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*  Negative-sense single-stranded RNA virus - Wikipedia
The virus uses its own RNA replicase, also known as RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp), to form positive RNA template strands ... The negative viral RNA is complementary to the mRNA and must be converted to a positive RNA by RNA polymerase before ... Negative sense ssRNA viruses need RNA polymerase to form a positive sense RNA. The positive-sense RNA acts as a viral mRNA, ... This results from non-covalent RNA-RNA interactions between the 5'- and 3'-termini of the RNA segments. Regarding the helical ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Negative-sense_single-stranded_RNA_virus
*  Antisense RNA - Wikipedia
RNA I and RNA II forms a duplex which introduces a conformational change of RNA II. Consequently, RNA II cannot hybridize with ... RNA-RNA interactions either in nucleus or cytoplasm and RNA-protein interactions (epigenetic). Antisense RNAs can be ... The replication of ColE1 relies on the transcription of a primer RNA named RNA II. Once RNA II is transcribed, it hybridizes to ... Antisense RNAs can be classified in different ways. In terms of regulatory mechanisms, some author group asRNAs into RNA-DNA ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antisense_RNA
*  Long non-coding RNA - Wikipedia
... short interfering RNAs (siRNAs), Piwi-interacting RNAs (piRNAs), small nucleolar RNAs (snoRNAs), and other short RNAs. However ... an ncRNA repressor of RNA polymerase II transcription". RNA. 13 (4): 583-96. doi:10.1261/rna.310307. PMC 1831867 . PMID ... June 2007). "RNA maps reveal new RNA classes and a possible function for pervasive transcription". Science. 316 (5830): 1484-8 ... Espinoza CA, Allen TA, Hieb AR, Kugel JF, Goodrich JA (September 2004). "B2 RNA binds directly to RNA polymerase II to repress ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Long_non-coding_RNA
*  POLRMT - Wikipedia
Kravchenko JE, Rogozin IB, Koonin EV, Chumakov PM (2005). "Transcription of mammalian messenger RNAs by a nuclear RNA ... DNA-directed RNA polymerase, mitochondrial is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the POLRMT gene. This gene encodes a ... Although this polypeptide has the same function as the three nuclear DNA-directed RNA polymerases, it is more closely related ... The gene product is responsible for mitochondrial gene expression as well as for providing RNA primers for initiation of ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/POLRMT
*  Positive-sense single-stranded RNA virus - Wikipedia
All positive-sense ssRNA virus genomes encode RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRP), a viral protein that synthesizes RNA from an ... Single stranded RNA viruses are classified as positive or negative depending on the sense or polarity of the RNA. The positive- ... A positive-sense single-stranded RNA virus (or (+)ssRNA virus) is a virus that uses positive sense, single-stranded RNA as its ... Negative-sense single-stranded RNA virus Double-stranded RNA virus Baltimore classification Sense (molecular biology) Baltimore ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Positive-sense_single-stranded_RNA_virus
*  Messenger RNA - Wikipedia
A 5' cap (also termed an RNA cap, an RNA 7-methylguanosine cap, or an RNA m7G cap) is a modified guanine nucleotide that has ... Messenger RNA (mRNA) is a large family of RNA molecules that convey genetic information from DNA to the ribosome, where they ... Small interfering RNA (siRNA)[edit]. Main article: siRNA. In metazoans, small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) processed by Dicer are ... The primary RNA transcript of a gene is cleaved at the poly-A addition site, and 100-200 A's are added to the 3' end of the RNA ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Messenger_RNA
*  Chinese medicinal herbs for measles | Cochrane
Measles (rubeola) is an infectious disease caused by multiplication of a single-strand ribonucleic acid (RNA) virus of the ...
http://www.cochrane.org/CD005531/ARI_chinese-medicinal-herbs-for-measles
*  Genome-Wide Medicago truncatula Small RNA Analysis Revealed Novel MicroRNAs and Isoforms Differentially Regulated in Roots and...
We used deep sequencing of small RNAs from root apexes and nodules of M. truncatula to identify 100 novel candidate miRNAs ... Genome-Wide Medicago truncatula Small RNA Analysis Revealed Novel MicroRNAs and Isoforms Differentially Regulated in Roots and ... Posttranscriptional regulation of a variety of mRNAs by small 21- to 24-nucleotide RNAs, notably the microRNAs (miRNAs), is ... Genome-Wide Medicago truncatula Small RNA Analysis Revealed Novel MicroRNAs and Isoforms Differentially Regulated in Roots and ...
http://www.plantcell.org/content/21/9/2780.short
*  Messenger RNA
... (mRNA) is a molecule of RNA encoding a chemical "blueprint" for a protein product. mRNA is transcribed from a DNA ... This process requires two other types of RNA: transfer RNA (tRNA) mediates recognition of the codon and provides the ... corresponding amino acid, while ribosomal RNA (rRNA) is the central component of the ribosome's protein manufacturing machinery ...
https://www.princeton.edu/~achaney/tmve/wiki100k/docs/Messenger_RNA.html
*  rna interference
... short interfering RNAs (siRNAs). These native siRNA duplexes are then incorporated into a protein complex called RNA-induced ... short interfering RNAs (siRNAs). These native siRNA duplexes are then incorporated into a protein complex called RNA-induced ... RNA interference (RNAi) is a post-transcriptional gene silencing method reproducing a naturally occurring phenomena. RNAi is ... RNA interference (RNAi) is a post-transcriptional gene silencing method reproducing a naturally occurring phenomena. RNAi is ...
https://www.ebi.ac.uk/ols/ontologies/mi/terms?obo_id=MI%3A0256
*  RNA splicing - Wikipedia
RNA splicing, in molecular biology, is a form of RNA processing in which a newly made precursor messenger RNA (pre-mRNA) ... doi:10.1261/rna.1821809. PMC 2779669. PMID 19861426.. *^ a b Shkreta L, Chabot B (2015). "The RNA Splicing Response to DNA ... They can be located in a wide range of genes, including those that generate proteins, ribosomal RNA (rRNA), and transfer RNA ( ... Eukaryotes splice many protein-coding messenger RNAs and some non-coding RNAs. Prokaryotes, on the other hand, splice rarely ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Splicing_
*  5S ribosomal RNA - Wikipedia
The 5S ribosomal RNA (5S rRNA) is an approximately 120 nucleotide-long ribosomal RNA molecule with a mass of 40 kDa. It is a ... "A specific transcription factor that can bind either the 5S RNA gene or 5S RNA". Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA. 77 (7): 4170-, ... doi:10.1261/rna.2170803. PMC 1370395. PMID 12592002.. *^ Bullerwell, CE; Burger, G; Gott, JM; Kourennaia, O; Schnare, MN; Gray ... "Interaction of the RNA binding fingers of Xenopus transcription factor IIIA with specific regions of 5 S ribosomal RNA". ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/5S_ribosomal_RNA
*  RNA Types
RNA as genetic material or RNA genomes Like DNA, RNA can carry genetic information. This is seen in many RNA viruses. ... RNAs in RNA tertiary structure processing Many RNAs are involved in modifying other RNAs. For example, introns are spliced out ... Ribozymes (RNA enzymes) Some RNAs are enzymes. It was widely believed for many years that only proteins could be enzymes. RNAs ... These DNA copies are then transcribed to new RNA. Double-stranded RNA These are called dsRNA where the RNA has two ...
https://www.news-medical.net/life-sciences/RNA-Types.aspx
*  Messenger RNA
... The ribonucleic acid (RNA) that is directly involved in the transcription of the pattern of bases from the DNA ... The sequence of bases on a segment of DNA called a gene is copied to a strand of RNA with the assistance of RNA polymerase. ... synthesis is then read and translated into the language of amino acids for protein construction with the help of transfer RNA ... to provide a blueprint for the construction of proteins is called messenger RNA or typically mRNA. ...
http://hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu/hbase/Organic/mrna.html
*  Rna protein synthesisse
... messenger RNA, nucleotide, ribosome, RNA, RNApolymerase, transcription, transfer RNA, translationPrior Knowledge Questions (Do ... In addition to DNA,another nucleic acid, called RNA, is involved in making proteins.In the RNA and Protein Synthesis Gizmo™, ... Is the shown molecule DNA or RNA? How do you know? ________________________________________________2. RNA polymerase is a type ... RNA follows base-pairing rules. Experiment to find which RNA nucleotide on the right side of the Gizmo will successfully pair ...
https://www.slideshare.net/sbarkanic/rna-protein-synthesisse
*  Small nuclear RNA - Wikipedia
U1 spliceosomal RNA, U2 spliceosomal RNA, U4 spliceosomal RNA, U5 spliceosomal RNA, and U6 spliceosomal RNA. Their nomenclature ... They have also been shown to aid in the regulation of transcription factors (7SK RNA) or RNA polymerase II (B2 RNA), and ... These are small RNA molecules that play an essential role in RNA biogenesis and guide chemical modifications of ribosomal RNAs ... Small Nuclear RNA at the US National Library of Medicine Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) Small Nucleolar RNA at the US National ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Small_nuclear_RNA
*  CAD For RNA - Redorbit
While the RNA models and simulations developed at JBEI to date fall short of being a full-fledged RNA CAD platform, Keasling, ... "We are also actively trying to make our models and simulations more accessible to researchers who may not want to become RNA ... In our case, knob-turns are represented by specific kinetic terms for RNA folding and ribozyme catalysis, and our models are ... JBEI researchers are now using their RNA CAD-type models and simulations as well as the ribozyme and aptazyme devices they ...
http://www.redorbit.com/news/science/1112445545/cad-for-rna/
*  RNA polymerase II holoenzyme - Wikipedia
RNA polymerase/DNA-directed RNA polymerase. RNA polymerase I. II. III. IV. V. Primase. RNA-dependent RNA polymerase. PNPase. ... RNA polymerase II[edit]. Main article: RNA polymerase II. RNA polymerase II (also called RNAP II and Pol II) is an enzyme found ... RNA Pol II matches complementary RNA nucleotides to the template DNA by Watson-Crick base pairing. These RNA nucleotides are ... RNA polymerase II holoenzyme is a form of eukaryotic RNA polymerase II that is recruited to the promoters of protein-coding ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/RNA_polymerase_II_holoenzyme
*  Small nucleolar RNA SNORA22 - Wikipedia
SNORA22 (also known as ACA22) is a member of the H/ACA class of small nucleolar RNA that guide the sites of modification of ... "Human Box H/ACA Pseudouridylation Guide RNA Machinery". Molecular and Cellular Biology. 24 (13): 5797-5807. doi:10.1128/MCB. ... Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Small_nucleolar_RNA_SNORA22&oldid=821273211" ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Small_nucleolar_RNA_SNORA22
*  Rna Interference | Encyclopedia.com
... of some of a cell's messenger RNA (mRNA) sequences is prevented, because of the presence of (and consequent destruction of) ... RNA Interference RNA interference [1] is a process in which translation ... RNA Interference Genetics Copyright Genetics Society of America. RNA Interference. RNA interference is a process in which ... RNA interference (RNAi; post-transcriptional gene silencing) The ability of double-stranded RNA to interfere with, or suppress ...
https://www.encyclopedia.com/science-and-technology/biology-and-genetics/genetics-and-genetic-engineering/rna-interference
*  What is RNA?
RNA) is an important biological macromolecule that functions to convert the genetic information of DNA into proteins. ... precursor RNAs. RNase P is composed of both RNA and protein; however, the RNA moiety alone is the catalyst. ... Types of RNA and their roles. The type of RNA dictates the function that this molecule will have within the cell. Aside from ... RNA as a biological catalyst. Although it was widely believed for many years that only proteins could be enzymes, certain RNA ...
https://www.news-medical.net/life-sciences/What-is-RNA.aspx
*  An RNA reset button - English
An RNA Reset Button Bumgarner and colleagues Molecular Cell … ... An RNA reset button * 1. An RNA Reset Button Bumgarner and ... 9. Long non-coding RNAs regulate the variegated transcription of Flo11 Flo11 ICR1 FLO11 PWR1 But who regulates them?Friday, ... 7. Long non-coding RNAs regulate the variegated transcription of Flo11 Flo11 ICR1 FLO11 PWR1Friday, September 7, 12 ... 8. Long non-coding RNAs regulate the variegated transcription of Flo11 Flo11 ICR1 FLO11 PWR1Friday, September 7, 12 ...
https://www.slideshare.net/nachocab/2012-sept-bioinfo-retreat
*  RNA - Conservapedia
Purification of RNA is problematic as enzymes that degrade RNA (RNases) are ubiquitous. Successful RNA purification depends on ... The main role of rRNA or ribosomal RNA is to form the ribosome. RNA that has catalytic properties (such as the ribosome) is ... The sugar backbone of RNA is also composed of ribose (DNA contains deoxyribose). RNAs fall into several different categories, ... RNA. From Conservapedia. This is an old revision of this page, as edited by JHunter (Talk , contribs) at 16:09, 1 November 2012 ...
http://www.conservapedia.com/index.php?title=RNA&oldid=1016191
*  RNA - Conservapedia
Ribosomal RNAs (rRNA) are the RNA molecules that form a major component of the ribosomes. There are three rRNAs in prokaryotes ... Small nuclear RNAs (snRNA) are involved in several different processes that occur within the nucleus, notably RNA splicing and ... Short interfering RNAs (siRNA) are short (~21 base pairs), double-stranded RNA molecules which function in a manner similar to ... RNA performs a wide variety of functions within the cell. Types of RNA are specified by the functions that they perform. More ...
http://www.conservapedia.com/index.php?title=RNA&oldid=1022400
*  CRISPR RNA-guided autonomous delivery of Cas9. - PubMed - NCBI
High-resolution structures of this protein and its associated CRISPR RNA guide explain the molecular mechanisms of CRISPR-RNA- ... CRISPR RNA-guided autonomous delivery of Cas9.. Wilkinson RA1, Martin C1, Nemudryi AA1, Wiedenheft B2. ...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30598555