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*  Perilipin-2
However, later on it was found to be expressed in all types of cells including many non-adipose tissues. The function of ... Obesity is related with increase accumulation of lipid droplets in non-adipose tissues causing lipotoxicity. The expression of ... Perlipin 2 was thought to be expressed only in adipose tissues previously. ... Adipose differentiation-related protein, also known as perilipin 2 , ADRP or adipophilin, is a protein which belongs from PAT ...
*  Diet-induced obesity model
The researchers found that the mice injected with propolis had less adipose tissue, glucose, and cholesterol than the mice who ... and lipolysis in the adipose tissue of the rat. "Glucose-sweetened beverages," however, did not caused as significant influence ... and diabetes-induced changes of ob gene expression in rat adipose tissue". FEBS Letters. 371 (3): 324-328. doi:10.1016/0014- ... as "fructose-sweetened beverages" in promoting visceral adipose, gaining weight, interrupting lipid syntheses, and damaging ...
*  Medium-chain triglyceride
... to long-chain triglyceride is associated with lower initial body weight and greater loss of subcutaneous adipose tissue". ...
*  Fatty acid metabolism
... especially in adipose tissue, but to a lesser extent also in other tissues, partially digests the chylomicrons into free fatty ... Adipose tissue cells store the triglycerides in their fat droplets, ultimately to release them again as free fatty acids and ... Adipose tissue and lactating mammary glands also take up glucose from the blood for conversion into triglycerides. This occurs ... The glycerol released into the blood during the lipolysis of triglycerides in adipose tissue can only be taken up by the liver ...
*  Lipolysis
Predominantly occurring in adipose tissue, lipolysis is used to mobilize stored energy during fasting or exercise. Lipolysis is ... In adipose tissue, intracellular triglycerides are stored in cytoplasmic lipid droplets. When lipases are phosphorylated, they ... It has been shown to suppress lipolysis due to lower sympathetic nervous outflow to white adipose tissue. The regulation of ... Perilipin 1A is a key protein regulator of lipolysis in adipose tissue. This lipid droplet-associated protein, when deactivated ...
*  Adipose tissue
The two types of adipose tissue are white adipose tissue (WAT), which stores energy, and brown adipose tissue (BAT), which ... The formation of adipose tissue appears to be controlled in part by the adipose gene. Adipose tissue - more specifically brown ... Adipose tissue has a density of ~0.9 g/ml. Thus, a person with more adipose tissue will float more easily than a person of the ... The layer of brown adipose tissue in this depot is often covered by a "frosting" of white adipose tissue; sometimes these two ...
*  Adipose tissue macrophages
... (abbr. ATMs) comprise tissue resident macrophages present in adipose tissue. Adipose tissue apart ... Increased number of adipose tissue macrophages correlates with increased adipose tissue production of proinflammatory molecules ... which are embedded in adipose tissue, fuels tumor growth by serving as a depot for adipose tissue macrophages that stumulate ... In adipose tissue, distinction between M1 and M2 macrophage polarization can be monitored by assessing the expression of ...
*  White adipose tissue
The other kind of adipose tissue is brown adipose tissue. In healthy, non-overweight humans, white adipose tissue composes as ... White adipose tissue (WAT) or white fat is one of the two types of adipose tissue found in mammals. ... White adipose tissue is used as a store of energy. Upon release of insulin from the pancreas, white adipose cells' insulin ... White adipose tissue also acts as a thermal insulator, helping to maintain body temperature. The hormone leptin is primarily ...
*  Brown adipose tissue
... (BAT) or brown fat makes up the adipose organ together with white adipose tissue (or white fat). Brown ... Brown adipose tissue activation may play an important role in bone health and bone density. Brown adipose tissue activation ... These adipocytes are found interspersed in white adipose tissue and are also named 'beige' or 'brite'. Brown adipose tissue is ... several brown adipose tissue depots have been identified. In infants, brown adipose tissue depots include, but are not limited ...
*  Marrow adipose tissue
... (MAT) increases in states of low bone density -osteoporosis, anorexia nervosa/ caloric restriction, ... Methods for Quantification of Marrow Adipose Tissue (MAT) Figure. This figure demonstrates the use of the osmium- μCT method ... Use of Osmium Tetroxide Staining with Microcomputerized Tomography to Visualize and Quantify Bone Marrow Adipose Tissue In Vivo ... Wronska, A.; Kmiec, Z. (June 2012). "Structural and biochemical characteristics of various white adipose tissue depots". Acta ...
*  Mastopexy
Adipose tissue. The fat tissue of the breast is composed of lipidic fluid (60-85% weight) that is 90-99 per cent triglycerides ... tissue types (glandular, adipose, skin) that compose and support the breast; among the properties of the soft tissues of the ... The breast-lift correction of a sagging bust is a surgical operation that cuts and removes excess tissues (glandular, adipose, ... The subcutaneous layer of adipose tissue in the breast is traversed with thin suspensory ligaments (Cooper's ligaments) that ...
*  Glossary of biology
adipose tissue . aerobic Depending on free oxygen or air. aerobiology The study of organic particles, such as bacteria, fungal ... xylem The plant tissue responsible for the conduction of water from roots to aerial parts of the plant. It forms the woody part ... ectoderm The outermost layer of cells or tissue of an embryo in early development, or the parts derived from this, which ... abscission The shedding of flowers, leaves and/or fruit following formation of scar tissue in a plant. absolute zero The lowest ...
*  GLUT4
... it can actually alter nutrient distribution and send excess glucose into adipose tissue, leading to increased adipose tissue ... "Adipose cell hyperplasia and enhanced glucose disposal in transgenic mice overexpressing GLUT4 selectively in adipose tissue". ... Adipose tissue, commonly known as fat, is a depository for energy in order to conserve metabolic homeostasis. As the body takes ... "Adipose tissue". ScienceDaily. Retrieved 2017-05-24. Favaretto F, Milan G, Collin GB, Marshall JD, Stasi F, Maffei P, Vettor R ...
*  Adipic acid
adipose tissue). Adipic acid is a dibasic acid (it has two acidic groups). The pKa values for their successive deprotonations ...
*  Adrenergic receptor
Lipolysis in adipose tissue. Anabolism in skeletal muscle. Relax non-pregnant uterus Relax detrusor urinae muscle of bladder ... Enhancement of lipolysis in adipose tissue. β3 activating drugs could theoretically be used as weight-loss agents, but are ... Further effects include glycogenolysis and gluconeogenesis from adipose tissue and liver, as well as secretion from sweat ... it was agreed that the stimulation of sympathetic nerves could cause different effects on body tissues, depending on the ...
*  Fiona Watt
Driskell, R; Jahoda, CA; Chuong, CM; Watt, F; Horsley, V (2014). "Defining dermal adipose tissue". Exp Dermatol. 23: 629-631. ... Her major research interest is in the role of stem cells in adult tissue maintenance. For many of her studies, she uses ... Lane, SW; Williams, DA; Watt, FM (2014). "Modulating the stem cell niche for tissue regeneration". Nat Biotechnol. 32: 795-803 ... and tissue aggregation. She is also known for discovering how each of those processes' regulations are removed in diseased ...
*  Beta-1 adrenergic receptor
Lipolysis in adipose tissue. Relaxation of the urinary bladder wall Receptor also present in cerebral cortex. Isoprenaline has ... a G-protein coupled receptor associated with the Gs heterotrimeric G-protein and is expressed predominantly in cardiac tissue. ...
*  Adipocyte
There are two types of adipose tissue, white adipose tissue (WAT) and brown adipose tissue (BAT), which are also known as white ... The marrow adipose tissue depot is poorly understood in terms of its physiologic function and relevance to bone health. Marrow ... Analysis of their adipose tissue morphology revealed increases in both adipocyte size and number in most depots. Reintroduction ... A study conducted in 2013 found that, while INSIG1 and SREBF1 mRNA expression was decreased in the adipose tissue of obese mice ...
*  Niacin
Gustafson B (2010). "Adipose tissue, inflammation and atherosclerosis". Journal of atherosclerosis and thrombosis. 17 (4): 332- ... NIACR1 and NIACR2 inhibit cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) production and thus fat breakdown in adipose tissue and free ... which are highly expressed in adipose tissue, spleen, immune cells and keratinocytes but not in other expected organs such as ... In animal models and in vitro, niacin produces marked anti-inflammatory effects in a variety of tissues - including the brain, ...
*  Leptin
... is produced primarily in the adipocytes of white adipose tissue. It also is produced by brown adipose tissue, placenta ( ... both of adipose tissues, as well as of the cartilage and other joint tissues. Alterations in these factors can be the ... Lönnqvist F, Arner P, Nordfors L, Schalling M (1995). "Overexpression of the obese (ob) gene in adipose tissue of human obese ... This metabolic component related with the release of systemic factors, of a pro-inflammatory nature, by the adipose tissues, ...
*  Proinflammatory cytokine
Cytokines derived from adipose tissue serve as remote regulators such as hormones. Studies have shown that TNF-α and IL-6 ... Coppack, Simon W. (2001-08-01). "Pro-inflammatory cytokines and adipose tissue". Proceedings of the Nutrition Society. 60 (03 ... A proinflammatory cytokine may be present in adipose tissues. Adipocytes generate TNF-α and other interleukins. ... Both CD4 and CD8 IL-17 producing T cells have been shown to cause aTH1, causing tissue inflammation and resulting in severe ...
*  Adipokine
... secreted by adipose tissue. The first adipokine to be discovered was leptin in 1994. Since that time, hundreds of adipokines ... biofactors from white adipose tissue. A complex hub among inflammation, metabolism, and immunity". BIOFACTORS. 37 (6): 413-420 ...
*  Immune system
285-300 Pond CM (Jul 2005). "Adipose tissue and the immune system". Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes, and Essential Fatty Acids. 73 ... The immune system also plays a crucial role in embryogenesis (development of the embryo), as well as in tissue repair and ... Dendritic cells serve as a link between the bodily tissues and the innate and adaptive immune systems, as they present antigens ... These cytokines and other chemicals recruit immune cells to the site of infection and promote healing of any damaged tissue ...
*  Endocrine gland
... and adipose tissue (leptin and resistin). Endocrine glands derive from all three germ layers.[citation needed] The natural ... Most T4 is converted to T3 (a more active form) in the target tissues. Calcitonin, produced by the parafollicular cells of the ... Thyroid tissue consists of follicles with stored protein called colloid, containing thyroglobulin, a precursor to other thyroid ... The hormones which they produce help to regulate the functions of cells and tissues throughout the body. Endocrine organs are ...
*  Adiposis dolorosa
The researchers wanted to assess the use of liposuction on the affected adipose tissue to see if pain was reduced in the ... The basic criteria for Dercum's disease are patients with chronic pain in the adipose tissue (body fat) and patients who are ... Surgical removal of the damaged adipose tissue can be effective, but often the disease will recur. Once a person has Dercum's ... There are studies currently proposing several theories of the causes which include inflammation of the adipose tissue, nervous ...
*  Dormancy
... proton gradient generated by electron transport in mitochondria is used to produce heat instead of ATP in brown adipose tissue ... Dormancy is a general term applicable to any instance in which a tissue predisposed to elongate or grow in some other manner ... but not within the dormant tissue itself. Rest (winter dormancy) is a kind of physiological dormancy maintained by agents or ... plant species that exhibit dormancy have a biological clock that tells them when to slow activity and to prepare soft tissues ...
*  Ganapatiella
from the adipose tissue of Odontotermes obesus. Archiv für Protistenkunde 119 (3). ...