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*  Exposure-Response Estimates for Diesel Engine Exhaust and Lung Cancer Mortality Based on Data from Three Occupational Cohorts |...
Environ Health Perspect: 11/22/13. Background: Diesel engine exhaust (DEE) has recently been classified as a known human carcinogen.. Objective: To derive a meta-exposure-response curve (ERC) for DEE and lung cancer mortality and estimate lifetime excess risks (ELRs) of lung cancer mortality based on assumed occupational and environmental exposure scenarios.. Methods: We conducted a meta-regression of lung cancer mortality and cumulative exposure to elemental carbon (EC), a proxy measure of DEE, based on relative risk (RR) estimates reported by three large occupational cohort studies (including two studies of workers in the trucking industry and one study of miners). Based on the derived risk function, we calculated ELRs for several lifetime occupational and environmental exposure scenarios, and also calculated the fractions of annual lung cancer deaths attributable to DEE. Read more. ...
http://www.nmqf.org/exposure-response-estimates-for-diesel-engine-exhaust-and-lung-cancer-mortality-based-on-data-from-three-occupational-cohorts/
*  Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D level, chronic diseases and all-cause mortality in a population-based prospective cohort: the HUNT...
OBJECTIVE To investigate the association of vitamin D status with all-cause mortality in a Norwegian population and the potential influences of existing chronic diseases on the association. DESIGN A population-based prospective cohort study. SETTING Nord-Trøndelag County, Norway. PARTICIPANTS A random sample (n=6613) of adults aged 20 years or older in a cohort. METHODS Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) levels were measured in blood samples collected at baseline (n=6377). Mortality was ascertained from the Norwegian National Registry. Cox regression models were applied to estimate the HRs with 95% CIs for all-cause mortality in association with serum 25(OH)D levels after adjustment for a wide spectrum of confounding factors as well as chronic diseases at baseline. RESULTS The median follow-up time was 18.5 years, during which 1539 subjects died. The HRs for all-cause mortality associated with the first quartile level of 25(OH)D ...
https://www.semanticscholar.org/paper/Serum-25-hydroxyvitamin-D-level-chronic-diseases-a-Sun-Langhammer/006ed20d2ea543b61128cd2a107b11692ea8e5fe
*  Serum magnesium concentrations and all-cause, cardiovascular, and cancer mortality among U.S. adults: Results from the NHANES I...
BACKGROUND: Few studies have examined the associations of serum magnesium (Mg) concentrations with total and cause-specific mortality in a nationally representative sample of US adults. We investigate the dose-response relationships of baseline serum Mg concentrations with risk of mortalities in a large, nationally representative sample of US adults.. METHODS: We analyzed prospective data of 14,353 participants aged 25-74 years with measures of serum Mg concentrations at baseline (1971-1975) from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey I Epidemiologic Follow-up Study (NHEFS). Mortality data was linked through December 31, 2011. We estimated the mortality hazard ratios (HRs), for participants within serum Mg categories of ,0.7, 0.7-0.74, 0.75-0.79, 0.8-0.89 (referent), 0.9-0.94, 0.95-0.99, and ≥1.0 mmol/L using weighted multivariate-adjusted Cox proportional hazards models.. RESULTS: During a median follow-up of 28.6 years, 9012 deaths occurred, ...
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890274/serum-magnesium-concentrations-and-all-cause-cardiovascular-and-cancer-mortality-among-u-s-adults-results-from-the-nhanes-i-epidemiologic-follow-up-study
*  Difference between revisions of "Alameda County, California Genealogy" Genealogy - FamilySearch Wiki
Alameda County Genealogy has a list of cemeteries with links to sites with informaion about the Alameda County cemeteries. DUBLIN: Dublin Cemetery 925-452-2100 6600 Donlon Way EL CERRITO: Sunset View Cemetery & Mortuary 510-525-5111 101 Colusa Ave FREMONT: Cedar Lawn Cemetary 48800 Warm Springs Blvd., Fremont, California. Phone: 408-263-2868 & 510-656-5565 FREMONT /IRVINGTON: Irvington Memorial Cemetery 41001 Chapel Way, Fremont, California. Phone:510-656-5800 HAYWARD: Lone Tree Cemetery, 24591 Fairview Ave, Hayward, CA 94541, Phone: (510) 582-1274, Located in the lower foothills of Hayward /Fairview township, at the Junction of Hansen Rd & Fairview Ave. Very old burials, since 1868, as well as current. Mausoleum, cremation, and ground burials, private family mausoleums. Probably open daily. Closed overnight. HAYWARD: Holy Sepulchre Cemetery, (510) 581-2488 1051 Harder Rd (Southern part of Hayward). BillionGraves Google map, headstone photos, searchable database. Hayward / UNION CITY: Chapel of ...
https://www.familysearch.org/wiki/en/index.php?title=Alameda_County,_California&diff=next&oldid=1052124
*  Heat-related deaths will double in urban India by 2080: IIM »
Heat-related mortalities will witness a two-fold increase in urban areas of India by 2080, a study done by the Indian Institute of Management-Ahmedabad (IIM-A) predicts.. The IIM study titled as 'Predicted increase in heat- related mortality under climate change in urban India' also asked the Indian policy-makers to plan and respond to the challenge of climate change in the country, which recorded more than 2000 deaths in summer this year.. "Urban areas in India are projected to witness two-fold or more increase in heat-related mortality under the projected future climate," the study conducted by IIM-A researcher Amit Garg, Vimal Mishra of Indian Institute of Gandhinagar and a member of Delhi-based NGO Council for Energy, Environment and Water, Hem Dholakia said.. The study, which is based on data collected from 52 Urban centres, said the mortality is projected to increase 71 to 140 per cent in the late 21st century.. "We find that increase in heat-related ...
http://www.truhealthonline.com/heat-related-deaths-will-double-in-urban-india-by-2080-iim/
*  Trends in prostate cancer incidence, mortality and survival in England and Wales 1971-1998 - Majeed - 2000 - BJU International ...
Objectives To examine trends in prostate cancer incidence and mortality in England and Wales between 1971 and 1998, using a newly developed and validated national cancer database and the national mortality database.. Methods Age-standardized incidence and death rates were calculated directly and trends in relative survival rates among men with prostate cancer registered during 1971-1990 were examined.. Results The annual number of new cases of prostate cancer registered in England and Wales increased by 179% between 1971 and 1993, from 6174 to 17 210. Directly age-standardized incidence rates increased by 104% between 1971 and 1993, from 29 to 59 per 100 000. The number of deaths from prostate cancer increased by 113% between 1971 and 1998, from 4027 to 8570. Directly age-standardized death rates increased by 49% between 1971 and 1995 and then decreased by 8% between 1995 and 1998, an overall increase of 38% (20 to 27 per 100 000) between 1971 and 1998. The relative survival ...
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1046/j.1464-410x.2000.00661.x/abstract
*  Excess mortality of acute and transient psychotic disorders: comparison with bipolar affective disorder and schizophrenia -...
Objective: To investigate mortality and causes of death of short-lived psychotic disorders, by carrying out a comparison with bipolar disorder and schizophrenia. Method: Record linkage study to the official register of causes of death of all cases aged 15-64 years who were listed for the first time in the Danish Psychiatric Register between 1995 and 2008 with an ICD-10 diagnosis of 'acute and transient psychotic disorders' (ATPDs; n = 4157), bipolar disorder (n = 3200) and schizophrenia (n = 4576). Results: A total of 232 patients (5.6%) with ATPDs, 172 (5.4%) with bipolar disorder and 233 (5.1%) with schizophrenia had died over a mean follow-up period of 6.6 years. The standardized mortality ratio for all causes, natural causes and unnatural causes was significantly high for the three conditions. Mortality of ATPDs was greater in men, with about two-thirds of all deaths resulting from natural causes mainly cardiovascular, digestive, neoplastic and ...
http://www.forskningsdatabasen.dk/catalog/247459349
*  J Clin Psychiatry/Mortality Risk in Patients With Schizophrenia Participating in Premarketing Atypical Antipsychotic Clinical...
Objectives: Given the concern that mortality rates may be increased in geriatric patients exposed to atypical antipsychotic agents, we assessed mortality rates for adult patients with schizophrenia assigned to an investigational antipsychotic (olanzapine, quetiapine, risperidone, or ziprasidone), a control antipsychotic (haloperidol or chlorpromazine), or placebo in preapproval clinical development programs to assess relative risk with atypical antipsychotics as compared to typical antipsychotics or placebo.. Method: We reviewed safety data (from clinical trials conducted from approximately 1982 to 2002) for 16,791 adult patients with schizophrenia (DSM-III or DSM-IV criteria) in U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Summary Basis of Approval (SBA) reports for 6 antipsychotic drugs. Mortality rates were calculated for each treatment group (investigational agent, active control, orplacebo) on the basis of patient exposure years (PEY) and gross ...
http://www.psychiatrist.com/JCP/article/Pages/2007/v68n12/v68n1201.aspx
*  Health in Laos - Wikipedia
Healthcare in Laos was poor in the early 1990s. Although diets are not grossly inadequate, chronic moderate vitamin and protein deficiencies are common, particularly among upland ethnic groups. Poor sanitation and the prevalence of several tropical diseases further eroded the health of the population. Western medical care is available in few locations, and the quality and experience of practitioners are, for the most part, marginal, a situation that has not improved much since the 1950s. The life expectancy at birth for men and women in Laos was estimated in 1988 at forty-nine years, the same as in Cambodia but at least ten years lower than in any other Southeast Asian nation. High child and infant mortality rates strongly affected this figure, with the Ministry of Public Health estimating the infant mortality rate at 109 per 1,000 and the under-five mortality rate at 180 per 1,000 in 1988. The United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF-see Glossary) believed ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Health_in_Laos
*  Influenza but not pneumococcal vaccination protects against all cause mortality in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary...
Background: Influenza and pneumococcal vaccination are recommended in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). A recent study from Tayside found a reduced risk of all cause mortality with vaccination in COPD patients.. Objectives: We used The Health Improvement Network (THIN) database to test this hypothesis in a different data source.. Methods: We searched the THIN database for patients with COPD. Vaccination status against pneumococcus and their annual influenza vaccination status were determined. Mortality rates were calculated in the periods December-March, April-November. Relative risks for the effect of vaccination on all cause mortality were estimated by Poisson regression, adjusting for age, sex, year and serious co-morbidities.. Results: We found 177,120 patients with COPD, mean age of 65 years, with an average of 6.8 years follow up between 1988 and 2006. Vaccination rates against influenza rose from ,30% prior to 1995 to ,70% in ...
http://thorax.bmj.com/content/early/2009/03/24/thx.2008.106286
*  Attributable Mortality of Stenotrophomonas maltophilia Bacteremia : Clinical Infectious Diseases - oi
A systematic evaluation of the attributable mortality of Stenotrophomonas maltophilia bacteremia was undertaken in a matched, retrospective, case-control study. We determined the attributable mortality rate (26.7%) and mortality risk ratio (an 8-fold increase) of S. maltophilia bacteremia. The attributable mortality rate for S. maltophilia bacteremia is similar to the attributable mortality rate for other nosocomial bloodstream infections.. ...
http://oxfordindex.oup.com/view/10.1086/340707
*  PhD Thesis Looked into Mortality in 19th Century Estonia / Tallinn University
10.01.2017. On 6 January, Hannaliis Jaadla from the School of Governance, Law and Society, defended her Doctoral Thesis on mortality in Estonian cities at the end of the 19th Century (based on the Lutheran population of Tartu). The thesis analysed the variables in the mortality of infants, children and adults, and their coherence with demographic, socioeconomic, cultural and sanitary environment actors.. "The second half of the 19th century was when European states went through big changes in population processes - mortality decreased and the average lifespan of the entire populace grew. The earlier work on these changes has focused on analysing the trends and levels of mortality. There is a significant shortage of research that would look into the difference in the mortality between groups of people," explained Jaadla. She added that in order to understand the demographic shift, we need to identify which lifespan-growing ...
http://www.tlu.ee/en/News/4002/phd-thesis-looked-into-mortality-in-19th-century-estonia
*  Perinatal mortality - Wikipedia
Perinatal mortality (PNM), also perinatal death, refers to the death of a fetus or neonate and is the basis to calculate the perinatal mortality rate. Variations in the precise definition of the perinatal mortality exist specifically concerning the issue of inclusion or exclusion of early fetal and late neonatal fatalities. The World Health Organization defines perinatal mortality as the "number of stillbirths and deaths in the first week of life per 1,000 total births, the perinatal period commences at 22 completed weeks (154 days) of gestation and ends seven completed days after birth", but other definitions have been used. The UK figure is about 8 per 1,000 and varies markedly by social class with the highest rates seen in Asian women. Globally about 2.6 million neonates died in 2013 before the first month of age down from 4.5 million in 1990. Preterm birth is the most common cause of perinatal mortality, causing almost ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Perinatal_mortality
*  Alameda County sheriff seeks drone to fight crime » Alex Jones' Infowars: There's a war on for your mind!
October 20, 2012. The Alameda County Sheriff's Department is hoping to become one of the handful of local law enforcement agencies that have received federal clearance to use unmanned aerial drones to fight crime, a goal that already is arousing concerns among privacy advocates.. Civil liberties and privacy groups revealed Thursday that Sheriff Greg Ahern is seeking Department of Homeland Security funding to buy a small remote-controlled drone called a Dragon Fly. If the money comes through and the Federal Aviation Administration permits the department to test the device, Alameda would be the first public safety agency in California to deploy technology first developed for spying on U.S. enemies overseas.. Read more. ...
https://www.infowars.com/alameda-county-sheriff-seeks-drone-to-fight-crime/
*  Mesothelioma mortality surveillance and asbestos exposure tracking in Italy. | IRIS Uniroma1
Introduction. Spatial distribution of mortality from pleural mesothelioma (which in the ICD-10 Revision has a specific code: C45.0) in Italy for the period 2003-2009 is described. Previous mortality studies at national level employed the topographic code 'Malignant neoplasms of pleura', because of unavailability of a specific code in ICD-9 Revision for pleural mesothelioma. Methods. Standardized mortality ratios were computed for all municipalities, using each regional population as reference; for municipalities in Regions with rate higher than the national rate, the latter has been used as reference. SMRs were computed specifically also for each Italian Polluted Sites 'of national concern for environmental remediation' (IPS) with asbestos exposure sources, composed by one or more municipalities, using regional rate as reference. Spatial Scan Statistics procedure, using Sat Scan software, was applied in cluster analysis: the country was divided into ...
https://iris.uniroma1.it/handle/11573/659475
*  Maximal Exercise Electrocardiography Responses and Coronary Heart Disease Mortality Among Men With Diabetes Mellitus |...
Individuals with diabetes mellitus have been reported to have a 2 to 4 times higher risk of CVD and death than individuals of the same age who do not have diabetes mellitus.2,3 We previously reported that an abnormal exercise test is associated with higher risk of CHD mortality in asymptomatic men and that this relation is evident within different risk factor groups.12 Exercise testing has not been recommended for patients with diabetes mellitus9 because diabetes mellitus is considered a CHD "risk equivalent," and it has been assumed that little additional information would be obtained from exercise testing. Therefore, the primary aim of the present report was to expand on our previous report12 and to determine whether exercise testing improves risk stratification in men with diabetes mellitus. Our hypothesis was that an equivocal or abnormal exercise ECG in men with diabetes mellitus would be associated with a higher risk of all-cause, CVD, and CHD mortality than among ...
http://circ.ahajournals.org/content/117/21/2734
*  trends in infant mortality non-uk | Zanran
Data & statistics on trends in infant mortality non-uk: Trends in infant mortality, non-UK, 1995-2004, Trends in childhood leukaemia incidence, survival and mortality, 0-14 years, England and Wales 1911-2000 Incidence and mortality rates per million for England and Wales 3,4 five-year relative survival rates (%) for children diagnosed in South-East England 1960- 885 and in Great Britain 1993-976, For England and Wales represent the number of deaths registered in each year up to 1992, and the number of deaths occurring in each year from 1993. From 1981 births to non-resident mothers in Northern Ireland are excluded from the figures for Northern Ireland, and the United Kingdom. 1 Percentage of children under 16 to working population (males 16-64 and females 16-59). 2 Percentage of males 65 and ......
http://www.zanran.com/q/trends_in_infant_mortality_non-uk
*  NOMS PMRs - Industry and Occupation - NIOSH Workplace Safety and Health Topic: National Occupational Mortality Surveillance ...
Date accessed._________.. Source: For these charts, death certificates for decedents that died in one of the 27 U.S. states between 1984 and 1998 were the source of age (ages 18-90), race (black, white), gender, usual occupation and industry and multiple cause-of-death. PMRs were calculated with all races and genders combined to evaluate the mortality patterns for 22 site-specific cancers and 17 cardiovascular, neurodegenerative, diabetes, and renal diseases for the larger industries in each of eight sectors: agriculture, forestry, fishing; mining; construction; manufacturing, wholesale & retail trade; transportation, warehousing & utilities; healthcare & social assistance; and services. If a PMR is greater than 100 in the chart, it is elevated; if less, it is said to be decreased. User may consult crosswalks for ICD9 and 1980 Census industry category codes (Chronic Disease and Industry Categories).. PMRs are computed when the data for the population at risk are not available and death rates ...
https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/topics/NOMS/nomscharts/ag/icd-139.html
*  NOMS PMRs - Industry and Occupation - NIOSH Workplace Safety and Health Topic: National Occupational Mortality Surveillance ...
Date accessed._________.. Source: For these charts, death certificates for decedents that died in one of the 27 U.S. states between 1984 and 1998 were the source of age (ages 18-90), race (black, white), gender, usual occupation and industry and multiple cause-of-death. PMRs were calculated with all races and genders combined to evaluate the mortality patterns for 22 site-specific cancers and 17 cardiovascular, neurodegenerative, diabetes, and renal diseases for the larger industries in each of eight sectors: agriculture, forestry, fishing; mining; construction; manufacturing, wholesale & retail trade; transportation, warehousing & utilities; healthcare & social assistance; and services. If a PMR is greater than 100 in the chart, it is elevated; if less, it is said to be decreased. User may consult crosswalks for ICD9 and 1980 Census industry category codes (Chronic Disease and Industry Categories).. PMRs are computed when the data for the population at risk are not available and death rates ...
https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/topics/NOMS/nomscharts/ag/ind-canc-6.html
*  NOMS PMRs - Industry and Occupation - NIOSH Workplace Safety and Health Topic: National Occupational Mortality Surveillance ...
Date accessed._________.. Source: For these charts, death certificates for decedents that died in one of the 27 U.S. states between 1984 and 1998 were the source of age (ages 18-90), race (black, white), gender, usual occupation and industry and multiple cause-of-death. PMRs were calculated with all races and genders combined to evaluate the mortality patterns for 22 site-specific cancers and 17 cardiovascular, neurodegenerative, diabetes, and renal diseases for the larger industries in each of eight sectors: agriculture, forestry, fishing; mining; construction; manufacturing, wholesale & retail trade; transportation, warehousing & utilities; healthcare & social assistance; and services. If a PMR is greater than 100 in the chart, it is elevated; if less, it is said to be decreased. User may consult crosswalks for ICD9 and 1980 Census industry category codes (Chronic Disease and Industry Categories).. PMRs are computed when the data for the population at risk are not available and death rates ...
https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/topics/NOMS/nomscharts/construction/icd-67.html
*  NOMS PMRs - Industry and Occupation - NIOSH Workplace Safety and Health Topic: National Occupational Mortality Surveillance ...
Date accessed._________.. Source: For these charts, death certificates for decedents that died in one of the 27 U.S. states between 1984 and 1998 were the source of age (ages 18-90), race (black, white), gender, usual occupation and industry and multiple cause-of-death. PMRs were calculated with all races and genders combined to evaluate the mortality patterns for 22 site-specific cancers and 17 cardiovascular, neurodegenerative, diabetes, and renal diseases for the larger industries in each of eight sectors: agriculture, forestry, fishing; mining; construction; manufacturing, wholesale & retail trade; transportation, warehousing & utilities; healthcare & social assistance; and services. If a PMR is greater than 100 in the chart, it is elevated; if less, it is said to be decreased. User may consult crosswalks for ICD9 and 1980 Census industry category codes (Chronic Disease and Industry Categories).. PMRs are computed when the data for the population at risk are not available and death rates ...
https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/topics/NOMS/nomscharts/healthcare/icd-81.html
*  NOMS PMRs - Industry and Occupation - NIOSH Workplace Safety and Health Topic: National Occupational Mortality Surveillance ...
Date accessed._________.. Source: For these charts, death certificates for decedents that died in one of the 27 U.S. states between 1984 and 1998 were the source of age (ages 18-90), race (black, white), gender, usual occupation and industry and multiple cause-of-death. PMRs were calculated with all races and genders combined to evaluate the mortality patterns for 22 site-specific cancers and 17 cardiovascular, neurodegenerative, diabetes, and renal diseases for the larger industries in each of eight sectors: agriculture, forestry, fishing; mining; construction; manufacturing, wholesale & retail trade; transportation, warehousing & utilities; healthcare & social assistance; and services. If a PMR is greater than 100 in the chart, it is elevated; if less, it is said to be decreased. User may consult crosswalks for ICD9 and 1980 Census industry category codes (Chronic Disease and Industry Categories).. PMRs are computed when the data for the population at risk are not available and death rates ...
https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/topics/NOMS/nomscharts/mfg/icd-65.html
*  NOMS PMRs - Industry and Occupation - NIOSH Workplace Safety and Health Topic: National Occupational Mortality Surveillance ...
Date accessed._________.. Source: For these charts, death certificates for decedents that died in one of the 27 U.S. states between 1984 and 1998 were the source of age (ages 18-90), race (black, white), gender, usual occupation and industry and multiple cause-of-death. PMRs were calculated with all races and genders combined to evaluate the mortality patterns for 22 site-specific cancers and 17 cardiovascular, neurodegenerative, diabetes, and renal diseases for the larger industries in each of eight sectors: agriculture, forestry, fishing; mining; construction; manufacturing, wholesale & retail trade; transportation, warehousing & utilities; healthcare & social assistance; and services. If a PMR is greater than 100 in the chart, it is elevated; if less, it is said to be decreased. User may consult crosswalks for ICD9 and 1980 Census industry category codes (Chronic Disease and Industry Categories).. PMRs are computed when the data for the population at risk are not available and death rates ...
https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/topics/NOMS/nomscharts/trade/ind-canc-181.html
*  NOMS PMRs - Industry and Occupation - NIOSH Workplace Safety and Health Topic: National Occupational Mortality Surveillance ...
Date accessed._________.. Source: For these charts, death certificates for decedents that died in one of the 27 U.S. states between 1984 and 1998 were the source of age (ages 18-90), race (black, white), gender, usual occupation and industry and multiple cause-of-death. PMRs were calculated with all races and genders combined to evaluate the mortality patterns for 22 site-specific cancers and 17 cardiovascular, neurodegenerative, diabetes, and renal diseases for the larger industries in each of eight sectors: agriculture, forestry, fishing; mining; construction; manufacturing, wholesale & retail trade; transportation, warehousing & utilities; healthcare & social assistance; and services. If a PMR is greater than 100 in the chart, it is elevated; if less, it is said to be decreased. User may consult crosswalks for ICD9 and 1980 Census industry category codes (Chronic Disease and Industry Categories).. PMRs are computed when the data for the population at risk are not available and death rates ...
https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/topics/NOMS/nomscharts/trade/ind-nc-167.html
*  NOMS PMRs - Industry and Occupation - NIOSH Workplace Safety and Health Topic: National Occupational Mortality Surveillance ...
Date accessed._________.. Source: For these charts, death certificates for decedents that died in one of the 27 U.S. states between 1984 and 1998 were the source of age (ages 18-90), race (black, white), gender, usual occupation and industry and multiple cause-of-death. PMRs were calculated with all races and genders combined to evaluate the mortality patterns for 22 site-specific cancers and 17 cardiovascular, neurodegenerative, diabetes, and renal diseases for the larger industries in each of eight sectors: agriculture, forestry, fishing; mining; construction; manufacturing, wholesale & retail trade; transportation, warehousing & utilities; healthcare & social assistance; and services. If a PMR is greater than 100 in the chart, it is elevated; if less, it is said to be decreased. User may consult crosswalks for ICD9 and 1980 Census industry category codes (Chronic Disease and Industry Categories).. PMRs are computed when the data for the population at risk are not available and death rates ...
https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/topics/NOMS/nomscharts/transportation/icd-35.html