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*  Chloroacetic acids
Chloroacetic acid (chloroethanoic acid), CH2ClCOOH Dichloroacetic acid (dichloroethanoic acid), CHCl2COOH Trichloroacetic acid ... Trichloroacetic acid is made by directly reacting chlorine with acetic acid using a suitable catalyst. Chloroacetic acid is ... The sodium salt of trichloroacetic acid is used as a weedkiller. All of these acids are unusually strong for organic acids, and ... Chloroacetic acid is mainly made by hydrolysing trichloroethylene in the presence of sulfuric acid: CCl2= CHCl + 2 H2O → ...
*  Diferulic acids
... diferulic acid, and for a while this was thought to be the only one. Sinapic acid Coumaric acid M.Bunzel, J.Ralph and H. ... Just as ferulic acid is not the proper IUPAC name, the diferulic acids also tend to have trivial names that are more commonly ... Ferulic acid can also form trimers and tetramers, known as triferulic and tetraferulic acids respectively. They have been found ... Diferulic acids are more effective inhibitors of lipid peroxidation and better scavengers of free radicals than ferulic acid on ...
*  Anacardic acids
... are phenolic lipids, chemical compounds found in the shell of the cashew nut (Anacardium occidentale). An acid ... Chemically, anacardic acid is a mixture of several closely related organic compounds. Each consists of a salicylic acid ... Heating these anacardic acids converts them to the alcohols (cardanols) with reduced activity compared to the acids. ... It was later found to be a mixture rather than one chemical, sometimes the plural anacardic acids is used. Anacardic acid is ...
*  Aminonaphthalenesulfonic acids
Notes: Peri-acid dehydrates to the sultam. Via the Bucherer reaction, heating periacid with anilinium salts gives the N-phenyl ... Aminonaphthalenesulfonic acids are compounds with the composition C10H6(NH2)(SO3H), being derived from naphthalene (C10H8) ... substituted by an amino and sulfonic acid groups. These compounds are colorless solids. They are useful precursors to dyes. ... derivative, precursor to Acid Blue 113. Gerald Booth "Naphthalene Derivatives" in Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial ...
*  Haloacetic acids
... are carboxylic acids in which a halogen atom takes the place of a hydrogen atom in acetic acid. Thus, in a ... ClCH2COOH dichloroacetic acid (DCA) Cl2CHCOOH trichloroacetic acid (TCA) Cl3CCOOH monobromoacetic acid (MBA) BrCH2COOH ... For example, chloroacetic acid would have the structural formula CH2ClCO2H. In the same manner, in dichloroacetic acid two ... Trichloroacetic acid Trifluoroacetic acid "Drinking Water". cehtp.org. Retrieved 2016-08-15. Levesque, S; Rodriguez, MJ; ...
*  Nucleic Acids Research
... is an open-access peer-reviewed scientific journal published by Oxford University Press. It covers ... "Nucleic Acids Research". 2014 Journal Citation Reports. Web of Science (Science ed.). Thomson Reuters. 2015. Official website. ... research on nucleic acids, such as DNA and RNA, and related work. According to the Journal Citation Reports, the journal's 2016 ...
*  Divinylether fatty acids
Etheroleic acid has systematic name 12-[1′E-hexenyloxy]-9Z,11Z-dodecadienoic acid. Etherolenic acid has systematic name (9Z,11E ... These compounds, named colneleic acid (from linoleic acid) and colnelenicacid (from linolenic acid), could be also produced in ... Divinylether fatty acids contain a fatty acid chemically combined with a doubly unsaturated carbon chain linked by an oxygen ... Fatty acid hydroperoxides generated by plant lipoxygenases from linoleic and linolenic acids are known to serve as substrates ...
*  Furan fatty acids
... are a group of fatty acids that contain a furan ring. To this furan ring, an unbranched carboxylic acid and, ... A clinical trial of isolated omega-3 fatty acids such as eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) or docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) in patients ... Carboxy-substituted furan fatty acids are known as urofuran acids. Urofuran fatty acids are metabolic products of furan fatty ... Natural furan fatty acids are mono- or di-methylated on the furan ring. Furan fatty acids are can be found in a variety of ...
*  Acids in wine
... but very low levels of acid. Tartaric acid is most often added, but winemakers will sometimes add citric or malic acid. Acids ... Along with malic acid, and to a lesser extent citric acid, tartaric is one of the fixed acids found in wine grapes. The ... Malic acid, along with tartaric acid, is one of the principal organic acids found in wine grapes. It is found in nearly every ... Most of the acids involved with wine are fixed acids with the notable exception of acetic acid, mostly found in vinegar, which ...
*  Phenyl alkanoic acids
5-phenylpentanoic acid, and 7-phenylheptanoic acid. Some others (alkyl-phenyl)-alkanoic acids) are formed when linolenic acid ... Thus, a prenylated benzoic acid acid derivative, crassinervic acid, has been isolated from Piper crassinervium. Similar ... 13-phenyltridecanoic acid and 15-phenylpentadecanoic acid in seed lipids. Other odd carbon number acids from C7 to C23 were ... contains at least four different foul smelling ω-phenylalkanoic acids, including phenylacetic acid, 3-phenylpropionic acid, ...
*  Urine organic acids
... is a medical diagnostic test that measures organic acid metabolites in the urine. The metabolites can come ... Jones, P. M.; Bennett, M. J. (2010). "Urine Organic Acid Analysis for Inherited Metabolic Disease Using Gas Chromatography-Mass ...
*  Lewis acids and bases
A Brønsted-Lowry acid is a proton donor, not an electron-pair acceptor. Acid Base Acid-base reaction Brønsted-Lowry acid-base ... but a Lewis acid doesn't need to be a Brønsted-Lowry acid. The classification into hard and soft acids and bases (HSAB theory) ... using the key concepts that hard acid - hard base and soft acid - soft base interactions are stronger than hard acid - soft ... Me3B is a Lewis acid as it is capable of accepting a lone pair. In a Lewis adduct, the Lewis acid and base share an electron ...
*  Non-proteinogenic amino acids
... ic acid.) Most natural amino acids are α-amino acids in the L conformation, but some exceptions exist. Some non-α amino acids ... There are various groups of amino acids: 20 standard amino acids 22 proteinogenic amino acids over 80 amino acids created ... Whereas glutamic acid possess one γ-carboxyl group, Carboxyglutamic acid possess two. Hydroxyproline. This imino acid differs ... and a carboxylic acid (-COOH) functional group is an amino acid. The proteinogenic amino acids are small subset of this group ...
*  Phosphoric acids and phosphates
Orthophosphoric acid H3PO4 Pyrophosphoric acid H4P2O7 Tripolyphosphoric acid H5P3O10 Tetrapolyphosphoric acid H6P4O13 ... acid and concludes in the polyphosphoric acids. But, phosphoric acid units can bind together into rings or cyclic structures, ... forming metaphosphoric acid molecules. The simplest such compound is trimetaphosphoric acid or cyclo-triphosphoric acid having ... Polyphosphoric acid molecules can have dozens of such phosphoric units bonded in a row. A general formula for such poly-acid ...
*  Phospholipid-derived fatty acids
Saturated fatty acids (SAFA) • 15:0 (Pentadecanoic acid) - Bacteria • Other straight chain (e.g. 16:0, Palmitic acid) - ... Tuberculostearic acid) - Actinomycetes Monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA) • 16:1 ω5c (Hexadecenoic acid) - Arbuscular ... Monounsaturated fatty acids (particularly at the omega-7 position), odd-chain saturated fatty acids (e.g. 15:0), branched-chain ... Phytoplankton produce considerable amounts of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA), including Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA, 20:5 ...
*  List of carboxylic acids
It is worth noting that the IUPAC name is not always the preferred name, for example, lactic acid is a common, and also the ... Carboxylic acids are organic compounds characterized by a carboxyl (-COOH) functional group. The naming of these compounds is ... This list is ordered by the number of carbon atoms in a carboxylic acid. ..... HOOC-C=C-COOH. ... preferred, name for what systemic rules call 2-Hydroxypropanoic acid. ...
*  Volatile fatty acids analysis
Volatile fatty acids (VFAs) are important elements in controlling the anaerobic digestion process. It has two important roles: ... Volatile fatty acids can be analyzed by titration, distillation, steam distillation, and chromatography. The acceptable level ... Water Environment Research, page 53-59, Anderson, G.K. and Yang G. (1992)) Determination of Volatile Fatty Acids in ... of volatile fatty acids in environmental waters is up to 50,000 ppm. Titration provides rough results. However, it requires ...
*  Omega-3 carboxylic acids
... , like other omega-3 fatty acid based drugs, appears to reduce production of triglycerides in the liver ... Omega-3 carboxylic acids are derived from fish oil and are a purified mixture of the polyunsaturated free fatty acids ... In addition, as with other omega-3 fatty acids, taking omega-3 carboxylic acids puts people who are on anticoagulants at risk ... It appears that both eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) lower triglycerides, but DHA appears to raise ...
*  Branched chain fatty acids
... (BCFA) are usually saturated fatty acids with one or more methyl branches on the carbon chain. BCFAs ... Ran-Ressler RR, Devapatla S, Lawrence P, Brenna JT (2008). "Branched chain fatty acids are constituents of the normal healthy ...
*  Acid
Fluoroacetic acid Trifluoroacetic acid Chloroacetic acid Dichloroacetic acid Trichloroacetic acid Normal carboxylic acids are ... Examples of strong acids are hydrochloric acid (HCl), hydroiodic acid (HI), hydrobromic acid (HBr), perchloric acid (HClO4), ... Examples in organic acids include formic acid (HCOOH), acetic acid (CH3COOH) and benzoic acid (C6H5COOH). Polyprotic acids, ... Sulfuric acid (H2SO4) Fluorosulfuric acid (HSO3F) Nitric acid (HNO3) Phosphoric acid (H3PO4) Fluoroantimonic acid (HSbF6) ...
*  Nucleosides, Nucleotides & Nucleic Acids
... is a monthly academic journal published by Taylor & Francis since 2000, continuing the ...
*  List of unsaturated fatty acids
List of saturated fatty acids Carboxylic acid List of carboxylic acids Dicarboxylic acid Simopoulos, Artemis P. (2002). "Omega‐ ... β-eleostearic acid (beta-eleostearic's, beta-eleostearic acid) is a geometric isomer of α- eleostearic acid. IUPAC organization ... CAS Registry Number 6217-54-5. Herring acid (Herring's, Nisinic acid) is a 6,9,12,15,18,21-hexa unsaturated fatty acid with 24 ... and is a trans-2-mono-unsaturated fatty acid. C3H5 CO2H, IUPAC organization name (E)-but-2-enoic acid, trans -but-2-enoic acid ...
*  Vernolic acid
... (leukotoxin) is a long chain fatty acid that is monounsaturated and contains an epoxide. It is the cis epoxide ... In a variety of mammalian species, vernolic acid is made by the metabolism of linoleic acid by certain cytochrome P450 ... "Fatty acids. Part II. The nature of the oxygenated acid present in Vernonia anthelmintica (Willd.) seed oil". Journal of the ... Vernolic acid is not commonly found in plants in significant quantities, but some plants which do contain it are Vernonia, ...
*  Polyaspartic acid
... is produced industrially in both the acid form and as the sodium polyaspartate salt. Due to presence of ... Polyaspartic acid (PASA) is a biodegradable, water-soluble polymerized amino acid. It is a biodegradable replacement for water ... by bulk polycondensation of L-aspartic acid with an acid catalyst". Journal of Polymer Science Part A: Polymer Chemistry. 38 (1 ... "Study on the polymerization of aspartic acid catalyzed by phosphoric acid". Journal of Macromolecular Science-Pure and Applied ...