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*  A Proximal Promoter Element Required for Positive Transcriptional Control by Guanosine Tetraphosphate and DksA Protein during...
guanosine tetraphosphate. RNAP. RNA polymerase. qPCR. quantitative PCR. Eσ70. RNA polymerase saturated with σ70. Ndsc. negative ... The alarmone guanosine tetraphosphate (ppGpp) acts as both a positive and a negative regulator of gene expression in the ... 9. Ryals J., Little R., Bremer H. (1982) Control of rRNA and tRNA syntheses in Escherichia coli by guanosine tetraphosphate. J ... A Proximal Promoter Element Required for Positive Transcriptional Control by Guanosine Tetraphosphate and DksA Protein during ...
http://pubmedcentralcanada.ca/pmcc/articles/PMC3774372/
*  Guanosine Tetraphosphate | CTD
Guanosine 5' Diphosphate 3' Diphosphate , Guanosine 5'-Diphosphate 3'-Diphosphate , Tetraphosphate, Guanosine ... Guanosine 5'-Diphosphate , 5'-Diphosphate 3'-Diphosphate, Guanosine , 5'-Diphosphate, Guanosine 3'-Diphosphate , Guanosine 3' ... Guanosine Tetraphosphate 2.. Chemicals ← Nucleic Acids, Nucleotides, and Nucleosides ← Nucleotides ← Purine Nucleotides ← ... Guanosine Tetraphosphate 3.. Chemicals ← Nucleic Acids, Nucleotides, and Nucleosides ← Nucleotides ← Ribonucleotides ← Guanine ...
http://ctdbase.org/detail.go?type=chem&acc=D006159
*  RelA/SpoT (IPR007685) | InterPro | EMBL-EBI
GO:0015969 guanosine tetraphosphate metabolic process Molecular Function. No terms assigned in this category. ... The guanosine nucleotide (p)ppGpp initiates development and A-factor production in myxococcus xanthus.. Genes Dev. 12 1022-35 ...
http://www.ebi.ac.uk/interpro/entry/IPR007685
*  Regulation of Macromolecular Synthesis By Low Molecular Weight Mediators - 1st Edition
Biosynthesis of Guanosine Tetraphosphate in Bacillus Brevis. 4. Failure to Detect ppGpp In Eukaryotes. A Radioimmunoassay for ... Diadenosine Tetraphosphate (Ap4A)-A Ligand of DNA Polymerase α and Trigger of Replication. Elevated Nuclear ATP Pools and ATP/ ... Guanosine 3',5'-Bis (Diphosphate) Search in Eukaryotes. II. Purine Nucleotides and Sporulation. Initiation of Bacterial and ... Guanosine 3,5'-Bispyrophosphate is a Dispensable Metabolite. Studies on the Coordination of tRNA-Charging and Polypeptide ...
https://www.elsevier.com/books/regulation-of-macromolecular-synthesis-by-low-molecular-weight-mediators/koch/978-0-12-417580-8
*  Current understanding of fatty acid biosynthesis and the acyl carrier protein | Biochemical Journal
... guanosine tetraphosphate; PKS, polyketide synthase; RMSD, root mean square deviation; SFA, saturated FA; UFA, unsaturated FA ...
http://www.biochemj.org/content/430/1/1
*  Distinct roles of ppGpp and DksA in Legionella pneumophila differentiation. - PubMed - NCBI
An arrow indicates the major ppGpp species, guanosine tetraphosphate; an asterisk denotes the position of guanosine ... Here we exploit the pathogen's life cycle to examine how guanosine tetraphosphate (ppGpp) and DksA cooperate to govern ...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20199605?dopt=Abstract
*  spoT - Guanosine-3',5'-bis(diphosphate) 3'-pyrophosphohydrolase - Aquifex aeolicus (strain VF5) - spoT gene & protein
... guanosine 3'-diphosphate 5-' diphosphate) is a mediator of the stringent response that coordinates a variety of cellular ... guanosine tetraphosphate biosynthetic process Source: UniProtKB-UniPathway. *guanosine tetraphosphate metabolic process Source ... Guanosine 3',5'-bis(diphosphate) + H2O = guanosine 5'-diphosphate + diphosphate. ... Guanosine-3',5'-bis(diphosphate) 3'-pyrophosphohydrolase (spoT). This subpathway is part of the pathway ppGpp biosynthesis, ...
http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/O67012
*  spoT - Guanosine-3',5'-bis(diphosphate) 3'-pyrophosphohydrolase - Escherichia coli O157:H7 - spoT gene & protein
... guanosine 3'-diphosphate 5-' diphosphate) is a mediator of the stringent response that coordinates a variety of cellular ... guanosine tetraphosphate biosynthetic process Source: UniProtKB-UniPathway. View the complete GO annotation on QuickGO ... ... Guanosine 3',5'-bis(diphosphate) + H2O = guanosine 5'-diphosphate + diphosphate. ... guanosine-3',5'-bis(diphosphate) 3'-diphosphatase activity Source: UniProtKB-EC. View the complete GO annotation on QuickGO ... ...
http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/P0AG25
*  Guanosine triphosphate | definition of guanosine triphosphate by Medical dictionary
What is guanosine triphosphate? Meaning of guanosine triphosphate medical term. What does guanosine triphosphate mean? ... Looking for online definition of guanosine triphosphate in the Medical Dictionary? guanosine triphosphate explanation free. ... guanosine tetraphosphate. see guanosine pentophosphate (above).. guanosine triphosphate. an energy-rich compound involved in ... Related to guanosine triphosphate: adenosine triphosphate, GTP guanosine. [gwah´no-sēn] a nucleoside, guanine riboside, one of ...
http://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/guanosine+triphosphate
*  Effect of relA function on the replication of plasmid pBR322 in Escherichia coli - Semantic Scholar
Control of rRNA and tRNA syntheses in Escherichia coli by guanosine tetraphosphate.. *John A. Ryals, Richard Little, H. -J. ... Correlation between RNA synthesis and basal level guanosine 5'-diphosphate 3'-diphosphate in relaxed mutants of Escherichia ...
https://www.semanticscholar.org/paper/Effect-of-relA-function-on-the-replication-of-in-Lin-Chao-Bremer/19faeeb4ba44ff66bf6efc06312a19c912dcb718
*  Role of the (p)ppGpp Synthase RSH, a RelA/SpoT Homolog, in Stringent Response and Virulence of Staphylococcus aureus |...
Regulation of ribosomal RNA synthesis in E. coli: effects of the global regulator guanosine tetraphosphate (ppGpp). J. Mol. ... Residual guanosine 3′,5′-bispyrophosphate synthetic activity of relA null mutants can be eliminated by spoT null mutations. J. ...
https://iai.asm.org/content/78/5/1873?ijkey=5f362d74ba8348e415aa093e3b31ec9726ff4894&keytype2=tf_ipsecsha
*  Frontiers | Archaeal Persisters: Persister Cell Formation as a Stress Response in Haloferax volcanii | Microbiology
2016) also showed that the alarmone guanosine tetraphosphate (ppGpp), a key metabolite commonly linked to persistence, was not ... Persistence increases in the absence of the alarmone guanosine tetraphosphate by reducing cell growth. Sci. Rep. 6:20519. doi: ...
https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fmicb.2017.01589/full
*  Frontiers | Artificial Activation of Escherichia coli mazEF and hipBA Toxin-Antitoxin Systems by Antisense Peptide Nucleic...
Persistence increases in the absence of the alarmone guanosine tetraphosphate by reducing cell growth. Sci. Rep. 6:20519. doi: ...
https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fmicb.2018.02870/full
*  Frontiers | Genetic Selection of Peptide Aptamers That Interact and Inhibit Both Small Protein B and Alternative Ribosome...
Persistence increases in the absence of the alarmone guanosine tetraphosphate by reducing cell growth. Sci. Rep. 6:20519. doi: ...
https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fmicb.2016.01228/full
*  Colicins-Exocellular lethal proteins of Escherichia coli | SpringerLink
Lotz W.: Effect of guanosine tetraphosphate onin vitro protein synthesis directed by E1 and E3 colicinogenic factors.J. ...
https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2FBF02816372
*  Farewell A[au] - PubMed - NCBI
RpoS-dependent promoters require guanosine tetraphosphate for induction even in the presence of high levels of sigma(s). ...
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed?cmd=search&term=Farewell+A%5Bau%5D&dispmax=50
*  RNA polymerase mutants found through adaptive evolution reprogram Escherichia coli for optimal growth in minimal media | PNAS
1981) A direct effect of guanosine tetraphosphate on pausing of Escherichia coli RNA polymerase during RNA chain elongation. J ... 1991) Residual guanosine 3′,5′-bispyrophosphate synthetic activity of relA null mutants can be eliminated by spoT null ...
https://www.pnas.org/content/107/47/20500?ijkey=45b4fa8429c61e6f01eab03ae199478fb1cafed5&keytype2=tf_ipsecsha
*  A Biochemical Mechanism for Nonrandom Mutations and Evolution | Journal of Bacteriology
1971) On the regulation of guanosine tetraphosphate levels in stringent and relaxed strains of Escherichia coli. J. Biol. Chem. ... 1978) The relationship between guanosine tetraphosphate, polysomes and RNA synthesis in amino acid starved Escherichia coli. ... 1979) Positive control of lac operon expression in vitro by guanosine 5N-diphosphate 3N-diphosphate. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA ... 1975) Guanosine 5N-diphosphate 3N-diphosphate (ppGpp): positive effector for histidine operon transcription and general signal ...
https://jb.asm.org/content/182/11/2993.full
*  Mutation in the relA Gene of Vibrio cholerae Affects In Vitro and In Vivo Expression of Virulence Factors | Journal of...
High intracellular level of guanosine tetraphosphate in Mycobacterium smegmatis changes the morphology of the bacterium. Infect ... The guanosine nucleotide (p)ppGpp initiates development and A-factor production in Myxococcus xanthus. Genes Dev. 12:1022-1035. ... Residual guanosine 3′,5′-bispyrophosphate synthetic activity of relA null mutants can be eliminated by spoT null mutations. J. ... The hallmark of stringent response is the RelA-catalyzed cellular increase of hyperphosphorylated guanosine nucleotides, ppGpp ...
https://jb.asm.org/content/185/16/4672?ijkey=9d4504bcce152969647ccd7de07490495298b95d&keytype2=tf_ipsecsha
*  fruiting body development - Semantic Scholar
Guanosine pentaphosphate and guanosine tetraphosphate accumulation and induction of Myxococcus xanthus fruiting body ... Guanosine 3'-di-5'-(tri)di-phosphate nucleotides [(p)ppGpp], synthesized in response to amino acid limitation, induce early ... The guanosine nucleotide (p)ppGpp initiates development and A-factor production in myxococcus xanthus. ...
https://www.semanticscholar.org/topic/fruiting-body-development/383151
*  Alfred Goldberg | Harvard Catalyst Profiles | Harvard Catalyst
Further evidence for the involvement of charged tRNA and guanosine tetraphosphate in the control of protein degradation in ... Effects of reduced energy production on protein degradation, guanosine tetraphosphate, and RNA synthesis in Escherichia coli. J ... Guanosine-5'-diphosphate-3'-diphosphate (ppGpp) and the regulation of protein breakdown in Escherichia coli. J Biol Chem. 1980 ...
https://connects.catalyst.harvard.edu/Profiles/display/Person/80047
*  Magic spot | definition of magic spot by Medical dictionary
the name given to the compound guanosine tetraphosphate which is synthesized when E. COLI is starved for AMINO ACIDS. E. coli ...
https://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/magic+spot
*  The rates of macromolecular chain elongation modulate the initiation frequencies for transcription and translation in...
Kingston RE, Nierman WC & Chamberlin MJ (1981) A direct effect of guanosine tetraphosphate on pausing ofEscherichia coli RNA ... Lazzarini RA, Cashel M & Gallant J (1971) On the regulation of guanosine tetraphosphate levels in stringent and relaxed strains ... Gaal T & Gourse RL (1990) Guanosine 3′ diphosphate 5′ diphosphate is not required for growth rate dependent control of rRNA ... Haseltine WA & Block R (1973) Synthesis of guanosine tetra- and pentaphosphate requires the presence of a codon-specific, ...
https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2FBF00871227