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*  demineralisation: Definition, Word Game Analysis
demineralisation Definition, demineralisation Best Plays of demineralisation in Scrabble® and Words With Friends, Length tables of words in demineralisation, Word growth of demineralisation, Sequences of demineralisation
https://www.litscape.com/word_analysis/demineralisation
*  Demineralization around restorations with different restorative materials containing fluoride
SEIXAS, Letícia Caliento et al. Demineralization around restorations with different restorative materials containing fluoride. Mat. Res. [online]. 2004, vol.7, n.2, pp.235-240. ISSN 1516-1439. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1516-14392004000200004.. The aim of this study was to evaluate in vitro the demineralization on tooth/restoration interface of eight restorative materials after demineralization/remineralization cycling. Eighty class V cavities were prepared with margins at enamel and dentin/cementum, and were restored with Fuji II LC, Fuji IX, Ketac-fil, Ketac Molar, Ariston pHc, Compoglass, Degufill Mineral and Z100. After the restorative procedures, the restorations were submitted to demineralization/ remineralization cycling during 14 days. Specimens were embedded in acrylic resin and submitted to serial sectioning. The sections were examined by optical microscope, and demineralization around restoration ...
http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_abstract&pid=S1516-14392004000200004&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en
*  Effect of plaque accumulation and salivary factors on enamel demineralization and plaque composition in situ
INTRODUCTION. Dental plaque left undisturbed over teeth is implicated in dental caries development, and, in the presence of frequent exposure to sucrose, white spots are clinically detected after 14-21 days7,22. Using sensitive laboratory methods to assess enamel demineralization it was demonstrated that even shorter periods were enough to cause enamel alterations2,16. However, the relationship between salivary factors, period of dental plaque accumulation, and dental caries deserves further research.. It has been assumed that plaque cariogenicity is influenced by a dynamic interaction of dietary and salivary, microbiological and biochemical factors. Salivary flow rate, buffer capacity and mutans streptococci counts were significantly related to caries occurrence in some studies9,19, and the evaluation of these factors has been proposed as a tool for caries risk assessment; but the associations with caries are normally weak. Also, mutans streptococci counts in plaque are considered to be ...
http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1517-74912003000400006&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en
*  Rehardening of caries-like lesions in root surfaces by saliva substitutes - Turssi - 2006 - Gerodontology - Wiley Online Library
Objective: This study sought to evaluate whether root dentine caries-like lesions could be remineralised by saliva substitutes.. Methods: Root dentine slabs (3 × 3 × 2 mm) were cut from bovine incisors, ground flat, polished and pre-tested for Knoop microhardness (KHN) at five locations spaced 500 μm apart and 500 μm from the left edge of each sectioned piece. After 60 out of the 100 slabs had been selected based upon their KHN values, specimens were coated with wax except for their outer surface. Specimens were then cycled through a highly cariogenic challenge model to induce caries-like lesions, whose formation was confirmed by KHN measurements located 500 μm from the right edge of the specimen. According to a randomised complete block design, the experimental units (n = 15) were exposed to 1.5 ml of saliva substitutes, based on either mucin (MC) or carboxymethylcellulose (CM), to natural human saliva (HS) or to 100% relative humidity (RH) over 20 days. Remineralisation was verified by ...
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1741-2358.2006.00117.x/abstract
*  Quantifying enamel demineralization from teeth with orthodontic brackets-a comparison of two methods. Part 2: validity : The...
This is Part 2 of an in vitro study investigating two techniques for recording and quantifying demineralization surrounding orthodontic brackets. In Part 1 the repeatability of computerized image analysis from digitally converted photographic slides and quantitative light‐induced fluorescence (QLF) was explored. In Part 2 of the investigation the validity of each technique was examined.. Thirty halved human molars, shaped to look like incisors and with an orthodontic bracket bonded to the buccal surface were used. A small area of each of the four edges of the bracket was variously exposed to a demineralizing gel for 0, 3, 7, or 14 days. Images of the teeth were taken and analysed using the two techniques. Repeat images and analysis were carried out blind. The sensitivity, specificity, positive, and negative predictive values were calculated.. A negative result confirmed that there was no demineralization present in the majority of cases. A positive result was less reliable ...
http://oxfordindex.oup.com/viewindexcard/10.1093$002fejo$002f25.2.159
*  A comparison of terahertz-pulsed imaging with transverse microradiography and microhardness to measure mineral changes in...
The aim of this study was to determine the ability of Terahertz Pulsed Imaging (TPI) to measure mineral changes in enamel lesions during de/remineralisation studies. A comparison was made between transverse microradiography (TMR) and microhardness measurements. Artificial lesions were formed in bovine enamel using a solution of 0.1 M lactic acid (pH 5.0) containing 0.2% Carbopol C907 and 50% saturated with hydroxyapatite. The 20 day experimental protocol consisted of four, one-minute treatment periods with dentifrices containing 10, 675, 1385 and 2700ppm fluoride, a 4 h/day acid challenge, and for the remaining time specimens were stored in a 50:50 pooled human / artificial saliva mixture. Terahertz images were generated by positioning the specimens at the focus of the beam and raster scanning the optics to collect the reflections from the air / enamel (AEI) and lesion / enamel (LEI) interface. Significant differences were observed in the intensity change from baseline of the AEI and LEI ...
http://spie.org/Publications/Proceedings/Paper/10.1117/12.816860
*  "Efficacy of Orthodontic Bonding Agents in Preventing Demineralization " by Morris Poole
Enamel demineralization is a concern in orthodontic patients with poor oral hygiene. To curtail this problem, amorphous calcium phosphate (ACP) containing adhesives have been developed. The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate the cariostatic potential of an ACP containing orthodontic bonding agent adjacent to brackets. Sixty human molars were randomly distributed into: ACP adhesive, resin modified glass ionomer cement (RMGIC), and conventional composite resin groups (N=20 each). Brackets were bonded following the manufacturer's instructions. Tooth enamel through a 2mm window around the brackets was cycled in demineralization (6 hrs) and remineralization (18 hrs) solutions. After 14 days, teeth embedded in resin and were sectioned. Knoop indentations were performed to determine enamel hardness. There were no statistically significant differences between the control and experimental groups. However, both Fuji Ortho LC (RMGIC), and Aegis ...
https://scholarscompass.vcu.edu/etd/2178/
*  An X-ray Microtomography Study of the Effect of an Experimental Statherin-like Peptide on Demineralisation and Remineralisation...
The salivary protein, statherin, plays an important role in enamel homeostasis. It forms a bioactive complex with calcium and phosphate releasing these ions when pH decreases. Statherin also forms part of the enamel pellicle forming a protective barrier against bacterial and dietary acids. The purpose of this thesis was two-fold: firstly, to study the effect of a 21 amino acid peptide identical to the N terminus of Statherin (StN21) on enamel de - and remineralisation in vitro and secondly, to undertake biocompatibility assays of this peptide to demonstrate its safety for use in a clinical trial. X-ray microtomography (XMT) is a quantitative, non-destructive method of measuring mineral change. Using XMT to quantify mineral changes, StN21 demonstrated a statistically significant decrease in demineralisation rate when compared to control lesions exposed to phosphate buffered saline (PBS). Whole Statherin protein and sodium fluoride solutions were used as positive controls and were found to have ...
https://qmro.qmul.ac.uk/xmlui/handle/123456789/11580
*  JAIRO | Demineralisation of whey by a combination of nanofiltration and anion-exchange treatment: a preliminary study
Demineralisation of whey by a combination of nanofiltration and anion-exchange treatment: a preliminary studyDemineralisation of whey by a combination of nanofiltration and anion-exchange treatment: a preliminary study ...
http://jairo.nii.ac.jp/0083/00227254/en
*  Researchers Investigate the Role of Diet in Caries Prevention
Seoul, Republic of Korea - Today at the 94th General Session & Exhibition of the International Association for Dental Research, researcher Angus Walls, Edinburgh Dental Institute, Scotland, UK, will give a Keynote Address titled "What is the Role of Diet in Caries Prevention?" The IADR General Session is being held in conjunction with the 3rd Meeting of the IADR Asia Pacific Region and the 35th Annual Meeting of the IADR Korean Division.. Dental caries are caused by bacterial fermentation of dietary sugars that result in the production of acids just below the critical pH for demineralization of enamel and dentine. This process is dynamic because saliva is an efficient remineralizing solution that can repair acid-mediated demineralization. However, there are limits to the extent of demineralization that can be repaired by the action of saliva, and this ability is impaired in people with xerostomia. Strategies for caries prevention can have two approaches, ...
http://www.iadr.org/IADR/About-Us/News/ArtMID/132983/ArticleID/70/Researchers-Investigate-the-Role-of-Diet-in-Caries-Prevention
*  Jurnal Teknologi | EVALUASI PROSES PENGOLAHAN LIMBAH KULIT UDANG UNTUK MENINGKATKAN MUTU KITOSAN YANG DIHASILKAN
Shrimp industries produce waste in the form of the tail, head, and skin. These materials can be further processed into chitin by demineralization and deproteinization. By removing the acetyl group of chitin, chitosan was obtained. Both characteristics of products are influenced by degree of deacetylation, solubility, viscosity, and molecular weight. To obtain high quality of chitosan, the quality of chitin is improved by optimizing demineralization and deproteinization. In this research, before demineralization and deproteinization the boiling process was conducted. In addition, the sequence of those processes was randomized, such as demineralization-deproteinization and deproteinization-demineralization. The study was conducted by treating the dried shrimp shell waste through the boiling process, the process deproteinasi using NaOH solution, demineralization using HCl solution, and followed by deacetylation ...
http://jurtek.akprind.ac.id/bib/evaluasi-proses-pengolahan-limbah-kulit-udang-untuk-meningkatkan-mutu-kitosan-yang-dihasilkan
*  Patente US20070215550 - Combination method for the demineralization of water - Google Patentes
The present invention relates to a method for the demineralization of water using a combination of a monodisperse cation filter operated as a lift bed and a monodisperse anion filter operated in the cocurrent flow procedure, and also devices which comprise such a lift bed in combination with at least one cocurrent flow filter and if appropriate a trickling degasser and/or a mixed-bed filter.
http://www.google.es/patents/US20070215550?dq=flatulence
*  Chinese Journal of Dental Research
Methods:The surface of hydroxyapatite (HAP) discs were modified with a self-assembling film of fatty acids (FAs), CH3(CH2)n-1COOH in ethanol, with different carbon chain lengths (n = 1, 2, ... , 16) for 12 hrs to obtain superhydrophobicity. The water contact angle on the surface of the modified HAP discs was measured to determine the superhydrophobicity. The superhydrophobically modified HAP discs were coated with human saliva, incubated in a S. mutans suspension for 24 hrs and the amount of the bacterium bound to the HAP disc surface was measured as colony-forming units. The HAP discs modified with FAs with different carbon chain length were also examined for their resistance to acid by immersing in an artificial caries demineralisation solution for 12 hrs. The calcium dissolved in the demineralisation solution was measured by atomic absorption spectroscopy. Further, the resistance of superhydrophobically modified HAP discs to acid was examined by the same method at 1, 8, 24 and 48 hrs ...
http://cjdr.quintessenz.de/index.php?doc=abstract&abstractID=15741
*  4 Simple Ways to Apply Toothpaste on Pimples - wikiHow
How to Apply Toothpaste on Pimples. If you're struggling with a breakout, you might feel embarrassed or frustrated. Whether you've tried other pimple remedies without success or you're looking for a quick solution you can try at home,...
https://www.wikihow.com/Apply-Toothpaste-on-Pimples
*  Mechanism of Removal of Impurities During Scouring Process - Textile Learner
The reason for reddish shade after bleaching with peroxide is the high content of manganese, Mn (2+)→colourless but Mn (7+ )→ violet. The contents of Fe, Mn, Ca and Mg varies depending upon the origin of cotton . With the demineralization treatment the mineral content of cellulosic substrates can be reduced substantially and thereby diminishing the negative influence of earth alkali and heavy metal ions in subsequent process operation. Complexion of earth alkali salts (Ca and Mg) is possible in the acid medium and heavy metals (Fe and Mn) is possible in alkaline medium. The advantages and benefits of the demineralisation are : better levelness and more brilliance in the dyeing process, lower peroxide consumption, reduction in the ash content, increase in degree of whiteness, regular decomposition of peroxide, no catalytic damage of the fibres (holes) and possibility of replacement of hypochlorite bleach. Generally good pre-treated materials should have 100-300 p.p.m, of Ca and Mg and 4-8 ...
http://textilelearner.blogspot.com/2013/04/mechanism-of-removal-of-impurities.html
*  Ortek's Electronic Device to Detect the Earliest Signs of Dental Cavities Awarded a U.S. Patent - Taking The Genic Route
Ortek Therapeutics Inc., a global conglomerate in the oral bio-technology domain, was recently awarded a US patent on its ECD dental device. The gadget is a system capable of discerning early/pre-cavity decay, which proved to be difficulty via x-ray or visual examination. Laboratory tests on humans have shown that the ECD device can detect initial stages of tooth decay or oral demineralization with 100% accuracy.. In most cases, the back teeth are often more susceptible to tooth decay, and therefore the device is designed to cater for pre-cavity lesions in molars and premolars. The teeth's biting surface have deep grooves that reveal tooth mineral loss in case of acid attacks responsible for cavity development. With demineralization or fracture, the tooth enamel becomes electrically conductive as the dentinal fluid on the enamel site completes a circuit with battery powered ECD device. The gadget ...
https://takingthegenicroute.wordpress.com/2016/08/04/orteks-electronic-device-to-detect-the-earliest-signs-of-dental-cavities-awarded-a-u-s-patent/
*  Patent US6652592 - Segmentally demineralized bone implant - Google Patents
This application provides a novel unitary bone implant having at least one rigid, mineralized bone segment, which may be machined to include threads, grooves, a driver head, perforations, a recess, or a symmetric shape, and a flexible, demineralized segment, which may also be machined to any desired shape prior to demineralization, or after demineralization. The disclosed implant has wide orthopedic applicability, including but not limited to repair or replacement of ligaments, tendons, and joints and for inducing vertebral fusions and fractured bone repair.
http://www.google.com/patents/US6652592?dq=7,094,863
*  Mechanisms of Normal and Pathological Demineralization Group Report | SpringerLink
Scientists from a wide variety of disciplines were brought together in this group in the hope that useful exchanges of ideas would in the long-term help in our understanding of the problem of...
https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-642-68574-3_21
*  Patent US20100330003 - Oral care product and methods of use and manufacture thereof - Google Patents
This invention relates to methods of treating early enamel lesions comprising applying an effective amount of a basic amino acid in free or salt form, together with fluoride to a patient in need thereof.
http://www.google.com.au/patents/US20100330003
*  Acquisition of the ability to make polysaccharides from sucrose, we. and | Novel EGFR inhibitors attenuate cardiac hypertrophy
Acquisition of the ability to make polysaccharides from sucrose, we. and anthropological elements. In humans, oral caries is thought as the demineralisation of tooth with the bacterial creation of organic acidity from fermentable substrates such as for example monosaccharides, oligosaccharides, and prepared polysaccharides1,2,3. The oral caries pandemic continues to be previously talked about from an anthropological and archaeological viewpoints in terms of the consumption WZ8040 of fermentable carbohydrates4,5,6,7. Indeed, the emergence of dental caries positively correlates with the increased consumption of carbohydrates through the main source, grain8,9, following the introduction of prehistoric farming. At that time, the degree of caries was comparatively moderate, since oral bacteria produced only low amounts of organic acid. However, the widespread use of processed sugar during the industrial revolution due to improvements in food processing techniques, stabilisation of ...
http://paft-phil.com/acquisition-of-the-ability-to-make-polysaccharides-from-sucrose-we-and/
*  Plus it
Epidemiological and clinical studies have shown that potassium intake has an important role in regulating blood pressure in both the general population and people with high blood pressure.1 High potassium intake may have other beneficial effects independent of its effect on blood pressure-for example, reducing the risk of stroke,2-4 preventing the development of renal vascular, glomerular, and tubular damage,5 decreasing urinary calcium excretion,6 reducing formation of kidney stones,7 and reducing demineralisation of bone (osteoporosis).8-11 In this article we discuss the evidence for these and other benefits of a high potassium intake. ...
http://www.bmj.com/content/323/7311/497
*  Stupid attempt at something kinky... - Skin conditions - Condition | Our Health
I would stop worrying about it so much. Many toothpastes contain some ingredient that makes your mouth tingle -- maybe it's the mint. You may have had some kind of allergic reaction. Wash your skin thoroughly.If you notice the pain continues under your arm for more than a couple days that seems more of concern. Try to relax -- you're not going to get cancer from rubbing toothpaste on your breasts one time!Drink fluids and get a little mild exercise. If the pain continues ask a doctor.Just curious, how big did your breasts get? Was it noticeable? How long did the sweBy the way, don't feel embarrassed about this. I put toothpaste on my... uh.... penis.... once as an experiment. The tingling sensation was too much and I had to wash it off quickly.Some toothpastes seem to do it, others don't ...
http://www.ourhealth.com/conditions/skin-conditions/stupid-attempt-at-something-kinky
*  Lanham Family Dental » Services
Sapphire Professional Whitening allows you to achieve dramatic results quickly. When used with the Sapphire Supreme Light1, the system is proven to whiten smiles up to 7 shades in only 30 minutes. Sapphire Professional Whitening also allows you the flexibility to whitene smiles without light activation. Beyond beautifying smiles, you can also protect them from demineralization and caries, thanks to the integrated fluoride.. The Sapphire Supreme light, does not expose your patients to harmful UV rays and thus does not require protective sunscreen or face masks.. Sapphire Home Whitening 3 Minutes per day is all it takes!. Other systems require 30 minutes a day, while Sapphire Home Whitening is proven to whiten smiles up to 9 shades with only 3 minutes of wear a day for two weeks - that's a total treatment time of only 42 minutes!. ...
https://lanhamfamilydental.com/about/
*  Easy english learning for adults - Popular Pdf Site
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http://err-japan.tk/2017/12/30/easy-english-learning-for-adults_sw/
*  Homedics-UHE-HDC4 $14.00 Air Purification-Wholesale Point
Breath easy with humidifiers from HoMedics here at Wholesale Point. FREE SHIPPING on qualifying orders over $35 and best price guarantee on most items, like the HoMedics UHE-HDC4 Demineralization Cartridges
http://www.wholesalepoint.com/product/homedics-uhe-hdc4.aspx