Loading...
*  Abdominal obesity
Waist-hip ratio (the circumference of the waist divided by that of the hips of >0.9 for men and >0.85 for women) Waist-to- ... Visceral and central abdominal fat and waist circumference show a strong association with type 2 diabetes. Visceral fat, also ... Increasing trends in waist circumference and abdominal obesity among US adults. Obesity (Silver Spring) 2007;15 (1) 216- 224] ... A study has shown that alcohol consumption is directly associated with waist circumference and with a higher risk of abdominal ...
*  Sagittal abdominal diameter
"Relationship between waist circumference and supine abdominal height measured at different anatomical sites and cardiometabolic ... A related measurement is Supine Abdominal Height (SAH), the abdominal height as measured in the supine position. The SAH method ... Sagittal abdominal diameter (SAD) is a measure of visceral obesity, the amount of fat in the gut region. SAD is the distance ... Petersson, Helena; Daryani, Achraf; Risérus, Ulf (2007). "Sagittal abdominal diameter as a marker of inflammation and insulin ...
*  Waist
The size of a person's waist or waist circumference, indicates abdominal obesity. Excess abdominal fat is a risk factor for ... The waist-hip ratio equals the waist circumference divided by the hip circumference. Practically, however, the waist is usually ... Waist-hip ratio is the ratio of the circumference of the waist to that of the hips. It measures the proportion by which fat is ... Waist reduction may be used simply to reduce the width of the waist. This change can be permanent or temporary. Waist training ...
*  Vacuum exercise
... and hence reduce resting waist circumference. Norins, Elizabeth (July 8, 2015). "Vacuuming Your Stomach Is the Easiest Way to ... Hypopressive exercises also involve the transverse abdominal, but they are based upon reflex contraction of the abdominal wall ... A method of developing long-term daily endurance in the muscles is to tie a string around the waist at the bellybutton level. ... The significance of this is thought to be that hypopressive exercises increase the base tone of the abdominal wall (as well as ...
*  Classification of obesity
In a study of 15,000 people, waist circumference also correlated better with metabolic syndrome than BMI. Women with abdominal ... In the United States a waist circumference of >102 cm (~40") in men and >88 cm (~34.5") in women or the waist-hip ratio (the ... Other proposed but less common obesity measures include waist circumference and waist-hip ratio. These measure a common form of ... "Comparison of Body Mass Index, Waist Circumference, and Waist/Hip Ratio in Predicting Incident Diabetes: A Meta-Analysis". R ...
*  Waist-hip ratio
... or waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) is the dimensionless ratio of the circumference of the waist to that of the hips. ... The WHO states that abdominal obesity is defined as a waist-hip ratio above 0.90 for males and above 0.85 for females, or a ... "Waist Circumference and Waist-Hip Ratio, Report of a WHO Expert Consultation" (PDF). World Health Organization. 8-11 December ... Practically, however, the waist is more conveniently measured simply at the smallest circumference of the natural waist, ...
*  Waist-to-height ratio
A person's waist-to-height ratio (WHtR), also called waist-to-stature ratio (WSR), is defined as their waist circumference ... Waist-hip ratio Body adiposity index Body volume index Body mass index Sagittal Abdominal Diameter (SAD) Body fat percentage ... Waist-to-height ratio is a better screening tool than waist circumference and BMI for adult cardiometabolic risk factors: ... 2011). "Inability of waist-to-height ratio to predict new onset diabetes mellitus among older adults in Taiwan: A five-year ...
*  Android fat distribution
Increase in waist circumference > 102 cm (40 in.) in males and > 88 cm (35 in.) in females. However increase in abdominal ... See Gynoid fat distribution Central obesity is measured as increase by waist circumference or waist-hip ratio. ... Waist to hip ratio is determined by an individual's proportions of android fat and gynoid fat. A small waist to hip ratio ... Studies have also related central abdominal obesity (indicated via increased waist-hip ratio) with increases in peripheral ...
*  Resistin
"Modest weight loss and reduction in waist circumference after medical treatment are associated with favorable changes in serum ... McTernan, P. G. (2002). "Increased Resistin Gene and Protein Expression in Human Abdominal Adipose Tissue". Journal of Clinical ...
*  Metabolic syndrome
Also, the IDF uses geography-specific cut points for waist circumference, while NCEP uses only one set of cut points for waist ... HPA-axis dysfunction may explain the reported risk indication of abdominal obesity to cardiovascular disease (CVD), type 2 ... and waist circumference does not need to be measured. However, this potentially excludes any subject without increased waist ... If BMI is >30 kg/m², central obesity can be assumed and waist circumference does not need to be measured The World Health ...
*  Adipose tissue
... and predicts mortality more accurately than body mass index or waist circumference. Men are more likely to have fat stored in ... Visceral fat or abdominal fat (also known as organ fat or intra-abdominal fat) is located inside the abdominal cavity, packed ... Body Volume Index - a method to measure abdominal volume and abdominal fat. Blubber - an extra thick form of adipose tissue ... New developments such as the Body Volume Index (BVI) are specifically designed to measure abdominal volume and abdominal fat. ...
*  Obesity in India
... named rs12970134 to be mostly associated with waist circumference. In this study more than two thousand individuals of Indian ... Due to genetic tendency of Indians towards abdominal obesity and its associated risk of related lifestyle diseases like ... "Common genetic variation near MC4R is associated with waist circumference and insulin resistance". Nature Genetics. 40 (6): 716 ... Gulati, S; Misra, A (2017). "Abdominal obesity and type 2 diabetes in Asian Indians: Dietary strategies including edible oils, ...
*  Adiposopathy
Proposed criteria include: Major criteria Elevated waist circumference or BMI Onset or worsening of high blood sugar with ... In summary, although abdominal or visceral fat tissue is best described to contribute to metabolic disease, abdominal fat is by ... A prime example would be subcutaneous fat tissue found in the abdominal region. Accumulation of fat tissue in this region may ... There are grounds for suspicion that sick abdominal fat tissue may produce factors that cause subcutaneous fat tissue to also ...
*  Body mass index
Waist-to-hip circumference ratio has also been used, but has been found to be no better than waist circumference alone, but ... "Marked regression of abdominal fat amyloid in patients with familial amyloid polyneuropathy during long-term follow-up after ... vertical trunk circumference, waist circumference and height. Data on 11,808 subjects from the National Health and Human ... Waist circumference is a good indicator of visceral fat, which poses more health risks than fat elsewhere. According to the U.S ...
*  United States Air Force Fitness Assessment
Beginning in late August 2013, if an Airman fails the abdominal circumference portion of the test, and passes each of the other ... In the FA, Airmen are given a score based on performance consisting of four components: waist circumference, situps, pushups, ...
*  Tightlacing
A typical training routine begins with the use of a well-fitted corset and very gradual decreases in the waist circumference. ... a large amount of fat on the torso and strong abdominal muscles will mean that it takes longer for the tightlacer to wear their ... The smallest waist recorded is that of Ethel Granger, who tightlaced for most of her life and achieved a waist of 13 inches (33 ... The corset no longer ended at the waist, but flared out and ended several inches below the waist. The corset was exaggeratedly ...
*  Inflammation
Waist circumference correlates significantly with systemic inflammatory response. A predominant factor in this correlation is ... In addition, interstitial abdominal adiposity (also referred to as accumulated intra-abdominal fat) may be a factor in ... Rogowski, O; Shapira, I; Bassat, O. K.; Chundadze, T; Finn, T; Berliner, S; Steinvil, A (2010). "Waist circumference as the ...
*  Hourglass figure
Scientist discovered that the perfect size waist-to-hip ratio of 0.7, or a waist that measures 70 percent of the circumference ... While estrogen lessens the production of fat in the abdominal region, testosterone stimulates the growth of fat in the ... The hourglass shape is defined as a woman whose body measurements, the circumference of the bust, waist, and hips, are a wide ... It acted on the waist by compressing and reducing the size of the woman's waist by force. The corset is iconic with the image ...
*  Body shape
This is measured using Body Mass Index - BMI or waist circumference. Depending on the BMI, a body may be referred to as slim, ... "Abdominal fat and what to do about it". "Why men store fat in bellies, women on hips". The Times Of India. 2011-01-03. ... Classifications of female body sizes are mainly based on the circumference of the bust-waist-hip (BWH), as in 36-24-36 (inches ... The body mass index (BMI), waist-to-hip ratio, and especially waist-to-chest ratio in men have been shown in studies to rank as ...
*  Epidemiology of metabolic syndrome
... or undergoing drug treatment for elevated triglycerides Waist circumference greater than or equal to 102 cm in men or 88 cm in ... 19 A chief risk factor for prediabetes is excess abdominal fat. Obesity increases one's risk for a variety of other medical ... The Latin American populations exhibit a high prevalence of abdominal obesity and metabolic syndrome, similar or even higher ... which seems to correspond with a growing waist line. Lack of physical activity, increased consumption of processed food and ...
*  Body fat percentage
For example, the U.S. Navy circumference method compares abdomen or waist and hips measurements to neck measurement and height ... fat in the abdominal cavity. Some models partially address this problem by including age as a variable in the statistics and ... For males, they measure the neck and waist just above the navel. Females are measured around the hips, waist, and neck. These ... Description of circumference sites and their anatomical landmarks and technique "Gastric Banding Surgery". UC San Diego. BMI to ...
*  Long-term effects of alcohol consumption
... waist circumference, and fasting insulin. This association was strongest among whites and among beer and wine drinkers." This ... Alcoholic pancreatitis can result in severe abdominal pain and may progress to pancreatic cancer. Chronic pancreatitis often ...
*  Diet and obesity
... waist circumference, elevated fasting glucose, and metabolic syndrome. Evidence does not support the commonly expressed view ... However, a subsequent response controlled for just abdominal fat across a sample of 91,214 people found that even when ...
*  Obesity
Bei-Fan Z (December 2002). "Predictive values of body mass index and waist circumference for risk factors of certain related ... November 2008). "General and abdominal adiposity and risk of death in Europe". N. Engl. J. Med. 359 (20): 2105-20. doi:10.1056/ ... study on optimal cut-off points of body mass index and waist circumference in Chinese adults". Asia Pac J Clin Nutr. 11 (Suppl ... Other evidence suggests that the association of BMI and waist circumference with mortality is U- or J-shaped, while the ...
*  Insulin
... and increased waist circumference (at least in populations in much of the developed world). The basic underlying cause may be ... This dysregulation contributes to excessive visceral fat accumulation and reduced adiponectin release from abdominal adipose ...