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*  Congenital adrenal hyperplasia due to 21-hydroxylase deficiency
Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia Guide to Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia Due to 21-Hydroxylase Deficiency for parents or patients ... 21-Hydroxylase-Deficient Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia OMIM entry on 21-Hydroxylase-Deficient Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia ... Infertility observed in adult males with congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) has been associated with testicular adrenal rest ... Inborn errors of steroid metabolism Congenital adrenal hyperplasia Adrenal insufficiency Disorders of sexual development ...
*  Development of the endocrine system
At birth, the adrenal glands weight approximately eight to nine grams (twice that of the adult adrenal glands) and are 0.5% of ... Maternal hyperglycemia is also linked to increased insulin levels and beta cell hyperplasia in the post-term infant. Children ... congenital heart disease, and improper organ development. The reproductive system begins development at four to five weeks of ... The fetal adrenal cortex can be identified within four weeks of gestation. The adrenal cortex originates from the thickening of ...
*  Progestin-induced virilisation
... resulting in congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH); fetal masculinization of female external genitalia is much less frequently ... Fetal masculinization of female external genitalia is usually due to enzyme abnormalities involved in adrenal steroid ... ISBN 0-7216-0376-9. Schardein JL (1980). "Congenital abnormalities and hormones during pregnancy: a clinical review". ...
*  Congenital adrenal hyperplasia due to 11β-hydroxylase deficiency
... is a form of congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) which ... Inborn errors of steroid metabolism Congenital adrenal hyperplasia Adrenal insufficiency Disorders of sexual development ... Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) refers to any of several autosomal recessive diseases resulting from defects in steps of ... See congenital adrenal hyperplasia for a more detailed discussion of androgen suppression and fertility potential in adolescent ...
*  Lipoid congenital adrenal hyperplasia
... is an endocrine disorder that is an uncommon and potentially lethal form of congenital ... Inborn errors of steroid metabolism Congenital adrenal hyperplasia Adrenal insufficiency Disorders of sexual development ... Congenital adrenal hyperplasias are a family of autosomal recessive diseases resulting from defects in steps of the synthesis ... "Nonclassic congenital lipoid adrenal hyperplasia: a new disorder of the steroidogenic acute regulatory protein with very late ...
*  Congenital adrenal hyperplasia
... (CAH) are any of several autosomal recessive diseases resulting from mutations of genes for ... glucocorticoids or sex steroids from cholesterol by the adrenal glands (steroidogenesis). Most of these conditions involve ...
*  Congenital adrenal hyperplasia due to 17α-hydroxylase deficiency
... is an uncommon form of congenital adrenal hyperplasia ... Krone, Nils; Dhir, Vivek; Ivison, Hannah E.; Arlt, Wiebke (2007). "Congenital adrenal hyperplasia and P450 oxidoreductase ... Inborn errors of steroid metabolism Congenital adrenal hyperplasia Isolated 17,20-lyase deficiency Disorders of sexual ... Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) ADRENAL HYPERPLASIA, CONGENITAL, DUE TO 17-ALPHA-HYDROXYLASE DEFICIENCY -202110 ...
*  Congenital adrenal hyperplasia due to 3β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase deficiency
... is an uncommon form of congenital adrenal ... Inborn errors of steroid metabolism Congenital adrenal hyperplasia Adrenal insufficiency Disorders of sexual development ... The sex steroid consequences of severe 3β-HSD CAH are unique among the congenital adrenal hyperplasias: it is the only form of ... Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia, P Stewart, Chapter 14, Section IV, Williams Textbook of Endocrinology, 11th edition, Elsevier, ...
*  DMOZ - Health: Conditions and Diseases: Sex-Development Disorders: Intersex: Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia
An inherited condition that affects the adrenal glands. These glands are located on top of the kidneys and produce three types ... Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia.org An education and support network for people and families with Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia ... "Health ... Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia" search on: AOL - Ask - Bing - DuckDuckGo - Gigablast - Google - ixquick - Yahoo - ... Patient: Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia Factsheet on this autosomal recessive disorders of cortisol biosynthesis, its ...
*  Steroid
For example, in one form of congenital adrenal hyperplasia an deficiency in the 21-hydroxylase enzymatic pathway leads to an ... Han TS, Walker BR, Arlt W, Ross RJ (Feb 2014). "Treatment and health outcomes in adults with congenital adrenal hyperplasia". ... Witchel SF, Azziz R (2010). "Nonclassic congenital adrenal hyperplasia". Int J Pediatr Endocrinol. 2010: 625105. doi:10.1155/ ... Adrenal steroidogenesis pathway. Greep, Roy O., ed. (22 October 2013). "Cortoic acids". Recent Progress in Hormone Research: ...
*  Stefan R. Bornstein
2005). Congenital adrenal hyperplasia. In: Lancet. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(05)66736-0 F. Sicard, M. Ehrhart-Bornstein, D. ... Future directions in the study and management of congenital adrenal hyperplasia due to 21-hydroxylase deficiency. In: Annals of ... Human adrenal cells express TNFα-mRNA: Evidence for a paracrine control of adrenal function 1995: „Einfach genial Preis" of the ... Restoration of adrenal steroidogenesis by adenovirus-mediated transfer of human cytochromeP450 21-hydroxylase into the adrenal ...
*  Hyperaldosteronism
Also see congenital adrenal hyperplasia. Adrenal carcinoma is an extremely rare cause of primary hyperaldosteronism. Two ... Bilateral micronodular hyperplasia is more common than unilateral adrenal adenoma. Play media It can be asymptomatic, but these ... However, recent studies have shown that bilateral idiopathic adrenal hyperplasia is the cause in up to 70% of cases. ... Polyuria Polydipsia Tingling Metabolic alkalosis The causes of primary hyperaldosteronism are adrenal hyperplasia and adrenal ...
*  Clitoromegaly
If present at birth, congenital adrenal hyperplasia can be one of the causes, since in this condition the adrenal gland of the ... "Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia(CAH), Prader Scale". Archived from the original on 2008-05-09. Retrieved 2008-09-28. Beischer NA ... It can also be caused by the autosomal recessive congenital disorder known as Fraser syndrome. In acquired clitoromegaly, the ... Clitoromegaly (or macroclitoris) is an abnormal enlargement of the clitoris that is mostly congenital or acquired, though ...
*  17α-Hydroxypregnenolone
... while in patients with congenital adrenal hyperplasia due to 17α-hydroxylase deficiency levels are low to absent. Congenital ... In patients with congenital adrenal hyperplasia due to 3β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase deficiency 17α-hydroxypregnenolone is ... Measurements of 17α-hydroxypregnenolone are useful in the diagnosis of certain forms of congenital adrenal hyperplasia. ... adrenal hyperplasia Steroidogenesis Hill, M; Lukác, D; Lapcík, O; Sulcová, J; Hampl, R; Pouzar, V; Stárka, L (1999). "Age ...
*  Delayed puberty
Various forms of congenital adrenal hyperplasia. Gonadotropin deficiency, resulting from a number of congenital and acquired ...
*  Cholesterol side-chain cleavage enzyme
Bhangoo A, Anhalt H, Ten S, King SR (March 2006). "Phenotypic variations in lipoid congenital adrenal hyperplasia". Pediatric ... causing a minority of cases of the rare and potentially fatal condition lipoid congenital adrenal hyperplasia. Steroidogenic ... deficiency causing congenital lipoid adrenal hyperplasia using bovine-sequence P450scc oligodeoxyribonucleotide probes". ... In adrenal cortex cells from zona fasciculata, the expression of the mRNAs encoding all three P450scc proteins is induced by ...
*  Infertility
Reichman DE, White PC, New MI, Rosenwaks Z (Feb 2014). "Fertility in patients with congenital adrenal hyperplasia". Fertil ... adrenal disease Hypothalamic-pituitary factors Hyperprolactinemia Hypopituitarism The presence of anti-thyroid antibodies is ...
*  List of disorders included in newborn screening programs
1 in 75,000 Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) > 1 in 25,000 Classical galactosemia (GALT) > 1 in 50,000 Severe combined ... Some states are now screening for more than 50 congenital conditions. Many of these are rare and unfamiliar to pediatricians ... 1 in 5,000 Critical congenital heart defects (Screened using pulse oximetry) The following disorders are additional conditions ... 1 in 5,000 Congenital hypothyroidism (CH) > 1 in 5,000 Biotinidase deficiency (BIOT) > ...
*  Fuller Albright
He also delineated forms of congenital adrenal hyperplasia. In 1941 Albright was elected a Fellow of the American Academy of ... Schwartz TB (1995). "How to learn from patients: Fuller Albright's exploration of adrenal function". Ann. Intern. Med. 123 (3 ...
*  Frederic Bartter
Significant observations were made in congenital adrenal hyperplasia. From 1951 to 1978 Bartter served as Chief of the National ... Bartter FC, Pronove P, Gill JR Jr, MacCardle RC (1962). "Hyperplasia of the juxtaglomerular complex with hyperaldosteronism and ... Reproduced in Bartter FC, Pronove P, Gill JR, MacCardle RC (1998). "Hyperplasia of the juxtaglomerular complex with ... Particular interests were calcium metabolism, the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis, blood volume and electrolyte physiology ...
*  Prader scale
It primarily relates to virilization of the female genitalia in cases of congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) and identifies ... "Congenital adrenal hyperplasia due to 21-hydroxylase deficiency". Endocr. Rev. 21 (3): 245-91. doi:10.1210/er.21.3.245. PMID ...
*  Polycystic ovary syndrome
New MI (1993). "Nonclassical congenital adrenal hyperplasia and the polycystic ovarian syndrome". Ann. N. Y. Acad. Sci. 687: ... Other causes of irregular or absent menstruation and hirsutism, such as hypothyroidism, congenital adrenal hyperplasia (21- ... Other conditions that produce similar symptoms include adrenal hyperplasia, hypothyroidism, and hyperprolactinemia. PCOS has no ... A diagnosis of PCOS suggests an increased risk of the following: Endometrial hyperplasia and endometrial cancer (cancer of the ...
*  Walter L. Miller (endocrinologist)
In studies of the common form of congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) caused by 21-hydroxylase deficiency, Miller's group ... Miller, Walter L; Witchel, Selma Feldman (2013). "Prenatal treatment of congenital adrenal hyperplasia: Risks outweigh benefits ... congenital adrenal hyperplasia, pseudo vitamin D dependent rickets, severe, recessive form of Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, 17,20 ... thus describing a new form of congenital adrenal hyperplasia. In a large follow-up study they showed that both POR deficiency ...
*  Steroid hormone
"Treatment and health outcomes in adults with congenital adrenal hyperplasia". Nature Reviews Endocrinology. 10 (2): 115-124. ... Steroid hormones can be grouped into two classes: corticosteroids (typically made in the adrenal cortex, hence cortico-) and ... The natural steroid hormones are generally synthesized from cholesterol in the gonads and adrenal glands. These forms of ... PMID 24342885Figure 2: The adrenal steroidogenesis pathway. An animated and narrated tutorial about nuclear receptor signaling ...
*  List of OMIM disorder codes
TP53 Adrenal hyperplasia, congenital, due to 11-beta-hydroxylase deficiency; 202010; CYP11B1 Adrenal hyperplasia, congenital, ... LMNB2 Lipoid adrenal hyperplasia; 201710; STAR Lipoid congenital adrenal hyperplasia; 201710; CYP11A Lipoid proteinosis; 247100 ... GUCY2D Leber congenital amaurosis 10; 611755; CEP290 Leber congenital amaurosis 12; 610612; RD3 Leber congenital amaurosis 13; ... LRAT Leber congenital amaurosis 2; 204100; RPE65 Leber congenital amaurosis 3; 604232; SPATA7 Leber congenital amaurosis 4; ...
*  Nonsteroidal antiandrogen
... such as due to polycystic ovary syndrome or congenital adrenal hyperplasia, in women As a component of hormone therapy for ... It has also been studied in the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia. By far the most widely used NSAA, due to its ... It has also been studied in the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia. Now little-used due to high incidences of elevated ... It was under development as an oral medication for the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia and as a topical medication ...
*  Glucocorticoid deficiency 1
... with similarity to the nonclassic form of lipoid congenital adrenal hyperplasia. In this case, a general impairment in not just ... "Nonclassic lipoid congenital adrenal hyperplasia masquerading as familial glucocorticoid deficiency". J. Clin. Endocrinol. ... is an adrenocortical failure characterized by low levels of plasma cortisol produced by the adrenal gland despite high levels ... adrenal steroid production, but gonadal steroid production can affect sexual development and fertility. The causes of other ...