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*  Mitochondrion - wikidoc
... there is a membrane potential across the inner membrane formed by the action of the enzymes of the electron transport chain. ... The central set of reactions involved in ATP production are collectively known as the citric acid cycle. However, the ... Inner membrane. Main article: Inner mitochondrial membrane. The inner mitochondrial membrane contains proteins with four types ... Outer membrane. Main article: Outer mitochondrial membrane. The outer mitochondrial membrane, which encloses the entire ...
http://www.wikidoc.org/index.php/Mitochondrion
*  Regulation of Potassium Balance | Vander's Renal Physiology, 8e | AccessMedicine | McGraw-Hill Medical
... of the intracellular to extracellular concentration of potassium is the major determinant of the resting membrane potential in ... The flux is driven by the concentration gradient set up when water is reabsorbed, which concentrates potassium and other ... The major events take place in the thick ascending limb, where the Na-K-2Cl multiporter in the apical membrane of the tubular ... However in the apical membrane of principal cells in the distal nephron, 2 types of channels stand out as being those that ...
http://accessmedicine.mhmedical.com/content.aspx?bookid=2173§ionid=163663605
*  Surveying the electrostatic binding potential of rod photoreceptor membranes and its role in setting peripheral membrane...
Surveying the electrostatic binding potential of rod photoreceptor membranes and its role in setting peripheral membrane ... Surveying the electrostatic binding potential of rod photoreceptor membranes and its role in setting peripheral membrane ... Surveying the electrostatic binding potential of rod photoreceptor membranes and its role in setting peripheral membrane ... We propose a systematic study of peripheral membrane proteins and their interaction with cell structures and membranes, in live ...
https://iovs.arvojournals.org/article.aspx?articleid=2334384
*  Frontiers | LFPy: a tool for biophysical simulation of extracellular potentials generated by detailed model neurons | Frontiers...
... an open source Python package for numerical simulations of extracellular potentials. LFPy consists of a set of easy-to-use ... LFPy consists of a set of easy-to-use classes for defining cells, synapses and recording electrodes as Python objects, ... Further, calculation of extracellular potentials using the line-source-method is efficiently implemented. We describe the ... Here, we describe LFPy, an open source Python package for numerical simulations of extracellular potentials. ...
https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fninf.2013.00041/full
*  Cellular and Molecular Events in the CVS Flashcards by Mollie O'Hare | Brainscape
Why does the SA node not really have a set membrane potential? ... Membrane potential lowers to about -10mV because of opening of ... What is the result on the SA node action potential when the membrane potential reaches a more negative level? ... Voltage gated Ca channels when the membrane potential reaches -50mV, causing depolarisation Opening of voltage gated K channels ... What might happen after the initial depolarisation that contributes to a lower membrane potential? ...
https://www.brainscape.com/flashcards/cellular-and-molecular-events-in-the-cvs-5060189/packs/7491258
*  Ions, Permeability and the Resting Membrane Potential Flashcards by Anna Dunlop | Brainscape
Permeability and the Resting Membrane Potential flashcards from Anna Dunlop ... According to the value of the membrane potential - intracellular Cl- ions concentration is set by the membrane potential. + Na+ ... Because the resting membrane potential is much closer to EK+ than to ENa+, the membrane must be much more permeable to K+ than ... Ions, Permeability and the Resting Membrane Potential Flashcards Preview MD2001 , Ions, Permeability and the Resting Membrane ...
https://www.brainscape.com/flashcards/ions-permeability-and-the-resting-membran-5554127/packs/8389334
*  Two levels of resting potential in canine cardiac Purkinje fibers exposed to sodium-free solutions. - Semantic Scholar
... and 2.7 mM KCl may be quiescent at a resting potential of either -50 mV or -90 mV. The membrane potential of these fibers can ... Slow changes in membrane potential also are seen; these changes may result from movements of chloride. ... Fibers that show a high resting potential cannot be excited except by depolarizing stimuli strong enough to move the membrane ... more easily excited and may show rhythmic activity sustained by afterpotentials that appear only if the low membrane potential ...
https://www.semanticscholar.org/paper/Two-levels-of-resting-potential-in-canine-cardiac-Wiggins-Cranefield/08448575773b8d3c2b89389be80e9647705aef55
*  Plus it
... the membrane potential was set to −80 mV; when possible, recordings were also obtained at −40, −120, and −160 mV. These ... membrane potentials were achieved by applying a corresponding potential to the patch pipette and assuming a resting potential ... Miniature EP potential (MEPP), miniature EP current (MEPC) and EP potential (EPP) recordings, estimates of the number of ... with a membrane potential of −70 mV, a temperature of 22°C, and with bath and pipette solutions containing (in mm): KCl 142, ...
http://www.jneurosci.org/content/17/15/5651
*  Plus it
The holding membrane potential was first set to -65 or -70 mV; the position of the extracellular electrode and the stimulus ... Ionotropic glutamatergic transmission was then blocked, and the holding potential was set to -45 or -50 mV, so that sIPSCs ... to a holding potential of 0 or 20 mV) sufficient to evoke unclamped action potentials. This stimulation protocol was repeated ... Bursts of action potentials in parallel fibers can evoke both a heterosynaptic decrease of the climbing fiber input onto ...
http://www.jneurosci.org/content/24/20/4865
*  The importance of interstitial cells of cajal in the gastrointestinal tract.
ICC IN SETTING THE MEMBRANE POTENTIAL OF SMOOTH MUSCLE CELLS ICC were found to hyperpolarize intestinal smooth muscle cells by ... setting the membrane potential gradient of gut smooth muscles. However, further in vivo studies are needed to support these ... also referred to as regenerative potentials, slow potentials, or slow wave-like action potentials, see Refs[78, 79] ). A recent ... carbon monoxide which is a hyperpolarizing factor and helps set the intestinal smooth muscle membrane potential gradient.[112] ...
http://www.biomedsearch.com/nih/importance-interstitial-cells-cajal-in/23319032.html
*  Kcnk18 - Potassium channel subfamily K member 18 - Mus musculus (Mouse) - Kcnk18 gene & protein
May function as background potassium channel that sets the resting membrane potential. Channel activity is directly activated ... May function as background potassium channel that sets the resting membrane potential. Channel activity is directly activated ... Plasma Membrane. *integral component of plasma membrane Source: GO_Central. *plasma membrane Source: UniProtKB ,p>Inferred from ... Cell membrane, Membrane. ,p>This section provides information on the disease(s) and phenotype(s) associated with a protein.,p>, ...
http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/Q6VV64
*  PubMed Journals Articles About 'Addition Of Paclitaxel To High-Dose Combination Chemotherapy In Treating Patients With High...
K 1.1 controls neuronal excitability by setting the resting membrane potential. Here, we report that systemic injection of the ... E5103 tested the effect of bevacizumab in the adjuvant setting in patients with human epidermal growth factor receptor 2- ... Targeting platelet-derived growth factor receptors (PDGFR) is a potential mechanism to improve the efficacy of first-line ...
https://www.bioportfolio.com/resources/pubmed/?keyword=Addition+of+Paclitaxel+to+High-Dose+Combination+Chemotherapy+in+Treating+Patients+With+High-Risk+Breast+Cancer&orderfield=score&orderval=desc
*  Spatial Concept Learning: A Spiking Neural Network Implementation in Virtual and Physical Robots
Membrane potential function:. where = membrane potential rest value (set as 43) and = threshold value (set as 65). ... General function describing the postsynaptic potential curve:. where = maximum amplitude (set from 2 to 20), = tau (set to 7), ... Membrane potential output:. where = [4, 11, 18, 23, 28, 32, 36, 42, 43, 44, 45, 47, 50, 53, 58, 65, 100], ascending phase to ... membrane potential at cycle , = synaptic input as calculated in equation (2), and = membrane potential curve as calculated in ...
https://www.hindawi.com/journals/cin/2019/8361369/
*  Anti-KCNK18/TRESK antibody (ab106411) | Abcam
May function as background potassium channel that sets the resting membrane potential. Channel activity is directly activated ... Alexa Fluor® 594 WGA was used to label plasma membranes (red) at a 1/200 dilution for 1h. DAPI was used to stain the cell ... Your location is currently set to:. If incorrect, please enter your location into the box below, to view site information ... If you continue without changing your cookie settings, we'll assume you're happy with this. ...
https://www.abcam.com/kcnk18tresk-antibody-ab106411.html
*  Chloride channel - Wikipedia
CLCN1 is involved in setting and restoring the resting membrane potential of skeletal muscle, while other channels play ... Voltage-gated chloride channels are important for setting cell resting membrane potential and maintaining proper cell volume. ... These proteins are thought to function in the regulation of the membrane potential and in transepithelial ion absorption and ... These channels are expressed on the cell membrane. CLC channels contribute to the excitability of these membranes as well as ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chloride_channel
*  Organization of the Auditory System - Sound Signals, Sound Stimuli, and the Human Auditory System | Coursera
change of the membrane potential, lease of transmitter, setting up a signal ... Here in this last blowup, is the so-called basilar membrane.. The basilar membrane is this little strip that you see here of ... These hair cells have their membrane potential changed by that movement and ... So these disturbances reach the tympanic membrane, the ear drum here,. and the three little bones that you probably have heard ...
https://www.coursera.org/lecture/music-as-biology/organization-of-the-auditory-system-q85zo
*  Quantal Release of ATP in Mouse Cortex | JGP
The membrane potential was set at −80 mV unless stated otherwise. Junction potentials were nulled with an open electrode in the ... In some experiments, the intracellular solution was used to set the chloride reversal potential at −60 mV; it contained (in mM ... A set of 800-1,500 mEPSCs or EPSCs was recorded and used for statistical analysis in each cell tested. Amplitude distributions ... The intensity was set either at a minimal level (10-20% higher in intensity than threshold at which EPSC appeared; typically ...
http://jgp.rupress.org/content/129/3/257
*  Question about initialization in Bartos' 2002 network model - www.neuron.yale.edu
... membrane potential is set to the same value everywhere. ... Whatever value I set to cell.soma.v, the soma voltage at ... initialization of each compartment at whatever membrane potential it had previously; with a numerical argument, ... Here is what I did, set cell.soma.v(0.5)=-70, and then call finitialize(). Then when I check soma voltage, it's always -65mV. ... If you got the same results when executing this simple sequence, but when you "set cell.soma.v(0.5)=-70, then call finitialize ...
https://www.neuron.yale.edu/phpBB/viewtopic.php?p=13396
*  Disruption of K2P6.1 Produces Vascular Dysfunction and Hypertension in Mice | Hypertension
A mechanism that accounts for these changes may involve K2P6.1 setting the resting membrane potential of VSMCs. ... likely by setting its membrane potential and rho kinase activity; and (3) K2P6.1 does not appear to be involved with VSMC ... However, at a membrane potential of −22 mV in VSMCs of KO mice, l-type calcium channels are more activated and do not fully ... At the resting membrane potential of −39 mV in VSMCs of WT mice, there is very little activation of the l-type calcium channels ...
http://hyper.ahajournals.org/content/58/4/672
*  Frontiers | Intrinsic Spine Dynamics Are Critical for Recurrent Network Learning in Models With and Without Autism Spectrum...
This sets the baseline membrane potential and firing rate of neurons to −58.6 ± 2.4 mV and 0.13 ± 0.08 Hz, respectively. ... B3) Spiking activity and membrane potential dynamics of a sample set of neurons at baseline. (B4) Excitatory neurons have an ... with membrane time constant τm = 20 ms, resting potential V0 = −70 mV, adaptation Ai, refractory coefficient Ri, kth (k = 1, 2 ... We simulate a network with (NE, NI) = (1000, 200). The dynamics of membrane potential Vi of neuron i is described by ...
https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fncom.2019.00038/full
*  Modulation of Kv Channel Expression and Function by TCR and Costimulatory Signals during Peripheral CD4+ Lymphocyte...
A charybdotoxin-insensitive conductance in human T lymphocytes: T cell membrane potential is set by distinct K+ channels. J. ... Regulation of membrane potential by K+ channels in naive, effector, and anergic CD4+ lymphocytes. The membrane potential of ... Membrane Potential Measurements.. CD4+ lymphocytes were identified as described above and membrane voltage was measured ... efflux-dependent membrane potential (8). Consequently, the degree of membrane hyperpolarization (intracellular negative charge ...
http://jem.rupress.org/content/196/7/897
*  JoVE | Peer Reviewed Scientific Video Journal - Methods and Protocols
The two-pore potassium channels (K2P channels) are responsible for setting the resting membrane potential of smooth muscle ... Hypothesizing a potential correlation between this dysfunction and hemodynamic impairment, we wanted to assess the impact of ... Recent studies provide evidence that degradation of the glycocalix on the luminal cell membrane is an early step in septic ... This study implies that infusion solutions containing a high load of the AGE-modified protein have the potential to activate ...
https://www.jove.com/visualize?author=Markus+A+Weigand
*  Biphasic Effects of Isoflurane on the Cardiac Action Potential:An Ionic Basis for Anesthetic-induced Changes in Cardiac...
It sets the resting membrane potential and contributes to the late repolarization of the AP. The latter is because of the ... Hirota K, Ito Y, Momose Y: Effects of halothane on membrane potentials and membrane ionic currents in single bullfrog atrial ... V is the membrane potential at the peak current, and ECais the equilibrium potential for Ca2+determined by the Nernst equation ... increase in IKirat membrane potentials positive to the potassium equilibrium potential. A major difference in the voltage ...
http://anesthesiology.pubs.asahq.org/article.aspx?articleid=1943828
*  Patch Clamp Electrophysiology | Protocol
Neuron cell membranes are populated with ion channels that control the movement of charge into and out of the cell, thereby ... With the amplifier, scientists can clamp or artificially set the membrane potential at specific voltages. ... This imbalance produces a voltage difference, or membrane potential, of about -70 mV, meaning that the inside is more negative ... Once the membrane breaks, the test pulse shape will have large current transients, as the cell membrane is now acting as a ...
https://www.jove.com/science-education/5202/patch-clamp-electrophysiology