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*  Nucleus ambiguus
The muscles supplied by the vagus (included with this is the cranial part of the accessory nerve), such as levator veli ... The cranial nerve nuclei schematically represented; dorsal view. Motor nuclei in red; sensory in blue. Nuclei of origin of ... The nucleus ambiguus contains the cell bodies of nerves that innervate the muscles of the soft palate, pharynx, and larynx ... This nucleus gives rise to the branchial efferent motor fibers of the vagus nerve (CN X) terminating in the laryngeal, ...
*  Cranial root of accessory nerves
Is the cranial accessory nerve really a portion of the accessory nerve? Anatomy of the cranial nerves in the jugular foramen. ... The cranial root of accessory nerve (or part) is the smaller of the two portions of the accessory nerve. It is generally ... The accessory nerve would then be a pure motor nerve supplying the trapezius and sternocleidomastoid muscles, with the fibers ... part of the vagus nerve and not part of the accessory nerve proper because the cranial component rapidly joins the vagus nerve ...
*  Brachial plexus
... the trapezius muscle innervated by the spinal accessory nerve (CN XI) and an area of skin near the axilla innervated by the ... the axillary nerve, the radial nerve, the median nerve, and the ulnar nerve. Due to both emerging from the lateral cord the ... median nerve, medial cord, and ulnar nerve. The five roots are the five anterior rami of the spinal nerves, after they have ... The musculocutaneous nerve has even been shown to send a branch to the median nerve further connecting them. There have been ...
*  Posterior triangle of the neck
Spinal accessory nerve (Cranial Nerve XI) Branches of cervical plexus Roots and trunks of brachial plexus Phrenic nerve (C3,4,5 ... belly of omohyoid muscle Anterior Scalene Middle Scalene Posterior Scalene Levator Scapulae Muscle Splenius The accessory nerve ...
*  Accessory nerve disorder
Injury to the spinal accessory nerve can cause an accessory nerve disorder or spinal accessory nerve palsy, which results in ... Patients with spinal accessory nerve palsy often exhibit signs of lower motor neuron disease such as diminished muscle mass, ... A winged scapula may also be suggestive of abnormal spinal accessory nerve function, as described above. In assessing range of ... A winged scapula due to spinal accessory nerve damage will often be exaggerated on arm abduction. Strength testing is similar ...
*  Accessory nerve
... and accessory nerves. The accessory nerve (top left) travels down through the jugular foramen with the other two nerves, and ... "Is the cranial accessory nerve really a portion of the accessory nerve? Anatomy of the cranial nerves in the jugular foramen". ... The spinal accessory nerve continues alone and heads backwards and downwards. In the neck, the accessory nerve crosses the ... "spinal nerve accessory to the vagus", recognizing that while a minor component of the nerve joins with the larger vagus nerve, ...
*  Spinal root of accessory nerve
The spinal root of accessory nerve (or part) is firm in texture, and its fibers arise from the motor cells in the lateral part ... In the jugular foramen, it receives one or two filaments from the cranial part of the nerve, or else joins it for a short ... The nerve then descends obliquely behind the Digastricus and Stylohyoideus to the upper part of the Sternocleidomastoideus; it ... In the posterior triangle it unites with the second and third cervical nerves, while beneath the Trapezius it forms a plexus ...
*  Accessory obturator nerve
In human anatomy, the accessory obturator nerve is an accessory nerve in the lumbar region present in about 29% of cases. It is ... while a third communicates with the anterior branch of the obturator nerve. Occasionally the accessory obturator nerve is very ... When it is absent, the hip-joint receives two branches from the obturator nerve. This article incorporates text in the public ... Recent evidence support that this nerve arises from Dorsal divisions. It descends along the medial border of the psoas major, ...
*  Dog anatomy
It is innervated by the accessory nerve. Rhomboideus: originates on the nuchal crest of the occipital bone and inserts on the ... It is innervated by the median nerve. Flexor carpi ulnar: originates on the olecranon and inserts on the accessory carpal bone ... It is innervated by the accessory nerve. Trapezius: originates on the supraspinous ligament and inserts on the spine of the ... It is innervated by the accessory nerve. Sternohyoideus: originates on the sternum and inserts on the basihyoid bone. Its ...
*  Trapezius muscle
Motor function is supplied by the accessory nerve. Sensation, including pain and the sense of joint position (proprioception), ... travel via the ventral rami of the third (C3) and fourth (C4) cervical nerves. Since it is a muscle of the upper limb, the ...
*  Sternocleidomastoid muscle
... the accessory nerve. The accessory nerve nucleus is in the anterior horn of the spinal cord around C1-C3, where lower motor ... with which it shares its nerve supply (the accessory nerve). It is thick and thus serves as a primary landmark of the neck, as ... After a signal reaches the accessory nerve nucleus in the anterior horn of the spinal cord, the signal is conveyed to motor ... The fibers from the accessory nerve nucleus travel upward to enter the cranium via the foramen magnum. The internal carotid ...
*  Cervical plexus
There is anastomosis with accessory nerve, hypoglossal nerve and sympathetic trunk. It is located in the neck, deep to ... Postauricular nerve (from the posterior roots of C3-C4) Plan of the cervical plexus. The nerves of the scalp, face, and side of ... The cervical plexus is a plexus of the anterior rami of the first four cervical spinal nerves which arise from C1 to C4 ... The branches of the cervical plexus emerge from the posterior triangle at the nerve point, a point which lies midway on the ...
*  Styloglossus
Course and distribution of the glossopharyngeal, vagus, and accessory nerves. Hypoglossal nerve, cervical plexus, and their ... The styloglossus is innervated by the Hypoglossal nerve (CN XII) like all muscles of the tongue except palatoglossus which is ... innervated by the Pharyngeal plexus of vagus nerve (CN X). The styloglossus draws up the sides of the tongue to create a trough ...
*  Smile surgery
Optional motor donor nerves are: the masseteric nerve, accessory nerve or hypoglossal nerve. In rare cases when these nerves ... For example, the hypoglossal nerve or masseteric nerve on the affected side can be used as donor nerves. This donor nerve is ... Here the nerve stimulator can be used in identifying the donor motor nerve to the masseter muscle. Once the nerve is identified ... This donor nerve is then attached to the distal end of the paralysed facial nerve. Techniques for donor nerve transfers are ...
*  Foramen magnum
It also transmits the spinal component of the accessory nerve into the skull. The opisthion is the midpoint on the posterior ... with meninges Fourth part of vertebral artery surrounded by sympathetic plexus of nerves Spinal roots of accessory nerves ...
*  Spinal accessory nucleus
Routal RV, Pal GP (2000). "Location of the spinal nucleus of the accessory nerve in the human spinal cord". J. Anat. 196 ( Pt 2 ... Ullah M, Mansor O, Ismail ZI, Kapitonova MY, Sirajudeen KN (2007). "Localization of the spinal nucleus of accessory nerve in ... The nucleus ambiguus is classically said to provide the "cranial component" of the accessory nerve. However, the very existence ... The spinal accessory nucleus lies within the cervical spinal cord (C1-C5) in the posterolateral aspect of the anterior horn. ...
*  Neck dissection
IIa contains nodes in the region anterior to the spinal accessory nerve and IIb postero-superior to the nerve. Region III: ... Region V: posterior triangle group of lymph nodes located along the lower half of the spinal accessory nerve and the transverse ... 6. Anderson, Peter E., The Role of Comprehensive Neck Dissection With Preservation of the Spinal Accessory Nerve in the ... These include the carotid and in some instances the three structures - IJV, SCM and Accessory Nerve. 1888 - Jawdynski described ...
*  Posterior cranial fossa
... and the accessory (XI) nerves. Lies at the anterolateral margins of the f. magnum and transmits the hypoglossal (XII) nerve. ... It transmits the medulla, the ascending portions of the spinal accessory nerve (XI), and the vertebral arteries. Lies in the ... It transmits the facial (VII) and vestibulocochlear (VIII) cranial nerves into a canal in the petrous temporal bone. Lies ...
*  Tuberculum cinereum
The tuberculum cinereum is a raised area between the rootlets of the accessory nerve and posterolateral sulcus. It overlies the ... produced by a mass of grey matter called the spinal nucleus of trigeminal nerve.. ... spinal tract of trigeminal nerve. It is an elevation in the lower part of medulla, lateral to the fasciculus cuneatus, ...
*  Fazio-Londe disease
Other cranial nerves involved were vagus, trigeminal, spinal accessory nerve, abducent, occulomotor and glossopharyngeal in ... In the Gomez review facial nerve was affected in all cases while hypoglossal nerve was involved in all except one case. ... Post mortem examination of cases have found depletion of nerve cells in the nuclei of cranial nerves. The histologic ... It causes progressive bulbar paralysis due to involvement of motor neurons of the cranial nerve nuclei. The most frequent ...
*  Nerve point of neck
The spinal accessory nerve can often be found 1 cm above Erb's point. Erb's point is formed by the union of the C5 and C6 nerve ... At the nerve trunk, branches of suprascapular nerves and the nerve to the subclavius also merge. The merged nerve divides into ... From here, the accessory nerve courses through the posterior triangle of the neck to enter the anterior border of the trapezius ... through the radial nerve); and the deltoid (through the axillary nerve). The effect is called "Erb's palsy". Typically, an ...
*  Occipital artery
The upper branch accompanies the accessory nerve to the sternocleidomastoid, and the lower branch arises near the origin of the ... The nerves of the scalp, face, and side of neck. Posterior primary divisions of the upper three cervical nerves. Side of neck, ... and the vagus and accessory nerves. It next ascends to the interval between the transverse process of the atlas and the mastoid ... At its origin, it is covered by the posterior belly of the digastricus and the stylohyoideus, and the hypoglossal nerve winds ...
*  Carotid triangle
On the lateral side of the vessels, the accessory nerve runs for a short distance before it pierces the Sternocleidomastoideus ... The hypoglossal nerve crosses both the internal and external carotids, curving around the origin of the occipital artery. ... Within the sheath, between the artery and vein, and behind both, is the vagus nerve; behind the sheath, the sympathetic trunk. ... the external branch of the same nerve. The upper portion of the larynx and lower portion of the pharynx are also found in the ...
*  Cranial nerves
... accessory nerve (XI), and hypoglossal nerve (XII). (There may be a thirteenth cranial nerve, the terminal nerve (nerve O or N ... the optic nerve (II), oculomotor nerve (III), trochlear nerve (IV), trigeminal nerve (V), abducens nerve (VI), facial nerve ( ... the accessory nerve (XI) and hypoglossal nerve (XII) do not exist, with the accessory nerve (XI) being an integral part of the ... vagus nerve (X), accessory nerve (XI) and hypoglossal nerve (XII). The fibers of these cranial nerves exit the brainstem from ...
*  Superior deep cervical lymph nodes
The superior deep cervical lymph nodes lie under the Sternocleidomastoideus in close relation with the accessory nerve and the ...
*  Spinal cord
Nerve rootlets combine to form nerve roots. Likewise, sensory nerve rootlets form off right and left dorsal lateral sulci and ... From above T1, proprioceptive primary axons enter the spinal cord and ascend ipsilaterally until reaching the accessory cuneate ... It is made of 31 segments from which branch one pair of sensory nerve roots and one pair of motor nerve roots. The nerve roots ... As these nerves travel from their respective roots to their point of exit from the vertebral column, the nerves of the lower ...
*  Occipital triangle
The accessory nerve is directed obliquely across the space from the Sternocleidomastoideus, which it pierces, to the under ... The roof of this triangle is formed by the cutaneous nerves of cervical plexus and the external jugular vein and platysma ... surface of the Trapezius; below, the supraclavicular nerves and the transverse cervical vessels and the upper part of the ...