2] LINDANE: Risk Profile. UNEP/POPS/POPRC.2/17/Add.4, Stockholm Convention of Persistent Organic Pollutants U.S. Environmental ... 16 (8): 891-2. doi:10.1016/S1470-2045(15)00081-9. PMID 26111929. STATE OF CALIFORNIA ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY, OFFICE OF ... 4-D" (PDF) (Press release). Retrieved 2015-11-19. Loomis D, Guyton K, Grosse Y, El Ghissasi F, Bouvard V, Benbrahim-Tallaa L, ... Guha N, Mattock H, Straif K (August 2015). "Carcinogenicity of lindane, DDT, and 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid". The Lancet. ...
The 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid/alpha-ketoglutarate dioxygenase from Burkholderia sp. (strain RASC) also belongs to this ... In molecular biology, TauD refers to a protein domain that in many enteric bacteria is used to break down taurine (2- ... aminoethanesulfonic acid) as a source of sulfur under stress conditions. In essence, they are domains found in enzymes that ... The Escherichia coli tauD gene is required for the utilization of taurine (2-aminoethanesulfonic acid) as a sulfur source and ...
Dense biofilms of V. paradoxus can be grown in M9 medium with carbon sources including d-sorbitol, glucose, malic acid, ... thiodipropionic acid and hence the production of polythioesters". Journal of Biotechnology. 209: 85-95. doi:10.1016/j.jbiotec. ... thiodipropionic acid respectively. Found ubiquitously, V. paradoxus has been isolated from a diverse range of environments ... mannitol and sucrose and casamino acids. Production of exopolysaccharide was hypothesized to be a controlling factor in biofilm ...
Nucleic Acids Research. 49 (16): 10618-10631. doi:10.1093/nar/gku734. PMC 4176335. PMID 25120263. Auchtung JM, Lee CA, Garrison ... 332 (2): 146-52. doi:10.1111/j.1574-6968.2012.02589.x. PMID 22553940. Varga M, Pantu Ček R, Ru Žičková V, Doškař J (January ... 82 (4): 789-91. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2958.2011.07860.x. PMID 21992544. Ajon M, Fröls S, van Wolferen M, Stoecker K, Teichmann D, ... 4 (8): 689-99. doi:10.1093/gbe/evs055. PMC 3516303. PMID 22798449. La Scola B, Desnues C, Pagnier I, Robert C, Barrassi L, ...
5-trichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4,5-T) yielded a more potent herbicide. It was found that 2,4,5-T was contaminated with 2,3,7, ... cacodylic acid (Ansar 138) and its sodium salt sodium cacodylate) used from 1962 to 1971 in powder and water solution Agent ... Agent Orange III: 66.6% n-butyl 2,4-D and 33.3% n-butyl ester 2,4,5-T. Enhanced Agent Orange, Orange Plus, or Super Orange (SO ... Louis District (4 April 2012). Archives Search Report Findings for Field Testing of 2,4,5-T and Other Herbicides (PDF) (Report ...
Steck, Warren (1967). "The Biosynthetic Pathway from Caffeic Acid to Scopolin in Tobacco Leaves". Canadian Journal of ... 69 (4): 810-813. doi:10.1104/pp.69.4.810. PMC 426310. PMID 16662301. Steck, Warren (1967). "Biosynthesis of Scopolin in Tobacco ... Hino F, Okazaki M and Miura Y (1982). "Effect of 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid on glucosylation of scopoletin to scopolin in ...
Abscisic acid has been reported to induce somatic embryogenesis in seedlings. After callus formation, culturing on a low auxin ... Gradual removal of auxin and cytokinin and introduction of abscisic acid (ABA) will allow an embryo to form. Using somatic ... as various polysaccharides, amino acids, growth regulators, vitamins, low molecular weight compounds and polypeptides. Several ... and Gibberellic acid (GA) has been used for development of indirect somatic embryos in strawberry (Fragaria ananassa) Plant ...
69 (4): 810-813. doi:10.1104/pp.69.4.810. PMC 426310. PMID 16662301. Betry, P.; Fliniaux, M.A.; Mackova, M.; Gillet, F.; Macek ... 146 (4): 503-507. doi:10.1016/S0176-1617(11)82015-8. ISSN 0176-1617. Biology portal v t e. ... Hino F, Okazaki M, Miura Y (1982). "Effect of 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid on glucosylation of scopoletin to scopolin in ...
34 (2): 168-73. doi:10.3881/j.issn.1000-503X.2012.02.013. PMID 22776604. Lan X, Han X, Li Q, Li Q, Gao Y, Cheng T, Wan J, Zhu W ... Toll-like receptor 4 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the TLR4 gene. TLR4 is a transmembrane protein, member of the ... Toll-like receptor 4 has been shown to be important for the long-term side-effects of opioid analgesic drugs. Various μ-opioid ... 165 (2): 569-83. doi:10.1016/j.neuroscience.2009.10.011. PMC 2795035. PMID 19833175. Shen CH, Tsai RY, Shih MS, Lin SL, Tai YH ...
2-3: 123-124. Retrieved 25 August 2017. Sarker, Sujan Kumer; Hossain, A.B.M. Enayet (June 2009). "Pteridophytes of Greater ... 5: 1-4. Retrieved 29 August 2017. Hassi, Ummehani; Hossain, Md. Tawhid; Huq, S. M. Imamul (2017-10-10). "Mitigating arsenic ... 43 (2): 211-218. doi:10.3329/bjar.v43i2.37326. ISSN 2408-8293. Marsilea minuta at iNaturalist Media related to Marsilea minuta ... The leaflets are 0.8-1.7 centimetres (3⁄8-5⁄8 in) by 1.2-2 centimetres (1⁄2-3⁄4 in), mostly glabrous, cuneate or flabellate. ...
An example is 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid, which will injure broadleaf weeds (dicots) but leave behind grasses (monocots). ... although usually not much more than 1 or 2 meters high. In addition, these sprayers often have very wide booms in order to ...
... including synthesising all their fatty acids, and most amino acids. The fatty acids that chloroplasts make are used for many ... Abscisic acid (ABA) occurs in all land plants except liverworts, and is synthesised from carotenoids in the chloroplasts and ... For example, the pain killer aspirin is the acetyl ester of salicylic acid, originally isolated from the bark of willow trees, ... The first known auxin, indole-3-acetic acid (IAA), which promotes cell growth, was only isolated from plants about 50 years ...
... from phenol and monochloracetic acid". J. Chem. Educ. 24 (9): 449. doi:10.1021/ed024p449. Retrieved 13 July 2020. This set ... 2,4,6-Trichlorophenol, for example, has two chlorine atoms in the ortho positions and one chlorine atom in the para position. ... There are six different isomers: 2,3,4-Trichlorophenol 2,3,5-Trichlorophenol 2,3,6-Trichlorophenol 2,4,5-Trichlorophenol 2,4,6- ... Trichlorophenol 3,4,5-Trichlorophenol Chlorophenol Dichlorophenol Pentachlorophenol Ebel, Eileen; Bell, Jane; Fries, Arthur; ...
Other compounds include hexadecanoic acid (26%), linoleic acid (13.1%), phenylacetaldehyde (8.9%) and benzaldehyde (3%), and ... 4 (2): 163-173. doi:10.1016/j.funeco.2010.10.001. ISSN 1754-5048. Dijkshoorn, L.; Ursing, B.M.; Ursing, J.B. (2000-05-01). " ... 1 (2): 117-126. doi:10.31817/vjas.2018.1.2.01. ISSN 2588-1299. "Impact of Substrate Volume on Oyster Mushroom Fruiting Bodies ... 2 (4): 4. doi:10.1615/IntJMedMushr.v2.i4.140. ISSN 1521-9437. Poyedinok, Natalia L.; Buchalo, Asja S.; Negriyko, Anatoliy M.; ...
In the 1970s, she was among the earliest to attempt to isolate nucleic acids from ancient seeds, finding that only very short ... 1965) Regulation of protein and nucleic acid synthesis by gibberellin during leaf senescence. Nature 207: 1176-1177 Osborne DJ ... 1962) Effect of kinetin on protein & nucleic acid metabolism in Xanthium leaves during senescence. Plant Physiology 37: 595-602 ... rather than abscisic acid, is the major regulator of senescence (ageing) and abscission (shedding of parts such as leaves). She ...
In alkane solvents triethylamine is a Lewis base that forms adducts with a variety of Lewis acid such as I2 and phenols. Owing ... It is also a catalyst and acid neutralizer for condensation reactions and is useful as an intermediate for manufacturing ... Triethylamine is used to give salts of various carboxylic acid-containing pesticides, e.g. Triclopyr and 2,4- ... dichlorophenoxyacetic acid[citation needed] Triethylamine is the active ingredient in FlyNap, a product for anesthetizing ...
... excreting acids that eat away at the teeth). Several chemical substances have been identified in C. rotundus: cadalene, ... As in other Cyperaceae, the leaves sprout in ranks of three from the base of the plant, around 5-20 cm (2-8 in) long. The ... 90 (2-3): 195-204. doi:10.1016/j.jep.2003.09.042. PMID 15013181. Manish V. Patel; et al. (October 2010). "Effects of Ayurvedic ... ISBN 2-8317-0326-3. Holm, LeRoy G.; Plucknett, Donald L..; et al. (1977). The World's worst weeds: Distribution and biology. ...
5-Trichlorophenoxyacetic acid 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid. ... 2,4,5-Trichlorophenol has been used as a fungicide and ... "Hazard Summary - 2,4,5-Trichlorophenol" (PDF). United States Environmental Protection Agency. Retrieved 30 November 2020. Agent ... "2,4,5-Trichlorophenol compound summary". PubChem. National Center for Biotechnology Information. Retrieved 30 November 2020. " ... 2,4,5-Trichlorophenol is an organochloride with the molecular formula C6H3Cl3O1. ...
This process, called germinated brown rice (GBR), activates enzymes and enhances amino acids including gamma-aminobutyric acid ... folic acid, and pantothenic acid. A raw yellow dent corn B raw unenriched long-grain white rice C raw hard red winter wheat D ... and folic acid, or iron with other B-complex vitamins, such as thiamin, niacin, vitamin B6, and pantothenic acid. A systematic ... Jianguo G. Wu, Chunhai Shia and Xiaoming Zhanga (2003). "Estimating the amino acid composition in milled rice by near-infrared ...
... containing acetic acid, propionic acid, isobutyric acid, n-butyric acid, isovaleric acid, and n-valeric acid. When Aspergillus ... However,A. penicillioides can increase free fatty acid content in the oil and produce bad taste. The fungus growing on raw ... Aspergillus penicillioides is used to treat petrochemical effluents with short-chain fatty acids (SCFA) ... 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) is a common herbicide for controlling weeds, and it has been reported to be a mutagen. A ...
Prominent families of herbicides include phenoxy and benzoic acid herbicides (e.g. 2,4-D), triazines (e.g., atrazine), ureas (e ... Herbicides became common in the 1960s, led by "triazine and other nitrogen-based compounds, carboxylic acids such as 2,4- ... dichlorophenoxyacetic acid, and glyphosate". The first legislation providing federal authority for regulating pesticides was ... The phenoxy and benzoic acid herbicides function similar to plant growth hormones, and grow cells without normal cell division ...
Dicamba and 2,4-D will cause harm to most broad-leaved plants, so the user should take care to avoid over-application. They can ... The flowers are 4-10 mm (0.16-0.39 in) wide, with five lemon-yellow petals, five sepals, and ten stamens. In Southern ... The burs are hard and bear two to four sharp spines, 10 mm (0.39 in) long and 4-6 mm (0.16-0.24 in) broad point-to-point. These ... 2,4-D), glyphosate, and dicamba are effective on T. terrestris. Like most postemergents, they are more effectively maintained ...
5-Trichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4,5-T) ceased in New Zealand in 1987 and it is no longer sold in New Zealand. 2,4- ... Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) is used in New Zealand and the Pesticides Board has decided not to prohibit the use of the ... Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 7 December 2015. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Taylor, Rowan ( ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Green Party (2 October 2008). "New Zealand sports grounds getting toxic treatment". ...
Like other acid herbicides, current formulations use either an amine salt (often trimethylamine) or one of many esters of the ... These are easier to handle than the acid. The triazine family of herbicides, which includes atrazine, were introduced in the ... In 2013 only two herbicide classes, called Photosystem II and long-chain fatty acid inhibitors, were effective against ryegrass ... Vinegar is effective for 5-20% solutions of acetic acid, with higher concentrations most effective, but it mainly destroys ...
Hydrofluoric acid is a notorious contact poison, in addition to its corrosive damage. Naturally occurring sour gas is a ... but is chemically converted to toxic formaldehyde and formic acid in the liver. Many drug molecules are made toxic in the liver ... it is also not recommended for ingestion of corrosive chemicals such as acids and alkalis. Cathartics were postulated to ... Indeed, 2,4-D is not a poison but classified as "harmful" (EU). Many substances regarded as poisons are toxic only indirectly, ...
2,4-D was one of the main ingredients of Agent Orange, a defoliant used during the Vietnam War that was blamed for many health ... 2,4-D is volatile and by EPA assessment is a hazardous air pollutant that is difficult to contain.[citation needed] According ... Dow added chemicals to the mixture in what it termed "Colex-D technology". 2,4-D is one of the most widely used herbicides in ... As of April 2014 maize and soybeans resistant to 2,4-D and glyphosate had been approved in Canada, and in September 2014 the ...
Solid 2,4-DCP does not readily absorb through skin and has a lower NFPA H=3 rating (versus H=4 for molten 2,4-DCP). This is ... 2,4-Dichlorophenol (2,4-DCP) is a chlorinated derivative of phenol with the molecular formula Cl2C6H3OH. It is a white solid ... It is also a photo-degradation product of the common antibacterial and antifungal agent triclosan along with the dioxin 2,8- ... Kintz P, Tracqui A, Mangin P (1992). "Accidental death caused by the absorption of 2,4-dichlorophenol through the skin". Arch. ...
Microbiol. 28 (4): 209-215. doi:10.1007/BF01575963. *↑ Russell, Peter J. (2009). Biology : exploring the diversity of life ( ... "Eukaryotic Cell 4 (6): 1102-15. PMC 1151995. PMID 15947202. doi:10.1128/EC.4.6.1102-1115.2005. Cite uses deprecated parameters ... Biol. 112 (2): 333-43. PMID 2984477. doi:10.1016/S0022-5193(85)80291-5. Cite uses deprecated parameters (juhend) ... Horisontaalne geeniülekanne on peamiseks bakterite antibiootikumiresistentsuse põhjuseks [1][2][3][4] ja mängib olulist rolli ...
Diamine dicarboxylic acid salt' issued and U.S. Patent 2,130,948 'Synthetic fibers', all issued 20 September 1938 D. Tanner, J ... Pedersen Plenish high oleic acid soybean oil Building 356 Potassium titanyl phosphate frequency doubling crystals for eye and ... 328 Nylon intermediates TiPure Titanium dioxide process Ink jet ink technology H2SO4 process New Harvest omega-3 fatty acid ... Reliance herbicides Londax Preemergent herbicides Glean herbicides Accent post-emergent corn herbicide Plenish high oleic acid ...
"GM Events with 2,4-D herbicide tolerance, GM Approval Database". ISAAA.org. Retrieved 2016-09-16. CS1 maint: discouraged ... Approval has been granted to grow crops engineered to be resistant to the herbicides 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid, dicamba, ... Pollack, Andrew (2007-11-27). "Round 2 for Biotech Beets". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2016-02-15. Fleischer ...
Intentional overdoses and unintentional high dose occupational exposures to chlorophenoxy acid herbicides have resulted in ... 5-Trichlorophenoxyacetic acid (also known as 2,4,5-T), a synthetic auxin, is a chlorophenoxy acetic acid herbicide used to ... IARC considers the chlorophenoxyacetic acids group of chemicals as possibly carcinogenic to humans.[7] In 1963 a production ... "2,4,5-T". Immediately Dangerous to Life and Health Concentrations (IDLH). National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health ...
Like other acid herbicides, current formulations use either an amine salt (often trimethylamine) or one of many esters of the ... These are easier to handle than the acid. Further discoveriesEdit. The triazine family of herbicides, which includes atrazine, ... Vinegar[63] is effective for 5-20% solutions of acetic acid, with higher concentrations most effective, but it mainly destroys ... In 2013 only two herbicide classes, called Photosystem II and long-chain fatty acid inhibitors, were effective against ryegrass ...
The first is to react iminodiacetic acid with phosphorous acid and hydrochloric acid (sometimes formed in situ by addition of ... and like all amino acids, exists in different ionic states depending on pH. Both the phosphonic acid and carboxylic acid ... Iminodiacetic acid is usually prepared on-site, such as by reaction of chloroacetic acid with ammonia and calcium hydroxide to ... The chloroacetic acid approach is less efficient than other iminodiacetic acid approaches, owing to the production of calcium ...
... phenylacetic acid, indole-3-butyric acid, and indole-3-propionic acid.[1][2] However, most of the knowledge described so far in ... However, some exogenously synthesized auxins, especially 1-naphthaleneacetic acid (NAA) and indole-3-butyric acid (IBA), are ... Indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) is the most abundant and the basic auxin natively occurring and functioning in plants. It generates ... On the molecular level, all auxins are compounds with an aromatic ring and a carboxylic acid group.[3] The most important ...
Once it was determined that the two compounds are the same, it was named abscisic acid. The name "abscisic acid" was given ... Auxins, especially 1-Naphthaleneacetic acid (NAA) and Indole-3-butyric acid (IBA), are also commonly applied to stimulate root ... The most active JA in plants is jasmonic acid. Jasmonic acid can be further metabolized into methyl-JA, which is a volatile ... Salicylic acid (SA) is a hormone with a related structure to phenol. It was originally isolated from an extract of white willow ...
doi:10.1016/S0378-8741(02)00205-2. PMID 12413723.. *^ a b Bourke CA, Stevens GR, Carrigan MJ (Jul 1992). "Locomotor effects in ... 72 (2 Suppl): 624S-36S. PMID 10919969.. *^ Gauthaman K, Ganesan AP (Jan 2008). "The hormonal effects of Tribulus terrestris and ... 9 (2): 257-65. doi:10.1089/10755530360623374. PMID 12804079.. *^ Hong CH, Hur SK, Oh OJ, Kim SS, Nam KA, Lee SK (2002). " ... 21 (2): 348-53. doi:10.1519/R-18395.1. PMID 17530942.. CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link) ...
Hydrofluoric acid is a notorious contact poison, in addition to its corrosive damage. Naturally occurring sour gas is a ... but is chemically converted to toxic formaldehyde and formic acid in the liver. Many drug molecules are made toxic in the liver ... it is also not recommended for ingestion of corrosive chemicals such as acids and alkalis.[11] ... 43 (2): 61-87. PMID 15822758.. *^ Toxicology, American Academy of Clinical (2004). "Position paper: cathartics". J Toxicol Clin ...
5-Trichlorophenoxyacetic acid. The Spring 1990 accident affected 670,000 people. Dioxin was found in tap water. It was assumed ... 17 (4): 275-88. doi:10.1080/026520300283351. PMID 10912242. S2CID 45117354.. *^ a b National Toxicology, Program (2006). "NTP ... 5-trichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4,5-T). Higher levels of chlorination require higher reaction temperatures and greater dioxin ... "4 Seveso: A paradoxical classic disaster". Retrieved 2007-06-04.. *^ a b Castellani, Federica (2004). "Yushchenko's acne points ...
... including synthesising all their fatty acids,[82][83] and most amino acids.[84] The fatty acids that chloroplasts make are used ... For example, the pain killer aspirin is the acetyl ester of salicylic acid, originally isolated from the bark of willow trees,[ ... Some of these processes are used in their primary metabolism like the photosynthetic Calvin cycle and crassulacean acid ... indole-3-acetic acid (IAA), which promotes cell growth, was only isolated from plants about 50 years later.[160] This compound ...
had exposure to metal plating solvents and chromic acid documented in September 1982 by the Middle-Brook Regional Health ... 5-trichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4,5-T) containing traces of 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD). A sampling programme ... 2-3. U.S. Census Bureau. "2010 Census Interactive Population Search for NJ". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 21 September 2017. ... Blue Spruce Chemical was known to have been involved in storing a defoliant labelled "Agent Orange" consisting of 2,4- ...
There are six isomers: 2,3-Dichlorophenol 2,4-Dichlorophenol 2,5-Dichlorophenol 2,6-Dichlorophenol 3,4-Dichlorophenol 3,5- ... 4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D). Chlorophenol Trichlorophenol Pentachlorophenol François Muller, Liliane Caillard (2011 ...
The most active JA in plants is jasmonic acid. Jasmonic acid can be further metabolized into methyl jasmonate (MeJA), which is ... Auxins, especially 1-naphthaleneacetic acid (NAA) and indole-3-butyric acid (IBA), are also commonly applied to stimulate root ... Salicylic acid (SA) is a hormone with a structure related to phenol. It was originally isolated from an extract of white willow ... Abscisic acid (also called ABA) is one of the most important plant growth inhibitors. It was discovered and researched under ...
... like all amino acids, exists in different ionic states depending on pH. Both the phosphonic acid and carboxylic acid moieties ... Some companies report their product as acid equivalent (ae) of glyphosate acid, or some report it as active ingredient (ai) of ... The first is to react iminodiacetic acid and formaldehyde with phosphorous acid (sometimes formed in situ from phosphorus ... Glyphosate is an acid molecule, so it is formulated as a salt for packaging and handling. Various salt formulations include ...
5-trichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4,5-T). Benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and xylene are commonly known as BTEX. BTEX is found ... 2,4-D and 2,4,5-T were herbicides used to make Agent Orange in the Vietnam War. Additionally, cyanide, arsenic, beryllium, ... The cleanup goal for 2,4,6-trichlorophenol (2,4,6-TCP) was 61 μg/L and this goal was achieved by having a well reach less than ... 276 (2): 83-94. doi:10.1016/j.taap.2014.02.012. ISSN 0041-008X. PMID 24589379. Fred C. Hart Associates. (1979). An ...