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*  Adenine
... bind with adenine to form the essential cofactors nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) and flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD ... The shape of adenine is complementary to either thymine in DNA or uracil in RNA. The image on the right shows pure adenine, as ... Adenosine is adenine reacted with ribose as used in RNA and ATP; deoxyadenosine, adenine attached to deoxyribose, as is used to ... In RNA, which is used for protein synthesis, adenine binds to uracil. Adenine forms adenosine, a nucleoside, when attached to ...
*  Adenine deaminase
In enzymology, an adenine deaminase (EC 3.5.4.2) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction adenine + H2O ⇌ {\ ... The systematic name of this enzyme class is adenine aminohydrolase. Other names in common use include adenase, adenine aminase ... Heppel LA, Hurwitz J, Horecker BL (1957). "Adenine deaminase of Azotobacter vinelandii". J. Am. Chem. Soc. 79 (3): 630-633. doi ... displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } hypoxanthine + NH3 Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are adenine and H2O, whereas its ...
*  Adenine phosphoribosyltransferase
"Adenine phosphoribosyltransferase isoforms of Arabidopsis and their potential contributions to adenine and cytokinin metabolism ... Adenine phosphoribosyltransferase (APRTase) is an enzyme encoded by the APRT gene, found in humans on chromosome 16. It is part ... It can salvage adenine from the polyamine biosynthetic pathway or from dietary sources of purines. Although APRTase is ... Adenine phosphoribosyltransferase at the US National Library of Medicine Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) Human APRT genome ...
*  Adenine phosphoribosyltransferase deficiency
... at NIH's Office of Rare Diseases APRT at the Rare Kidney Stones Consortium. ... Adenine phosphoribosyltransferase deficiency (also called APRT deficiency or 2,8 dihydroxyadenine urolithiasis) is an autosomal ... Terai, C; Hakoda, M; Yamanaka, H; Kamatani, N; Okai, M; Takahashi, F; Kashiwazaki, S (November 1995). "Adenine ... Patients with the disease deficiency lack the enzyme adenine phosphoribosyltransferase and therefore have difficulties breaking ...
*  Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide
One nucleotide contains an adenine base and the other nicotinamide. Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide exists in two forms: an ... Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) is a coenzyme found in all living cells. The compound is a dinucleotide, because it ... Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide has several essential roles in metabolism. It acts as a coenzyme in redox reactions, as a ... Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide, like all dinucleotides, consists of two nucleosides joined by a pair of bridging phosphate ...
*  Adenine nucleotide translocator
... 1 at the US National Library of Medicine Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) Adenine Nucleotide ... Adenine nucleotide translocator (ANT), also known as the ADP/ATP translocator, exports ATP from the mitochondrial matrix and ... "Role of adenine nucleotide translocator 1 in mtDNA maintenance". Science. 289 (5480): 782-785. doi:10.1126/science.289.5480.782 ... Translocator 2 at the US National Library of Medicine Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) Adenine Nucleotide Translocator 3 at the ...
*  Flavin adenine dinucleotide
... consists of two main portions: an adenine nucleotide (adenosine monophosphate) and a flavin ... Adenine is bound to a cyclic ribose at the 1' carbon, while phosphate is bound to the ribose at the 5' carbon to form the ... In biochemistry, flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD) is a redox cofactor, more specifically a prosthetic group of a protein, ... Kuppuraj G, Kruise D, Yura K (Nov 2014). "Conformational behavior of flavin adenine dinucleotide: conserved stereochemistry in ...
*  Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate
Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide Hanukoglu I, Rapoport R (Feb-May 1995). "Routes and regulation of NADPH production in ... Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate, abbreviated NADP+ or, in older notation, TPN (triphosphopyridine nucleotide), is a ... position of the ribose ring that carries the adenine moiety. In photosynthetic organisms, NADPH is produced by ferredoxin-NADP+ ...
*  TRNA (adenine-N1-)-methyltransferase
Other names in common use include transfer ribonucleate adenine 1-methyltransferase, transfer RNA (adenine-1) methyltransferase ... 1-methyladenine transfer RNA methyltransferase, adenine-1-methylase, and S-adenosyl-L-methionine:tRNA (adenine-1-N-)- ... In enzymology, a tRNA (adenine-N1-)-methyltransferase (EC 2.1.1.36) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction S- ... Glick JM, Leboy PS (1977). "Purification and properties of tRNA(adenine-1)-methyltransferase from rat liver". J. Biol. Chem. ...
*  DNA adenine methyltransferase identification
... adenine methylation is catalyzed by the adenine methyltransferase Dam (DNA adenine methyltransferase), which catalyses adenine ... DamID (DNA adenine methyltransferase identification) is a molecular biology protocol used to map the binding sites of DNA- and ... N6-methyladenine (m6A) is the product of the addition of a methyl group (CH3) at position 6 of the adenine. This modified ... Greil F, Moorman C, van Steensel B (2006). "DamID: mapping of in vivo protein-genome interactions using tethered DNA adenine ...
*  TRNA (adenine-N6-)-methyltransferase
The systematic name of this enzyme class is S-adenosyl-L-methionine:tRNA (adenine-N6-)-methyltransferase. This enzyme is also ... In enzymology, a tRNA (adenine-N6-)-methyltransferase (EC 2.1.1.55) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction S- ... called S-adenosyl-L-methionine:tRNA (adenine-6-N-)-methyltransferase. Mandel LR, Hacker B, Maag TA (1971). "Altered transfer ...
*  RRNA (adenine-N6-)-methyltransferase
... ribonucleic acid-adenine (N6) methylase, ErmC 23S rRNA methyltransferase, and S-adenosyl-L-methionine:rRNA (adenine-6-N-)- ... The systematic name of this enzyme class is S-adenosyl-L-methionine:rRNA (adenine-N6-)-methyltransferase. Other names in common ... In enzymology, a rRNA (adenine-N6-)-methyltransferase (EC 2.1.1.48) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction S- ... Sipe JE, Anderson WM, Remy CN, Love SH (1972). "Characterization of S-adenosylmethionine: ribosomal ribonucleic acid-adenine (N ...
*  Flavin adenine dinucleotide synthetase 1
... is a protein that in humans is encoded by the FLAD1 gene. This gene encodes the enzyme ... Flavin adenine dinucleotide synthetase 1". Retrieved 2016-03-04. This article incorporates text from the United States National ... that catalyzes adenylation of flavin mononucleotide (FMN) to form flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD) coenzyme. Alternatively ...
*  Nicotinic acid adenine dinucleotide phosphate
... , (NAADP), is a Ca2+-mobilizing second messenger synthesised in response to ... Chini, EN; Dousa, TP (1996-06-15). "Nicotinate-adenine dinucleotide phosphate-induced Ca2+-release does not behave as a Ca2+- ... Aley, PK; Mikolajczyk, AM; Munz, B; Churchill, GC; Galione, A; Berger, F (2010-11-16). "Nicotinic acid adenine dinucleotide ... Wilson, HL; Galione, A (1998-05-01). "Differential regulation of nicotinic acid-adenine dinucleotide phosphate and cADP-ribose ...
*  Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (phosphate) transhydrogenase
... may stand for NAD(P)+ transhydrogenase (Re/Si-specific) NAD(P)+ ...
*  Dihydronicotinamide adenine dinucleotide-coenzyme Q reductase
... may stand for NADH dehydrogenase NADH:ubiquinone reductase (non- ...
*  Site-specific DNA-methyltransferase (adenine-specific)
"A complete listing of all of these enzymes". Site-specific DNA-methyltransferase (adenine-specific) at the US National Library ... This enzyme catalyses the following chemical reaction S-adenosyl-L-methionine + DNA adenine ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons ... Site-specific DNA-methyltransferase (adenine-specific) (EC 2.1.1.72, modification methylase, restriction-modification system) ...
*  Reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide-coenzyme Q reductase
... may stand for NADH dehydrogenase NADH:ubiquinone reductase (non- ...
*  Glossary of biology
flagellum . flavin adenine dinucleotide . food chain The chain of eating and getting nutrition which starts from a small ... adaptive radiation . adenine . adenosine triphosphate a nucleotide derived from adenosine that occurs in muscle tissue; the ... cytochrome . cytosine One of the four main nucleotide bases found in DNA and RNA, along with adenine, guanine, thymine, and ... deoxyribonucleic acid The four bases found in DNA are adenine (abbreviated A), cytosine (C), guanine (G) and thymine (T); these ...
*  G. N. Ramachandran
Adenine Pr. ISBN 0-940030-78-0. Vijayan, M.; Johnson, L. N. (2005). "Gopalasamudram Narayana Ramachandran. 8 October 1922 - 7 ...
*  K. R. K. Easwaran
Adenine Pr. p. 386. ISBN 978-0940030350. CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link) D. P. Burma (2011). From Physiology and ...
*  Allopurinol
... adenine phosphoribosyltransferase. It is also used to treat kidney stones caused by deficient activity of adenine ...
*  QMC@Home
7a Adenine; 7b Thymine; 7 Adenine/thymine WC; 8a Methane; 8 Methane dimer; 9a Ethene; 9 Ethene dimer; 10 Benzene/methane; 11a ... Benzene; 11 Benzene dimer; 12a Pyrazine; 12 Pyrazine dimer; 13 Uracil dimer; 14a Indole; 14 Indole/benzene; 15 Adenine/thymine ...
*  Life
Adenine Press. 29 (4): 647-50. doi:10.1080/073911012010525017. ISSN 0739-1102. Archived (PDF) from the original on 27 January ... NASA findings in 2011, based on studies with meteorites found on Earth, suggest DNA and RNA components (adenine, guanine and ... Each nucleotide is composed of a nitrogen-containing nucleobase-either cytosine (C), guanine (G), adenine (A), or thymine (T)- ...
*  Thiamine
"Thiaminylated adenine nucleotides. Chemical synthesis, structural characterization and natural occurrence". FEBS Journal. 276 ( ... "Discovery of a natural thiamine adenine nucleotide". Nature Chemical Biology. 3 (4): 211-212. doi:10.1038/nchembio867. PMID ...