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*  Electroconvulsive therapy suppresses the neurotoxic branch of the kynurenine pathway in treatment-resistant depressed patients ...
... such as quinolinic acid (QUIN), an N-methyl-d-aspartic acid (NMDA)-receptor agonist, and kynurenic acid (KYNA), a blocker of ... Tryptophan (a), kynurenine (b), kynurenine/tryptophan ratio (c), kynurenic acid (KYNA) (d), quinolinic acid (QUIN) (e), and ... Tryptophan (a), kynurenine (b), kynurenine/tryptophan ratio (c), kynurenic acid (KYNA) (d), quinolinic acid (QUIN) (e), and ... Reduction of kynurenic acid to quinolinic acid ratio in both the depressed and remitted phases of major depressive disorder. ...
https://jneuroinflammation.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12974-016-0517-7
*  Quinolinic acid synthetase: Definition with Quinolinic acid synthetase Pictures and Photos
Definition of Quinolinic acid synthetase with photos and pictures, translations, sample usage, and additional links for more ... quinolinic. quinolinic acid. quinolinic acid synthetase (current term). quinolinol. quinolins. quinolinyl. quinolizidine. ... Quinolinic Acid Synthetase Images Lexicographical Neighbors of Quinolinic Acid Synthetase. quinoidal. quinoidine. quinoids. ... Medical Definition of Quinolinic acid synthetase. 1. Aspartic acid and dihydroxyacetone phosphate are substrates; fad is ...
http://www.lexic.us/definition-of/quinolinic_acid_synthetase
*  Quinolinic acid - Wikipedia
... and other amino acids. Lesions in the pallidum can suppress effects of quinolinic acid in monkeys injected with quinolinic acid ... Quinolinic acid has also been found in HAND patients' brains. In fact, the amount of quinolinic acid found in the brain of HAND ... Quinolinic acid (abbreviated QUIN or QA), also known as pyridine-2,3-dicarboxylic acid, is a dicarboxylic acid with a pyridine ... Quinolinic acid levels are too high at these sites to be controlled by KYNA, causing neurotoxicity to occur. Quinolinic acid ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quinolinic_acid
*  quinolinic acid (CHEBI:16675)
... is a pyridinedicarboxylic acid (CHEBI:36112) quinolinic acid (CHEBI:16675) is conjugate acid of ... quinolinic acid (CHEBI:16675) has role Escherichia coli metabolite (CHEBI:76971) quinolinic acid (CHEBI:16675) has role human ... quinolinic acid (CHEBI:16675) has role mouse metabolite (CHEBI:75771) quinolinic acid (CHEBI:16675) has role NMDA receptor ... quinolinic acid (CHEBI:16675). quinolinate(1−) (CHEBI:46828) is conjugate base of quinolinic acid (CHEBI:16675). ...
http://www.ebi.ac.uk/chebi/searchId.do?chebiId=CHEBI:16675
*  Effect of quinolinic acid on human astrocytes morphology and functions: implications in Alzheimer's disease | Journal of...
At low concentrations, QUIN treatment induced concomitantly a marked increase in glial fibrillary acid protein levels and ... The excitotoxin quinolinic acid (QUIN) is synthesized through the kynurenine pathway (KP) by activated monocyte lineage cells. ... Quinolinic acid (QUIN) was obtained from Sigma Chemical (Sydney, Australia).. PCR and electrophoresis. Rneasy Mini Kit and Q ... Stone TW: Neuropharmacology of quinolinic and kynurenic acids. Pharmacol Rev. 1993, 45: 309-379.PubMedGoogle Scholar. ...
https://jneuroinflammation.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1742-2094-6-36
*  Accumulation of quinolinic acid with euro-inflammation: does it mean excitotoxicity?
Obrenovitch, T.P. and Urenjak, J (2003). Accumulation of quinolinic acid with euro-inflammation: does it mean excitotoxicity?. ...
https://bradscholars.brad.ac.uk/handle/10454/2833
*  Quinolinic acid|CAS 89-00-9 Buy Quinolinic acid from supplier medchemexpress.com
Quinolinic acid is an endogenous N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor agonist synthesized from L-tryptophan via the kynurenine pathway ... Quinolinic acid Cat. No.: HY-100807 Purity: 99.81% Data Sheet SDS Handling Instructions ... Quinolinic acid is an endogenous N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor agonist synthesized from L-tryptophan via the kynurenine pathway ... Quinolinic acid is an endogenous N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor agonist synthesized from L-tryptophan via the kynurenine pathway ...
https://www.medchemexpress.com/Quinolinic_acid.html
*  Neuropharmacology of quinolinic and kynurenic acids. | Pharmacological Reviews
The pathway includes two compounds, quinolinic acid and kynurenic acid, which are remarkably specific in their pharmacological ... Neuropharmacology of quinolinic and kynurenic acids. Message Subject (Your Name) has forwarded a page to you from ... A second possibility is that there may be a subpopulation of NMDA receptors (or, indeed, for a quite different amino acid) that ...
http://pharmrev.aspetjournals.org/content/45/3/309.long
*  Activation of the kynurenine pathway and increased production of the excitotoxin quinolinic acid following traumatic brain...
TRP, kynurenine (KYN), kynurenic acid (KYNA), QUIN, anthranilic acid (AA) and 3-hydroxyanthranilic acid (3HAA) were measured in ... 3-hydroxyanthranilic acid oxygenase (3HAO) and quinolinic acid phosphoribosyl transferase (QPRTase) and IDO1 ... potentially contributing to excitotoxicity via the release of quinolinic acid (QUIN) and 3-hydroxykynurenine (3HK). Despite the ... Iwahashi H, Kawamori H, Fukushima K. Quinolinic acid, alpha-picolinic acid, fusaric acid, and 2,6-pyridinedicarboxylic acid ...
https://jneuroinflammation.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12974-015-0328-2
*  Increased Indoleamine 2,3-Dioxygenase and Quinolinic Acid Expression in Microglia and Müller Cells of Diabetic Human and Rodent...
Antibodies to quinolinic acid reveal localization in select immune cells rather than neurons or astroglia. Brain Res. 1993; 623 ... Lugo-Huitron R, Ugalde Muniz P, Pineda B, Pedraza-Chaverri J, Rios C, Perez-de la Cruz V . Quinolinic acid: an endogenous ... Quinolinic acid and kynurenine pathway metabolism in inflammatory and non-inflammatory neurological disease. Brain. 1992; 115 ( ... Quinolinic acid inhibits glutamate uptake into synaptic vesicles from rat brain. Neuroreport. 2000; 11: 249-253. ...
http://iovs.arvojournals.org/article.aspx?articleid=2657056
*  Homoquinolinic acid - Wikipedia
Aspartate Ibotenic acid Tetrazolylglycine T. W. Stone (1989). Quinolinic acid and the kynurenines. CRC Press. ISBN 978-0-8493- ... "THE ENDOGENEOUS AGONIST QUINOLINIC ACID AND THE NON ENDOGENOUS HOMOQUINOLINIC ACID DISCRIMINATE BETWEEN NMDAR2 RECEPTOR ... It is approximately equipotent to NMDA and about five times more potent than quinolinic acid as an agonist of the NMDA receptor ... Homoquinolinic acid (HQA) is a potent excitotoxin which is a conformationally-restricted analogue of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Homoquinolinic_acid
*  AP-7 (drug) - Wikipedia
Guillemin GJ (April 2012). "Quinolinic acid, the inescapable neurotoxin". FEBS J. 279 (8): 1356-65. doi:10.1111/j.1742- ... The optically pure D-(−)-2-amino-7-phosphonoheptanoic acid [D-AP7], has also been examined. In groups of hypoxia-treated rats, ... "Anti-epileptic effects of focal micro-injection of excitatory amino acid antagonists". J. Neural Transm. 72 (3): 191-200. doi: ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/AP-7_(drug)
*  3-Hydroxyanthranilic acid - Wikipedia
Mechanism of Formation of Quinolinic Acid". Journal of Biological Chemistry. 234 (4): 880-883. PMID 13654282. Retrieved 2015-09 ... 3-Hydroxyanthranilic acid is an intermediate in the metabolism of tryptophan. It is new antioxidant isolated from methanol ... "3-Hydroxyanthranilic acid". Santa Cruz Biotechnology, Inc. Retrieved 2015-09-24. Armarego, Wilfred L.F.; Chai, Christina L.L. ( ... ISBN 978-1-85617-567-8. Moline, Sheldon W.; Walker, H.C.; Schweigert, B.S. (1958). "3-Hydroxyanthranilic Acid Metabolism: VII. ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/3-Hydroxyanthranilic_acid
*  The kynurenine pathway activities in a sub-Saharan HIV/AIDS population | BMC Infectious Diseases | Full Text
IDO activity, depletion of tryptophan, as well as accumulation of kynurenine and the neurotoxin quinolinic acid, were not only ... De novo synthesis of nicotinamide from quinolinic acid contributes to the maintenance of nicotinamide, and by implication NAD ... Tryptophan levels were 12.3 % higher, kynurenine levels 16.2 % lower, quinolinic acid levels 43.2 % lower and nicotinamide ... kynurenine and the neurotoxin quinolinic acid, and on de novo synthesis of nicotinamide. Plasma samples were obtained from a ...
https://bmcinfectdis.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12879-015-1087-5
*  Kynurenine - Wikipedia
Dysfunctional states of distinct steps of the kynurenine pathway (e.g. kynurenine, kynurenic acid, quinolinic acid, anthranilic ... Guillemin GJ, Brew BJ, Noonan CE, Takikawa O, Cullen KM (2005). "Indoleamine 2,3 dioxygenase and quinolinic acid ... L-Kynurenine (/kaɪˈnjʊərɪniːn/) is a metabolite of the amino acid L-tryptophan used in the production of niacin. Kynurenine is ... Kynureninase catabolizes the conversion of kynurenine into anthranilic acid while kynurenine-oxoglutarate transaminase ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kynurenine
*  Role of Prostaglandins in Neuroinflammatory and Neurodegenerative Diseases
Although there are different genetic models of HD, some compounds such as 3-nitropropionic acid (3-NP) and quinolinic acid (QA ... M. E. Olds, D. B. Jacques, and O. Kopyov, "Behavioral and anatomical effects of quinolinic acid in the striatum of the ... H. Kalonia, P. Kumar, A. Kumar, and B. Nehru, "Effects of caffeic acid, rofecoxib, and their combination against quinolinic ... H. Kalonia and A. Kumar, "Suppressing inflammatory cascade by cyclo-oxygenase inhibitors attenuates quinolinic acid induced ...
https://www.hindawi.com/journals/mi/2012/946813/
*  Shop & Learn about Monoclonal Antibodies
quinolinic acid, Monoclonal Antibody. (#MBS358005). • Monoclonal anti-conjugated quinolinic acid antibody. Other Names: ...
https://www.mybiosource.com/product.php?name=monoclonal&fc=Q
*  Kynureninase - Wikipedia
Heyes MP, Chen CY, Major EO, Saito K (1997). "Different kynurenine pathway enzymes limit quinolinic acid formation by various ... Forty percent of the amino acids are arranged in an alpha helical and twelve percent are arranged in beta sheets. Docking of ... into anthranilic acid (Ant). It can also act on 3hKyn (to produce 3hAnt) and some other (3-arylcarbonyl)-alanines. Humans ... "Crystal structure of the Homo sapiens kynureninase-3-hydroxyhippuric acid inhibitor complex: insights into the molecular basis ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kynureninase
*  Clinical and Biological Correlates of Neurotoxicity Associated with CAR T-cell Therapy in Patients with B-cell Acute...
Quinolinic acid production by macrophages stimulated with IFN-gamma, TNF-alpha, and IFN-alpha. J Interferon Cytokine Res 1997; ... Quinolinic acid enhances permeability of rat brain microvessels to plasma albumin. Brain Res Bull 2000;53:415-20. ... Quinolinic acid upregulates chemokine production and chemokine receptor expression in astrocytes. Glia 2003;41:371-81. ... Quinolinic acid stimulates synaptosomal glutamate release and inhibits glutamate uptake into astrocytes. Neurochem Int 2002;40: ...
http://cancerdiscovery.aacrjournals.org/content/8/8/958?rss=1
*  Kynurenine 3-monooxygenase - Wikipedia
Stone, T. W.; Perkins, M. N. (1981). "Quinolinic acid: A potent endogenous excitant at amino acid receptors in CNS". Eur. J. ... or anthranilic acid by kynureninase. Kynurenine 3-monooxygenase regulates the downstream production of quinolinic acid, which ... Quinolinic acid is also the bioprecursor of NAD+. Inhibition of kynurenine 3-monooxygenase leads to an increase of kynurenic ... Rios, C.; Santamaria, A. (1991). "Quinolinic acid is a potent lipid peroxidant in rat brain homogenates". Neurochem. Res. 16: ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kynurenine_3-monooxygenase
*  Frontiers | Endocrine Crosstalk Between Skeletal Muscle and the Brain | Neurology
... and quinolinic acid (QUIN), while the alternative pathway converts KYN to kynurenic acid (KYNA). In the brain, the conversion ... Quinolinic acid; REV-ERBα, also known as nuclear receptor subfamily 1 group D member 1 (Nr1d1); RORα, RAR-related orphan ... Interleukin-6 contributes to early fasting-induced free fatty acid mobilization in mice. Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol ... Kynurenin and Kynurenic Acid. The underlying cause of depression is difficult to elucidate as a combination of biological, ...
https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fneur.2018.00698/full
*  jellinger huntington* - PubMed - NCBI
Brain quinolinic acid in Alzheimer's dementia.. Sofic E, Halket J, Przyborowska A, Riederer P, Beckmann H, Sandler M, Jellinger ...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed?cmd=Search&db=PubMed&term=jellinger+huntington
*  Minocycline Provides Neuroprotection Against N-Methyl-d-aspartate Neurotoxicity by Inhibiting Microglia | The Journal of...
... glutamate and quinolinic acid; extracellular proteases; eicosanoids; and cytokines, such as TNF-α and IL-1β, which further ... involving either glutamate and quinolinic acid or a still uncharacterized NMDAR binding molecule (18, 19, 20, 21). Because ... Magrophage-induced cytotoxicity of N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor positive neurons involves excitatory amino acids rather than ... After neutralization with 0.1 M boric acid, pH 8.5, for 10 min at room temperature, the cultures were rinsed in 0.1 M PBS and ...
http://www.jimmunol.org/content/166/12/7527.full
*  Haemostatic system, biochemical profiles, kynurenines and the prevalence of cardiovascular disease in peritoneally dialyzed...
492-27-3/Kynurenic Acid; 73-22-3/Tryptophan; 89-00-9/Quinolinic Acid; 9001-26-7/Prothrombin; 9035-58-9/Thromboplastin; EC 3.4. ... Quinolinic Acid / metabolism. Receptors, Urokinase Plasminogen Activator. Thromboplastin / metabolism. Tryptophan / metabolism ... and quinolinic (QA) acids levels were significantly higher, whereas TRP was significantly lower in the PD patients than in the ... Kynurenic Acid / metabolism. Kynurenine / metabolism*. Male. Middle Aged. Peptide Fragments / metabolism. Peritoneal Dialysis, ...
http://www.biomedsearch.com/nih/Haemostatic-system-biochemical-profiles-kynurenines/19732942.html
*  NMDA Preconditioning Protects against Seizures and Hippocampal Neurotoxicity Induced by Quinolinic Acid in Mice
Quinolinic acid (QA)-induced seizures are used to average NMDA receptors-evoked neurotoxicity in animal models. The purpose of ... NMDA Preconditioning Protects against Seizures and Hippocampal Neurotoxicity Induced by Quinolinic Acid in Mice. ...
https://insights.ovid.com/epil/200407000/00003606-200407000-00004