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*  Start codon - Wikipedia
Central dogma of molecular biology Codon Messenger RNA Stop codon Transfer RNA Translation The Genetic Codes. Compiled by ... In addition to the canonical Met-tRNA Met and AUG codon pathway, mammalian cells can initiate translation with leucine using a ... This is because a separate transfer RNA (tRNA) is used for initiation. Bioinformatics programs usually allow for alternate ... Alternate start codons are still translated as Met when they are at the start of a protein (even if the codon encodes a ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Start_codon
*  Ribosome - Wikipedia
"SITE OF REACTION ON RIBOSOMAL-PROTEIN L27 WITH AN AFFINITY LABEL DERIVATIVE OF TRANSFER-RNA-F(MET)". FEBS Letters. ELSEVIER ... For each coding triplet in the messenger RNA there is a distinct transfer RNA that matches and which carries the correct amino ... The large subunit is composed of a 5S RNA (120 nucleotides), 28S RNA (4700 nucleotides), a 5.8S RNA (160 nucleotides) subunits ... Amino acids are selected, collected, and carried to the ribosome by transfer RNA (tRNA) molecules, which enter one part of the ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ribosome
*  Suzanne Cory - Wikipedia
Cory used Sanger's RNA sequencing techniques to identify the sequence of transfer RNA. Also, during her time at the LMB, Dr. ... Cory met her current husband, Dr. Jerry Adams, a scientist from the United States. The two scientists later married and had two ... While in Geneva, she focused on sequencing the RNA of R17 bacteriophage for the purpose of using it as a model. In 1971, Dr. ... She is married to fellow scientist Professor Jerry Adams, also a WEHI scientist, whom she met while studying for her PhD at the ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Suzanne_Cory
*  Methionyl-tRNA formyltransferase - Wikipedia
... methionyl-tRNA Met formyltransferase, methionyl-tRNA transformylase, methionyl-transfer RNA transformylase, methionyl-transfer ... Other names in common use include N10-formyltetrahydrofolic-methionyl-transfer ribonucleic, transformylase, formylmethionyl- ... N-formylmethionyl-tRNAfMet This enzyme belongs to the family of transferases that transfer one-carbon groups, specifically the ... ribonucleate methyltransferase, and methionyl-transfer ribonucleic transformylase. This enzyme participates in 3 metabolic ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Methionyl-tRNA_formyltransferase
*  Jan Lötvall - Wikipedia
Lötvall led the research that discovered RNA in exosomes, showing a new communication route between cells by the transfer of ... and chaired the first society meeting in Gothenburg, in April 2012. Lötvall started studying medicine at the Karolinska ... Valadi H, Ekström K, Bossios A, Sjöstrand M, Lee JJ, Lötvall JO (June 2007). "Exosome-mediated transfer of mRNAs and microRNAs ... RNA via exosomes. Lötvall has been a member of the Executive Committee of the European Academy of Allergy and Clinical ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jan_L%C3%B6tvall
*  Geobiology - Wikipedia
Other ideas include the "RNA World" hypothesis, which postulates that the first biologic molecule was RNA and the idea that ... This gene evolves very slowly over time and is not usually horizontally transferred, and so it is often used to distinguish ... Different organisms use very different metabolic approaches to meet these basic needs. While animals such as ourselves are ... A more generalizable tool is the 16S ribosomal RNA gene, which is found in bacteria and archaea. ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Geobiology
*  Stem-loop - Wikipedia
Stem-loops occur in pre-microRNA structures and most famously in transfer RNA, which contain three true stem-loops and one stem ... The self-cleaving hammerhead ribozyme contains three stem-loops that meet in a central unpaired region where the cleavage site ... As an important secondary structure of RNA, it can direct RNA folding, protect structural stability for messenger RNA (mRNA), ... doi:10.4161/rna.24151. PMC 3849166 . PMID 23611891. Malys N, Nivinskas R (2009). "Non-canonical RNA arrangement in T4-even ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stem-loop
*  Methionine-tRNA ligase - Wikipedia
... methionyl-transfer ribonucleic acid synthetase, methionyl-transfer ribonucleate synthetase, methionyl-transfer RNA synthetase, ... Met), whereas its 3 products are AMP, diphosphate, and L-methionyl-tRNA(Met). This enzyme belongs to the family of ligases, to ... effects of coupling mutations in the acceptor stem on recognition of tRNAs by Escherichia coli Met-tRNA synthetase and Met-tRNA ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Methionine%E2%80%94tRNA_ligase
*  Genomics - Wikipedia
... the ribonucleotide sequence of alanine transfer RNA. Extending this work, Marshall Nirenberg and Philip Leder revealed the ... Stunnenberg HG, Hubner NC (2014). "Genomics meets proteomics: identifying the culprits in disease". Human Genetics. 133 (6): ... On the general nature of the RNA code". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 53 (5 ... Some new and exciting examples of progress in this field are the identification of genes for regulatory RNAs, insights into the ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Genomics
*  Ribonuclease III - Wikipedia
They process precursors to ribosomal RNA, small nuclear RNA (snRNA) and small nucleolar RNA (snoRNA) Yeast nucleases with the ... which was suspected to be the result of horizontal gene transfer from cyanobacteria . Among the RNases III in the class are the ... the restraints of its function has changed and expanded to meet the biological needs of each organism. Rnc (UniProtKB P0A7Y0 ... They process precursors to ribosomal RNA, small nuclear RNA (snRNA) and small nucleolar RNA (snoRNA). The basic dsRNA cleavage ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ribonuclease_III
*  Prokaryotic small ribosomal subunit - Wikipedia
It is a complex of the 16S ribosomal RNA (rRNA) and 19 proteins. This complex is implicated in the binding of Transfer RNA onto ... The binding site of the f-Met-tRNA on the 30S ribosomal subunit is referred to as the "D-site" This step is required in order ... In order to form the translation complex with the 50S subunit, the 30S subunit must bind: IF-1, IF-2, IF-3, mRNA, and f-met- ... "Structure-Function Relations in E. coli 16s RNA" (PDF). Cell. 33: 19-24. L Gold; D Pribnow; T Schneider; S Shinedling; B S ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prokaryotic_small_ribosomal_subunit
*  Henry Allingham - Wikipedia
He transferred to the Royal Air Force when the RNAS and the RFC were merged on 1 April 1918. The creation of the Royal Air ... Allingham met Dorothy Cator (1895-1970) in Great Yarmouth, Norfolk in 1918. They married the same year in Romford, when she was ... His RNAS serial number was RNAS F8317. After graduation, Allingham was posted to the RNAS Air Station at Great Yarmouth where ... 12 Squadron RNAS. This unit acted as a training squadron for other RNAS squadrons based on the Western Front. There is also ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_Allingham
*  Patrick Blackett - Wikipedia
He was transferred to the Cape Verde Islands on HMS Carnarvon and was present at the Battle of the Falkland Islands. He was ... In 1916 he applied to join the RNAS but his application was refused. In October that year he became a sub-lieutenant on HMS P17 ... There in 1947 he met Jawaharlal Nehru, who sought his advice on the research and development needs of the Indian armed forces ... On his first night at Magdalene College, Cambridge he met Kingsley Martin and Geoffrey Webb, later recalling that he had never ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Patrick_Blackett
*  DNA polymerase I - Wikipedia
Unlike RNA, DNA polymerases cannot synthesize DNA from a template strand. Synthesis must be initiated by a short RNA segment, ... In order for DNA polymerization to take place, two requirements must be met. First of all, all DNA polymerases must have both a ... Known as the "palm domain," the second domain catalyses the reaction of the transfer of the phosphoryl group. Lastly, the third ... A 5'→3' (forward) RNA-Dependent DNA polymerase activity. Pol I operates on RNA templates with considerably lower efficiency ( ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/DNA_polymerase_I
*  H. G. Callan - Wikipedia
Mick met his wife, Amarillis Maria Speranza Dohrn in Naples and they married there in 1944. They had one son and two daughters ... He was then transferred into radar research and operation. After the war, then newly married, he moved to work at University ... His final (post-retiral) research was spent largely with Dr Joe Gall in Baltimore, working on snurposomes and RNA-packaging. He ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/H._G._Callan
*  Adoptive cell transfer - Wikipedia
They encased the RNA in a negatively charged fatty membrane. In vivo, this electrical charge guided the particles towards the ... In vitro tests on melanoma and kidney cancer models met expectations. In 2016 Strep-tag II sequences were introduced into ... Adoptive cell transfer (ACT) is the transfer of cells into a patient. The cells may have originated from the patient or from ... The adoptive transfer of tumor-specific effector T cells knocked out or knocked down for CISH resulted in a significant ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adoptive_cell_transfer
*  Edgar S. Gorrell - Wikipedia
He also met with Wing Commander Spencer Grey, a liaison officer of the Royal Naval Air Service attached to Air Service ... Pershing agreed to the plan in general on January 5, 1918, and Gorrell was transferred to the General Headquarters of the AEF ... However, the greatest influence on his work came from another RNAS pilot, Major Lord Tiverton. Tiverton had just authored an in ... Soon after its first meeting the 1919 commission was also made an advisory body on aviation matters to the Supreme Council at ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edgar_S._Gorrell
*  Methylation - Wikipedia
The activated methyl group is transferred from Me-Cob to the Hcy thiolate, which regenerates Co(I) in Cob, and Met is released ... Similarly, RNA methylation occurs in different RNA species viz. tRNA, rRNA, mRNA, tmRNA, snRNA, snoRNA, miRNA, and viral RNA. ... Different catalytic strategies are employed for RNA methylation by a variety of RNA-methyltransferases. RNA methylation is ... 5-methylcytosine (5-mC) also commonly occurs in various RNA molecules. Recent data strongly suggest that m6A and 5-mC RNA ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Methylation
*  Feed phosphates - Wikipedia
In addition phosphorus acts as a buffer, is involved in phospholipids and fatty acids transfer, in the formation of amino acids ... The use of inorganic feed phosphates is necessary to meet the phosphorus requirements for animal production: to ensure optimal ... and in makes part of DNA and RNA. Therefore, phosphorus is indispensable for live and animals cannot live without. Phosphates ... Dietary allowances at the end take into account the availability of phosphorus within the diet and meet the requirements ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Feed_phosphates
*  Stanley Norman Cohen - Wikipedia
They demonstrated that the gene for frog ribosomal RNA could be transferred into bacterial cells and expressed by them. First ... At a conference on plasmids in 1972, he met Herbert W. Boyer and discovered that their interests and research were ... The plasmids were then transferred into a strain of E. coli and plated onto a growth medium containing tetracycline. The cells ... The scientists then tested the colonies that formed after growth for the presence of frog ribosomal RNA. Cohen and Boyer were ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stanley_Norman_Cohen
*  HMS Osprey, Portland - Wikipedia
The helicopter station RNAS Portland shared the same name from 1959 and closed in 1999. The original anti-submarine school ... Due to HMNB Portland being a prime target of the Luftwaffe during World War II, Osprey was transferred to Dunoon in Scotland, ... The pair both worked for the Admiralty and had met and formed a relationship through. As Gee had access to secret material, ... Once the closure of the naval base and establishments had been completed, RNAS Portland's closure followed on 31 March 1999. ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HMS_Osprey,_Portland
*  Wybutosine - Wikipedia
"Transfer RNA modifications: nature's combinatorial chemistry playground". Wiley Interdiscip Rev RNA. 4 (1): 35-48. doi:10.1002/ ... The enzyme TYW2 then transfers the α-amino-α-carboxypropyl group from Ado-Met, a common substrate involved in methyl group ... In biochemistry, wybutosine (yW) is a heavily modified nucleoside of phenylalanine transfer RNA that stabilizes interactions ... TYW4 and Ado-Met-dependent carboxymethyltransferase then methylates the α-carboxy group of yW-72 to give yW-57. Finally by a ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wybutosine
*  Agricultural biotechnology - Wikipedia
RNA interference (RNAIi) is the process in which a cell's RNA to protein mechanism is turned down or off in order to suppress ... Agricultural biotechnology has been used to improve the nutritional content of a variety of crops in an effort to meet the ... Protoplast fusion is the joining of cells or cell components to transfer traits between species. For example, the trait of male ... This method of genetic modification works by interfering with messenger RNA to stop the synthesis of proteins, effectively ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Agricultural_biotechnology
*  RAF Search and Rescue Force - Wikipedia
In 1918 the RAF was established through the merging of the aviation arms of the Royal Navy, the Royal Navy Air Service (RNAS), ... In light of this, in 1941, an emergency meeting was convened by Air Marshal Sir Arthur Bomber Harris. The Royal Navy offered to ... Together with its aircraft, vessels acquired to support RAF seaplane operations were also transferred to the new service, ... RNAS Culdrose Chivenor Wattisham RAF Valley RAF Boulmer RAF Lossiemouth Leconfield Lee-on-Solent Portland Stornoway Airport ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/RAF_Search_and_Rescue_Force
*  List of MeSH codes (D13) - Wikipedia
... rna, transfer, leu MeSH D13.444.735.757.700.510 --- rna, transfer, lys MeSH D13.444.735.757.700.525 --- rna, transfer, met MeSH ... rna, transfer, ala MeSH D13.444.735.757.700.075 --- rna, transfer, arg MeSH D13.444.735.757.700.085 --- rna, transfer, asn MeSH ... rna, transfer, cys MeSH D13.444.735.757.700.400 --- rna, transfer, gln MeSH D13.444.735.757.700.410 --- rna, transfer, glu MeSH ... rna, transfer, pro MeSH D13.444.735.757.700.700 --- rna, transfer, ser MeSH D13.444.735.757.700.725 --- rna, transfer, thr MeSH ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_MeSH_codes_(D13)