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*  Non-wood forest products for rural income and sustainable forestry
Baker, J.T., Borris, R.P., Carté, B., Cordell, G.A., Cragg, G.M., Gupta, M.P., Iwu, M.M., Madulid, D.R. & Tyler, V.E. 1995. Natural product drug discovery and development: new perspectives on international collaboration. Journal of Natural Products 58:(9) 1325-1357. Bhatia, S. & A. Kothari, A. 1996. Community register for documenting local uses of biological diversity. Bulletin of the Working Group on Traditional Resource Rights 2: 9-10. Counsel, S. & Rice, T. eds. 1992. The Rainforest Harvest: Sustainable Strategies for Saving the Tropical Forests: Proceedings of and International Conference Held at the Royal Geographical Society. London: Friends of the Earth. Dutfield, G. 1993. Conservation of the Tropical Forests and the Pharmaceutical Industry. Unpublished MPhil dissertation. Cambridge, Department of Geography, University of Cambridge. Dutfield, G. 1994. Report on the Fourth Congress of Ethnobiology. Oxford, UK; Working Group on Traditional Resource Rights. Dutfield, G. & Ghate, U. 1997. ...
http://www.fao.org/docrep/W7261e/W7261e06.htm
*  Beyond timber: social, economic and cultural dimensions of non-wood forest products in Asia and the Pacific - Ecotourism: The...
Traditionally, the taboo system common in the Pacific had been an efficient manner of protecting forest resources. The system unfortunately has been drastically relaxed, in most societies, through the power of money and decreasing resources. Increases in population have put further pressure on resources, aggravating the deterioration of this traditional obligation. Today, conservation and preservation are only attractive if the sustainable management of the resource involved provides some practical gain. If not, destructive exploitation can easily result. In Fiji's context, the development of ecotourism has been based on the understanding that landowners will benefit through income generation (via employment and business opportunities). Preservation is secondary. Whilst the development of ecotourism in Fiji is a link between utilisation and preservation of the forest resources, it will only be effective in forested areas that have specialised and unique features, to which visitors will be ...
http://www.fao.org/docrep/X5336E/x5336e0b.htm
*  FAO - Forestry - Workshop on Tropical Secondary Forest Management in Africa: Reality and Perspectives
2.10 Fuel wood. Woody biomass is the main source of household energy for cooking and heating. Wood is also used for baking ... The impact of dead wood collection is low compared to live wood for fuel or building materials (Cunningham, 1996). ... 2.8 Wood carving - household items. A range of wooden items is found in most households surrounding forests. They are important ... Tree use for utensils is often selective, with hard woods required for mortars, while softer species are acceptable for mugs, ...
http://www.fao.org/3/j0628e/J0628E30.htm
*  Chapter 10. Non-wood forest products
Non wood forest products from conifers. FAO Non-wood Forest Products No. 12. Rome.. FAO. 1999a. Les données statistiques sur ... Non-wood products from broad-leaved trees. FAO Non-wood Forest Products. Rome. (in press).. International Tropical Timber ... Trade restrictions affecting international trade in non-wood forest products. FAO Non-wood Forest Products No. 8. Rome.. FAO. ... Non-wood forest products. ABSTRACT. Non-wood forest products (NWFP) are a major source of food and income. However, few ...
http://www.fao.org/3/Y1997E/y1997e0f.htm
*  NWFP Digest-L
1. Non-Wood News. From: FAO's NWFP Programme. FAO's Non-Wood Forest Products programme has just published the latest issue of ... Non-Wood Forest Products Programme. Forestry Department. FAO. Viale delle Terme di Caracalla. 00100 Rome, Italy. Fax: +39-06- ... 1. Non-Wood News. 2. Forestry Short Courses. 3. Central Asian Mountain Information Network. 4. Truffle Research. 5. The Fungal ... non-wood-news@fao.org. or International Centre for Underutilised Crops. E-mail: haq@soton.ac.uk ...
http://www.fao.org/forestry/50097/en/
*  Forest Energy Forum No 5
Unified Wood Energy Terminology (UWET). The approach being used by FAO's Wood Energy Programme for the classification and ... Chips are wood that has been deliberately reduced to small pieces from wood in the rough, or residues suitable for energy ... as well as wood by-products from the wood products industry and from recovered woody products. It essentially preserves the ... Wood pellets can be considered as a fuel derived from the auto-agglomeration of woody material as a result of the combined ...
http://www.fao.org/docrep/X3721E/x3721e02.htm
*  Unasylva - No. 157-158 - Small-scale forest enterprises - Wood or charcoal - which is better?
... which shows that cooking with dried wood is more efficient and convenient than cooking with wet wood. Table 1. Wood and ... from the energy point of view, charcoal as a fuel has a higher efficiency than wood as long as the useful thermal yield of wood ... In general, charcoal wastes less energy than wood if the useful energy derived from a quantity of wood used directly is lower ... In the following calculations the heating value of wood is assumed to be generally around 3500 Kcal/kg for green wood. Dried ...
http://www.fao.org/3/s4550e/s4550e09.htm
*  Beyond timber: social, economic and cultural dimensions of non-wood forest products in Asia and the Pacific - Non-wood forest...
Non-wood forest products of Bhutan. Introduction. Legislation, orders and rules regulating NWFPS. Importance of non-wood forest ... Non-wood forest products are harvested and used daily without much thought. The full impact of NWFPs on the rural economy has ... Importance of non-wood forest products. More than 80 percent of the people of Bhutan depend on agriculture and animal husbandry ... Interested in local paper production and other non-wood products.. ...
http://www.fao.org/docrep/X5336E/x5336e0c.htm
*  Chapter 2. Wood carbonisation and the products it yields
Normally only the wood actually used-up is reckoned. Thus unburnt wood which can be recycled is deducted from the wood used ... Wood species Production Method Moisture content % Ash % Volatile matter - % Fixed carbon % Bulk density raw -kg/m3 Bulk density ... usually wood or perhaps wood gas, outside the retort and allowing it to pass through the walls to the wood contained in the ... The wood used was either mixed species from the natural forest of the region or eucalypt wood from plantations. Table 1. Some ...
http://www.fao.org/docrep/X5555E/x5555e03.htm
*  Unasylva - No. 101-102-103 - World consultation on the use of wood in housing - Section 6: Wood in housing in developing...
17) ROBLES, G. & TENG, I. 1971 Wood in housing in Chile. (18) STOKES, J.G. 1971 Wood in housing in South East Asia and the ... Measures to increase wood use in housing. In view of the fact that an increased use of wood in housing could help solve the ... THE SHARE OF WOOD IN HOUSE CONSTRUCTION In order to give a rough idea of what annual quantities of wood are presently utilized ... This spans the extremes from a mainly non-wood house with only roof structure, doors and windows made of wood to an all-timber ...
http://www.fao.org/docrep/c3848e/c3848e09.htm
*  Non-wood forest products for rural income and sustainable forestry
PROCESSING, REFINEMENT AND VALUE ADDITION OF NON-WOOD FOREST PRODUCTS. T. De Silva and C.K. Atal/. INTRODUCTION. Non-wood ... Small-scale harvesting operations of wood and non-wood forest products involving rural people. FAO Forestry Paper 87. Rome, FAO ... Forests: the non-wood resources. Dehra Dun, India, International Book Distributors. EEC. Market for herbal medicines 1990. UK, ... Non-wood News 1. George, Watt. 1966. The commercial products of India. New Delhi, Today and Tomorrow Printers (Reprint). Godin ...
http://www.fao.org/docrep/V7540e/V7540e18.htm
*  NWFP Digest-L
Non-Wood Forest Products ProgrammeForestry Department. FAO. Viale delle Terme di Caracalla. 00100 Rome, Italy. Fax: +39-06-570- ... Sandalwood: Two arrested in Kenya with Sh10 million rare wood. Source: The East African Standard (Nairobi), 21 March 2007 ... Request for contributions to the next issue of Non-wood News. From: FAO's NWFP Programme ... Past issues of Non-wood News are available from the NWFP home page: www.fao.org/forestry/FOP/FOPW/NWFP/nwfp-e.stm ...
http://www.fao.org/forestry/49996/en/
*  Encouraging product innovation and sustainable trade | World Forestry Congress | Food and Agriculture Organization of the...
Innovative wood-based products*The use of wood in infrastructure and building ... Bio-composites derived from wood are used for purposes ranging from vehicle and medical applications to sustainable building. ... Session 2: Bringing wood from sustainable forests to our homes and lives ...
http://www.fao.org/about/meetings/world-forestry-congress/programme/sub-themes/innovation/en/
*  Unasylva - No. 135 - Forestry in arid zones - Newsprint for developing countries
Such a wood cost might well be achieved in an integrated operation with a sawmill, or if there were no competitive use for the ... For this reason, the price of wood has been taken as high as US $30/m3. In cases B and C, two processes of pulping have been ... Thus the prices which the paper mill would have to pay for roundwood in order to ensure an adequate supply of wood might ... This situation does not, of course, make itself felt to the same extent if the wood is supplied from pulpwood plantations. The ...
http://www.fao.org/docrep/p5520e/p5520e04.htm
*  NTPC DOCUMENT (NWFP FAO)
Income from the wood of a Pinus halepensis tree, for example, is only 2% of the income generated from resin throughout the ... Factors that lead to argan woodland degradation include intense ploughing and the development of irrigated agriculture, wood ... heavy vehicles of the forest service entered the forest to remove dead wood for fire hazard elimination. However, only the ... wood, firewood, resins, bark, pastures/livestock, hunting, honey. ...
http://www.fao.org/docrep/x5593e/x5593e03.htm
*  Principles of sustainable tropical forest management where wood production is the primary objective
These needs are for forest products and services, such as wood and -wood products, water, food, fodder, medicine, fuel, shelter ... Close proximity of a forest resource to wood markets and to wood-processing industries.. This approach to forest management is ... The greater the uncertainty over the future - whether environmental change or markets for wood and non-wood products - the ... Sustainable forest management can only be achieved through the reliable determination of yields of both wood and non-wood ...
http://www.fao.org/docrep/W8212E/w8212e04.htm
*  7. The research progress of biomass pyrolysis processes
For fir and beech wood, charcoal yields of 300 weight percent on fed wood basis have been achieved. All products are used as ... Feedstocks generally considered for thermochemical conversion are wood and wood waste , energy crops such as short rotation ... Sketch of a Decomposing Wood Particle Including the Reaction Paths Involved 7.5. Pilot rotating cone reactor established in SAU ... The pyrolysis of wood results in the production of gas, tar and char (solid). Of course, the yield of these products are ...
http://www.fao.org/docrep/t4470E/t4470e0a.htm
*  Setting up and running a school garden
Do not use cooked food, large pieces of wood, plastic, metal, glass, crockery, wire, nylon, synthetic fabrics, coal ash, ... Spray with natural pesticides, or dust with wood ash or flour. Spray under leaves too. ... wood ash, animal and fish bones, feathers, cotton cloth, bits of leather or paper, soil. ...
http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/a0218e/A0218E16.htm
*  Unasylva - No. 82 - Logging in India
INDUSTRIAL WOOD Boards: manufactured from various waste material from the sawmills. Veneers: mainly from teak, rosewood, sissoo ... The assortments can be divided into three main groups: commercial timbers, industrial wood and fuelwood. COMMERCIAL TIMBERS For ... The large demand and comparatively high prices obtainable for wood after the first world war stimulated the desire to try new ... The handle is nearly always straight and round and is usually fashioned from any wood available locally. Felling is carried out ...
http://www.fao.org/docrep/44279e/44279e02.htm
*  Review of the state of world marine capture fisheries management: Indian Ocean.
J. Woods. Presented June, 1999. IOC Bruun Memorial Lectures. IOC Technical Series 55. (available at http://unesdoc.unesco.org). ...
http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/a0477e/a0477e0w.htm
*  Cassava processing - Utilization of cassava products
Wood furniture. Before the Second World War the manufacture of plywood and veneer relied mainly on cassava as a glue. The basic ... Most of the production of yeast is based on such low-cost raw materials as waste liquids, wood hydrolyzates and molasses. ... the glue is applied to the wood with rollers. As the presence of a certain amount of the pulp is useful, medium- to low-quality ...
http://www.fao.org/docrep/X5032E/x5032E06.htm
*  Asia Industrial and Institutional Stove Compendium
The height of the stove is 17 cm, pot holes are 16 cm diameter, a wood feeding hole is 12 cm × 10 cm. The wood feeding hole is ... The main problem with the woodfed stove is the high cost of wood which reduces the net income. The high cost of wood makes the ... wood produces less ash and hence creates less of a waste disposal problem. The wood consumption is 10 m3 per month. ... Wood is preferred over rice hulls as fuel for 2 reasons: a) the charcoal from woodfuel can be used as a fire source for smoking ...
http://www.fao.org/docrep/006/AD095E/AD095E03.htm
*  Forest fires, tsunami, deforestation and Millennium Goals
Issues at stake are the rehabilitation of damaged forests; wood salvage; meeting the immediate needs for wood for the ... and the spread of pests and diseases through wood and non-wood products. FAO is currently analyzing available information and ... They called for comprehensive assessment of forest damage from the tsunami and wood needs for reconstruction in order to better ...
http://www.fao.org/newsroom/en/news/2005/100228/index.html
*  Drought impact mitigation and prevention in the Limpopo River Basin
Descriptions of land cover are usually dominated by forest types, such as woodland, bushland, savannah, and wooded and open ...
http://www.fao.org/docrep/008/y5744e/y5744e07.htm
*  Forestry Curriculum Development and Revision
1 wood processing workshop,. 1 nursery,. 1 library, 410 ha of experimental forests ...
http://www.fao.org/docrep/006/Y1842E/y1842e28.htm