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*  RESTING ENERGY EXPENDITURE AND ESTIMATED CALORIC INTAKE OF OVERWEIGHT ADOLESCENTS WITH ASTHMA | Archives of Disease in Childhood
Overweight, energy expenditure and caloric intake are associated with an increased prevalence of asthma. To measure resting energy expenditure and calculate caloric intake of overweight adolescents with asthma and compare results with those of groups of well-nourished adolescents with asthma and overweight adolescents without asthma. Cross-sectional study with 69 adolescents aged 10 to 18 years divided into three matched groups. Nutritional status was assessed using anthropometric and body composition measurements. Indirect calorimetry was used to measure energy expenditure; caloric intake was estimated from dietary recalls. In each group, there were 23 adolescents (10 girls) aged 12.39±2.40 years. Results for each group (overweight adolescents with asthma; well-nourished adolescents with asthma; and overweight adolescents without asthma) were, respectively: Body mass index = 24.83±2.73 kg/m2, 19.01±2.10 kg/m2, and ...
http://adc.bmj.com/content/93/Suppl_2/pw19
*  Parents' awareness of overweight in themselves and their children: cross sectional study within a cohort (EarlyBird 21) | The...
Only a quarter of parents recognised overweight in their child. Even when obese, 33% mothers (57% fathers) saw their child's weight as "about right." Parents were less likely to identify overweight in sons than daughters: only 27% of overweight or obese boys were classified as at least "a little overweight," compared with 54% of overweight girls (P = 0.01). More mothers than fathers correctly assessed their child's weight (84% v 76%, P = 0.06).. Maternal weight status did not affect mothers' awareness of their chidren's weight: 82% of overweight mothers were correct compared with 82% of normal weight mothers (P = 0.50). However, only 74% overweight fathers were correct compared with 85% normal weight fathers (P = 0.08).. More than half of the parents of obese children expressed some degree of concern about their child's weight, but only a quarter were even "a little worried" if their child ...
http://www.bmj.com/content/330/7481/23.long
*  Parents' awareness of overweight in themselves and their children: cross sectional study within a cohort (EarlyBird 21) | The...
Only a quarter of parents recognised overweight in their child. Even when obese, 33% mothers (57% fathers) saw their child's weight as "about right." Parents were less likely to identify overweight in sons than daughters: only 27% of overweight or obese boys were classified as at least "a little overweight," compared with 54% of overweight girls (P = 0.01). More mothers than fathers correctly assessed their child's weight (84% v 76%, P = 0.06).. Maternal weight status did not affect mothers' awareness of their chidren's weight: 82% of overweight mothers were correct compared with 82% of normal weight mothers (P = 0.50). However, only 74% overweight fathers were correct compared with 85% normal weight fathers (P = 0.08).. More than half of the parents of obese children expressed some degree of concern about their child's weight, but only a quarter were even "a little worried" if their child ...
http://www.bmj.com/content/330/7481/23?ijkey=a35b782e6a94cc50b97a5b511db554bf438ded38&keytype2=tf_ipsecsha
*  OP68 How is overweight/obesity across the life course associated with levels of adipokines, inflammatory and endothelial...
Results Overweight showed consistent positive associations with leptin, CRP, IL-6, E-selectin and t-PA and inverse associations with adiponectin; vWF was not consistently related across age. In age and sex-adjusted models fitted separately for each age, being overweight at 11 years and onwards was associated with adverse levels of adipokines and inflammatory markers and being overweight from 15 and onwards for endothelial markers. For CRP and adiponectin, an earlier association with overweight at 2 years was also apparent. Adjustment for overweight at age 60-64 years reduced all overweight associations at earlier ages, entirely explaining those for E-selectin and t-PA, but only partly explaining those for leptin, adiponectin, CRP and IL-6. An accumulation model best described the associations between overweight across the life course with adiponectin (mean percentage difference [95% CI] for ...
http://jech.bmj.com/content/68/Suppl_1/A34.3
*  SAT0482 Overweight Prevalence in Children and Adolescents with Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis in Dependence on Health and...
Results In 2005 a total of 3,622 patients with JIA were included in the analysis, median age was 11 years, 14.4% were overweight. Associated variables with overweight were subgroup, age, participation in school sports, medication with glucocorticoids and level of functional restriction. As influencing factors for overweight the systemic JIA, functional restrictions, and the non-participation in school sports were identified.. Weight status did not differ from controls, although slight differences in health- and lifestyle-aspects were found. Differences between patients and reference group affected duration and frequency of physical activity.. Trend analysis showed a reduction in overweight prevalence from 2003 until 2010 (-4.9%). Especially among patients with systemic JIA the overweight prevalence decreased (-9.6%). Reduction of overweight rate was accociated by an improved funtional status.. ...
http://ard.bmj.com/content/72/Suppl_3/A744.3
*  Systematic review and meta-analyses of risk factors for childhood overweight identifiable during infancy | Archives of Disease...
This systematic review of 30 prospective studies identified several significant early life risk factors for childhood overweight: maternal pre-pregnancy overweight, high infant birth weight, early infant rapid weight gain and maternal smoking during pregnancy. There was a moderate protective effect of ever breastfeeding during the first year on subsequent childhood overweight. There was some evidence that the early introduction of solid foods was associated with childhood overweight, and mixed evidence for longer duration of breastfeeding during the first year, maternal marital status at birth and parity. There was no association for the remaining factors or the evidence was inconclusive due to a lack of studies.. The studies exploring maternal pre-pregnancy overweight as a risk factor found higher odds of overweight in offspring who had parents who were classified as overweight or obese. In ...
http://adc.bmj.com/content/early/2012/09/26/archdischild-2012-302263
*  Estimating Overweight Risk in Childhood From Predictors During Infancy | Articles | Pediatrics
The growing prevalence of childhood overweight has warranted exploration into risk prediction models to aid prevention strategies. Although a recent risk model26 derived risk equations to predict childhood obesity at birth with good statistical validity (AUROC: 0.7-0.85), the risk algorithm described in this study identifies children between 6 and 12 months at risk for overweight. It, therefore, is able to incorporate the effects of rapid weight gain, which is the strongest marker of overweight and obesity in childhood.6,7,27 Additionally, it may be more effective and acceptable to communicate overweight risk to parents of infants at 6 and 12 months when the rapid weight gain is manifested. A US study revealed that positive parental changes occurred when a physical marker is visible such as a diagnosis of childhood overweight or perceiving the child's weight as a health problem.28 There are 2 other risk prediction ...
http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/132/2/e414.long
*  The associations between psychopathology and being overweight: a 20-year prospective study - Zurich Open Repository and Archive
BACKGROUND: Psychiatric disorders and being overweight are major health problems with increasing prevalence. The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that being overweight is associated with a range of psychiatric conditions including minor and atypical depressive disorders, binge eating, and aggression. METHOD: Prospective community-based cohort study of young adults (n = 591) followed between ages 19 and 40. Information derived from six subsequent semi-structured diagnostic interviews conducted by professionals over twenty years. Outcomes were being overweight [body-mass index (BMI), 25] and average yearly weight change between ages 20 and 40 (BMI slope). RESULTS: 18.9 % of the participants were classified as being overweight. Being overweight turned out to be a stable trait: 77.7% of subjects were assigned to the same weight class at each interview. Atypical depression and binge eating were positively ...
http://www.zora.uzh.ch/id/eprint/49827/
*  Trends in overweight and obese adults in Malaysia (1996-2009): a systematic review - Khambalia - 2010 - Obesity Reviews - Wiley...
Like other nations experiencing rapid industrialization, urbanization and a nutrition transition, there is concern in Malaysia of a possible escalation in the prevalence of overweight and obesity. In 1996, the National Health and Morbidity Survey reported a 16.6% and 4.4% prevalence of overweight and obesity, respectively. In the following decade, there have been several national and community surveys on overweight and obesity in Malaysia. The objective of this systematic review is to describe the trend from 1996 to 2009 in the prevalence of overweight and obesity in adults in Malaysia nationally and by gender, age and race. Results indicate that there has been a small rise in overweight adults in the years 1996, 2003 and 2006 (20.7%, 26.7% and 29.1%) and a much more dramatic increase in obesity in 1996, 2003, 2004 and 2006 (5.5%, 12.2%, 12.3% and 14.0%). Evidence showed a greater risk for overweight and ...
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1467-789X.2010.00728.x/full?globalMessage=0
*  Prevalence of obesity and overweight and associated factors among financial institution workers in Accra Metropolis, Ghana: a...
The overall prevalence of obesity and overweight among the bank workers was 55.6 % (17.8 % obese and 37.8 % overweight) as against the total prevalence of overweight and obesity of 30 % indicated in the Ghana Demographic and Health Survey report [30]. A study also conducted in Accra by Aryeetey and Ansong reported an overall prevalence of obesity and overweight of 56 % [31]. Many other studies carried out in Africa have reported higher prevalence of obesity and overweight in urban areas [32, 33, 25, 26]. The high prevalence of obesity and overweight among the bank employees could be attributed to less physical activity due to the sedentary nature of their work resulting in weight gain [34].. The percentage of males who were overweight/obese was almost the same as that of females (Table 1). After adjusting for other variables, the risk of obesity and overweight among females ...
https://bmcresnotes.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s13104-015-1590-1
*  Looking for curves: overweight models in stock photography - agefotostock Blog - Your friendly agency for Stock Photography
6 in 10 members of the population in the U.S. are overweight and 5 in 10 members of the population in the U.K. and Spain are overweight. If the latest health statistics for the general population are true for photographers, than probably at least half of you reading this are overweight. So why are dignified, overweight models an endangered species in stock?. You might contend that our societies prefer to show men and women with impossible bodies (literally, in the case of some photoshop touch-ups) on the covers of magazines, etc. And you might be right. But that doesn't explain why photographers don't make photos of overweight models. Believe it or not, clients are looking for those photos. See these excerpts from real researcher/client requests:. "We are always looking for overweight people…". "Please note, they want an overweight man doing all sorts of typical, everyday activities like ...
https://www.agefotostock.com/blog/2010/06/03/looking-for-curves-overweight-models-in-stock-photography/
*  Overweight children may be Insulin Resistant! | BetterEat
An overweight child, or a child with a tendency to carry excess weight around the waist - may be at risk of being INSULIN RESISTANT!. In South Africa, about one in three children are overweight!. 80 % of individuals that are overweight are insulin resistant.. Children with Insulin Resistance have a very good chance of getting diabetes within 2 years of being diagnosed with insulin resistance if it is not treated successfully.. Insulin Resistance in children (as with adults) is also associated with an increased incidence (the chance of "getting" something) of heart disease, stroke or being overweight later in life.. When is a child at risk of developing or having Insulin Resistance?. -Any child or teenager who is overweight especially if they carry excess weight around their stomach, is at risk of developing or having insulin resistance ...
http://bettereat.net/overweight-children-may-be-insulin-resistant/
*  Supplemental Calcium in Overweight People - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov
This study will examine the health effects of calcium supplements in overweight adults. Overweight adults often eat a diet low in calcium. Some studies have found low calcium intake in people who have some of the medical problems often seen in overweight adults. This study will see if extra calcium improves the health of overweight adults.. Volunteers in general good health 18 years of age or older who are overweight (body mass index equal to or greater than 25 kilograms per square meter of body surface) may be eligible for this study. Women who are pregnant or breastfeeding may not participate. The study includes four visits, described below.. Visit 1. Volunteers will be screened for participation in the study with a medical history, physical examination, and blood and urine tests. At home, they will collect a 24-hour urine sample; fill out questionnaires to assess their average calcium intake; and record their food intake ...
https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT00030238
*  Supplemental Calcium in Overweight People - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov
This study will examine the health effects of calcium supplements in overweight adults. Overweight adults often eat a diet low in calcium. Some studies have found low calcium intake in people who have some of the medical problems often seen in overweight adults. This study will see if extra calcium improves the health of overweight adults.. Volunteers in general good health 18 years of age or older who are overweight (body mass index equal to or greater than 25 kilograms per square meter of body surface) may be eligible for this study. Women who are pregnant or breastfeeding may not participate. The study includes four visits, described below.. Visit 1. Volunteers will be screened for participation in the study with a medical history, physical examination, and blood and urine tests. At home, they will collect a 24-hour urine sample; fill out questionnaires to assess their average calcium intake; and record their food intake ...
https://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00030238?order=120
*  Overweight/ Obesity among School Going Adolescents and Its Associated Factors - a Cross Sectional Study in an Urban Locality of...
Overweight and obesity are an increasingly prevalent nutritional disorder among adolescents and its prevention is a public health priority. The study aims to know the prevalence of obesity among school going adolescents and to assess the associated factors. The present study was a cross sectional study conducted in 12 schools of Bhubaneswar from July 2013 to December 2013. 1800 adolescents of 10-16 years (Class VI to X) were included in the study. The overall prevalence of overweight and obesity among school going adolescents was found to be 27.8% (overweight-16.4% and obesity-11.4%). Overweight/ Obesity was significantly higher in adolescents with working mothers, joint family, having less than 2 siblings, not doing regular exercise, watching television more than 2 hours/day, playing computer games, consuming junk food regularly and not playing of outdoor games. There is a need for periodic screening for overweight in ...
https://www.semanticscholar.org/paper/Overweight-Obesity-among-School-Going-Adolescents-Patnaik-Pattanaik/79f0d8d39b897d3c5af92eca6d38a9838b6f2593
*  Overweight Among Low-Income Preschool Children Associated With the Consumption of Sweet Drinks: Missouri, 1999-2002 |...
The problem of increasing overweight among children has prompted a search for factors that contribute to this trend. Our study provides evidence that the consumption of sweet drinks as infrequently as 1 to 2 times daily increases the odds of becoming overweight among those who are at risk for overweight at baseline and of remaining overweight among those who are already overweight by 60% or more. Although comparisons are limited because no other known studies provided results stratified by baseline BMI, our results support those obtained by Ludwig et al,14 who found that increased consumption of sugar-sweetened drinks was associated with increased weight in middle school children. In contrast to the Ludwig et al study that found a dose-response effect, we found a threshold effect with the daily intake of 1 or more sweet drinks.. Our failure to find an association between the consumption of fruit juice and the incidence of ...
http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/115/2/e223
*  Is there an association between spatial access to parks/green space and childhood overweight/obesity in Calgary, Canada? |...
The recent increase in childhood obesity is expected to add significantly to the prevalence of chronic diseases. We used multivariate multilevel analysis to examine associations between parks/green space and childhood overweight/obesity across communities in Calgary, Canada, a city characterized by intensified urban sprawl and high car use. Body Mass Index was calculated from measured height and weight data obtained from 6,772 children (mean age = 4.95 years) attending public health clinics for pre-school vaccinations. Each child's home postal code was geocoded using ESRI ArcGIS 9.2. We examined four measures of spatial access to parks/green space (based on Geographic Information Systems): 1) the number of parks/green spaces per 10,000 residents, 2) the area of parks/green space as a proportion of the total area within a community, 3) average distance to a park/green space, and 4) the proportion of parks/green space service area as a proportion of the total area within a community. Analyses ...
https://ijbnpa.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1479-5868-6-77
*  STORRE: The B'Active programme for overweight primary school children in Glasgow: determining the prevalence of overweight and...
The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of overweight and obesity in primary school children in Glasgow and to evaluate a pilot activity programme for overweight and obese children. Body mass index (BMI) was measured in 1548 children. Overweight, obesity and severe obesity were defined as BMI ≥ 85th, 95th and 98th centile, respectively. Overweight and obese children were then invited to participate in a 10 week school-based activity programme. The programme was evaluated by recording weekly attendance, intensity (using the Children's Effort Rating Scale) and enjoyment (scale 1-10). Focus groups were used to explore the experiences and views of the children, teachers, coaches and parents. 31.4% of the children were overweight, 19.1% were obese and 12.4% were severely obese. 38% of those invited, attended the activity programme. Weekly programme attendance was 83% (range 56% to 99%). Mean enjoyment rating (scale ...
http://dspace.stir.ac.uk/handle/1893/1102
*  Overweight teenagers at higher risk of liver diseases later - Canindia News
London, June 17 (IANS) Being overweight during adolescence can put men at significantly higher risk of developing severe liver disease later in life, says a study. The findings are based on 40 years follow-up of study of nearly 45,000 Swedish men.. The study showed that adolescent males with a body mass index (BMI) above 25 are at a 64 per cent increased risk of developing severe liver diseases and liver cell cancer in their late lives. Even for one kg/m2 increase in BMI, obese males can face a five per cent increased risk, the study said.. "It is possible that this increased risk is caused by a longer exposure to being overweight, compared to becoming overweight or obese later in life and that individuals with a longer history of being overweight have an increased risk of severe liver disease," said lead investigator Hannes Hagstrom from Karolinska University in Sweden.. In addition, overweight and obesity are associated ...
http://www.canindia.com/overweight-teenagers-at-higher-risk-of-liver-diseases-later/
*  OVERWEIGHTS in Scrabble | Words With Friends score & OVERWEIGHTS definition
Verify OVERWEIGHTS in Scrabble dictionary and games, check OVERWEIGHTS definition, OVERWEIGHTS in wwf, Words With Friends score for OVERWEIGHTS, definition of OVERWEIGHTS.
https://www.anagrammer.com/scrabble/overweights
*  Energy intake and appetite following exercise in lean and overweight girls - Northumbria Research Link
Twelve 11-year-old girls (six lean, six overweight) were given meals in the laboratory and at school for 5 days, with exercise imposed for 2 days and sedentary activities on another 2 days in counterbalanced sequences. During a preliminary visit, the FLEX heart rate method was used to predict individual exercise durations eliciting 1.5 MJ energy expenditure. Morning and afternoon cycling exercise was subsequently imposed in the laboratory on 2 consecutive days as part of the 5-day intervention. Energy intake was measured via observation with meals being standardised between conditions, prepared and weighed by the research team. Hunger, fullness and desire to eat were rated by subjects immediately before and after meals and exercise. Energy expenditure was significantly elevated in the exercise condition, compared to sedentary. No exercise-induced differences in total daily or 5-day total energy intake were observed between groups or treatments. Overweight girls, however, ...
http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/2995/
*  jacobbarre: Reduce Belly Fat Naturally Exercise : Overweight Dogs And Walking
Reduce Belly Fat Naturally Exercise : Overweight Dogs And Walking - often an overweight and out-of-shape dog has an owner that is also overweight and out-of-shapenstead of investing in diet dog food and 100 calorie pack doggie treats, invest in a nice collar with a matching leash and a good set of walking shoesog owners can get started walking wearing any shoe, but choosing a shoe like the Stepgym shoe will maximize the Benefits of walkingn overweight dog will be at risk for health problems similar to that of a person who is overweightor huge dogs, being overweight increases the risk of hip problems when they age and it may cause them to be unable to walk at allelping a dog be at a healthy weight usually causes the dog owner to be at a healthy weight toohen starting a dog on a weight loss program, having a healthy diet will be importantrastically reducing the food amount may cause a dog to be cranky and act ...
http://jacobbarre.blogspot.com/2013/10/reduce-belly-fat-naturally-exercise.html
*  Saúde Pública - Effects of social and environmental determinants on overweight and obesity among Brazilian schoolchildren from...
Obesity is considered to be a major public health problem and its prevalence is increasing not only in developed countries (1, 2) but also in countries that are undergoing economic and social transition (3-5). The World Health Organization estimates that the prevalence of obesity is 4.8% in developing countries, 17.1% in transitional countries, and 20.4% in developed countries (6). In 1970 in Brazil, the prevalence of overweight was estimated to be 4% among young people (6-18 years old), and it grew to 14% by the end of 1990 (7). Overweight and obesity cause or exacerbate a large number of health problems, both independently and in association with other diseases (8, 9). Although the health consequences associated with excess weight are not identical in adults and children, risk factors associated with overweight and obesity installed in childhood and adolescence may be higher for cardiovascular diseases than when installed at more advanced ages (10). ...
https://scielosp.org/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1020-49892011001000002&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en
*  Pathetic insults- Overweight women - Rose DesRochers - World Outside my Window
When we are insulted, we tend to tell ourselves that this treatment will stop when we lose weight. Truth is those insulting would just find another fault to make fun of. People will always be judgmental, and there is no changing that. A portion of society seems to think that when a person is overweight that it is self-inflicted. People associate heavy people, with those who do nothing, but stuff their face. The next time you see an overweight person, don't automatically assume their weight is self-inflicted. Don't stereotype them about being overweight with thoughts that they must eat way too much. Little do you know, but they might eat less than you.. Losing weight is not an easy thing to do despite what you may think. Overweight people are not lazy. It is not that we don't know when to leave the table. It is not just a matter of motivation. I for one have hypothyroid. Many hypothyroid patients struggle with an inability to lose weight. You ...
http://www.rosedesrochers.com/2008/07/27/pathetic-insults-overweight-women/
*  Overweight - Wikipedia
While the negative health outcomes associated with obesity are accepted within the medical community, the health implications of the overweight category are more controversial. The generally accepted view is that being overweight causes similar health problems to obesity, but to a lesser degree. A 2016 review estimated that the risk of death increases by seven percent among overweight people with a BMI of 25 to 27.5 and 20 percent among overweight people with a BMI of 27.5 to 30.[10] The Framingham heart study found that being overweight at age 40 reduced life expectancy by three years.[11] Being overweight also increases the risk of oligospermia and azoospermia in men.[12] Katherine Flegal et al., however, found that the mortality rate for individuals who are classified as overweight (BMI 25 to 30) may actually be lower than for those with an "ideal" weight (BMI 18.5 to 25), noting that ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Overweight