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*  Body composition
These measurements are then used to estimate total body fat. Ultrasound has also been used to measure subcutaneous fat ... This includes the abdominal area, the subscapular region, arms, buttocks and thighs. ... Human fat has a density of 0.9 grams/ml, and 2. The lean (non-fat) components of the human body have an overall density of 1.1 ... fat tissue mass, and fractional contribution of fat. The estimation of body fatness from body density (by means of underwater ...
*  Waist-hip ratio
... axis and has been associated with higher levels of abdominal fat and therefore a higher WHR. Abdominal fat is a marker of ... A primary component of Cushing's syndrome is the accumulation of fat in the abdominal region, and it is hypothesized that ... In contrast, aging males gradually accumulate abdominal fat, and hence increased WHR, in parallel with declining androgen ... and soft drinks may help to prevent abdominal fat accumulation. Anogenital distance Body volume index Digit ratio Physical ...
*  Atheroma
... abdominal fat reduction; aerobic exercise; inhibitors of cholesterol synthesis (known as statins); low normal blood glucose ... This causes thinning and the wall balloons allowing gross enlargement to occur, as is common in the abdominal region of the ... they are not composed of fat cells but of accumulations of white blood cells, especially macrophages, that have taken up ...
*  O-Toluidine
... subcutaneous abdominal fat > lung > heart > abdominal skin > bladder > gastrointestinal tract > bone marrow > brain > muscle > ...
*  Female body shape
Researchers think that the lack of estrogen at menopause plays a role in driving our fat northward "Abdominal fat and what to ... The distribution of fat varies, with fat tending to deposit first in the buttocks, hips, and thighs. As body fat percentage ... Estrogen causes fat to be stored around the pelvic region, hips, butt and thighs Reduce abdominal fat; Anne Collins "Ask the ... later fat is stored at the abdomen. Body fat percentage recommendations are higher for females, as this fat may serve as an ...
*  Spot reduction
Instead, being on a caloric deficit is recommended for reducing abdominal fat. Toning exercises "Fat loss and weight training ... "The Effect of Abdominal Exercise on Abdominal Fat". Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 25 (9): 2559-64. doi:10.1519 ... Instead, fat is lost from the entire body as a result of diet and regular exercise. Muscle growth in the abdominal region does ... Spot reduction refers to the fallacy that fat can be targeted for reduction from a specific area of the body through exercise ...
*  Subcutaneous tissue
"Abdominal fat and what to do about it". Harvard Health Publications. Harvard Medical School. 2006. Retrieved 5 June 2013. ... Subcutaneous fat is found just beneath the skin, as opposed to visceral fat, which is found in the peritoneal cavity, and can ... Subcutaneous fat is the layer of subcutaneous tissue that is most widely distributed. It is composed of adipocytes, which are ... It is used mainly for fat storage. A layer of tissue lies immediately below the dermis of vertebrate skin. It is often referred ...
*  Black-necked grebe
Straker, Lorian Cobra; Jehl, Joseph R. (2017). "Rapid mobilization of abdominal fat in migrating eared grebes". Journal of ... This additional fat is used to power the black-necked grebe's overnight fall migration to its wintering grounds. The fat is ...
*  Mark Mattson
Loss of abdominal fat with maintenance of muscle mass; 3) Reduced blood pressure and heart rate, and increased heart rate ... In a related study, Mattson showed that rats fed with a high-fat, high-glucose diet supplemented with fructose corn syrup ...
*  Epidemiology of metabolic syndrome
19 A chief risk factor for prediabetes is excess abdominal fat. Obesity increases one's risk for a variety of other medical ... migration from rural to urban areas and a higher susceptibility to accumulate abdominal fat and develop more insulin resistance ... The Latin American populations exhibit a high prevalence of abdominal obesity and metabolic syndrome, similar or even higher ... refers to a cluster of related risk factors for cardiovascular disease that includes abdominal obesity, diabetes, hypertension ...
*  Adipose tissue
Visceral fat or abdominal fat (also known as organ fat or intra-abdominal fat) is located inside the abdominal cavity, packed ... a method to measure body fat percentage. Body Volume Index - a method to measure abdominal volume and abdominal fat. Blubber - ... are specifically designed to measure abdominal volume and abdominal fat. Excess visceral fat is also linked to type 2 diabetes ... Fat on the Inside: Looking Thin is Not Enough, By Fiona Haynes, About.com Abdominal fat and what to do about it, President & ...
*  Physical fitness
Abdominal fat, specifically visceral fat, is most directly affected by engaging in aerobic exercise. Strength training has been ... and an appropriate immune response are factors that mediate metabolism in relation to the abdominal fat. Therefore, physical ... Research into the benefits of HIIT have revealed that it can be very successful for reducing fat, especially around the ... Westcott, W.L.; La Rosa Loud, R. (2014). "Strength for fat loss training". American Fitness. 32 (1): 18-22. Westerlind, K. C. ( ...
*  Phenolic content in tea
"Green Tea Catechin Consumption Enhances Exercise-Induced Abdominal Fat Loss in Overweight and Obese Adults". Journal of ...
*  Acquired generalized lipodystrophy
Especially, intra-abdominal fat loss is variable. As subcutaneous fat is lost, affected areas show prominent structures of ... ectopic fat deposition, leptin deficiency, and severe metabolic abnormalities such as insulin resistance. Subcutaneous fat loss ... In AGL patients, adipose tissues are insufficient and leads to fat deposition in non-adipose tissues, such as muscle or liver, ... Panniculitis is an inflammatory nodules of the subcutaneous fat, and in this type of AGL, adipose destruction originates ...
*  Isomaltulose
In these studies, abdominal fat decreased with sugar replacement by isomaltulose or when replacing breakfast calories. ... The higher insulin concentration also promotes carbohydrate oxidation at the expense of fat oxidation, thus promoting fat ... a process that supports both fat oxidation and lowering of fat storage. Practical implications seem to be several, higher rates ... When compared with other ingested carbohydrates, isomaltulose allows higher rates of fat oxidation to fuel energy demanding ...
*  Waist
The size of a person's waist or waist circumference, indicates abdominal obesity. Excess abdominal fat is a risk factor for ... It measures the proportion by which fat is distributed around the torso. Waist-hip ratios of 0.7 for women and 0.9 for men have ... Abdominal obesity Alvinolagnia Belly dance Body modification Human body Midriff Navel Rib removal Waist-hip ratio Category: ...
*  Abdominal obesity
... intra-abdominal body fat is related to negative health outcomes independent of total body fat. Intra-abdominal or visceral fat ... Visceral fat, also known as organ fat or intra-abdominal fat, is located inside the peritoneal cavity, packed in between ... Abdominal obesity, also known as central obesity, is when excessive abdominal fat around the stomach and abdomen has built up ... Thiazolidinediones may cause slight weight gain but decrease "pathologic" abdominal fat (visceral fat), and therefore may be ...
*  Caloric restriction mimetic
... which reduces intra-abdominal fat. It improves lipid profile, glucose tolerance, and waist measurement. Therefore, it has ... It enhances the sensitivity of insulin receptors on the surface of muscle and fat cells and activates genes that reduce the ... making fat cells more repsonsive to insulin by binding to their PPAR receptors Agents that modulate sirtuins (called STAC - ...
*  Re'eh
God forbade the abdominal fat of cattle (in Leviticus 3:3), but permitted it in the case of beasts. God forbade consuming the ... This is indicated by Leviticus 7:24, which says, "And the fat of that which dies of itself (נְבֵלָה‬, nebeilah) and the fat of ...
*  Calorie restriction
These include lower levels of total and abdominal fat, circulating insulin, testosterone, estradiol, and inflammatory cytokines ... Ancient medicine, the province of Hippocrates and Galen after him, taught that the very fat were destined to die suddenly more ... Older age of onset, female sex, lower body weight and fat mass, reduced food intake, diet quality, and lower fasting blood ... However, studies designed to test this hypothesis suggest that reduced fat mass is not a major contributor to the longevity ...
*  Shemini (parsha)
God forbade the abdominal fat of cattle (in Leviticus 3:3), but permitted it in the case of beasts. God forbade consuming the ... This is indicated by Leviticus 7:24, which says, "And the fat of that which dies of itself (נְבֵלָה‬, neveilah) and the fat of ... And the Gemara noted that Leviticus 10:15 implies that the breast and thigh were on top of the offerings of fat. But the Gemara ... Even though Leviticus 9:24 reports that "fire came forth from before the Lord and consumed the burnt-offering and the fat on ...
*  Vayishlach
God forbade the abdominal fat of cattle (in Leviticus 3:3), but permitted it in the case of beasts. God forbade eating meat ... And the live fetus' fat is permitted. Rabbi Meir taught that one should not trust butchers to remove the sciatic nerve, but the ... Sages taught that one may trust butchers to remove the sciatic nerve as well as the fat that Leviticus 3:17 and 7:23 forbids. A ...
*  Buried penis
... overlaying abdominal fat, or penile injury. Adults with a buried penis will either live with their condition or undergo weight- ...
*  Body mass index
"Marked regression of abdominal fat amyloid in patients with familial amyloid polyneuropathy during long-term follow-up after ... For men with a BMI of 25, about 20% have a body fat percentage below 20% and about 10% have body fat percentage above 30%. BMI ... Waist circumference is a good indicator of visceral fat, which poses more health risks than fat elsewhere. According to the U.S ... have a high muscle to fat ratio and may have a BMI that is misleadingly high relative to their body fat percentage. BMI is ...
*  Marrow adipose tissue
Visceral abdominal fat (VAT) is a distinct type of WAT that is "proportionally associated with negative metabolic and ... "Abdominal fat is associated with lower bone formation and inferior bone quality in healthy premenopausal women: a transiliac ... "Bone marrow fat accumulation accelerated by high fat diet is suppressed by exercise". Bone. 64: 39-46. doi:10.1016/j.bone. ... "Vertebral Bone Marrow Fat Is Positively Associated With Visceral Fat and Inversely Associated With IGF-1 in Obese Women". ...
*  Hibernation
Hibernating Arctic ground squirrels may exhibit abdominal temperatures as low as −2.9 °C, maintaining sub-zero abdominal ... The fat accumulation prior to hibernation in female polar bears enables them to provide a sufficient and warm, nurturing ... Larger species become hyperphagic and eat a large amount of food and store the energy in fat deposits. In many small species, ... She loses 15-27% of her pre-hibernation weight and uses stored fats for energy during times of food scarcity, or hibernation. ...
*  Comfort food
The provocation of specific hormonal responses leading selectively to increases in abdominal fat is seen as a form of self- ... Self-medication and abdominal obesity". Brain, Behavior, and Immunity. 19 (4): 275-80. doi:10.1016/j.bbi.2004.11.004. PMID ...