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*  Xanthine oxidase - Wikipedia
... explaining why xanthine oxidase is being researched for links to cardiovascular health. Both xanthine oxidase and xanthine ... xanthine + H2O2 xanthine + H2O + O2 ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } uric acid + H2O2 Xanthine oxidase can also act on ... Xanthine oxidase (XO, sometimes 'XAO') is a form of xanthine oxidoreductase, a type of enzyme that generates reactive oxygen ... Because xanthine oxidase is a metabolic pathway for uric acid formation, the xanthine oxidase inhibitor allopurinol is used in ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Xanthine_oxidase
*  Xanthine Oxidase Inhibition With Oxypurinol Improves Endothelial Vasodilator Function in Hypercholesterolemic but Not in...
Mechanisms of conversion of xanthine dehydrogenase to xanthine oxidase in ischemic rat liver and kidney. Am J Physiol. 1988;27: ... 15 16 Inhibition of xanthine oxidase can be achieved by oxypurinol, which has a molecular structure similar to that of xanthine ... In the vascular endothelium, the xanthine oxidase system is one of the main sources of superoxide anion within and around ... In the present study, we tested the hypothesis that an increased activity of superoxide anions formed by the xanthine oxidase ...
http://hyper.ahajournals.org/content/30/1/57
*  Xanthine oxidase inhibition for chronic heart failure: is allopurinol the next therapeutic advance in heart failure? | Heart
xanthine oxidoreductase. Biochemical and pharmacologic studies implicate xanthine oxidoreductase (XO) as a major source of ... Organ distribution and molecular forms of human xanthine dehydrogenase/xanthine oxidase protein. Lab Invest1996;74:48-56. ... Perez NG, Gao WD, Marban E. Novel myofilament Ca2+-sensitizing property of xanthine oxidase inhibitors. Circ Res1998;83:423-30. ... Tubaro E, Lotti B, Cavallo G, et al. Liver xanthine oxidase increase in mice in three patholgoical models. A possible defence ...
http://heart.bmj.com/content/91/6/707
*  Allopurinol, Xanthine Oxidase, and Cardiac Ischemia | Journal of Investigative Medicine
Allopurinol as an effective inhibitor of the enzyme xanthine oxidase (XO) has been used for several decades for the treatment ...
http://jim.bmj.com/content/57/8/902
*  Hypoxanthine plus xanthine oxidase causes profound natriuresis without affecting renal blood flow autoregulation
Hypoxanthine plus xanthine oxidase causes profound natriuresis without affecting renal blood flow autoregulation. ... Hypoxanthine plus xanthine oxidase causes profound natriuresis without affecting renal blood flow autoregulation. Background ... Enhanced superoxide production by xanthine oxidase in ischemia/reperfusion has been implicated in structural damage. The ... study we assessed whether intrarenal increases of accomplished by concomitant intrarenal hypoxanthine and intravenous xanthine ...
https://research-repository.griffith.edu.au/handle/10072/32115
*  Xanthine oxidase activity of arthrobacter x-4 cells immobilized in glutaraldehyde-crosslinked gelatin - Semantic Scholar
The xanthine oxidase activity and stability were determined at various temperatures. In comparison with bovine milk xanthine ... The xanthine oxidase activity and stability were determined at various temperatures. In comparison with bovine milk xanthine ... Xanthine oxidase activity of arthrobacter x-4 cells immobilized in glutaraldehyde-crosslinked gelatin. *. Johannes Tramper. , ... Gratuitous induction of xanthine oxidase by 5,6-diaminouracil in continuously grown cells of Arthrobacter globiformis M4. * ...
https://www.semanticscholar.org/paper/Xanthine-oxidase-activity-of-arthrobacter-x-4-cell-Tramper-Plas/fed2c5a6bc7dcd756a4981e1530f7d88a1b87ff9
*  DSpace Biblioteca Universidad de Talca (v1.5.2): Xanthine oxidase inhibitory activity of flavonoids and tannins from...
Xanthine oxidase inhibitory activity of flavonoids and tannins from Hexachlamys edulis (Myrtaceae). ... The acetone-water extract of Hexachlamys edulis (Myrtaceae) inhibited the enzyme xanthine oxidase (XO) in vitro. Bioassay- ... Hexachlamys edulis; Myrtaceae; pentagalloylglucose; desmanthin-1; (-)-epigallocatechin-3-O-gallate; xanthine oxidase inhibitors ...
http://dspace.utalca.cl/handle/1950/4284
*  Plus it
In select incubations, the AO inhibitor raloxifene (50-100 µM) or xanthine oxidase (XO) inhibitor allopurinol (50 µM) was ... 2012) The role of aldehyde oxidase and xanthine oxidase in the biotransformation of a novel negative allosteric modulator of ... Meanwhile, after coincubation with the xanthine oxidase (XO) inhibitor allopurinol (50 µM), negligible inhibition of BIBU1476 ... which suggests a potential small role for xanthine oxidase (XO) in the formation of M2 from M1. More definitive studies need to ...
http://dmd.aspetjournals.org/content/42/10/1751
*  Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Purpose: The objectives of this in-vitro study were to investigate the effect of theobromine, which is the principle xanthine ...
http://ohpd.quintessenz.de/index.php?doc=abstract&abstractID=28524
*  Xanthine - Wikipedia
Clinical significance of xanthine derivatives[edit]. Derivatives of xanthine (known collectively as xanthines) are a group of ... Xanthine (/ˈzænθiːn/ or /ˈzænθaɪn/; archaically xanthic acid) (3,7-dihydropurine-2,6-dione), is a purine base found in most ... Xanthine is subsequently converted to uric acid by the action of the xanthine oxidase enzyme. ... People with the rare genetic disorder xanthinuria lack sufficient xanthine oxidase and cannot convert xanthine to uric acid. ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Methylxanthines
*  Xanthine - Wikipedia
Derivatives of xanthine (known collectively as xanthines) are a group of alkaloids commonly used for their effects as mild ... A number of stimulants are derived from xanthine, including caffeine and theobromine. Xanthine is a product on the pathway of ... People with the rare genetic disorder xanthinuria lack sufficient xanthine oxidase and cannot convert xanthine to uric acid. ... Xanthine is subsequently converted to uric acid by the action of the xanthine oxidase enzyme. Studies reported in 2008, based ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Xanthine
*  Xanthine phosphoribosyltransferase - Wikipedia
... xanthine, phospho-D-ribosyltransferase, 9-(5-phospho-beta-D-ribosyl)xanthine:diphosphate, and 5-phospho-alpha-D- ... In enzymology, a xanthine phosphoribosyltransferase (EC 2.4.2.22) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction XMP + ... Krenitsky TA, Neil SM, Miller RL (1970). "Guanine and xanthine phosphoribosyltransfer activities of Lactobacillus casei and ... whereas its two products are 5-phospho-alpha-D-ribose 1-diphosphate and xanthine. This enzyme belongs to the family of ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Xanthine_phosphoribosyltransferase
*  Xanthine derivatives - DrugBank
3-isobutyl-1-methyl-7H-xanthine. Not Available. DB08844. Uric Acid. At present (August 2013), there is no approved indication ... A methyl xanthine derivative from tea with diuretic, smooth muscle relaxant, bronchial dilation, cardiac and central nervous ... 3-isobutyl-1-methyl-7H-xanthine. High affinity cAMP-specific and IBMX-insensitive 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase 8A. target. ... 3-isobutyl-1-methyl-7H-xanthine. Retinal rod rhodopsin-sensitive cGMP 3',5'-cyclic phosphodiesterase subunit gamma. target. ...
https://www.drugbank.ca/categories/DBCAT001028
*  Patent US6025362 - Uses of xanthine compounds - Google Patents
In a preferred embodiment, dialkyl substituted xanthines are utilized. ... Xanthine compounds are utilized to accelerate anesthetic recovery from the effects of certain compounds as propofol, etomidate ... Since the aqueous solubility of xanthine compounds tends to be low, reference to xanthine and xanthine compounds referred to ... 7-dimethyl xanthine, and 1,3,7-trimethyl xanthine, as well as 8-substituted compounds (e.g., 1,3-dimethyl, 8-phenyl xanthine). ...
http://www.google.com/patents/US6025362?dq=5,960,411
*  What does xanthine stand for?
Find out what is the full meaning of xanthine on Abbreviations.com! 'Xanthine Oxidase' is one option -- get in to view more @ ... We've got 10 shorthands for xanthine ». Acronyms that contain the term xanthine. What does xanthine mean? This page is about ... What does xanthine mean?. xanthine(noun). crystalline oxidation product of the metabolism of nucleoproteins; precursor of uric ... Know what is xanthine? Got another good explanation for xanthine? Don't keep it to yourself!. ...
https://www.abbreviations.com/serp.php?st=xanthine&qtype=3
*  3-Isobutyl-1-Methyl Xanthine
... Synonyms IBMX; MIX; MeiBu-Xan; IBX; 1-Methyl-3-isobutylxanthine, 3,7-Dihydro-1-methyl-3-(2- ...
https://www.mpbio.com/02195262-1-3-isobutyl-1-methyl-xanthine-cf
*  Xanthine | definition of xanthine by Medical dictionary
... xanthine explanation free. What is xanthine? Meaning of xanthine medical term. What does xanthine mean? ... Looking for online definition of xanthine in the Medical Dictionary? ... Related to xanthine: Xanthine oxidase, Xanthine DeHydrogenase, xanthine oxidase deficiency. xanthine. [zan´thēn] a purine ... Superoxide anion XDH: Xanthine dehydrogenase XO: Xanthine oxidase XOR: Xanthine oxidoreductase.. Xanthine Oxidoreductase- ...
https://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/xanthine
*  xdhA - Xanthine dehydrogenase - Rhodobacter capsulatus - xdhA gene & protein
Xanthine dehydrogenaseImported. ,p>Information which has been imported from another database using automatic procedures.,/p> ,p ... tr,O54050,O54050_RHOCA Xanthine dehydrogenase OS=Rhodobacter capsulatus OX=1061 GN=xdhA PE=1 SV=1 ...
http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/O54050
*  gpt xanthine-guanine phosphoribosyltransferase [Desulfovibrio vulgaris str. Hildenborough] - Gene - NCBI
xanthine-guanine phosphoribosyltransferase. YP_010287.1. *EC 2.4.2.22. *catalyzes the conversion of guanine, xanthine and, to a ... xanthine-guanine phosphoribosyltransferase. Locus tag. DVU1066. Gene type. protein coding. RefSeq status. REVIEWED. Organism. ... gpt xanthine-guanine phosphoribosyltransferase [ Desulfovibrio vulgaris str. Hildenborough ] Gene ID: 2794778, updated on 30- ... YP_010287.1 xanthine-guanine phosphoribosyltransferase [Desulfovibrio vulgaris str. Hildenborough]. See identical proteins and ...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/gene/2794778
*  MUTANTS OF DROSOPHILA MELANOGASTER DEFICIENT IN XANTHINE DEHYDROGENASE | Genetics
MUTANTS OF DROSOPHILA MELANOGASTER DEFICIENT IN XANTHINE DEHYDROGENASE Message Subject (Your Name) has forwarded a page to you ... MUTANTS OF DROSOPHILA MELANOGASTER DEFICIENT IN XANTHINE DEHYDROGENASE. Edward Glassman and H. K. Mitchell ... MUTANTS OF DROSOPHILA MELANOGASTER DEFICIENT IN XANTHINE DEHYDROGENASE. Edward Glassman and H. K. Mitchell ... MUTANTS OF DROSOPHILA MELANOGASTER DEFICIENT IN XANTHINE DEHYDROGENASE. Edward Glassman and H. K. Mitchell ...
http://www.genetics.org/content/44/2/153
*  RCSB PDB - Protein Feature View - Xanthine phosphoribosyltransferase - P0A9M5 (XGPT ECOLI)
The PDB archive contains information about experimentally-determined structures of proteins, nucleic acids, and complex assemblies. As a member of the wwPDB, the RCSB PDB curates and annotates PDB data according to agreed upon standards. The RCSB PDB also provides a variety of tools and resources. Users can perform simple and advanced searches based on annotations relating to sequence, structure and function. These molecules are visualized, downloaded, and analyzed by users who range from students to specialized scientists.
http://www.rcsb.org/pdb/protein/P0A9M5
*  Aldehyde oxidase/xanthine dehydrogenase, a/b hammerhead (IPR000674) | InterPro | EMBL-EBI
Xanthine dehydrogenase (EC:1.1.1.204) catalyses the hydrogenation of xanthine to urate, and also requires FAD, molybdenum and ... Aldehyde oxidase/xanthine dehydrogenase, a/b hammerhead (IPR000674). Short name: Ald_Oxase/Xan_DH_a/b ... This activity is often found in a bifunctional enzyme with xanthine oxidase (EC:1.1.3.22) activity too. The enzyme can be ... Crystal structure of the xanthine oxidase-related aldehyde oxido-reductase from D. gigas.. Science 270 1170-6 1995 ...
http://www.ebi.ac.uk/interpro/entry/IPR000674