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Leturque A, Brot-Laroche E, Le Gall M, Stolarczyk E, Tobin V. The role of GLUT2 in dietary sugar handling. J Physiol Biochem 61 ... Burant CF, Flink S, DePaoli AM, Chen J, Lee WS, Hediger MA, Buse JB, Chang EB. Small intestine hexose transport in experimental ... The role of bacteria and the adaptive immune responses it generates also seem to affect GLUT5 expression. Under nonpathological ... Choi JW, Ford ES, Gao X, Choi HK. Sugar-sweetened soft drinks, diet soft drinks, and serum uric acid level: the Third National ...
http://ajpendo.physiology.org/content/295/2/E227
*  Uptake hexose phosphate - Wikipedia
The Uhp system uptakes phosphorylated hexose sugars into bacteria. The Uhp system is triggered by phosphorylated hexose sugars ... The Uptake of Hexose Phosphates (Uhp) is a protein system found in bacteria. It is a type of two-component Sensory Transduction ... UhpT then facilitates the transport of the phosphorylated hexose sugars into the cell. Shattuck-Eidens, Donna M.; Kadner, ... UhpC binds to the phosphorylated hexose which allows the phosphorylation of UhpB on one of its cytoplasmic histadines. This ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uptake_hexose_phosphate
*  Comparative genomics of the lactic acid bacteria | PNAS
Gram-positive organisms that ferment hexose sugars to produce primarily lactic acid. This functional classification includes a ... Among the detected sugar uptake systems, those specific for oligosaccharides and glycosides outnumber those for free sugars. In ... Comparative genomics of the lactic acid bacteria. K. Makarova, A. Slesarev, Y. Wolf, A. Sorokin, B. Mirkin, E. Koonin, A. ... Comparative genomics of the lactic acid bacteria. K. Makarova, A. Slesarev, Y. Wolf, A. Sorokin, B. Mirkin, E. Koonin, A. ...
http://www.pnas.org/content/103/42/15611.full
*  Bifidobacterium bacteria, illustration - Stock Image - F018/1254 - Science Photo Library
Bifidobacteria are gram-positive anaerobic bacteria that live in the gastrointestinal tract, vagina and mouth. ... They have a unique hexose (sugar) metabolism, called the bifid shunt, which can be used as a diagnostic test for bifidobacteria ... Bifidobacterium bacteria, computer illustration. Bifidobacteria are gram-positive anaerobic bacteria that live in the ... Bifidobacteria are probiotic bacteria, which means that they may beneficially affect the host upon ingestion by improving the ...
https://www.sciencephoto.com/media/843269/view
*  Real-time molecular monitoring of chemical environment in obligate anaerobes during oxygen adaptive response | PNAS
Hexose sugars were measured using the colorimetric cysteine-sulfuric acid method (49) with glucose as the standard. ... Among sulfate-reducing bacteria, genome sequencing has shown that D. vulgaris has developed well-defined protective enzymatic ... 1986) Acetate oxidation to CO2 in anaerobic bacteria via a novel pathway not involving reactions of the citric-acid cycle. Arch ... Sulfate-reducing bacteria are of particular interest because of their importance in cycling and transformation of essential ...
http://www.pnas.org/content/106/31/12599
*  Mannose - Wikipedia
... with this distinct method being used by bacteria for sugar uptake particularly exogenous hexoses in the case of Mannose XYZ in ... and MANZ subunits of the MANXYZ transportation complex which phosphorylate the entering hexose sugar creating a hexose-6- ... The PEP-dependent sugar transporting phosphotransferase system transports and simultaneously phosphorylates its sugar ... This simple change leads to the drastically different biochemistry of the two hexoses. This change has the same effect on the ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mannose
*  Gut Microbioma Population: An Indicator Really Sensible to Any Change in Age, Diet, Metabolic Syndrome, and Life-Style
... must ferment 50 to 65 g of hexose sugars daily to obtain the energy required to replace the 15 to 20 g of bacteria they excrete ... composed approximately by 100 different kinds of bacteria, in a number of 1010 to 1011 bacteria per gram. The majority of ... R. Martín, S. Langa, C. Reviriego et al., "Human milk is a source of lactic acid bacteria for the infant gut," Journal of ... Particularly, bacteria of the large intestine respond to changes in diet, especially to the type and quantity of dietary ...
https://www.hindawi.com/journals/mi/2014/901308/
*  Frontiers | Carbon Metabolic Pathways in Phototrophic Bacteria and Their Broader Evolutionary Implications | Microbiology
Considering the metabolic versatility in these fascinating and diverse photosynthetic bacteria, many essential questions in ... Considering the metabolic versatility in these fascinating and diverse photosynthetic bacteria, many essential questions in ... Employing activity assays, sugar consumption, analysis of labeled amino acids using 14C-labeled sugar in wild-type and Glc-6- ... hexose-, and heptose phosphates), and all of the other autotrophic carbon fixation pathways produce or regenerate acetyl-CoA, ...
https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fmicb.2011.00165/full
*  BMC Biotechnology | Articles
... thermoglucosidasius is a thermophilic and ethanol-producing bacterium capable of utilising both hexose and pentose sugars for ... PCC 6803 is a photosynthetic bacterium that has been genetically modified to produce industrially relevant chemicals, yet ... for clinical use as an alternative approach against antibiotic-resistant bacteria, the manufacture of AMPs relies on expensive ...
https://bmcbiotechnol.biomedcentral.com/articles
*  Frontiers | Dietary Corn Bran Fermented by Bacillus subtilis MA139 Decreased Gut Cellulolytic Bacteria and Microbiota Diversity...
The Fibrobacteres belongs to cellulolytic bacteria was isolated, and their relative abundance in CB group showed no difference ... particularly the population of bacteria related to cellulolytic degradation. ... 4-linked units of hexose (cellobiose and glucose) and/or pentose (arabinose and xylose) sugars (Martin et al., 1998), which ... Lactic acid bacteria, such as Lactobacillus reuteri and Lactobacillus fermentium, have been applied for feed fermentation due ...
https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fcimb.2017.00526/full
*  Environmental transcriptome analysis reveals physiological differences between biofilm and planktonic modes of life of the iron...
Additionally, acetate may have a negative effect on bioleaching by inhibiting the growth of chemolithotrophic bacteria. ... brown filaments develop under the water stream where the Gram-negative iron-oxidizing bacteria Leptospirillum spp. (L. ... hexoses, etc) to produce pyruvate via the Embden-Meyerhof-Parnas pathway. Then, the same or other bacteria (Firmicutes, ... Sugars from the biofilm (shadowed and hatched area) and other complex organic matter are decomposed by heterotrophs like Fungae ...
https://bmcgenomics.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1471-2164-11-404
*  Raoultella planticola - Wikipedia
The bacteria already does produce ethanol when metabolizing hexoses and pentoses, but very inefficiently. R. planticola was ... chosen to receive this gene as it already had metabolic pathways to breakdown pentose sugars such as xylose, which is a main ... Raoultella planticola is a Gram-negative[10] bacterium of the genus Raoultella.[5][11][12][13][14][15][16] R. planticola is ... This company realized that, because R. planticola is an aggressive and abundant soil bacterium, it could be genetically ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Raoultella_planticola
*  Methods and compositions for producing solvents - Patent application
... hexose or pentose sugar from a bacteria. In some variations, an organism described herein is transformed with one or more genes ... hexose sugars, such as glucose and mannose, and pentose sugars, such as xylose and arabinose. These sugars may then be acted ... sugars, with or without pretreatment. [0184]In some variations the organism that converts one or more hexose or pentose sugars ... 0183]In some variations the organism that converts one or more hexose or pentose sugars to a solvent, including but not limited ...
http://www.patentsencyclopedia.com/app/20090047718
*  Justin L. Sonnenburg | Stanford Medicine Profiles
... prioritized the consumption of liberated hexose sugars, and revealed a capacity to turn to host mucus glycans when ... The ability of bacteria to meet these challenges depends heavily on the rest of their community. Indeed, the most fundamental ... Microbiota-liberated host sugars facilitate post-antibiotic expansion of enteric pathogens. Nature Ng, K. M., Ferreyra, J. A., ... Microbiota-liberated host sugars facilitate post-antibiotic expansion of enteric pathogens NATURE Ng, K. M., Ferreyra, J. A., ...
https://med.stanford.edu/profiles/justin-sonnenburg
*  Graduate Thesis Or Dissertation | Characterization of novel marine oligotrophic bacteria isolated from the Pacific Ocean :...
... none of amino sugars. Strain HTCC2188T utilized most of hexoses, some of pentoses, oligosaccharides and sugar alcohols, and one ... Most of pentoses and hexoses, some of oligosaccharides and organic acids, and only one kind of sugar alcohols and amino acids ... Strain HTCC2180T utilized all kinds of hexoses and sugar alcohols tested, most of pentoses, oligosaccharides and organic acids ... Marine bacteria -- Oregon -- Pacific Coast -- Phylogeny -- Molecular aspects. *Marine bacteria -- Oregon -- Pacific Coast -- ...
https://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/graduate_thesis_or_dissertations/p5547v438
*  Energies | Free Full-Text | Engineering Plant Biomass Lignin Content and Composition for Biofuels and Bioproducts | HTML
Delignified substrate is then exposed to different bacterial and fungal strains to ferment the hexose and pentose sugars to ... Klinke, H.B.; Thomsen, A.B.; Ahring, B.K. Inhibition of ethanol-producing yeast and bacteria by degradation products produced ... Dehydrated sugars and organic acids make up the majority of the fragments produced. The difficultly with this method is ... Bioethanol is derived from converting the depolymerized starch, sugars or lignocellulosic material into ethanol by fermentation ...
http://www.mdpi.com/1996-1073/8/8/7654/htm
*  Xylose isomerase - Wikipedia
This bacterium was mistakenly classified as a L. plantarum, which normally grows on the sugar L-arabinose, and rarely grown on ... Twenty hexoses and nine pentoses, including xylulose, were considered to be "rare sugars". Hence D-xylose isomerase is used to ... Jokela, Jouni; Pastinen, Ossi (2002). "Isomerization of pentose and hexose sugars by an enzyme reactor packed with cross-linked ... The most bio-available sugars according to the International Society of Rare Sugars are: glucose, galactose, mannose, fructose ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Xylose_isomerase
*  WO2005118828A1 - Process for producing ethanol - Google Patents
Utilization of all sugars, including the hemicellulose derived pentoses and all hexoses, is essential for economical production ... New strains (eiher yeasts or bacteria) have been engineered to efficiently utilize all the sugars derived from the ... Apparatus and a method for manufacturing sugar solution of sugar solution US9617574B2 (en) 2013-03-15. 2017-04-11. Auburn ... sugars), i.e monosaccharides, such as hexoses and pentoses. The fermenting organism is capable of producing ethanol from the ...
https://patents.google.com/patent/WO2005118828A1/en
*  Frontiers | Comparative genomics and functional analysis of rhamnose catabolic pathways and regulons in bacteria | Microbiology
L-Rha catabolic pathways were previously characterized in various bacteria including Escherichia coli. Nevertheless, homology ... L-Rha catabolic pathways were previously characterized in various bacteria including Escherichia coli. Nevertheless, homology ... This study provided comprehensive insights to L-Rha catabolism and its regulation in diverse Bacteria. ... was identified in diverse bacteria including Chloroflexi, Bacilli and Alphaproteobacteria. By using in vitro biochemical assays ...
https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fmicb.2013.00407/full
*  Porphyromonas gingivalis Periodontal Infection and Its Putative Links with Alzheimer's Disease
The glycan segment comprises two alternating amino-hexose sugars: N-acetylglucosamine and N-acetyl muramic acid, cross-linked ... In PD, this crucial bacterium is said to be P. gingivalis. The metabolic dominance of this bacterium in terms of its population ... Usually, L-alanine is bound to muramic acid in Gram-positive bacteria, or mesodiaminopimelic acid in Gram-negative bacteria [54 ... The causal bacteria typically include P. gingivalis, Treponema denticola (T. denticola), and Tannerella forsythia (T. forsythia ...
https://www.hindawi.com/journals/mi/2015/137357/
*  Assessing the potential for bioethanol production from oxygen delignified corn stover and wheat straw - UBC Library Open...
... much work has been placed on developing a strain of yeast or bacteria capable of fermenting both pentose and hexose sugars. In ... g sugar/g substrate) Cellulosic Hemicellulosic Total Sugar Sugars Sugar (glucose) 0.14 0.07 0.21 0.23 0.14 0.37 0.10 0.08 0.19 ... g sugar/g substrate) Cellulosic Hemicellulosic Total sugar sugars sugar (glucose) 0.07 0.01 0.07 0.07 0.01 0.08 0.10 0.13 0.24 ... Hexose sugars: Galactose and mannose were assumed to have the same physical properties as NREL's glucose component. Pentose ...
https://open.library.ubc.ca/cIRcle/collections/ubctheses/24/items/1.0059082
*  High-throughput assay for sugar-mediated drug transport - Patent application
GLUT8 is unique as it more closely resembles hexose transporters found in plants and bacteria. GLUT8, which may also undergo an ... The different sugars used can be seen in Table 2. TABLE-US-00002 TABLE 2 Sugars used in the sugar-drug conjugates of the ... Synthesis of sugar transporter `Probe Set B`. [0025]FIG. 5. Representative sugar transporter assays. Cell lines used for sugar ... sugar-conjugates and extends well beyond the standard small set of sugars employed in typical sugar transport studies. Most ...
http://www.patentsencyclopedia.com/app/20090317829
*  Marine Drugs | Free Full-Text | Bacterial Exopolysaccharides from Extreme Marine Habitats: Production, Characterization and...
The aim of this paper is to give an overview of current knowledge on EPSs produced by marine bacteria including symbiotic ... There is growing interest in isolating new EPS producing bacteria from marine environments, particularly from extreme marine ... Many marine bacteria produce exopolysaccharides (EPS) as a strategy for growth, adhering to solid surfaces, and to survive ... marine EPS-producing bacteria isolated from some marine annelid worms that live in extreme niches. ...
http://www.mdpi.com/1660-3397/8/6/1779/htm
*  Decoded microbial metabolism explains biofuel yield
... a Cornell professor studied the bacterium Clostridium acetobutylicum to decipher its metabolism. Understanding the bacterium's ... But some hexose carbons (six-carbon sugars) are preferentially channeled through glycolysis, a metabolic pathway that connects ... Specifically, she found that the bacterium incorporates pentose carbons (five-carbon sugars) in the metabolic network to make ... Understanding the bacterium's sugar-processing complexities may lead to improved biofuel yields. ...
https://phys.org/news/2017-01-decoded-microbial-metabolism-biofuel-yield.html
*  An integrated genomics approach to define niche establishment by Rhodococcus fascians
The much higher levels of sugars and amino acids in infected plants are presumably accessed by the bacteria as carbon and ... Hexoses, accumulating from a significantly increased invertase activity, possibly inhibited the expression of photosynthesis ... The much higher levels of sugars and amino acids in infected plants are presumably accessed by the bacteria as carbon and ... Hexoses, accumulating from a significantly increased invertase activity, possibly inhibited the expression of photosynthesis ...
https://biblio.ugent.be/publication/528549