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*  Prehistoric colour vision: multiple opsin genes in the ancestral vertebrates - Murdoch Research Repository
The phylogeny of the vertebrate opsin gene family was inferred based on a codon-matched nucleotide sequence alignment. We ... Although the selection pressures underlying the origins of colour vision are still unknown, the early vertebrates lived in a ... Lampreys are extant survivors of the agnathan (jawless) stage in vertebrate evolution and they, or their close relatives, ... To investigate the molecular basis of these multiple photoreceptor types, and the molecular evolution of the vertebrate opsin ...
http://researchrepository.murdoch.edu.au/id/eprint/20579/
*  Amphioxus (Branchiostoma floridae) has orthologs of vertebrate odorant receptors | BMC Evolutionary Biology | Full Text
By identifying homologous ORs in vertebrate and in non-vertebrate chordates, we hope to expose ancestral features of the ... Phylogenetic analysis places the B. floridae OR genes in a monophyletic clade with the vertebrate ORs. The majority of OR genes ... We anticipate that the identification of vertebrate OR orthologs in amphioxus will lead to an improved understanding of OR gene ... Here, we show that amphioxus has orthologs of vertebrate ORs. This conclusion demonstrates that the receptors, and perhaps ...
https://0-bmcevolbiol-biomedcentral-com.brum.beds.ac.uk/articles/10.1186/1471-2148-9-242
*  Lamprey Mystery | Museum
"It's a jawless vertebrate," he said. "It has a spinal cord, but no skeleton. Just cartilage. Its teeth are not real teeth, but ...
https://www.uaf.edu/museum/press/spotlight/lamprey-mystery/
*  Invertebrates - Humboldt Bay - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
Invertebrates are an immense food supply to other invertebrates as well as vertebrates; acting as the primary food source for ...
https://www.fws.gov/refuge/Humboldt_Bay/wildlife_and_habitat/HumboldtInvertebrates.html
*  Terrestrial Vertebrates
... Stegocephalians: Tetrapods and other digit-bearing vertebrates. Michel Laurin Click on an image to view ... Conquest of Land by Vertebrates. The first limbed vertebrates, such as Acanthostega and Ichthyostega, were clearly aquatic taxa ... Page: Tree of Life Terrestrial Vertebrates. Stegocephalians: Tetrapods and other digit-bearing vertebrates. Authored by Michel ... This page discusses terrestrial vertebrates and other vertebrates that bear limbs with digits rather than fins. The muscular ...
http://tolweb.org/Terrestrial_vertebrates
*  Category:alq:Vertebrates - Wiktionary
Fundamental » All languages » Algonquin » All sets » Lifeforms » Animals » Chordates » Vertebrates. Algonquin terms for ... Retrieved from "https://en.wiktionary.org/w/index.php?title=Category:alq:Vertebrates&oldid=19488595" ...
https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/Category:alq:Vertebrates
*  Category:rm:Vertebrates - Wiktionary
Fundamental » All languages » Romansch » All sets » Lifeforms » Animals » Chordates » Vertebrates. Romansch terms for ... Pages in category "rm:Vertebrates". The following 2 pages are in this category, out of 2 total. ... Retrieved from "https://en.wiktionary.org/w/index.php?title=Category:rm:Vertebrates&oldid=47126915" ...
https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/Category:rm:Vertebrates
*  vertebrate | AMNH
We are all vertebrates, or animals with backbones. Vertebrates use their backbones for movement and support. ... All vertebrates have an endoskeleton -- their bones are inside their bodies. When humans and other vertebrates grow, their ... Vertebrates use their backbones for movement and support. Vertebrates share other traits as well: an internal skeleton, muscles ... Some vertebrates are warm-blooded. Their body temperature stays the same. Others have a body temperature that changes, ...
https://www.amnh.org/explore/ology/ology-cards/189-vertebrate
*  Vertebrates quiz - By physicselephant
Can you pick the vertebrates? Test your knowledge on this science quiz to see how you do and compare your score to others. Quiz ...
https://www.sporcle.com/games/physicselephant/vertebrates
*  Cardio-Respiratory Control in Vertebrates | SpringerLink
The focus of this book is the evolution of cardiovascular and respiratory control in vertebrates. Life originated in water, ... whereas the second ramification includes all the land vertebrates. A possible ancestor to the lungfish and land vertebrates has ... Very likely, land vertebrates and the lungfish arose as a sister group, and both possess real lungs. Lungfish include 6 species ... The focus of this book is the evolution of cardiovascular and respiratory control in vertebrates. Life originated in water, ...
https://link.springer.com/book/10.1007/978-3-540-93985-6
*  Palaeos Vertebrates Rodentia
dental formula 1/1, 0/0, 2/1, 3/3; incisors have 2 layers of enamel on labial face & no enamel on lingual side; wear creates sharp, beveled shape to incisors; paraconids absent on cheek teeth; complex occlusal surfaces; large diastema; mandibular symphysis flexible (many forms can spread incisors slightly) zygomatic arch begins anterior to cheek teeth; zygomatic arch complete, large & dominated by jugal; masseters large, with complex subdivisions, some quite far anterior and at least one almost always originating on rostrum; temporalis relatively small; orbit just dorsal to cheek teeth; glenoid fossa of squamosal elongate, allowing for propalinal motion of jaw; large paroccipital process; post-cranial skeleton unspecialized; clavicle present; herbivorous or omnivorous; gnawing and chewing separate with gnawing requiring distinct forward shift of lower jaw; gnawing makes use of anteriorly shifted jaw muscles (both messeteric & pterygoideus); propalinal movement also for chewing in many later ...
http://palaeos.com/vertebrates/rodentia/rodentia.html
*  What are Vertebrates? (with pictures)
Vertebrates are animals that have a backbone, including fish, amphibians, birds, and mammals. The reason vertebrates developed ... Vertebrates are animals with a backbone, also known as a spinal column. They make up most of the phylum Chordata, one among 38 ... Among the vertebrates, fish were the first to evolve limbs and start to walk on land, becoming amphibians. A line of amphibians ... The first vertebrates are known from fossils in the Maotianshan shales in China, dated to between 525 and 520 million years ago ...
https://www.wisegeek.com/what-are-vertebrates.htm
*  Project MUSE - How Vertebrates Left the Water
The oldest known vertebrates are about 500 Ma old, but the fi rst potentially terrestrial vertebrates are less than 350 Ma old ... Thus, stegocephalians include all terrestrial and most amphibious vertebrates. The main invasion of land by vertebrates ... When vertebrates ventured onto land, most of their systems (locomotor, respiratory, sensory) and structures (like the skin and ... Along with a discussion of the evolutionary pressures that may have led vertebrates onto dry land, the book also shows how ...
http://muse.jhu.edu/book/25833
*  larva: Vertebrate Larvae | Infoplease
Among vertebrates a number of fishes pass through larval stages; the larva of the eel is interesting because it is flat and ... larva: Vertebrate Larvae. Among vertebrates a number of fishes pass through larval stages; the larva of the eel is interesting ...
https://www.infoplease.com/encyclopedia/plants-and-animals/animals/zoology-invertebrates/larva/vertebrate-larvae
*  FOSSIL VERTEBRATES OF ARGENTINA | Science
Thank you for your interest in spreading the word about Science.. NOTE: We only request your email address so that the person you are recommending the page to knows that you wanted them to see it, and that it is not junk mail. We do not capture any email address.. ...
http://science.sciencemag.org/content/1/18/497
*  Vertebrate - Conservapedia
Vertebrates are defined as animals that possess a backbone.[1] They are a subphylum of the phylum chordata. ... Vertebrates include fishes, reptiles, amphibians, birds, and mammals, all having a vertebral column, or a chain of bony ... Vertebrates are often contrasted with invertebrates, animals which do not have a backbone. Although most animals we tend to ... Most vertebrates have two distinct sexes, each with paired gonads, although there are some exceptions ...
https://www.conservapedia.com/index.php?title=Vertebrate&
*  Energy Cycle in Vertebrates
Vertebrates store, mobilize, transport, and use their metabolic fuel reserves to produce ATP, the universal energy currency of ... Vertebrates store, mobilize, transport, and use their metabolic fuel reserves to produce ATP, the universal energy currency of ... Energy Cycle in Vertebrates. Jean‐Michel Weber, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Canada ... Weber, Jean‐Michel(Apr 2001) Energy Cycle in Vertebrates. In: eLS. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester. http://www.els.net [doi: ...
http://www.els.net/WileyCDA/ElsArticle/refId-a0001820.html
*  Palaeos Vertebrates Cynodontia: References
Carroll, RL (1988), Vertebrate Paleontology and Evolution, WH Freeman & Co., 698 pp. Epicynodontia, Procynosuchidae, ...
http://palaeos.com/vertebrates/cynodontia/references.html
*  Gnathostome | vertebrate | Britannica.com
The most significant change that occurred during early vertebrate evolution was the appearance of animals that could live and ... advanced vertebrates with jaws (Gnathostomata) has involved both the appearance of new hormones and the further evolution of ... In circulatory system: Circulation in jawed vertebrates. Although clearly related to its mode of life, the blood system of a ... The most significant change that occurred during early vertebrate evolution was the appearance of animals that could live and ...
https://www.britannica.com/animal/gnathostome
*  Download Agassizii, daytime, reptile, vertebrates
Similar tags: agassizii • daytime • egmont strigl • gopher • north • reptile • testudines • united • vertebrates Top tags: ...
https://www.tradebit.com/tagworld.php/agassizii
*  Main Groups of Terrestrial Vertebrates
in Carroll, R. L., 1988: Vertebrate paleontology and evolution.. -W. H. Freeman and company, New York, 1988, 698 ... Tetrapoda (four-legged vertebrates, maaselkärankaiset) †'Ichthyostegalia' [paraphyletic order of basal tetrapods] †Baphetoidea ... Carroll, R. L., 1988: Vertebrate paleontology and evolution.. -W. H. Freeman and company, New York, 1988, 698 ...
http://www.helsinki.fi/~mhaaramo/metazoa/deuterostoma/chordata/tetrapoda_index.html
*  Phys.org - vertebrates
Phys.org internet news portal provides the latest news on science including: Physics, Space Science, Earth Science, Health and Medicine
https://phys.org/tags/vertebrates/sort/popular/1d/
*  Vertebrates (general) | GNSI
The Guild of Natural Science Illustrators is a non-profit organization of both illustrators and those interested in science illustration, founded by illustrators at the Smithsonian Institution in 1968, to provide opportunities to meet, share ideas, and spread the knowledge of visual science techniques. ...
https://gnsi.org/taxonomy/term/77
*  Reproductive behaviour - Reproductive behaviour in vertebrates | Britannica.com
Reproductive behaviour in vertebrates: The reproductive behaviour of fishes is remarkably diversified: they may be oviparous ( ... Reproductive behaviour in vertebrates. Fishes. The reproductive behaviour of fishes is remarkably diversified: they may be ... Whereas the developing gonads of all other vertebrates have an outer and inner layer of tissue, those of bony fishes have a ... Reptiles are the first vertebrates that, in an evolutionary sense, have evolved an egg that is truly independent of water. ...
https://www.britannica.com/science/reproductive-behaviour-zoology/Reproductive-behaviour-in-vertebrates
*  Vertebrate Paleontology | LSU MNS
Vertebrate Paleontology. The museum's collections of over 19,000 lots (more than 43,000 specimens) come from over 1,100 ... The vertebrate paleontology section has a volunteer program involving community volunteers in research. ... on Chinese vertebrate fossils, especially those from near the Paleocene/Eocene boundary when modern mammal groups were evolving ...
http://lsu.edu/mns/collections/vertebrate-paleontology.php