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*  Body water - Wikipedia
These include intracellular fluid; extracellular fluid; plasma; interstitial fluid; and transcellular fluid. Water is also ... of body fluid is intracellular. Extracellular fluid (1/3 of body water) is fluid contained in areas outside of cells. For a 40- ... Intracellular fluid (2/3 of body water) is fluid contained within cells. In a 72-kg body containing 40 litres of fluid, about ... extracellular fluid: inulin blood plasma: Evans blue Intracellular fluid may then be estimated by subtracting extracellular ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Body_water
*  Cytosol - Wikipedia
The pH of the intracellular fluid is 7.4. while human cytosolic pH ranges between 7.0 - 7.4, and is usually higher if a cell is ... It constitutes most of the intracellular fluid (ICF). It is separated into compartments by membranes. For example, the ... Prior to this, other terms were used for the cell fluid, not always synonymously, as its nature was not very clear (see ... Intracellular membrane traffic: getting proteins sorted". Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B Biol. Sci. 354 (1388): 1471-8. doi: ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cytosol
*  Evolution of the eye - Wikipedia
Again, the division of layers may have originated with the shedding of skin; intracellular fluid may infill naturally depending ... aqueous fluid, blood vessels, ganglion cells, amacrine cells, horizontal cells, and bipolar cells before they reach the light- ... The liquid originally served as a circulatory fluid for oxygen, nutrients, wastes, and immune functions, allowing greater total ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Evolution_of_the_eye
*  Perilymph - Wikipedia
Endolymph is the fluid contained within the membranous labyrinth of the inner ear; endolymph resembles intracellular fluid in ... The membranous labyrinth is contained within the bony labyrinth, and contains a fluid called endolymph. Between the outer wall ... The perilymph in the bony labyrinth is continuous with the cerebrospinal fluid of the subarachnoid space via the perilymphatic ... Perilymph (also named Cotunnius' liquid and liquor cotunnii for Domenico Cotugno) is an extracellular fluid located within the ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Perilymph
*  Cellular adaptation - Wikipedia
Hypertrophy involves an increase in intracellular protein rather than cytosol (intracellular fluid). Hypertrophy may be caused ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cellular_adaptation
*  Calcium in biology - Wikipedia
The remainder of calcium is present within the extracellular and intracellular fluids. Within a typical cell, the intracellular ... The intracellular calcium level is kept relatively low with respect to the extracellular fluid, by an approximate magnitude of ... Levels of intracellular calcium are regulated by transport proteins that remove it from the cell. For example, the sodium- ... Calcium storages are intracellular organelles, that constantly accumulate Ca2+ ions and release them during certain cellular ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Calcium_in_biology
*  Pyruvate kinase deficiency - Wikipedia
Intracellular fluid becomes hypotonic, water moves down its concentration gradient out of the cell. The cell shrinks and ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pyruvate_kinase_deficiency
*  Intracellular pH - Wikipedia
Intracellular pH an intracellular fluid whose pH value is known as the intracellular pH (pHi). The pHi plays a critical role in ... Outside this range, intracellular pH changes with extracelular pH. Pioneer researchers in the area of intracellular pH include ... C. Deutsch; J. S. Taylor; D. F. Wilson (December 1982). "Regulation of intracellular pH by human peripheral blood lymphocytes ... Intracellular pH is around 6.8 due to acid production. It contains low HCO3− levels and thereby at pCO2 above 45 mmHg, the pH ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Intracellular_pH
*  Extracellular fluid - Wikipedia
About two thirds of this is intracellular fluid within cells, and one third is the extracellular fluid. The main component of ... The concentration of sodium ions is considerably higher in the extracellular fluid than in the intracellular fluid. The ... The transcellular fluid includes the aqueous humour in the eye, the synovial fluid in the joints, the cerebrospinal fluid in ... The interstitial fluid and the plasma make up about 97% of the ECF, and a small percentage of this is lymph. Interstitial fluid ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Extracellular_fluid
*  Acid-base homeostasis - Wikipedia
The pH of the intracellular fluid and the extracellular fluid need to be maintained at a constant level. Many extracellular ... When the extracellular fluids tend towards acidity, the renal tubular cells secrete the H+ ions into the tubular fluid from ... when the pH of the extracellular fluids is 7.4 then the ratio of carbonic acid to bicarbonate ions in that fluid is 1:20. This ... But buffers cannot correct abnormal pH levels in a solution, be that solution in a test tube or in the extracellular fluid. ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Acid%E2%80%93base_homeostasis
*  Voltage clamp - Wikipedia
It is not possible to manipulate the intracellular fluid while clamping, which is possible using patch clamp techniques. ... The membrane acts as a dielectric as well as a resistor, while the fluids on either side of the membrane function as capacitors ... Discontinuous single-electrode voltage-clamp (SEVC-d) technique is used with penetrating intracellular recording. This single ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voltage_clamp
*  Machine perfusion - Wikipedia
The flush solution was designed to imitate intracellular fluid composition and contained mannitol as an impermeable ion to ... The solution used for these successful cold perfusions imitated the electrolyte composition of intracellular fluids by ... Ross's successful solution was similar in electrolyte composition to intracellular fluid with the addition of hypertonic ... Collins showed that the procaine included in the formulation of his flush fluids could be toxic, and Pegg has commented how ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Machine_perfusion
*  Protein structure - Wikipedia
The disulfide bonds are extremely rare in cytosolic proteins, since the cytosol (intracellular fluid) is generally a reducing ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Protein_structure
*  Contractile vacuole - Wikipedia
In Amoeba contractile vacuoles collect excretory waste, such as ammonia, from the intracellular fluid by both diffusion and ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Contractile_vacuole
*  Electrophysiology - Wikipedia
A disadvantage (compared to conventional intracellular recording with sharp electrodes) is that the intracellular fluid of the ... The micropipettes are filled with a solution that has a similar ionic composition to the intracellular fluid of the cell. A ... Intracellular recording involves measuring voltage and/or current across the membrane of a cell. To make an intracellular ... but the pore is much smaller so that there is very little ion exchange between the intracellular fluid and the electrolyte in ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Electrophysiology
*  Osmoregulation - Wikipedia
Amoeba makes use of contractile vacuoles to collect excretory wastes, such as ammonia, from the intracellular fluid by ... it maintains the fluid balance and the concentration of electrolytes (salts in solution) to keep the fluids from becoming too ... secretion - the remaining fluid becomes urine, which travels down collecting ducts to the medullary region of the kidney. ... Therefore, a large proportion of water is reabsorbed from fluid in the kidneys to prevent too much water from being excreted.[ ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Osmoregulation
*  Distribution (pharmacology) - Wikipedia
... it must be distributed into interstitial and intracellular fluids. Each organ or tissue can receive different doses of the drug ... a liposoluble drug will tend to accumulate in body fat and water-soluble drugs will tend to accumulate in extracellular fluids ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Distribution_(pharmacology)
*  Adderall - Wikipedia
... from the intracellular fluid of a monoamine neuron into its synaptic vesicles, which store neurotransmitters for later release ... into the intracellular fluid where they subsequently exit the neuron through the membrane-bound, reversed monoamine ... and serotonin out of the neuron's intracellular fluid and into the synaptic cleft. In summary, by interacting with both VMAT2 ... thereby releasing stored monoamines inside synaptic vesicles back into the neuron's intracellular fluid. Meanwhile, when ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adderall
*  Chloride channel - Wikipedia
Sint is exposed to intracellular fluid, Scen lies inside the membrane or in the center of the filter, and Sext is exposed to ... The Chloride Intracellular Ion Channel (CLIC) Family (TC# 1.A.12) consists of six conserved proteins in humans (CLIC1, CLIC2, ... As of this edit, this article uses content from "1.A.12 The Intracellular Chloride Channel (CLIC) Family", which is licensed in ... The common gate is also affected by the bonding of adenosine nucleotides to the intracellular CBS domains. Inhibition or ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chloride_channel
*  Volume contraction - Wikipedia
Intracellular fluid volume after fluid loss nICF a = Amount of substance in ICF after fluid loss Osma = Body osmolarity after ... Extracellular fluid volume after fluid loss nECF a = Amount of substance in ECF after fluid loss VECF b = Extracellular fluid ... Intra/Extra-cellular fluid volume before fluid loss VI/ECF a = Intra/Extra-cellular fluid volume after fluid loss Contraction ... Volume contraction is more or less a loss of extracellular fluid (ECF) and/or intracellular fluid (ICF). Volume contraction of ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Volume_contraction
*  Randle cycle - Wikipedia
This leads to an activation of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) as the AMP concentration rises in intracellular fluids and ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Randle_cycle
*  Calcium metabolism - Wikipedia
The concentration of calcium ions inside the cells (in the intracellular fluid) is more than 7,000 times lower than in the ... the extracellular and the intracellular fluid, and bone tissue. An important aspect of calcium metabolism is plasma calcium ... The extracellular fluid (ECF) contains approximately 22 mmol, of which about 9 mmol is in the plasma. Approximately 10 mmol of ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Calcium_metabolism
*  Bacterial soft rot - Wikipedia
As they gorge on intracellular fluid, the bacteria continue to multiply and move into the intercellular spaces, with their cell ... and subsequent digestion of the intracellular fluid as the bacteria grows. But little is known about the pathogen's interaction ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bacterial_soft_rot
*  Myelin - Wikipedia
... maintaining a strong separation of charge between the intracellular fluid (ICF) and the ECF. This increases sodium's ability to ... These charged particles (ions) are found in the fluid surrounding the entire nervous system. Under a microscope, myelin looks ... Myelinated fibers succeed in reducing sodium leakage into the extracellular fluid (ECF), ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Myelin
*  Rubidium - Wikipedia
... and therefore concentrates rubidium in the body's intracellular fluid (i.e., inside cells). The ions are not particularly toxic ... Other potential or current uses of rubidium include a working fluid in vapor turbines, as a getter in vacuum tubes, and as a ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rubidium