergic inhibitory action of ...
*  Smooth muscle tissue
These fibers with their extracellular matrices contribute to the viscoelasticity of these tissues. For example, the great ... So there is a difference in the distribution of the various adrenergic receptors that explains the difference in why blood ... The embryological origin of smooth muscle is usually of mesodermal origin, after the creation of muscle fibers in a process ... adrenergic receptors), second messenger generators (adenylate cyclase, phospholipase C), G proteins (RhoA, G alpha), kinases ( ...