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*  Nav1.2
They are responsible for the generation and propagation of action potentials in neurons and muscle. This gene encodes one ...
*  Nav1.7
... is a voltage-gated sodium channel and plays a critical role in the generation and conduction of action potentials and is ... threshold that produces most of the transmembrane current responsible for the depolarizing phase of action potentials. The ... Stimulation of the nociceptor nerve endings produces "generator potentials", which are small changes in the voltage across the ... Stimulation of the nociceptor nerve endings produces "generator potentials", small changes in the voltage across the neuronal ...
*  Quantitative models of the action potential
As an example, the cardiac action potential illustrates how differently shaped action potentials can be generated on membranes ... Op-amp circuits that realize the FHN and van der Pol models of the action potential have been developed by Keener. A hybrid of ... The simplest models of the action potential are the "flush and fill" models (also called "integrate-and-fire" models), in which ... In neurophysiology, several mathematical models of the action potential have been developed, which fall into two basic types. ...
*  Compound muscle action potential
The compound muscle action potential (CMAP) or compound motor action potential is an electromyography investigation (electrical ... have prolonged compound muscle action potential. Goodman BP; et al. (2009). "Prolonged compound muscle action potential ... The CMAP idealizes the summation of a group of almost simultaneous action potentials from several muscle fibers in the same ...
*  Action potential
The action potential in a normal skeletal muscle cell is similar to the action potential in neurons. Action potentials result ... of Arizona A cartoon illustrating the action potential Action potential propagation Production of the action potential: voltage ... The cardiac action potential differs from the neuronal action potential by having an extended plateau, in which the membrane is ... Action potentials in neurons are also known as "nerve impulses" or "spikes", and the temporal sequence of action potentials ...
*  Atrial action potential
... the atrial action potential are action potentials that occur in the heart atrium. They are similar to ventricular action ... Cardiac action potential Vigmond E.J, Tsoi V, Yin Y, Page P, & Vinet A. (2009). Estimating Atrial Action Potential Duration ... Also, in comparison to the ventricular action potential, atrial action potentials have a more gradual repolarization period. ... Vigmond E.J, Tsoi V, Yin Y, Page P, & Vinet A. (2009). Estimating Atrial Action Potential Duration from Electrograms. IEEE ...
*  Pacemaker action potential
A pacemaker action potential is the kind of action potential that provides a reference rhythm for the network. This contrasts ... Some pacemaker action potentials generate rhythms for the heart beat (sino-atrial node) or the circadian rhythm in the ... with pacemaker potential or current which drives rhythmic modulation of firing rate. ...
*  Action potential pulse
The action potential pulse is a model of the speed an action potential that is dynamically dependant upon the position and ... The action potential pulse model takes into account entropy and the conduction speed of the action potential along an axon. It ... In addition a soliton pulse is known to flow at the same rate and follow the action potential. From measurements of the speed ... An action potential pulse is a mathematically and experimentally correct Synchronized Oscillating Lipid Pulse coupled with an ...
*  Cardiac action potential
... of a cardiac action potential Interactive mathematical models of cardiac action potential and other generic action potentials. ... The cardiac action potential differs from action potentials found in other types of electrically excitable cells, such as ... Outlined below are the five phases of the ventricular myocyte action potential, with reference also to the SAN action potential ... Unlike the action potential in skeletal muscle cells, the cardiac action potential is not initiated by nervous activity. ...
*  Ventricular action potential
This current is observed in human and dog action potentials, but not in guinea pig action potentials. Repolarization is ... which is close to the potassium reversal potential. When an action potential is generated, the membrane potential rises above ... The beginning of the action potential, phase 0, specialized membrane proteins (voltage-gated sodium channels) in the cell ... and channels that open quickly but are inactivated until the end of the action potential (rapid delayed rectifier channels). ...
*  Brain
When an action potential, traveling along an axon, arrives at a synapse, it causes a chemical called a neurotransmitter to be ... Some neurons emit action potentials constantly, at rates of 10-100 per second, usually in irregular patterns; other neurons are ... These axons transmit signals in the form of electrochemical pulses called action potentials, which last less than a thousandth ... Neurotransmitters are chemicals that are released at synapses when an action potential activates them-neurotransmitters attach ...
*  Dendrite
... is their ability to send action potentials back into the dendritic arbor. Known as back-propagating action potentials, these ... a train of back-propagating action potentials artificially generated at the soma can induce a calcium action potential (a ... returning the electrochemical gradient to the resting potential. After an action potential has occurred, there is a transient ... An action potential propagates the electrical activity along the membrane of the neuron's dendrites to the cell body and then ...
*  Pathophysiology of Parkinson's disease
The activated motor neurons then transmit their signals, via action potential, to motor neurons in the legs. However, when a ... doi:10.1186/1750-1326-4-20 Barnett MW, Larkman PM; Larkman (June 2007). "The action potential". Pract Neurol 7 (3): 192-7. PMID ... Role and Therapeutic Potential of VEGF in the Nervous System. Physiological Reviews, 89(2), 607-648. doi:10.1152/physrev. ...
*  Neuron
... changing the membrane potential. Thin neurons and axons require less metabolic expense to produce and carry action potentials, ... an all-or-none electrochemical pulse called an action potential is generated and this change in cross-membrane potential ... decreasing the probability of an action potential firing as the voltage becomes more negative (recall that for an action ... The sheath enables action potentials to travel faster than in unmyelinated axons of the same diameter, whilst using less energy ...
*  Spike potential
Spike potentials are one of the action potentials, which occur in electrical activity of smooth muscle contraction in animals. ... These are true action potentials. In the human gut they occur automatically when the resting membrane potential of the ... The spike potentials last 10 to 40 times as long in gastrointestinal muscle as the action potentials in large nerve fibers, ... gastrointestinal smooth muscle becomes more positive than about -40 millivolts (the normal resting membrane potential in the ...
*  Plant perception (physiology)
... action potentials) to environmental stimuli. These action potentials can influence processes such as actin-based cytoplasmic ... Pickard, B. G. (1973). "Action Potentials in Higher Plants". Botanical Review. 39 (2): 172-201. doi:10.1007/BF02859299. JSTOR ... Zimmermann, M. R.; Maischak, H.; Mithofer, A.; Boland, W.; Felle, H. H. (2009). "System Potentials, a Novel Electrical Long- ... use sophisticated cost-benefit analysis and take tightly controlled actions to mitigate and control diverse environmental ...
*  Seema Goel
Goel's pieces were Excitaory response; action potential and aspiration. Goel portrays human-human, human-animal and human-place ... action potential (2005) aspiration (2005) "Wool Is 44% Carbon". Leonardo. 45 (2): 186-187. 2012. Retrieved 13 March 2016. " ...
*  Heart arrhythmia
Normally, the action potential impulse will spread through the heart quickly enough that each cell will respond only once. ... All of the cells in the heart have the ability to initiate an action potential; however, only some of these cells are designed ... Tachyarrhythmias are the result of spontaneous action potentials arise from cardiac muscle cells. Cardiac arrhythmia are often ... Shen, H; Choe, W (April 2011). "Spontaneous high-frequency action potential". Science China. Life sciences. 54 (4): 311-35. doi ...
*  Inhibitory postsynaptic potential
... reverse potential of the postsynaptic potential, action potential threshold voltage, ionic permeability of the ion channel, as ... If the electrochemical potential of the ion is more negative than that of the action potential threshold then the resultant ... IPSPs always want to keep the membrane potential more negative than the action potential threshold and can be seen as a " ... Depolarization can also occur due to an IPSP if the reverse potential is between the resting threshold and the action potential ...
*  Antidromic
For most neurons, their dendrites, soma, or axons are depolarized forming an action potential that moves from the starting ...
*  Alan Lloyd Hodgkin
Hodgkin, A. L.; Huxley, A. F. (1939). "Action Potentials Recorded from Inside a Nerve Fibre". Nature. 144 (3651): 710-711. ... With Andrew Fielding Huxley, Hodgkin worked on experimental measurements and developed an action potential theory representing ... With Huxley, he established the propagation mechanism of nerve impulse called "action potentials", the electrical impulses ... 1963 Action Potential Paper[permanent dead link] Imperial War Museum Interview. ...
*  Catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia
Underlying mechanism and threshold for triggered action potentials". Circ. Res. 87: 774-778. doi:10.1161/01.res.87.9.774. Jiang ... causing a prolonged Ca2+ leak which triggers early action potentials. With reduced SR Ca2+ buffering capacity, is a faster ... SOICR leads to spontaneous and inappropriate action potentials, generating arrhythmias. A Ryr2 mutation may increase ...
*  Histrionicotoxins
This blocks action potentials and slows neural function. Histrionicotoxin has been shown to bind competitively with many local ... studies of the effects of histrionicotoxin on end-plate potential have shown that the compound hinders membrane potential ... Masukawa, Leona M.; Albuquerque, Edson X. (1978). "Voltage- and time-dependent action of histrionicotoxin on the endplate ...
*  Somatosensory system
They react in quick action potentials, especially to vibrations around 250 Hz (even up to centimeters away). They are the most ... They respond in quick action potentials, unlike Merkel. They are responsible for the ability to read Braille and feel gentle ... All of these receptors are activated upon pressures that squish their shape causing an action potential. All afferent touch/ ... "Action Observation Activates Premotor and Parietal Areas in a Somatotopic Manner: An FMRI Study." Wiley Online Library. Jan. ...
*  Low-threshold spikes
As with the action potentials that follow them, LTS vary little in amplitude or shape at different holding potentials. This ... The spike is typically crowned by a burst of two to seven action potentials, which is known as a low-threshold burst. LTS are ... An excitatory postsynaptic potential (EPSP) opens the channels, thus generating a LTS. The LTS triggers Na+-dependent action ... LTS result in the neuron reaching the threshold for an action potential. LTS is a large depolarization due to an increase in ...
*  New Melones Dam
The potential water yield, and thus the supply contracts, of the Melones Project were calculated based on stream flow data ... The Wild and Scenic Rivers Act "prohibits federal support for actions such as the construction of dams or other instream ... One potential solution has been outlined in a 2016 agreement between the Bureau of Reclamation, the local water districts and a ... "Chapter 2: Water Resources" (PDF). Draft Revised Substitute Environmental Document in Support of Potential Changes to the Water ...
*  Slow-wave potential
Uterine muscle seems to generate action potentials spontaneously. In gastrointestinal smooth muscle, the slow-wave threshold ... A slow wave potential is a rhythmic electrophysiological event in the gastrointestinal tract. The normal conduction of slow ... Another potential coupling mechanism is the "Peg and Socket" theory which demonstrates that the membranes of smooth muscle ... In physiology, the slow-wave threshold is the potential which must be reached before a slow wave can be propagated in smooth ...