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*  John Ross Callahan - Wikipedia
He also contributed papers on materials and methods for filling root canals; notably, chloro-percha. His original contribution ... of the use of sulfuric acid for opening root canals was significant at the time as were his investigations on dental materials ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Ross_Callahan
*  Polycaprolactone - Wikipedia
There is lack of consensus in the expert dental community as to whether a biodegradable root canal filling material, such as ... The major difference between the polycaprolactone-based root canal filling material (Resilon and Real Seal) and gutta-percha is ... 2007). "Susceptibility of a Polycaprolactone-based Root Canal-filling Material to Degradation. III. Turbidimetric Evaluation of ... and in root canal filling. It performs like gutta-percha, has similar handling properties, and for retreatment purposes may be ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Polycaprolactone
*  Endodontic therapy - Wikipedia
The root canal filling material (3, 4 & 10) does not extend to the end of the tooth roots (5, 6 & 11). The dark circles at the ... A temporary filling material is applied between the visits. Leaky temporary filling will allow the root canals to become ... The root canal is flushed with an irrigant. The following substances may be used as root canal irrigants during the root canal ... Any tooth may have more canals than expected, and these canals may be missed when the root canal is performed. Sometimes canals ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Endodontic_therapy
*  Dental restoration - Wikipedia
Filling material that is compatible with pulp tissue has been developed; it could be used where previously a root canal or ... A root canal filling, for example, is a restorative technique used to fill the space where the dental pulp normally resides. ... is one of a class of materials commonly used in dentistry as filling materials and luting cements. These materials are based on ... These materials are similar to those used in direct fillings and are tooth-colored. Their strength and durability is not as ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dental_restoration
*  Mineral trioxide aggregate - Wikipedia
... artificial bioceramic CPC is developed for Root-end filling or pilot material in root-end filling and root repair material. 3. ... Gutta percha and root canal sealer are placed above the defect to complete the root canal treatment. In direct cases, the canal ... giving it more success over root-end filling materials. MTA is not acceptable as "ideal root-end filling material" because MTA ... As a root-end filling material MTA shows less leakage than other root-end filling materials, which means bacterial migration to ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mineral_trioxide_aggregate
*  Gutta-percha - Wikipedia
It is used in a variety of surgical devices and during root canal therapy. It is the predominant material used to obturate, or ... "The comparison of microbial leakage in roots filled with resilon and gutta-percha: An in vitro study". J Conserv Dent. 14 (1): ... materials, though a similar and cheaper natural material called balatá is often used in gutta-percha's place. The two materials ... fill the empty space inside the root of a tooth after it has undergone endodontic therapy. Its physical and chemical properties ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gutta-percha
*  Smear layer - Wikipedia
2008) studied the effect of the smear layer on the penetration of bacteria along different root canal filling materials. A ... Saleh IM, Ruyter IE, Haapasalo M, Ørstavik D. Bacterial penetration along different root canal filling materials in the ... obturation of root canal ramifications when lateral condensation of gutta-percha was the technique used for root canal filling ... groups for both root canal sealers. Apical leakage was significantly higher than coronal leakage for both root canal sealers ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Smear_layer
*  Tooth decay - Wikipedia
The tooth is filled and a crown can be placed. Upon completion of root canal therapy, the tooth is non-vital, as it is devoid ... and they are then usually filled with a rubber-like material called gutta percha. ... "root canal", is recommended if the pulp in a tooth dies from infection by decay-causing bacteria or from trauma. In root canal ... What is a Root Canal? Archived 2006-08-06 at the Wayback Machine., hosted by the Academy of General Dentistry. Page accessed ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tooth_decay
*  Endodontic files and reamers - Wikipedia
They are also used for removal of root canal filling materials e.g. gutta percha during secondary root canal treatment. This ... filling of the canal). Hand files can provide tactile sensation when cleaning or shaping root canals. This allows the dentist ... Their use in a push-pull fashion results in a high level of debridement on removal from the root canal. They should not be ... This allows an adequate taper of the root canal which takes less time to prepare than with stainless steel and less files ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Endodontic_files_and_reamers
*  Tooth discoloration - Wikipedia
... and certain root canal materials (e.g., gutta percha and root canal sealer cements) can also. Another possible factor is the ... This is most noticeable in very old fillings, as pigment slowly leaches out of the amalgam filling material and its associated ... This appearance is sometimes termed "pink tooth of Mummery". Internal staining is common following root canal treatment, ... In addition, metallic fillings cast a shadow that can be visible through the tooth and make it appear darker. Tetracycline is a ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tooth_discoloration
*  Zinc oxide eugenol - Wikipedia
ZOE can be used as a dental filling material or dental cement in dentistry. It is often used in dentistry when the decay is ... called root canal therapy. The placement of a ZOE "temporary" for a few to several days prior to the placement of the final ... filling can help to sedate the pulp. It is classified as an intermediate restorative material and has anaesthetic and ... Zinc oxide eugenol (ZOE) is a material created by the combination of zinc oxide and eugenol contained in oil of cloves. An acid ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zinc_oxide_eugenol
*  Bismuth(III) oxide - Wikipedia
... root canal sealing and obturation. MTA sets into a hard filling material when mixed with water. Some resin-based materials also ... Bismuth oxide is occasionally used in dental materials to make them more opaque to X-rays than the surrounding tooth structure ... but also over time can lose color by exposure to light or reaction with other materials that may have been used in the tooth ... a deterioration of the mechanical properties of the material. This, combined with the very narrow stability range of the δ- ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bismuth(III)_oxide
*  Endodontic crown - Wikipedia
... and possibly the root canal entrances; they have the advantage of removing lower amounts of sound tissue compared to other ... They are luted to the tooth structure by an adhesive material. The ceramic can be milled using computer-aided techniques or ... Endocrowns are formed from a monoblock containing the coronal portion invaded in the apical projection that fills the pulp ... Endocrowns are especially indicated in cases of molar teeth with short, or fragile roots. They may also be used in situations ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Endodontic_crown
*  Regenerative endodontics - Wikipedia
Conventional root canal therapy cleans and fills the pulp chamber with biologically inert material after destruction of the ... root structures and cells of the pulp-dentin complete. Regenerative endodontics is the extension of root canal therapy. ... Attempting to complete root canal on a tooth with an open apex is technically difficult and the long-term prognosis for the ... Both improve the long-term prognosis for a forming tooth over root canal alone. Necrotic pulp and open apex can be revitalized ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Regenerative_endodontics
*  Crown (dentistry) - Wikipedia
Although the inert filling material within the root canal blocks microbial invasion of the internal tooth structure, it is ... "root canal", are thoroughly cleansed and filled with various materials to prevent future invasion by bacteria. Although there ... But after root canal therapy is performed, a tooth becomes extremely brittle and is significantly weaker than its vital ... Some argue that this lack of temporization can result in a decreased need for root canal therapy, as there is no temporary ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crown_(dentistry)
*  List of MeSH codes (D14) - Wikipedia
... root canal filling materials MeSH D25.339.859.495 --- gutta-percha MeSH D25.376.262 --- denture cleansers MeSH D25.376.711 --- ... dental impression materials MeSH D25.339.334.574 --- inlay casting wax MeSH D25.339.376 --- dental porcelain MeSH D25.339.773 ... coated materials, biocompatible MeSH D25.130.650 --- polydioxanone MeSH D25.223.015 --- acidulated phosphate fluoride MeSH ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_MeSH_codes_(D14)
*  Apicoectomy - Wikipedia
... root resection, retrograde root canal treatment (c.f. orthograde root canal treatment) or root-end filling, is an endodontic ... 2003). "Root end filling materials - A review" (PDF). Endodontology. 15: 12-18. CS1 maint: Explicit use of et al. (link) Naik, ... It has proven very popular as a root-end filling material and has shown generally high success rates. MTA produces a high pH ... It is less commonly used as a root-end filling material, as its placement is technique sensitive, particularly to moisture. ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Apicoectomy
*  Focal infection theory - Wikipedia
The traditional root-filling material is gutta-percha, whereas a new material, Biocalex, drew initial optimism even in ... Miller advised root canal therapy. Yet focal infection theory met a cultural climate where ancient and folk ideas, long ... Louis I Grossman, Root Canal Therapy (Philadelphia: Lea & Febiger, 1940), ch 2, reprinted in Journal of Endodontics, 1982 Jan;8 ... Ng YL, Mann V, Rahbaran S, Lewsey J, Gulabivala K (Dec 2007). "Outcome of primary root canal treatment: Systematic review of ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Focal_infection_theory
*  Dental abscess - Wikipedia
... adequate root canal therapy, abscesses that do not heal or enlarge are often treated with surgery and filling the root tips; ... Cyst formation Inadequate root canal therapy Vertical root fractures Foreign material in the lesion Associated periodontal ... teeth treated with root canal therapy should be evaluated at 1- and 2-year intervals after the root canal therapy to rule out ... If the tooth can be restored, root canal therapy can be performed. Non-restorable teeth must be extracted, followed by ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dental_abscess
*  N2 - Wikipedia
... for Metastasis to ipsilateral mediastinal or subcarinal lymph nodes A para formaldehyde-based filling material for root canals ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/N2
*  Tooth whitening - Wikipedia
... and filling the root canal with gutta-percha points, cleaning the inside o the canal using etchant and placing a peroxide gel ... A seal should be placed over the root filling material to minimise microleakage. There is a small risk of external resorption. ... Tooth whitening does not usually change the color of fillings and other restorative materials. It does not affect porcelain, ... Internal bleaching can remedy this on root canal treated teeth. Internal bleaching procedures are performed on devitalized ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tooth_whitening
*  Holistic dentistry - Wikipedia
... intended to reduce mercury toxicity by eliminating inhaled airborne material. Dentistry Root canal Dental spa Gum disease ... common threads include strong opposition to the use of amalgam in materials in dental fillings, nonsurgical approaches to gum ... and the belief that root canals may endanger systemic health of the patient through the spread of trapped dental bacteria to ... for the prevention and reversal of degenerative dental disease Avoidance and elimination of toxins from dental materials ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Holistic_dentistry
*  Mandibular canal - Wikipedia
... root canal therapy of the second molar one should be cautious of over extending the reamer or the root canal filling materials ... In 40%, canal is away from the root apices, and in only 10% of the radiographs the root apices appeared to penetrate the canal ... In human anatomy, the mandibular canal is a canal within the mandible that contains the inferior alveolar nerve, inferior ... giving off a small canal known as the mandibular incisive canal, which run to the cavities containing the incisor teeth. It ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mandibular_canal
*  Post and core - Wikipedia
... and the root canal(s) is/are filled with the inert gutta percha root canal filling material, some gutta percha is removed from ... It is desirable to leave sufficient root filling material in the apical area to maintain an apical seal. This procedure does ... because it is within the apical 4 mm of the root canal that the apical delta anastomose with the exterior surface of the root. ... It is important to leave at least 4 mm of gutta percha at the apex of the root canal, even at the expense of a longer post, ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Post_and_core
*  NHS dentistry - Wikipedia
Band 2 course of treatment - £56.30 in England (Wales: £43.00) covers everything listed in Band 1, plus fillings, root canal ... materials and insurances, to provide an NHS dental service. According to NHS Choices "All the treatment that your dentist ... root canal treatment, scaling and polishing, and white fillings. Many dentists who provide NHS services also offer additional ... "GPs Cannot Fill The Gaps In The NHS Dental Service, Says BMA, UK". 2007-10-17. Retrieved 2008-07-03. "Skye residents facing 200 ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/NHS_dentistry