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*  Disorders of the calcium-sensing receptor: Familial hypocalciuric hypercalcemia and autosomal dominant hypocalcemia
Parathyroid gland - The CaSR is highly expressed on the surface of the chief cells of the parathyroid glands [1,2]. It permits ... This topic will briefly review our understanding of the function of the CaSR in the parathyroid glands and kidneys and then ... In response to these changes, the CaSR brings about changes in the function of parathyroid glands and kidneys, which are ... The calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR) is expressed in multiple tissues, including the parathyroid glands, kidneys, bone marrow, ...
https://www.uptodate.com/contents/disorders-of-the-calcium-sensing-receptor-familial-hypocalciuric-hypercalcemia-and-autosomal-dominant-hypocalcemia
*  Frontiers | Review of Hypoparathyroidism | Endocrinology
The most common cause of hypoparathyroidism is parathyroid gland injury or inadvertent removal during thyroid surgery. Current ... The most common cause of hypoparathyroidism is parathyroid gland injury or inadvertent removal during thyroid surgery. Current ... Recombinant human PTH 1-84, full length parathyroid hormone, is now available for a selected group of patients with the disease ... Recombinant human PTH 1-84, full length parathyroid hormone, is now available for a selected group of patients with the disease ...
https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fendo.2016.00172/full
*  New Insights in Bone Biology: Unmasking Skeletal Effects of the Extracellular Calcium-Sensing Receptor | Science Signaling
These long-awaited studies further clarify the signaling relationships between the parathyroid gland, kidney, and metabolic ... was completely nullified specifically in parathyroid cells, chondrocytes, or cells of the osteoblast lineage have identified ...
http://stke.sciencemag.org/content/1/35/pe40
*  Heparan sulphate proteoglycans on rat parathyroid cells recycle in low Ca2+ medium | Biochemical Society Transactions
A rat parathyroid cell line, with some differentiated properties of the parathyroid gland, synthesizes predominantly a heparan ... Heparan sulphate proteoglycans on rat parathyroid cells recycle in low Ca2+ medium. YASUHIRO TAKEUCHI, KAZUSHIGE SAKAGUCHI, ... Heparan sulphate proteoglycans on rat parathyroid cells recycle in low Ca2+ medium ... Heparan sulphate proteoglycans on rat parathyroid cells recycle in low Ca2+ medium ...
http://www.biochemsoctrans.org/content/18/5/816
*  Parathyroid gland - Wikipedia
Rarely, the parathyroid glands may be within the thyroid gland itself, the chest, or even the thymus. The parathyroid glands ... and lymphatic drainage of the parathyroid glands correspond to the thyroid overlying gland. The superior parathyroid glands ... The two parathyroid glands on each side which are positioned higher are called the superior parathyroid glands, while the lower ... Parathyroid glands are small endocrine glands in the neck of humans and other tetrapods that produce parathyroid hormone. ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Parathyroid_gland
*  Hypoparathyroidism: Signs, Indications, Symptoms, Causes, Treatment, Therapy, Prevention
The parathyroid glands consist of four tiny glands located on the posterior side of the thyroid gland. Each gland is roughly ... Hypoparathyroidism is an endocrine disease involving the parathyroid glands. The glands fail to produce enough parathyroid ... Hypoparathyroidism is rare since all four of the of the parathyroid glands would have to be affected in order for a person to ... Certain autoimmune diseases can cause the body to create antibodies that attack the parathyroid tissue. As a result, the glands ...
http://medlexi.com/Hypoparathyroidism
*  Parathyroid Hormone-Related Protein Summary Report | CureHunter
Overexpression of parathyroid hormone-related protein by tumor cells results in humoral calcemia of malignancy. ... secreted protein with bone resorption and renal calcium reabsorption activities that are similar to PARATHYROID HORMONE. It ... for designing future research studies to further elucidate the biological functions of PTHrP in normal prostatic glands and ... Parathyroid; Hypercalcemic Factor, Tumor; PTH Like Protein; PTH Related Peptide; Parathyroid Hormone Like Protein; Parathyroid ...
http://www.curehunter.com/public/keywordSummaryD044162-Parathyroid-Hormone-Related-Protein.do
*  Parathyroid hormone-related protein blood test Medical Information
Article about Parathyroid hormone-related protein blood test. Includes illustrations and topical information provided by ADAM ... The parathyroid glands, hypercalcemia, and hypocalcemia. In: Goldman L, Schafer AI, eds. Goldman's Cecil Medicine. 24th ed. ... Parathyroid hormone-related protein blood test. The parathyroid hormone-related protein (PTH-RP) test measures the level of a ... Parathyroid hormone-related protein blood test Risks. Veins and arteries vary in size from one patient to another and from one ...
https://www.drugs.com/enc/parathyroid-hormone-related-protein-blood-test.html
*  Parathyroid hormone-related protein - Wikipedia
Mammary glands[edit]. It aids in normal mammary gland development.[5][6] It is necessary for maintenance of the mammary bud. ... Parathyroid hormone-related protein (or PTHrP) is a protein member of the parathyroid hormone family. It is occasionally ... PTHLH, BDE2, HHM, PLP, PTHR, PTHRP, parathyroid hormone-like hormone, parathyroid hormone like hormone. ... "Entrez Gene: PTHLH parathyroid hormone-like hormone".. *^ Cingolani G, Bednenko J, Gillespie MT, Gerace L (December 2002). " ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Parathyroid_hormone-related_protein
*  TOP: Recombinant Human Parathyroid Hormone (ALX1-11) on Fracture Incidence in Women With Postmenopausal Osteoporosis - Full...
... a polypeptide consisting of 84 amino acids that is synthesized and secreted by the parathyroid glands, is a principal regulator ... TOP: Recombinant Human Parathyroid Hormone (ALX1-11) on Fracture Incidence in Women With Postmenopausal Osteoporosis. The ... Treatment of Osteoporosis with Parathyroid Hormone Study Group. Effect of recombinant human parathyroid hormone (1-84) on ... Parathyroid hormone exerts its action on bone to release calcium into the extracellular fluid as a process of bone remodeling ...
https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT00172081?term=Porencephaly&rank=17
*  Parathyroid Glands
The parathyroid glands are four small oval bodies located on either side of, and on, the dorsal aspect of the thyroid gland. ... These glands control the level of calcium in the blood. Calcium is important, not only for bones and teeth, but also for nerve ...
https://www.innerbody.com/image_endo04/endo04.html
*  Parathyroid Glands | The BMJ
Parathyroid Glands. Br Med J 1964; 1 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.1.5397.1562-a (Published 13 June 1964) Cite this as: Br ...
http://www.bmj.com/content/1/5397/1562.2
*  Cryopreservation of Parathyroid Glands
... Marlon A. Guerrero Department of Surgery, The University of Arizona, 1501 N. Campbell ... S. A. Wells Jr., J. C. Gunnells, and J. D. Shelburne, "Transplantation of the parathyroid glands in man: clinical indications ... "Deferred parathyroid autografts with cryopreserved tissue after reoperative parathyroid surgery," Archives of Surgery, vol. 117 ... A. Saxe, "Parathyroid transplantation: a review," Surgery, vol. 95, no. 5, pp. 507-526, 1984. View at Google Scholar · View at ...
https://www.hindawi.com/journals/ije/2010/829540/ref/
*  Diseases of the Parathyroid Glands | SpringerLink
... diseases of the parathyroid glands are not easily deciphered. There are many subtleties to its pathology and diagnosis. Today, ... Diseases of the Parathyroid Glands is an indispensable reference for anyone interested in parathyroid disease. ... cystic lesions of the glands, and ectopic glandular disease. The final chapters detail the techniques of parathyroid gland ... Diseases of the Parathyroid Glands addresses these issues by offering a concise, user-friendly text that provides state-of-the- ...
https://link.springer.com/book/10.1007%2F978-1-4419-5550-0
*  Parathyroid glands regulate calcium - Times Union
A rise in blood calcium is an indication that one of these glands is making too much parathyroid hormone. Since the calcium is ... If calcium dips, these glands release parathyroid hormone, which removes calcium from bone to restore the blood calcium level. ... The parathyroid glands are four small glands plastered to the back of the thyroid gland in the lower neck. ... taken from bones, one of the signs of an overactive gland -- hyperparathyroidism -- is bone weakening. A second complication is ...
https://www.timesunion.com/living/article/Parathyroid-glands-regulate-calcium-734704.php
*  Cricothyroid Ligament - Thyroid and Parathyroid Glands
The cricothyroid ligament is a connector of the cricoid and thyroid cartilages. It is composed of two parts: the anterior and lateral circothyroid ligaments. The upper edge of the lateral cricothyroid ligament constitutes the base of the vocal chords.. ...
https://www.innerbody.com/image_endo04/endo11.html
*  Parathyroid gland - Wikipedia
... or even more parathyroid glands.[3] Rarely, the parathyroid glands may be within the thyroid gland itself, the chest, or even ... Parathyroid glands are small endocrine glands in the neck of humans and other tetrapods that produce parathyroid hormone. ... The parathyroid glands are two pairs of glands usually positioned behind the left and right lobes of the thyroid. Each gland is ... The parathyroid glands do this by secreting parathyroid hormone (PTH).[11]. Parathyroid hormone (also known as parathormone) is ...
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Parathyroid
*  Surgery of the Thyroid and Parathyroid Glands | SpringerLink
... of this text is to create a unique in-depth comprehensive reference covering all surgically relevant thyroid and parathyroid ... presenting the latest information on the management of common and rare disorders of the thyroid and parathyroid glands. ... Evolving modern operative techniques like the minimally invasive videoscopic approach to the thyroid and parathyroids are also ... and operative strategies for the different thyroid and parathyroid diseases. In addition, experts present the molecular basis ...
https://link.springer.com/book/10.1007/978-3-540-68043-7
*  parathyroid gland in chest
I will need to have my parathyroid gland in my chest removed. If the process through the neck does not work, the chest will be ...
https://www.endocrineweb.com/community/hyperparathyroidism/12300-parathyroid-gland-chest
*  Parathyroid glands - Chirurgisches Zentrum Zürich
Parathyroid glands The parathyroid glands (of these usually 4 exist) are positioned left and right to the thyroid gland. They ... there is only enlargement of one of the four parathyroid glands. It is therefore enough to remove this one gland alone and ... For this reason 3 and a half of the four parathyroid glands have to be removed. Simultaneously, the body has to be supplied ... Parathyroid glands surgery. Primary hyperparathyroidism. In „primary hyperparathyroidism" ...
https://www.hirslanden.ch/en/klinik-hirslanden/centers/chirurgisches-zentrum-zuerich/kompetenzen/nebenschilddruese.html
*  Superior parathyroid gland definition | Drugs.com
Definition of superior parathyroid gland. Provided by Stedman's medical dictionary and Drugs.com. Includes medical terms and ... superior parathyroid gland. Definition: one of two parathyroid glands developing from the endoderm of the fourth pharyngeal ... pouch; usually located midway along the posterior border of the thyroid gland. ...
https://www.drugs.com/dict/superior-parathyroid-gland.html
*  Thyroid and Parathyroid Glands - Anatomy Pictures and Information
Thyroid and Parathyroid Glands. The thyroid gland and parathyroid glands are a group of endocrine glands located in the base of ... The parathyroid glands are a collection of four round glands around the size of a grain of rice. These glands are attached to ... Two parathyroid glands (right superior and right inferior) are attached one above the other to the right lateral lobe of the ... Calcitonin is also produced by the thyroid gland and works as an antagonist to the only hormone produced by the parathyroid ...
https://www.innerbody.com/image/endo04.html
*  STANDARDIZATION OF COMMERCIAL PREPARATIONS OF THE PARATHYROID GLANDS | The BMJ
STANDARDIZATION OF COMMERCIAL PREPARATIONS OF THE PARATHYROID GLANDS Br Med J 1923; 2 :559 ... STANDARDIZATION OF COMMERCIAL PREPARATIONS OF THE PARATHYROID GLANDS. Br Med J 1923; 2 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.2.3274. ...
http://www.bmj.com/content/2/3274/559
*  HLS [ Endocrine System, parathyroid gland, chief and oxyphil cells] MED MAG labeled
Histology Learning System [ Endocrine System, parathyroid gland, chief and oxyphil cells]
http://www.bu.edu/histology/p/15002loa.htm