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*  Ancestral reconstruction
Biological Journal of the Linnean Society. Elliot, Michael G; Mooers, Arne Ø (2014). "Inferring ancestral states without ... Ridley, Mark (1983). The explanation of organic diversity: the comparative method and adaptations for mating. Oxford: Clarendon ... Non-biological applications include the reconstruction of the vocabulary or phonemes of ancient languages, and cultural ... In all cases where ancestral trait reconstruction is used, findings should be justified with an examination of the biological ...
*  Clark Spencer Larsen
Catherines Island: 3. Prehistoric Human Biological Adaptation. Anthropological Papers of the American Museum of Natural History ... Clark Spencer Larsen and George R. Milner (editors) (1994) In the Wake of Contact: Biological Responses to Conquest. Wiley-Liss ... Clark Spencer Larsen (born 1952) is an American biological anthropologist, author, and educator. His work focuses on ... Clark Spencer Larsen (1995) Biological Changes in Human Populations with Agriculture. Annual Review of Anthropology 24:185-213 ...
*  Neanderthal
"Human evolution and biological adaptation in the Pleistocene". In Foley, R. Hominid evolution and community ecology. New York: ... They concluded that, "We don't yet know for sure, but it seems likely that, as part of their adaptation to cold, Neanderthals ... In conformance with Bergmann's rule, this likely was a Darwinian adaptation to preserve heat in cold climates. Male and female ... The exact nature of biological and cultural interaction between Neanderthals and other human groups is contested. Possible ...
*  Mongoloid
"Human Biological Adaptation to Arctic and Subarctic Zones". Annual Review of Anthropology; Vol. 9, (1980), pp. 63-82 Steegmann ... link Watts, E.S. (1981). "The Biological Race Concept and Diseases of Modern Man." In Biocultural Aspects of Disease. New York ... Marta Mirazon Lahr of the Department of Biological Anthropology at Cambridge University used the term Mongoloid to refer to ... He also argues that scientists have a professional and ethical duty to avoid such biological analyses since they could ...
*  Claviger
... displays unusual biological adaptations to myrmecophily. This pselaphid is of palearctic distribution. Species list: ...
*  Genetics and archaeogenetics of South Asia
201-228, ISBN 1-4020-5561-7 Hemphill, B.E.; Lukacs, J.R.; Kennedy, K.A.R. (1991). "Biological Adaptations and Affinities of ... A Non-Metric Analysis of Bronze Age Bactrain Biological Affinities. Madison, Wisconsin. p. 13. (paper read at the South Asia ...
*  Evolutionary psychology of language
Chater, N.; Florencia, R.; Christiansen, M. H. "Restrictions on biological adaptation in language evolution". PNAS. 106 (4): ... "Language has evolved as an adaptation" as being misleading. He argues instead that from a biological viewpoint the evolutionary ... those who believe in language as an adaptation, those who believe it is a by-product of another adaptation, and those who ... On the issue of whether language is best seen as having evolved as an adaptation or as a by product, evolutionary biologist W. ...
*  Cold and heat adaptations in humans
Newman, Marshall T. (1961-06-01). "Biological Adaptation of Man to His Environment: Heat, Cold, Altitude, and Nutrition". ... Cold and heat adaptations in humans are a part of the broad adaptability of Homo sapiens. Adaptations in humans can be ... Allen's rule is a biological rule that says the limbs of an endotherm is either shorter in cold climates or longer in hot ... Social adaptations enabled early modern humans to occupy environments with temperatures that were drastically different from ...
*  Alvin Liberman
He attributed this greater difficulty to the human biological adaptation to speech. Liberman discovered that children who fail ... and convinced Liberman that speech perception is the result of the human biological adaptations to language. Human listeners ... He took a biological perspective on language and his 'nativist' approach was often controversial as well as influential. He ... He made mention that speech itself is not only attributed to biological evolution, rather it is also species specific. Liberman ...
*  Race and genetics
Biological adaptation plays a role in these bodily features and skin type. According to Luigi Luca Cavalli-Sforza, "From a ... Edwards saw Lewontin's argument as based on a political stance, denying biological differences to argue for social equality. In ... Long, J.C. & Kittles, R.A. (2009). "Human genetic diversity and the nonexistence of biological races". Human Biology. 81 (5/6 ... Long, Jeffrey C.; Kittles, Rick A. (2009). "Human Genetic Diversity and the Nonexistence of Biological Races". Human Biology. ...
*  Naftali Tishby
He works on the mathematical and statistical theory of learning and biological adaptation. Tishby is married and has four ...
*  Biological functionalism
Corning, Peter A. "Biological Adaptation in Human Societies: A 'Basic Needs' Approach" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) ... In this sense, biological functionalism maintains that while bad results often occur in life, which do not serve any pragmatic ... By that fact, biological functionalism maintains that our individual survival and health is the driving provocation of actions ... Biological functionalism is an anthropological paradigm, asserting that all social institutions, beliefs, values and practices ...
*  Péter Csermely
Adaptation of biological networks. 34000 EUR/year, 1992-2019, principal investigator. http://linkgroup.hu/petercsermely.php hu: ... His area of research area is related to the adaptation and learning of complex systems and their network descriptions. He is ... His major fields of study are the adaptation and learning of complex networks. In 1995 Csermely launched a highly successful ...
*  List of Chairs of the Muséum national d'histoire naturelle
This Chair was then combined with the Chair of Physical-Chemistry of Biological Adaptation. Natural Iconography or the Art of ...
*  Phosphorus deficiency
These biological adaptations to roots work to maintain the levels of vital nutrients. In larger commercial agriculture settings ... In conjunction to root size, other genetic root adaptations to low phosphorus conditions such as mycorrhizal symbioses have ... variation of plants to adopt these desirable phosphorus intake adaptations may be a long-term phosphorus deficiency correction ...
*  Phenotypic plasticity
Hazel JR (1995). "Thermal adaptation in biological membranes: is homeoviscous adaptation the explanation?". Annual Review of ... Plasticity is usually thought to be an evolutionary adaptation to environmental variation that is reasonably predictable and ... Chadwick W, Little TJ (March 2005). "A parasite-mediated life-history shift in Daphnia magna". Proceedings: Biological Sciences ... adaptation to thermal variation has been hypothesized to be a key mechanism dictating the capacity of organisms for phenotypic ...
*  Forest dieback
The feedback loop is reinforced and the biological adaptations of the species determine its survival. Projections for dieback ...
*  Neuroscience of free will
Richard F. Rakos (2004). "The Belief in Free Will as a Biological Adaptation: Thinking Inside and Outside the Behavior Analytic ...
*  Toktokkies
... gets its water source from the fog through special biological adaptations. When the fog rolls in at night or early in the ... This adaptation allows them to trap moisture when they breathe. They have also learned to burrow in the sand when they get too ...
*  Lloyd Peck
He is known for his research into biological adaptations of animals to extreme cold, in particular sea spiders. He presented ...
*  Animal Coloration (book)
At that time, most zoologists felt that natural selection could not be the main cause of biological adaptation, and sought ...
*  Waccamaw Siouan
Cultural and Biological Adaptations in the Southern Coastal Plain (Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1988), pp. 76-91. Jones ...
*  Social Darwinism
Nietzsche's point of view on sickness and health, in particular, opposed him to the concept of biological adaptation as forged ... In The Social Organism (1860), Spencer compares society to a living organism and argues that, just as biological organisms ... Another of these social interpretations of Darwin's biological views, later known as eugenics, was put forth by Darwin's cousin ... social Darwinism is not a necessary consequence of the principles of biological evolution. While the term has been applied to ...
*  Ecotype
Evolutionary biology portal Environment portal Ecology portal Earth sciences portal Adaptation Biological classification Cline ... Biological Services, National Museum of Canada, 177 (66) Reindeer Bergerud, Arthur T. (1996), "Evolving Perspectives on Caribou ...
*  Pleistocene human diet
The initial technological and biological adaptations each have knock on effects that allow a greater range of species to be ... The most prevalent dietary adaptation since the Neolithic is lactase persistence, an adaptation that allows humans to digest ... Major functional adaptations have arisen in the last few thousand years as human technology has altered the environment. ... There are clear biological drawbacks of cannibalism including disease, and in addition instances of ritual cannibalism that ...
*  John R. Lukacs
... an investigation of Harappan biological affinities in light of recent biological and archaeological research. [South Asian ... He has worked extensively on health and human adaptation in the prehistory of South Asia. Much of this work focuses on ... Biological Anthropology: the State of the Science]. (1998). Physiological Stress in Prehistoric India: New Data on Localized ... Lukacs, J. R. and B. E. Hemphill (1993). Odontometry and biological affinity in South Asia: analysis of three ethnic groups ...
*  Hypostatic model of personality
... biological adaptation) and the "human" system (social adaptation), both having the same biological underpinnings and partially ... In critical situations, biological and social fields of adaptation converge, forming an integrated, bio-social adaptation ... biological adaptation), or because they like good food or want to enjoy the company of others (social adaptation). They can ... biological adaptation), or to fulfill their love, have children to bear their name, or simply have a good time together (social ...