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*  Neutrophil extracellular traps
"Platelets induce neutrophil extracellular traps in transfusion-related acute lung injury". The Journal of Clinical ... specifically in the lung capillaries and liver sinusoids). Intra-vascular NET formation is tightly controlled and is regulated ... in flow chambers in vitro and intravital microscopy demonstrated that bacterial trapping occurs in the liver sinusoids and lung ...
*  Reperfusion injury
Zhao JJ (Jan 2014). "Protection of mesenchymal stem cells on acute kidney injury". Mol Med Rep. 9 (1): 91-96. doi:10.3892/mmr. ... Zingarelli, B; Hake, PW; O'Connor, M; Burroughs, TJ; Wong, HR; Solomkin, JS; Lentsch, AB (June 2009). "Lung injury after ... Reperfusion injury or reperfusion insult, sometimes called ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) or reoxygenation injury, is the ... 2008). "Effect of Cyclosporine on Reperfusion Injury in Acute Myocardial Infaction". New England Journal of Medicine. 359 (5): ...
*  Classification of pneumonia
This is a historical term for acute lung injury (ALI) or acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). However, the term was and ... necrotizing pneumonia includes pneumonias that cause substantial necrosis of lung cells, and sometimes even lung abscess. ... The resulting lung inflammation is not an infection but can contribute to one, since the material aspirated may contain ... Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) is a highly contagious and deadly type of pneumonia which first occurred in 2002 after ...
*  Transfusion-related acute lung injury
... (TRALI) is a serious blood transfusion complication characterized by the acute onset of ... TRALI is defined as an acute lung injury that is temporally related to a blood transfusion; specifically, it occurs within the ... The blood component transfused is not part of the case definition.[citation needed] Transfusion-related acute lung injury ( ... Occasionally more severe lung injury occurs as a result of this phenomenon and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) ...
*  Phagocyte
Neutrophils also play a key role in the development of most forms of acute lung injury. Here, activated neutrophils release the ... Experiments have shown that a reduction in the number of neutrophils lessens the effects of acute lung injury, but treatment by ... CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link) Abraham E (April 2003). "Neutrophils and acute lung injury". Crit. Care Med. 31 ... "Neutrophil activation and acute lung injury". Curr Opin Crit Care. 7 (1): 1-7. doi:10.1097/00075198-200102000-00001. PMID ...
*  Blood transfusion
Transfusion-associated acute lung injury (TRALI) is a syndrome that is similar to Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), ... Kim, Jeongmin; Na, Sungwon (30 March 2015). "Transfusion-related acute lung injury; clinical perspectives". Korean Journal of ... Cochrane Injuries Group, publishes systematic reviews of interventions for traumatic injury, which include evaluations of blood ... Acute hemolytic reactions are defined according to Serious Hazards of Transfusion (SHOT) as "fever and other symptoms/signs of ...
*  Serious Hazards of Transfusion
... transfusion-related acute lung injury donor strategies and the impact on the onset of transfusion-related acute lung injury: a ... "Pathogenesis of non-antibody mediated transfusion-related acute lung injury from bench to bedside". Blood Reviews. 29 (1): 51- ... "Antibody-mediated transfusion-related acute lung injury; from discovery to prevention". British Journal of Haematology. 170 (5 ... infections through better skin cleansing procedures and the incidence of life-threatening transfusion-related acute lung injury ...
*  Sodium hypochlorite
This gaseous product can cause acute lung injury. Chronic exposure, for example, from the air at swimming pools where chlorine ...
*  Jehovah's Witnesses and blood transfusions
A 2006 Awake! highlighted dangers from transfusion-related acute lung injury (TRALI). Opposition to the Watch Tower doctrines ... Heart-Lung Machine, a method in which blood is diverted to an artificial heart-lung machine and directed back into the patient ...
*  High-frequency ventilation
... especially in the context of ARDS and acute lung injury. This is commonly referred to as lung protective ventilation. There are ... Krishnan JA, Brower RG (2000). "High-frequency ventilation for acute lung injury and ARDS". Chest. 118 (3): 795-807. doi: ... Jet ventilation has been shown to reduce ventilator induced lung injury by as much as 20%. Usage of high frequency jet ... High frequency ventilation is thought to reduce ventilator-associated lung injury (VALI), ...
*  Cathepsin G
Kawabata K, Hagio T, Matsuoka S (September 2002). "The role of neutrophil elastase in acute lung injury". European Journal of ... Moraes TJ, Chow CW, Downey GP (April 2003). "Proteases and lung injury". Critical Care Medicine. 31 (4 Suppl): S189-94. doi: ... acute respiratory distress syndrome, and cystic fibrosis. A recent study shows that patients with CTSG gene polymorphisms have ... ischemic reperfusion injury, and bone metastasis. It is also implicated in a variety of infectious inflammatory diseases, ...
*  Ventilator-associated lung injury
... (VALI) is an acute lung injury that develops during mechanical ventilation and is termed ... associated lung injury VALI is most common in patients receiving mechanical ventilation for acute lung injury or acute ... ventilator-induced lung injury (VILI) if it can be proven that the mechanical ventilation caused the acute lung injury. In ... By opening the lung and keeping the lung open RACE (and VALI) is reduced. Another possible ventilator associated lung injury is ...
*  Neurally adjusted ventilatory assist
Brochard LJ (November 2009). "Tidal volume during acute lung injury: let the patient choose?". Intensive Care Medicine. 35 (11 ... As a result, the pressure in the airway drops, causing an inflow of air into the lungs. With NAVA, the electrical activity of ... Del Sorbo L, Slutsky AS (February 2010). "Ventilatory support for acute respiratory failure: new and ongoing pathophysiological ... March 2010). "Neurally adjusted ventilatory assist increases respiratory variability and complexity in acute respiratory ...
*  Mechanical ventilation
Ventilator-associated lung injury - Ventilator-associated lung injury (VALI) refers to acute lung injury that occurs during ... Ventilation with lower Tidal volumes as compared with traditional tidal volumes for acute lung injury and the acute respiratory ... One of the primary complications that presents in patients mechanically ventilated is acute lung injury (ALI)/acute respiratory ... It is clinically indistinguishable from acute lung injury or acute respiratory distress syndrome (ALI/ARDS). Diaphragm - ...
*  Cytokine storm
"Angiotensin II and the fibroproliferative response to acute lung injury". Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. Royal Free and ... Marshall and co-workers also found that angiotensin II was associated with cytokine-mediated lung injury and suggested a role ... If a cytokine storm occurs in the lungs, for example, fluids and immune cells such as macrophages may accumulate and eventually ... Wang and co-workers published data that cytokine-mediated pulmonary damage (apoptosis of lung epithelial cells) in response to ...
*  PTX3
He X, Han B, Liu M (2007). "Long pentraxin 3 in pulmonary infection and acute lung injury". Am. J. Physiol. Lung Cell Mol. ... PTX3 behaves as an acute phase response protein, as the blood levels of PTX3, low in normal conditions (about 25 ng/mL in the ... Lee GW, Goodman AR, Lee TH, Vilcek J (1994). "Relationship of TSG-14 protein to the pentraxin family of major acute phase ... is a novel member of the pentaxin family of acute phase proteins". J. Immunol. 150 (5): 1804-12. PMID 7679696. Alles VV, ...
*  Respiratory therapist
The National Certification Corporation Cheifetz IM (2011). "Management of acute lung injury: sharing data between adults and ... They practice in acute care facilities, long-term acute care facilities, skilled nursing facilities, assisted-living centers, ... Scientific research also takes place to look for causes and possible treatment in diseases such as asthma and lung cancer. The ... Outpatient clinical practice Respiratory therapists are also primary clinicians in conducting tests to measure lung function ...
*  Julio Montaner
His initial research focused on animal models of acute lung injury. Montaner initially planned on returning to Argentina after ... Montaner, J.G.; Russel, J.; Lawson, L.; Ruedy, J. (1989). "Acute Respiratory Failure Secondary to Pneumocystis Carinii ...
*  Metal fume fever
In the case of non-allergic acute lung injury, standard or recommended approaches to treatment have not been defined. The ... "Chemical Pneumonitis and Acute Lung Injury Caused by Inhalation of Nickel Fumes". Internal Medicine. 50 (18): 2035-8. doi: ... Patients may present with wheezing or crackles in the lungs. They typically have an increased white blood cell count, and urine ... When respiratory symptoms are prominent, metal fume fever may be confused with acute bronchitis or pneumonia. The diagnosis is ...
*  Blood plasma
"Female Plasma May Not Increase Risk for Transfusion-Related Acute Lung Injury". Medscape. October 23, 2007. Retrieved 2011-07- ... because of concerns about transfusion related acute lung injury (TRALI) and female donors who may have higher leukocyte ...
*  Transfusion associated circulatory overload
TACO and transfusion related acute lung injury (TRALI) are often difficult to distinguish in the acute situation. TACO is ... "Distinguishing between transfusion related acute lung injury and transfusion associated circulatory overload". Current Opinion ... Transfusion-related acute lung injury and transfusion-associated circulatory overload by M. A. Popovsky. Skeate, Robert C; ... These draft criteria are: acute onset or worsening respiratory distress during or up to 12 hours after transfusion, plus two or ...
*  PDE2A
2005). "Phosphodiesterase 2 inhibition diminished acute lung injury in murine pneumococcal pneumonia". Critical Care Medicine. ...
*  RNF13
2006). "The role of metallothionein in the pathogenesis of acute lung injury". Am. J. Respir. Cell Mol. Biol. 34 (1): 73-82. ...
*  Airway pressure release ventilation
... airway pressure release ventilation is indicated in patients with acute lung injury, acute respiratory distress syndrome and ... Bailey H. Formosa V. "Airway pressure release ventilation increases cardiac performance in patients with acute lung injury/ ... 1991). "Airway pressure release ventilation during acute lung injury: a prospective multicenter trial". Critical Care Medicine ... 2003). "Spontaneous breathing improves lung aeration in oleic acid-induced lung injury". Anesthesiology. 99 (2): 376-84. doi: ...
*  Post-intensive care syndrome
... long-term neuropsychological function in survivors of acute lung injury". Am. J. Respir. Crit. Care Med. 185 (12): 1307-15. doi ... "Intensive care unit hypoglycemia predicts depression during early recovery from acute lung injury". Crit. Care Med. 36 (10): ... In people who experience acute respiratory distress syndrome and are treated with mechanical ventilation, lung function is ... The most commonly impaired lung function is diffusing capacity for carbon monoxide, as well as reduced lung volumes and ...
*  Andhra Medical College
The acute medical care unit runs for 24 hours. Dr. W. C. Gray was the first professor and head. Jeypore Sri Vikram Deo Varma ... An exclusive unit of 'Head Injury and Intensive Care' was started in 1991. Superspeciality course (M.Ch.) was started in 1986. ... Mahatma Gandhi Ward for non-tuberculosis lung diseases. The Department of Communicable Diseases is situated opposite the TB ...
*  Differential diagnoses of depression
In one study of patients recovering from acute lung injury in intensive care, those patients who developed hypoglycemia while ... October 2008). "Intensive care unit hypoglycemia predicts depression during early recovery from acute lung injury*". Critical ... in mild traumatic brain injuries, it may also occur in moderate and severe cases of traumatic brain injury. A diagnosis may be ... It can be transient, acute or chronic. It can be a primary disorder or a co-morbid one. Restless legs syndrome (RLS), also ...